Here are some very efficient (low-administrative-cost) relief organiza= tions (all have four-star ratings from CharityNavigator.org): <http://www.americares.org/> <http://www.redcross.org/donate/donate.html> <http://www.directrelief.org/index.html> <http://www.hopeww.org/> <http://www.mercycorps.org/splash/> I understand the Red Cross web site is often busy. Americans may also= call 800 HELP NOW (800 435-7669). - Follow-ups: - July 1 error - In the last memo, I listed two ads for a Sony Wega 27= SF10 27-inch flat-tube TV and said they were both from Universal. The $219= one was actually from CEW. - ***The Technology Retreat***, February 21-24 in Rancho Mirage -=20 - Canon's Larry Thorpe, as most of you know, used to be at Sony, = where he dealt with various forms of MPEG-2, MPEG-4, and the proprietary co= mpression systems used in Digital Betacam and HDCAM. Now that he's not at = Sony, he can also discuss DV-type compression, D-5 HD, and more. He'll be = presenting some of this information at the special Thursday lunch seminar o= n small-format HD, but, if you have questions left over, he'll also be on F= riday's compression panel. Regarding compression, everyone knows pre-compr= ession removal of video noise and film grain makes compression easier, but = what does it do to the resulting pictures? Do grain-free film-shot images = still look like film? Is there a way to get rid of the grain for compressi= on and put it back prior to display? Hear Thomson Research's Jeff Cooper d= escribe the now-standardized ways of doing just that. Here's a URL from la= st year about it: <http://www.eetimes.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=3D59301182> By now, you've surely heard about H.264. Maybe you know about the old= er H.262. But H.265? Come to the compression session and learn about that= standard now expected to be released in 2008 and expected to provide anoth= er 2:1 factor of improvement. - We've added one new breakfast roundtable since the last memo, "= Arriscan Status & Updates," moderated by Darren Jones of ARRI. - Assimilate, Metaglue, and Plus8 Digital are joining the other 2= 2 companies, individuals, and organizations demonstrating new technology, a= pplications, and comparisons in the demo room -- where Panasonic's Varicam = and Sony's HDCAM SR were introduced in the past. - So far, I'm aware of people from 154 organizations that have re= gistered (and my info's a little out of date), including ABC, the Academy o= f Motion Picture Arts & Sciences, Adobe, AJA, Ascent Media, ATI, AT&T, Auto= desk, Avid, Azcar, Belden, Boeing, CBS, Cine-tal, Company 3, Compressed New= s, Cox, Crossroads Films, daVinci, DeLuxe, the Department of Defense, Digit= al Vision, DirecTV, Discovery, Disney, Dolby, DVS, Edifis, EDnet, EFilm, Ev= ertz, Exavio, Filmlook, Fletcher Chicago, FotoKem, Fox, Fraunhofer Institut= , GTN, Handmade Video, Harmonic, Hi-Vision America, Inlet Technologies, In-= Three, Iowa Interactive, Iridas, IVC, JVC, KCOP, KTTV, Lab Tech Systems, La= nterna Magica, Laser Pacific, Linear Acoustic, Lockheed Martin, Maryland Pu= blic Television, MESoft, Metropolitan Opera, Microsoft, Modern VideoFilm, M= odulation Sciences, MPAA, MTI Film, MTV, NAB, NBC, Neural Audio, Nucoda, NV= ision, Olympus, Omneon, Pacific Title, Panasonic, Paramount, PBS, Pixar, Pr= oduction Masters, Quantel, Ratheon, Ross Video, Sandia National Laboratorie= s, SBE, SeaChange, Sharp, Sinclair Broadcast, SMPTE, Snell & Wilcox, Sohone= t, Sonic Solutions, Sony Electronics, Sony Pictures, Sprint Nextel, Stargat= e Films, Starz, State Farm Insurance, Sunset Digital, Tandberg Television, = Teranex, Texas Instruments, Thales, Thomson, THX, Twin Cities Public Televi= sion, Universal Pictures, UPN, Warner Bros., the WB, Woods Hole Oceanograph= ic Institution, and Xytec Systems. That's not counting the academics from Brooklyn College, the City Univ= ersity of New York, Johns Hopkins University, Ryerson University, Stanford = University, the University of California - San Diego, the University of Ill= inois - Chicago, and the University of Southern California. What do they know that you don't? Better find out! BE