Amazingly appropriate to the latest city of Tallahassee effort (or lack
there of) is this article describing the problems still to be tackled in use
of the internet by the blind.
From: Nfbnet-members-list [mailto:nfbnet-members-list-bounces@xxxxxxxxxx] On
Behalf Of Danielsen, Chris via Nfbnet-members-list
Sent: Thursday, April 07, 2016 10:24 AM
Subject: [Nfbnet-members-list] Huffington Post: A Lot More Needs To Be Done
To Help Blind People Use The Internet
A Lot More Needs To Be Done To Help Blind People Use The Internet
Facebook's new blind-friendly feature puts a small dent in a big problem.
Huffington Post - 04/06/2016
By Casey Williams
For the blind, navigating the digital world can be as tricky as moving
through the physical one.
Some companies have tried to make their sites easier for the world's 39
million blind people to use. Facebook, for instance, just introduced a new
image-recognition feature that lets blind users "see" photos on the site.
But blind advocates say fixes like Facebook's don't solve the biggest
obstacles blind people face online.
"We think it's pretty cool," Mark Riccobono, the president of the National
Federation of the Blind, told The Huffington Post. "But we get concerned
about flashy technology."
"For the average blind person, it's not whether they know something is in a
photo or not that determines whether they can do online banking, pay their
bills or buy groceries," said Riccobono, who is blind.
Even as the Internet becomes an increasingly necessary feature of modern
life, much of the web is difficult for blind people to use effectively.
A range of technologies exist to help blind people navigate the web. Braille
keyboards and text-to-speech programs convert text to audio, which allows
blind people to consume information on the web aurally. The devices can also
transform speech into text, which allows blind people to "type." These
devices often work well with thoughtfully designed websites. But they hit
snags when sites have elements that aren't clearly labeled or are
incompatible with keyboard shortcuts, which blind people rely on.
"Websites that have been designed from the beginning with accessibility in
mind are easy for blind people to use - they're easy to navigate, you can
jump around pretty effectively and get information as effectively as a
sighted person," Riccobono said. But, he said, many sites still have
"artificial barriers" that make performing basic online tasks difficult for
One of the biggest barriers is unclear labeling. In order to describe what's
on a given webpage, text-to-speech programs comb through the source code for
labels that describe the page's elements. They then say those labels aloud.
If elements aren't clearly labeled in the source code - if a checkout
button, say, is just labeled "image" - it can make navigating the page very
frustrating for users who rely on spoken descriptions to move around the
"If I go on an e-commerce website and put stuff in my cart, but get to the
payment screen and have trouble because the checkout button's not labeled -
that's a high degree of frustration," Riccobono said.
Web developers can use accessibility guidelines for blind users when
designing their websites. But even when they refer to those guidelines, web
companies don't always do a good job implementing them, Riccobono said.
"If you don't test [your code] for accessibility, and a problem arises and
it's not dealt with, then the code gets launched anyway," he said. Once
finalized, it can be difficult to retrofit websites to improve
Blind advocates have urged the Obama administration to update the Americans
with Disabilities Act to include explicit standards for web accessibility
for blind users. While President Barack Obama initially seemed amenable to
the standards - in 2010, he named them among "the most important updates to
the ADA since its original enactment" - last year his administration quietly
postponed consideration of new web accessibility standards until 2018.
For Riccobono, updating the ADA is a necessary step toward equal access for
"We need to do in the digital world the same thing we've done in the
physical world," he said. "The lack of standards makes it very difficult for
businesses to understand when they've met a high standard of accessibility."