> Could this be a reaction to satellite radio? The iPod? Yes, and yes (and to a lesser extent, to Internet radio). > Looks like a little competition could be a very good thing.=20 Right; but also, somewhat ironically, a little (well, a lot) of _consolidation_ goes a long way here, too. To break the inertia and take this very difficult first step effectively, it really takes an operator with the size and clout of Clear Channel to set the whole industry in this unnatural direction (as the article notes near the end). But, of course, it would never have happened at all without satellite radio's success, along with an observation of terrestrial radio trends, in which the only sector experiencing strong growth is non-commercial radio (i.e., public radio). It will be interesting, however, to see what effect (in isolation) this action actually has. My sense is that the commercial overload is only part of radio's problem, and that the _programming_ content of satellite and public terrestrial radio is just as much a factor. The appeal of broader content (stimulated again by the high access to on-line music sources by younger audiences) on these other services is a powerful draw, and that U.S. commercial radio with somewhat fewer commercials -- but all else held equal -- will still suffer erosion to alternative services. There is a much smaller trend among a very few commercial stations to reverse the programming direction, as well, with more and varied music, and DJs actually talking about the music and artists (what a concept!). But without an operation like Clear Channel endorsing this trend, it is likely to have only very localized and fragmented traction. Nevertheless, both these trends are a good start toward revitalizing U.S. terrestrial radio, and not a moment too soon. Time will tell if they are adequate, or if it's already too little too late. --SP -----Original Message----- From: opendtv-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:opendtv-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] On Behalf Of Craig Birkmaier Sent: Tuesday, July 20, 2004 7:54 AM To: OpenDTV Mail List Subject: [opendtv] News: A Radio Giant Moves to Limit Commercials Could this be a reaction to satellite radio? The iPod? Looks like a little competition could be a very good thing. Regards Craig A Radio Giant Moves to Limit Commercials By NAT IVES Published: July 19, 2004 Clear Channel Radio plans to announce today that it will begin limiting the number of commercials its more than 1,200 stations can play, in a move that analysts say may ripple through the industry even before it takes effect on Jan. 1. John E. Hogan, chief executive at Clear Channel Radio, which is based in San Antonio, said the sprawl of commercials throughout radio was causing clear harm. "If you have listened to the radio at all, you know that there is an amazing amount of commercial and promotional inventory," he said. "So much so that we have run the risk of diluting our product." Reaching for the tuner as soon as a D.J. says "Don't touch that dial"=20 is almost instinctual for many listeners, a fact that radio executives could accept when revenue was soaring, like it last did during the dot-com boom. But revenue since then has expanded with something like the speed of a sloth, with combined national and local ad spending growing 4 percent in the first five months of the year, compared with the same period a year earlier, and rising 2 percent in all of 2003, according to the Radio Advertising Bureau. The slow growth comes despite a long-term run-up in the number of minutes in each hour devoted to commercials, said Laraine Mancini, a broadcasting analyst at Merrill Lynch. "Radio wanted to take every dollar that was getting thrown at them," she said. "And you didn't have to produce more to do it; just take a song off and add commercials." Solid figures on radio commercials are hard to come by because of the difficulty in monitoring thousands of stations across the country, but Ms. Mancini and others offered rough estimates. Where 10 to 12 minutes of advertising each hour was perhaps the norm a decade ago, some talk-radio stations now broadcast more than 20 minutes of ads an hour, they said. Many music stations probably play more than 15 minutes. The expanding volume of commercials has bred frustration among advertisers and radio audiences, Ms. Mancini said. "People don't want to spend a quarter of their time listening to the radio listening to ads," she said. The proportion of people who turn on the radio at least once a week remains high. It was 94.2 percent last winter, compared with 95.8 percent 10 years earlier, according to data on the top 100 markets compiled by Arbitron. But the average time that people actually listen each week has slid downward during the same period, to 19 hours and 30 minutes from 22 hours and 30 minutes. Mr. Hogan of Clear Channel Radio, which is a unit of Clear Channel Communications, said the company's new ceilings on ads, while national in scope, would vary according to format and time of day. For example, during the morning drive, Clear Channel's country-music stations will broadcast no more than 12 minutes of commercials an hour, take no more than 4 minutes for any single commercial break and pack no more than six commercials into a break. Such stations have been playing 18 minutes to 24 minutes of ads during the morning drive, Mr. Hogan said. "This is a way for us to go to advertisers and say we've heard you. We're going to give you a better environment," he added. Enforcement efforts will rely on proprietary technology that will monitor what Clear Channel stations broadcast, he said. Joseph W. Lenski, executive vice president at Edison Media Research, said the new Clear Channel limits might create pressure for others to do something similar. "Since they are the 800-pound gorilla, when they make a public stand on this, I think other groups in the industry will have to take notice," Mr. Lenski said. "It's a lot like when one airline cuts prices, the other airlines have to match." But Joel Hollander, president and chief operating officer at the Infinity Broadcasting unit of Viacom Inc., said the Clear Channel model would not fit Infinity stations. "We leave decisions of inventory in the hands of station managers," he said. Mr. Hollander said, however, that Infinity had placed new limits on certain stations since his arrival last summer. At KILT-FM, a country-music station in Houston, for example, commercial time was reduced to 12 minutes each hour from about 15 minutes or 16 minutes.=20 "We've seen positive results," he said, citing higher ad prices and stronger ratings. Another competitor, the Emmis Communications Corporation, could not be reached by deadline, but it described its view during a June 30 conference call on its first-quarter earnings. "We have acknowledged over the last two or three years that we think spot loads, whether you look at Emmis radio, or other groups, are pretty much at their absolute max," said Rick Cummings, president at the radio division. Guy Zapoleon, president at Zapoleon Media Strategies, called the Clear Channel move well-timed given threats like satellite radio and proliferating sources of music and information. =20 =20 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- You can UNSUBSCRIBE from the OpenDTV list in two ways: - Using the UNSUBSCRIBE command in your user configuration settings at FreeLists.org=20 - By sending a message to: opendtv-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word unsubscribe in the subject line. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- You can UNSUBSCRIBE from the OpenDTV list in two ways: - Using the UNSUBSCRIBE command in your user configuration settings at FreeLists.org - By sending a message to: opendtv-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word unsubscribe in the subject line.