RE: Learning more about and reading 10053 trace files

  • From: "Allen, Brandon" <Brandon.Allen@xxxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: "Charles Schultz" <sacrophyte@xxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Tue, 5 Sep 2006 11:06:47 -0700

That's okay, we'll all just pretend we didn't read that first sentence
Yes, the DISTINCT (sort & filter) happens at the end, but the difference
is that a DISTINCT requires all rows to be fetched, sorted and filtered
before it can return the first row - so it can't return the first row
until it has processed all rows.  With a non-distinct/ordered/grouped
query, Oracle can just grab the first row from table A, find the first
matching row from table B and return that one row regardless of all the
remaining rows.  You're also right that sometimes Oracle's "FIRST_ROWS"
plan will in fact return all rows faster than it's "ALL_ROWS" plan, but
that should be the exception and usually only happens due to
miscalculation in the estimated cardinality.
Since all rows must be fetched for a DISTINCT, Oracle will probably not
even consider performing a NL Join and will instead go with a HASH or
SORT-MERGE join, but I'm not sure about that - maybe it still considers
NLs too.  I haven't done much 10053 analysis either.

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