[sanniolug] [(fwd): [Zena] [sebastian.ley@mmweg.rwth-aachen.de: Debian-Installer HOWTO]]

  • From: barrav <barrav@xxxxxxxxx>
  • To: sannio <sanniolug@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Wed, 17 Sep 2003 00:07:05 +0200

Installre direttamente Sarge e' ora possibile con il nuovo sistema di
installazione !!

----- Forwarded message from Sebastian Ley <sebastian.ley@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx> 

> Date: Mon, 15 Sep 2003 14:53:34 +0200
> From: Sebastian Ley <sebastian.ley@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Subject: Debian-Installer HOWTO
> To: debian-devel-announce@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
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> Hi all,
> the Debian-Installer team has cleand up the build process of d-i images.
> At the same time the Debian-CD team has reviewed the netinst isos, so
> that we can now present CD images for sarge installation with the new
> debian-installer. Find the images here:
> http://gluck.debian.org/cdimage/testing/netinst/i386/
> Since there still are bugs left, we have put together a HOWTO which will
> guide you through the process of installing sarge. Find the HOWTO
> attached; a recent version can always be obtained from the
> debian-installer cvs repository:
> http://cvs.debian.org/debian-installer/doc/INSTALLATION-HOWTO?rev=HEAD&content-type=text/vnd.viewcvs-markup
> Testing is now most appreciated because of the tight schedule for the
> sarge release. Discussion takes place on the debian-boot mailing list:
> http://lists.debian.org/debian-boot/
> Regards,
> Sebastian
> -- 
> PGP-Key: http://www.mmweg.rwth-aachen.de/~sebastian.ley/public.key
> Fingerprint: A46A 753F AEDC 2C01 BE6E  F6DB 97E0 3309 9FD6 E3E6

