Oops; I might have done a boo-boo. The number of renewals includes a longer period than does the number of interim operating authorities. IOAs only started up in about the 1960's, and doesn't therefore include Dr. Barkley losing his station over pimping his "goat gland cure" over his station(s) and others from that era. Still, losing a station at renewal time was a rare event. John -----Mensaje original----- De: opendtv-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:opendtv-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] En nombre de John Willkie Enviado el: Saturday, December 20, 2008 7:25 PM Para: opendtv@xxxxxxxxxxxxx Asunto: [opendtv] Re: STATEWIDE DTV TEST Cliff; "Renewal expectancy" was included in the 1996 Comm Act rewrite that you periodically rail against. The term hasn't actually been interpreted yet, since it hasn't come into effect for broadcast television stations. However, it does mean that broadcasters will be able to amortize on their financial statements the value of their license, which will tend to increase reported profits for those who choose to do so. And, yes, the renewal terms have changed since 1986, since postcard renewals hadn't really gone into effect (for all states, anyway) by that time. License terms have been extended from three years to 5, then to seven years (radio is now ten years.) Community "ascertainment" is basically dead, and the only PSAs that I see routinely these days are "sponsored PSAs" and the "CBS Cares" and "You ought to know" niceties on NBC. I suspect that there are stations still routinely producing and airing PSAs, but I don't even see ones from the AdCouncil these days. Actually, license renewals didn't bring any money into the FCC until the mid-1980's; the costs all went to ascertainment and attorneys to file sometimes foot-high renewal applications. Now, it's a post card. But, there are significant license renewal fees, and the "spectrum use fee" which is more than $10,000 per year per station. So, you've got it upside down about "that sort of requirement" bringing enough money into the FCC's coffers. Simply said, renewal expectancy means that stations can expect to have their license renewed unless they royally screw up. It's actually been the case since the 1930's -- with the "community based"/shakedowns virtually always nothing more than a reason to pay your attorney big sums of money, and to pay Pluria Marshall and the National Black Media Coalition (among others) big sums to go away. (I've had some interesting phone conversations with Pluria.) I was asked by a client in the mid-1980's to compile a list of all the radio "interim operating authorities" that had existed in the history of the FCC. These were granted when a licensee is found to be unfit to operate a station. An interim operator is selected in a simple process, while the FCC decides who will have the standard license. (As of the 1960's, in the wake of the WHDH/Boston case, to streamline things, an entity could only apply for interim or permanent authority, not both.) My client and her partner had applied for interim operating authority for KIFM, whose operator had been found to have lied to the FCC repeatedly. They were seeking funding and their potential lenders were asking how long it would take to select a "permanent" operator. To eliminate their only remaining competitor, they took on another partner. All told, they paid less than $2,000 to prepare and file their application, then more than a bit to hire an attorney friend of mine (who never even took me out to lunch.) I was able -- after much manual- and foot-work; these things aren't recorded in any database at the commission -- to come up with 38 radio interim operators. The shortest period was about two years, the longest about a dozen. I know of no more than a dozen TV interim operations. (Since that time, Henry B. Serafin lost his AM station due to lying, cheating in on-air contests, and blatant racism in hiring, and the RKO-TV hammer finally came down.) So, there were more than 100,000 renewal applications filed with the FCC over the years, and only about 50 times were stations lost. "Renewal expectancy" is shortly to become de jure for TV, where it was once merely "de facto." Oh, and Bill Walton's brother Mark Walton headed one of the applicants for the full license of KIFM, and he fought to merge all the applicants to avoid lengthy and basically foolish comparative hearings. As a result, my friend from college Mary Sorrentino and her two partners only were able to operate KIFM for less than 6 years. During which time she pioneered the "Cool Jazz" format, also known here now as "Jazz San Diego Style." To me, that term is an insult to Jazz and San Diego, but it's much different than her format these days. CBS now owns the station. John Willkie -----Mensaje original----- De: opendtv-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:opendtv-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] En nombre de Cliff Benham Enviado el: Saturday, December 20, 2008 5:39 PM Para: opendtv@xxxxxxxxxxxxx Asunto: [opendtv] Re: STATEWIDE DTV TEST John Willkie wrote: Before, renewals under the law, was a hit or miss (admittedly, > very few stations have ever had their renewal application denied.) > > Renewal expectancy makes it harder to deny a renewal. The content offered > by this "umbilical" could change, though. Have FCC license renewal requirements changed since 1986? Before that time, FCC licenses were issued based on what the station committed to do "in the interest, convenience and necessity" of the public, major tenets of the Communications Act of 1934. Having worked for a TV station in the 60s that got it's initial license by making a huge public service commitment to the community the mainstay of it's license request, I experienced what that commitment meant. The day and night production crews stayed busy all the time producing and recording those public affairs programs. Apparently that sort of requirement doesn't bring enough money into the FCC coffers these days. What does 'renewal expectancy' mean? I spent just 5 minutes Googling the term and my immediate impression is that it seems to apply to licensees who have got their spectrum by bidding on it and winning it at $ubstantial co$t. The types of licenses mentioned were for cellular companies, MVPDs, and data distributors. Free, over the air broadcast licenses were not mentioned directly in what I read, but perhaps, TV becoming digital can be interpreted as data distribution. My immediate impression of 'renewal expectancy' is that since the license holder was the highest bidder, he will have to ante up much more money to the commission in the future to keep it. Apparently, service to the community is no longer an important part of license renewal, just how much money the FCC can grab from it's "customers". i.e., the more they pay, the greater their 'renewal expectancy'. As I recently said, now, it's just about the money. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- You can UNSUBSCRIBE from the OpenDTV list in two ways: - Using the UNSUBSCRIBE command in your user configuration settings at FreeLists.org - By sending a message to: opendtv-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word unsubscribe in the subject line. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- You can UNSUBSCRIBE from the OpenDTV list in two ways: - Using the UNSUBSCRIBE command in your user configuration settings at FreeLists.org - By sending a message to: opendtv-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word unsubscribe in the subject line. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- You can UNSUBSCRIBE from the OpenDTV list in two ways: - Using the UNSUBSCRIBE command in your user configuration settings at FreeLists.org - By sending a message to: opendtv-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word unsubscribe in the subject line.