At 08:32 AM 21/03/2005, Richard wrote: ... 68F became the standard temperature around the late >1930's. Before that it was 65F! The reason was simply to >prevent excessive swelling of the rather soft emulsions of >film and paper of the time. Color film is designed for >processing at 100F and much modern B&W film is made the same >way. I would check samples of unknown films to see if they >withstand higher processing temperatures but all should be >OK at 70F or even 75F. Processing times are shortened. Kodak >gives 75F as the preferred temperature for T-Max developers. >I don't know why. Higher temperatures than 68F are often >recommended for developers like Microdol-X, Perceptol, D-25, >mainly because they are very slow. D-25 BTW is a good hot >weather developer because it contains a lot of salts and is >about neutral pH, both of which tend to minimise emulsion >swelling. Its also slow so the increased temperature will >not result in excessively short developing times. I did read somewhere on the web that Rodinal actually works better at 65degF compared to 68degF. Maybe because it's a highly alkaline developer which might cause emulsion swelling more than most others? Also, do not some developing agents respond to higher temps more than others, so that in a 2 agent developer like metol-hydroquinone the hydroquinone has a proportionally greater effect at higher temps? ============================================================================================================= To unsubscribe from this list, go to www.freelists.org and logon to your account (the same e-mail address and password you set-up when you subscribed,) and unsubscribe from there.