THERE! <http://www.hpaonline.com> Note to press: I think Thomson will be having a media event in the ar= ea after the retreat. Book your travel accordingly. - U.S. analog cutoff and the cable-delivery problem -=20 - Here's a story in Multichannel News free even to non-subscriber= s: <http://tinyurl.com/ey7xd> - A report on the AV Science Forum says LG plans to release a $50= set-top box using 5th-generation technology in about a year: <http://tinyurl.com/cjao2> By the way, the bill carrying the hard cutoff date has yet to pass Con= gress (due to differences between the two houses not related to the analog = cut-off provisions). - VOD and mobile devices -=20 - Here's an overview: <http://www.tvweek.com/article.cms?articleId=3D29144> - Both RCA's Lyra X3000 and a new Humax portable media player (PM= P) are designed to work with DirecTV2Go. The RCA unit has a 3.6-inch scree= n that seems to be 4:3; the Humax has a 4-inch wide-aspect-ratio screen. R= CA's will store up to 40 feature-length movies. The first URL is for the R= CA unit, the second for the Humax: <http://www.rca.com/content/viewdetail/1,2811,EI700724-CI258,00.html?> <http://tinyurl.com/aas5e> This related story says Humax is also coming out with a line of LCD TV= s with integrated DirecTV reception: <http://www.multichannel.com/article/CA6296395.html?display=3DBreaking+News= > - This free-to-non-subscribers story from Broadcasting & Cable lo= oks at the business. Most of Apple's iTunes video downloads are said to be= music videos rather than TV shows. The story cites a study from M:Metrics= saying that only 1% of mobile subscribers accessed video in September, but= it also gives a figure of 600 million cell phones; 1% of that seems likie = a lot to me: <http://tinyurl.com/9o8bf> - DirecTV's VOD deal with Fox will allow subscribers to get FX pr= ogramming BEFORE it appears on the channel: <http://www.tvweek.com/news.cms?newsId=3D9121> - EE Times says the Wall Street Journal reports that Google will = offer pay-VOD as part of its Google Pack software: <http://tinyurl.com/dyu2l> - Crown Castle's new DVB-H TV service Modeo just made headlines: <http://www.twice.com/article/CA6296840.html> This one's from EE Times: <http://tinyurl.com/8pkpl> Want to know more about it? While the media just picked up on it, the= re's been a session scheduled on it at ***The Technology Retreat*** for mon= ths. BE THERE! <http://www.hpaonline.com> - As long as there will be TV going to mobile devices, how about = TV Guide Mobile? <http://www.multichannel.com/article/CA6297151.html?display=3DBreaking+News= > - LG and Samsung are dealing with DVB-H and MediaFLO: <http://www.eetimes.com/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=3D175800374> - Starz is offering a library of downloads for Microsoft: <http://www.twice.com/article/CA6296389.html> Starz will be represented at ***The Technology Retreat***; how about y= ou? BE THERE! <http://www.hpaonline.com> - Consumer-electronics connections - There have been advances in HDMI,= including a new smaller connector: <http://news.designtechnica.com/article9201.html> - USDTV - Their fourth market is Norfolk: <http://biz.yahoo.com/bw/060105/20060105005488.html?.v=3D1> - Satellite HDTV - - This story is about local DTT stations: <http://www.twice.com/article/CA6296861.html> - These are about DISH and Voom, the former said to now have more= than 25 national HD channels: <http://www.twice.com/article/CA6296892.html> <http://www.tvweek.com/news.cms?newsId=3D9124> - Next-generation consumer disks - - Although there are still licensing issues, both the Blu-ray and= HD DVD camps announced hardware and software. The entry-level HD DVD play= er is to cost just $499: <http://www.eet.com/news/latest/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=3D175801324> <http://www.twice.com/article/CA6296841.html> - InPhase is delivering holographic disks for the consumer market= : <http://www.physorg.com/news9607.html> Want to know more about next-generation disk issues? Come hear the on= es who literally wrote the book, DVD Demystified, at ***The Technology Retr= eat***. BE THERE! <http://www.hpaonline.com> - IPTV - Here's an overview