Jack Lewis wrote: "The real key point is that the most obvious conclusion to come to is that there was a creator. But if this is disallowed as a priori, no wonder science gets itself tied in knots trying to figure it out. No matter how close or often the research gets to this conclusion, it is rejected and a new idea is formulated. Sooner or later rationality will have to prevail and ad-hocs will have to cease. As I have said before it is irrational to believe that something happened from nothing without a first cause. I much prefer to stay rational and accept that it was created. Meanwhile I will continue to question the assumptions science puts forward as an explanation for origins." The problem with this approach is twofold. Firstly, if there is real intelligent design there, scientific research will verify it. Archaeologists can tell, usually quite easily, if a block of stone is artificially shaped or not. If God hid an unambigious message to us in DNA, drew a blueprint in the cosmic microwave background, or hid a passage of the Bible codified inside PI, that would be unambiguous evidence. But of course that would deny faith. The second problem Im sure you're familiar with. If a designer's signature was found inside DNA, confirming intelligent intervention beyond a shadow of a doubt, then I will say - this proves life on Earth was intelligently designed. But that does not leave divine creation as the only remaining hypothesis. How about the possibility it was designed by aliens, and the Earth was seeded in the remote past. We then have a new problem - where did the aliens come from. Did they evolve, or were they created - by God (why?) or by even older SuperAliens... endless loop. Plese don't misunderstand me. I don't buy the aliens hypothesis as to how life got here. My point is, debunking a single scientific theory does not leave God as the only other hypothesis. Even proving intelligent design does not leave God of the Bible as the only hypothesis. I read the ICR article. It's out of date, why does Gish not cite any scientific paper later than 1991? Ripples in the cosmic microwave background were discovered in 1992 by the COBE satellite. ( http://archive.ncsa.uiuc.edu/Cyberia/Cosmos/Footprints.html ) Why did you not check this out for yourself first? Anyway, It's getting very lonely on this board. Are there only the 4 of us here? How are you getting on with reconstructing a Bible-based cosmology from the ground up, starting from the Babylonians? I haven't seen much activity on that, or indeed any at all. Let me know when you reach the level that the Greeks had got to two thousand years ago, and I'll join in. In the meantime, have a read of Allan Chapman's book 'Gods in the Sky' ( http://www.amazon.co.uk/exec/obidos/ASIN/0752261649/202-3254792-1538244 ) to give yourself a few pointers. This e-mail and any attachment is for authorised use by the intended recipient(s) only. It may contain proprietary material, confidential information and/or be subject to legal privilege. It should not be copied, disclosed to, retained or used by, any other party. If you are not an intended recipient then please promptly delete this e-mail and any attachment and all copies and inform the sender. Thank you.