Re: Oracle 10g hangs intermittently waiting for I/O

  • From: Paweł Kotlarz <pkotla@xxxxxx>
  • To: Rajeev Prabhakar <rprabha01@xxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Sat, 16 May 2009 01:02:49 +0200

Thanks, Rajeev. I enclose my answers below.


On 2009-05-16 00:08, Rajeev Prabhakar wrote:

So that I can understand your environment better, could you please answer
these questions :

a) Does the database server's /tmp filesystem have adequate free space ?

Free space on /tmp has not dropped below 3G at any time.

b) Is the oracle installation configured with adequate swap space
( I know no sysadmin would like to have additional swap allocated),
however, going with typical oracle specified swap settings have saved me
a lots of headaches (while load/stress testing) (including node freeze/reboots).

It is not... We have 32 GB of RAM and 6 GB of swap. Oracle requirement is not enough to convince sysadmins to allocate more swap. I will make another try. I also read Andrew Kerber's blog article ( . Do you know how exactly Oracle uses/allocates swap space in Linux? Is there perhaps some Metalink/Web article that I could show to system administrators?

c) What is the size of your temp tablespace  ? (Allocated and Free space
    during typical application usage window) ?

It is 512G extensible to 1.5T. The normal usage is around 100-200G, the peak over the last week - around 400GB.

d) Are you (or your application) utilizing GTTs (global temporary tables) ?

No. Temporary tablespace is mainly used for large sorts/joins.

e) Are you utilizing huge pages on your database server ?

We are not. The SGA is relatively small. Most reads bypass the Oracle

f) Is this dedicated OR shared server configuration ?

There are dedicated connections only.

g) Have you looked at the prospect of any soft block corruption for any table ?

Every weekend I run a full cold backup with check logical. It does not report any errors.

I) Any i/o bound concurrent processes (database specific or otherwise) running
   during the window when database freeze is being observed ? say - backups
   (database OR o.s.)

There are gzip processes compressing large files that are part of the

j) Are there any specific kinds of processes that are first reported
to be getting
   hung / experiencing slowness (e.g. reports/html output etc..) ?

These are CTAS statements joining several large tables.


2009/5/15 Paweł Kotlarz <pkotla@xxxxxx>:

Oracle shows many sessions waiting for direct path read (temp). Tanel's
waitprof reports single events taking many seconds though most of
them are below 15ms.

On the OS level vmstat shows normal reading for some time and then
sessions in an uninterruptible sleep with no I/O taking place. iostat -x
and asmiostat (ML 437996.1) show specific volumes. Just after the
performance returns to normal these volumes show much greater queue
length (iostat) or much greater average read time (asmiostat).

I ran strace on a process servicing the session on which I used waitprof
earlier. It stops on a read call.

Currently I only know that the sysadmins found nothing in Linux logs and on
a 'system management page'. Unfortunately it is difficult to obtain
more information from them unless I tell what exactly to check...



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