> How to install sarge with the new debian-installer
> --------------------------------------------------
> This documents describes how to perform an installation with the new
> debian-installer, which will be released together with the upcoming
> Debian release, codename: sarge.
> Find a recent revision of this document in the debian-installer cvs 
> repository, browsable via web:
> http://cvs.debian.org/debian-installer/doc/INSTALLATION-HOWTO?rev=HEAD&content-type=text/vnd.viewcvs-markup
> 1. Preliminaries
> Debian-installer images are currently only available for the i386
> architecture. Ports to other architectures are of course
> welcome. Please see section 6 if you want to help developing.
> The debian-installer is still in its alpha state. If you encounter
> bugs during your install, please refer to section 5 on how to report
> them. If you have questions which cannot be answered by this document,
> please direct them to the debian-boot mailing list
> (debian-boot@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx) or ask on irc (#debian-boot on the
> freenode network).
> For better debugging handling, the installer is now configured to show
> much more questions than it will in the release version.  Presently
> the debconf priority is set to medium, for the release it will be high
> or critical which will resolve most steps automatically.
> 2. Getting images
> The installer team provides different types of images for the
> debian-installer. They are described below, choose whatever image
> suits you best. However note: This document only covers the
> installation from CD!
> 2.1. Install from CD 
> The debian-cd team provides two netinst images which can be used to
> install sarge with the debian-installer. They can be obtained here:
> http://gluck.debian.org/cdimage/testing/netinst/i386/
> These images are intended to boot from CD and install additional
> packages over a network, hence the name 'netinst'. The difference
> between the two images is, that on the full netinst image the base
> packages are included, whereas you have to download these from the web
> if you are using the business card image.
> 2.2. Install from floppy
> If you can't boot from CD, you can download floppy images to install
> Debian. Daily built images can be found here:
> http://people.debian.org/~sjogren/d-i/images/daily/
> You need the floppy-image.img and one of the drivers disks
> net_drivers-image.img or cd_drivers-image.img. The drivers disks
> contain the necessary modules to do the actual installation from CD or
> over the network.
> 3. Installation
> From here on, I assume you have downloaded and burnt the 'netinst'
> CD. Put it into your CD-drive and make your system boot from CD.
> You will be greeted by a welcome screen. Hit ENTER to boot. After a
> while you will be presented with the main-menu of the debian-installer.
> Some general remarks:
> The main-menu is not static. New entries are added when new installer
> modules are loaded. However main-menu tries to resolve the next best
> choice and presents that as default selection. If that selection does
> not suit your needs just select another entry. If you select an entry
> that requires the configuration of an entry you did not yet choose,
> the main-menu will try to resolve these dependencies automatically.
> This can be used to automate the install process. If you want to try
> that, use the menu item sequence of section 3.1 instead of the
> sequence described now.
> When main-menu first is shown, the default will be "Choose language".
> Hit return and choose your language from the list that now is
> presented. You will be taken back to main-menu and the next item will
> be the default, which is "Detect a keyboard and select layout".
> Select that entry and observe that the installer tries to set a
> reasonable default based upon your language selection. Select your
> preferred keymap and continue.
> The next step is "Detect CDROM devices and mount the CD in
> /cdrom". This step does not require user interaction, everything
> happens automatically.
> Now we are able to access additional modules. Select the corresponding
> entry "Load installer modules". Since the modules we want to access
> are on the CD, select "cdrom-retriever". The floppy-retriever can be
> used to load additional modules from a floppy, e.g. if you have exotic
> hardware.
> You are presented a long list with optional modules to install. We
> only want to install the standard modules, which are selected
> automatically, so just hit "Continue". Wait and watch until all
> modules have been installed.
> Main-menu appears again, but with the additional modules there are new
> entries. The next default step would be to configure a network. We are
> breaking out of the default route, because we do not need networking
> since the base debs are on the CD.
> Select "Detect hardware and load kernel drivers for it (full
> version)". This step again involves no user interaction.
> Now it is time to partition your disk. Unfortunately the associated
> menu-entry "Partition a harddrive" is broken as of writing this
> document (Bug #209286). Here is what you can do to work around:
>   a) You have already partitioned your harddrive. Just proceed with
>      the next step.
>   b) Switch to the second console via ALT-F2 and start cfdisk
>      there. You have to give the disk to partition as argument.
>   c) Use the autopartkit ("Automatically partition harddrives"). It
>      tries to determine a sane partitioning. WARNING: Use this option
>      ONLY if you have no or unimportant data on your harddrives.
> After finishing partitioning, select the entry "Configure and mount
> partitions". Since autopartkit creates filesystems and mounts them
> automatically you can skip this step if you used autopartkit to
> partition your harddrive.
> Configuring the partitions is pretty straightforward. You are
> presented with a list with all partitions, their sizes and a filesystem
> if one was detected on that partition. Selecting a partition lets you
> choose which filesystem to create on that partition. If you select a
> non-swap filesystem, you are also asked for a mount point.
> Configure the partitions to your need, and remember to specify a
> partition with mount point "/". When you've made your choices, select
> "Finish" and confirm that the filesystems should be created as
> requested.
> Now we are ready to install the base system. Select the corresponding
> entry ("Install the base system") and lean back. The packages are
> retrieved from the CD and installed in the /target area.
> Next step will be to install the kernel ("Install the kernel"). If you
> did not use autopartkit to partition your harddrive you will be asked
> how your fstab file should be created. Select "debian-installer
> utility for creating fstab file" to do that.
> Next you will presented a list of all available kernel images on the
> CD. Select the most suitable for your system and wait until the
> installation has finished.
> Now we are almost done. Select "Install LILO on a hard disk" or
> "Install GRUB on a hard disk" to make your harddisk bootable. You will
> be asked where LILO/GRUB shall install the bootblock. A good idea is
> your first harddrive in your system which should be in fact the
> default selection.
> If that last step has completed successfully select "Finish the
> installation and reboot", eject your CD and wait until your computer
> restarts. Make sure it boots from harddisk, cross your fingers and
> wait until base-config is started.
> Stepping through base-config is not within the scope of this document
> as it is not part of debian-installer.
> 3.1 More automatic install
> Now I will describe the steps you will have to do when you make use of
> main-menu's dependency resolver. It will do some steps automatically.
> Select the steps in the order below and note the hints for the
> corresponding entries from the long description ins section 3.
>   1) "Choose language"
>   2) "Detect a keyboard and select layout"
>   3) "Load installer modules"
>   4) -> Partition your harddrives with one of the methods in section 3
>   5) "Finish the installation and reboot"
> 4. Installation Report
> If you successfully managed an installation with debian-installer,
> please take you time to provide us with a report. There is a template
> named "install-report.template" in the /root directory of a freshly
> installed system. Please fill it out and file it as a bug against the
> package "installation-reports". See section 5 on how to file bugs.
> 5. Reporting bugs
> If you did not reach base-config or ran into other trouble, you
> probably found a bug in debian-installer. To improve the installer it
> is necessary that we know about them, so please take your time and
> report them.
> First, look here to see if your bug has already been reported:
> http://bugs.qa.debian.org/cgi-bin/debian-installer.cgi?full=yes
> The page is sorted by packages which represent the individual
> subsystems of debian-installer. File your bug against the respective
> subsystem or, if you do not know which it is, against the package
> "install". Look here for an explanation of how to file bugs:
> http://www.debian.org/Bugs/Reporting
> 6. Get involved
> The Debian-Installer Team always welcomes people who would like to
> work on the installer. We have plenty of work to do: fixing bugs,
> improve usability, create new modules and of course extensive
> testing. If you are interested to help, check out this page:
> http://www.debian.org/devel/debian-installer/
> An overview of the status of d-i related packages can be obtained here:
> http://qa.debian.org/developer.php?login=debian-boot@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx

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