[sbinews] Best Employer is Infrastructure

  • From: sbistcbangalore@xxxxxxxx
  • To: sbinews@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • Date: Mon, 22 Dec 2003 20:25:21 +0500

 In unorganised services, roads are the job rollers

NEW DELHI : Road transportation and related activities such as freight 
transport, cargo handling and travel management (agencies) have emerged as the 
largest employers of people in the unorganised service sector (leaving out 
trading and financing). 

These activities, together with transportation provided by cycle rickshaws, 
tongas and bullock carts, provided a living to as many as 23.3% of the people 
engaged by enterprises in the unorganised service sector. 

Restaurants, including office canteens, employed 18% of the people engaged by 
all unorganised sector services enterprises, according to the latest report of 
the National Sample Survey Organisation. 

Correspondingly, the proportion of units engaged in providing transportation 
and allied services was 32.64%, while on the restaurants front, it was 14.47%. 

About 7% of the country’s labour force, or 2.66 crore people, are employed in 
the unorganised service sector. The survey, however, does not cover activities 
which employ a significantly large number of people such as the retail and 
wholesale trade; repair of motor vehicles, motorcycles, personal and household 
goods; financial intermediation; public administration and defence, among 

According to the 57th round of the NSS, education was also a major employer of 
people. About 20% of those engaged in the unorganised sector were employed in 
enterprises providing “other community, social and personal services” — that is 
providing services such as sewage and refuse disposal, sanitation and similar 
activities, recreational, cultural and sporting activities. Another 15.8% were 
employed by enterprises engaged in providing education. The survey carried out 
between July ‘01 and June ‘02 across the country estimates that there are some 
1.45 crore units in the unorganised service sector. 

The highest number of units were found in the most populous state of Uttar 
Pradesh. The survey reports that 24.88 lakh units or 17.19% of the units were 
in that state. This was followed close by West Bengal with 15.61 lakh units or 
10.79% of the units. Andhra Pradesh has 13.44 lakh units (9.29%) that belongs 
to the unorganised service sector, Maharashtra 11.88 lakh units (8.21%), Bihar 
11.82 lakh units (8.17%) and Tamil Nadu 10.16 lakh (7.02%). 

Incidentally, West Bengal had reported the highest number of unorganised sector 
manufacturing units when results of the 56th round were released earlier this 
year. The state had 16.3% of the total of 1.7 crore manufacturing units in the 
unorganised sector. Uttar Pradesh was at the second place with 13.5% of the 
unorganised sector manufacturing units. 

Further, on a state-wise basis, UP had 41.58 lakh people employed by the 
unorganised sector, Maharashtra 26.05 lakh, Andhra Pradesh 25.41 lakh, West 
Bengal 23.35 lakh, Tamil Nadu 21.30 lakh and Bihar 17.83 lakh. 


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