Charles, The sand will not fall out of the mould if it has been rammed up tightly. It is only necessary to screed it off level with the bottom so it will sit steady on the foundry floor. In my case, the foundry floor is the back yard just outside the shop, but I actually sit the moulds on a wooden box that is out there.. Sand in any form will not explode when molten metal hits it. Unlike with concrete, the moisture is able to escape through the interstices between the grains of sand and all is well. If wet sand would explode, then the mold itself would do so when the metal is poured into it. Concrete floors also do not like to act as a back stop for cutting torch slag!! Blacksmith shop floors at railroads and other places have dirt floors because of hot metal getting onto them. Jesse in Tennessee MODEL ENGINEERING DISCUSSION LIST. To UNSUBSCRIBE from this list, send a blank email to, modeleng-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word "unsubscribe" in the subject line.