from a consumer-electronics perspective: <http://www.twice.com/article/CA6296874.html> For the telephone company perspective, come to the Telco TV session at= ***The Technology Retreat***. Yes, ***The Technology Retreat***: <http://www.hpaonline.com> - July 1 -=20 - When the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) said they want= ed to accelerate the DTT-reception mandate, consumer-electronics interests = opposed the move. Now that it's happened, there's this headline: "Televisi= on Manufacturers Welcome Adjusted DTV Tuner Mandate": <http://www.twice.com/article/CA6296887.html> - This week I've listed 107 ads for TVs 36-inch or larger. Of th= ose, 74 (69%) have integrated DTT-reception capability. As of July 1, 100%= of those manufactured in or imported to the U.S. and equipped with tuners = were supposed to have integrated DTT-reception capability. I've also liste= d 56 ads for TVs between 25- and 35-inch. Of those, 10 (18%) have integrat= ed DTT-reception capability. As of July 1, 50% of those manufactured in or= imported to the U.S. and equipped with tuners were supposed to have integr= ated DTT-reception capability. - See also the ads section for inexpensive non-integrated sets th= at are HD and/or widescreen. - TV sets that required DTT-reception circuitry starting 2004: - Sony 36S45 36-inch TV w/PIP @ Universal $289 - Sony Wega 36FS10 36-inch flat-tube TV @ Universal $459 - Sony Wega 36SF10 36-inch flat-tube TV @ CEW 549 - Toshiba 36E60 36-inch TV w/PIP @ CEW $269 - Toshiba 36H45 36-inch TV w/PIP @ Universal $259 - Toshiba 50A60 50-inch projection TV w/PIP @ CEW $449 - Toshiba Da50 50-inch projection TV w/PIP @ Universal $409 DV - Sony 53S65 53-inch projection TV w/PIP @ Universal $479 - Sony KP53WS 53-inch projection TV w/PIP @ CEW $498 - RCA ZA61W20 61-inch projection TV w/PIP @ CEW $649 - Sony 65S75 65-inch projection TV w/PIP @ Universal $749 - Sony KP65WS 65-inch projection TV w/PIP @ CEW $749 DV - price includes DVD player - TV sets that required DTT-reception circuitry starting 2005: - Insignia ISTV040924 27-inch flat-tube TV @ Best Buy $219.99 - Jensen TS2750J 27-inch TV @ Circuit City $179.99 - Panasonic 27H45 27-inch TV w/PIP @ Universal $109 - Panasonic CT27SL15 27-inch flat-tube TV @ Circuit City $309.99 - Sharp 27C241 27-inch TV @ Best Buy $164.99 - Sony 27S45 27-inch TV w/PIP @ CEW $129 - Sony 27S45 27-inch TV w/PIP @ Universal $129 - Sony Wega 27FS10 27-inch flat-tube TV @ Universal $189 - Sony Wega 27SF10 27-inch flat-tube TV @ CEW $219 - Sony Wega KV27FS120 27-inch flat-tube TV @ P.C. Richard $288.97 - Sylvania 6427TFY 27-inch TV @ Sears $159.99 - JVC AV32WF36 32-inch flat-tube TV @ Best Buy $449.99 - RCA 32V432T 32-inch TV @ Wal-Mart $247 - RCA 32V520T 32-inch TV @ Circuit City $287.99 - Sanyo DS32225 32-inch TV @ Wal-Mart $247 - Sony 32S45 32-inch TV w/PIP @ CEW $219 - Sony 32S45 32-inch TV w/PIP @ Universal $189 - Sony KV32FS120 32-inch flat-tube TV @ Circuit City $522.99 - Sony Wega 32FS10 32-inch flat-tube TV @ Universal $309 - Sony Wega 32SF10 32-inch flat-tube TV @ CEW $349 - Sony Wega KV32FS120 32-inch flat-tube TV @ P.C. Richard $499.97 - Sony 35S45 35-inch TV w/PIP @ CEW $299 - Devices that would require DTT-reception circuitry in 2007: - Konka 13-inch TV @ Universal $45 - Sansui TVM1316 13-inch TV @ CEW $49 - Symphonic ST413E 13-inch TV @ Circuit City $59.99 - Konka 19-inch TV @ Universal $59 - Sansui TVM1916 19-inch TV @ CEW $59 - Sylvania 19-inch TV @ Kmart $97 - Toshiba 19A24/25 19-inch TV @ Best Buy $99.99 - "Famous Makers" VCR @ Universal $22 - "Famous Makers" DVD/VCR combo @ Universal $44 - Philips DVP3050V DVD/VCR combo @ Circuit City $89.99 - CyberHome DVD recorder @ Circuit City $87.99 - Mystery brand DVR1600 DVD recorder @ CompUSA $99 - Panasonic DMRES20S DVD recorder @ Circuit City $179.99 - Panasonic DMRES20S DVD recorder @ Sears $179.99 - Presidian PDR-3222 DVD recorder @ Radio Shack $89.99 AR - Sansui VCR/DVD recorder combo @ Universal $79 - Samsung DVDVR320 VCR/DVD recorder combo @ Best Buy $199.99 AR XM - Sony RDRVX515 VCR/DVD recorder combo @ P.C. Richard $299.97 - Toshiba D-R4 DVD recorder @ Best Buy w/$30GC $179.99 BS - TruTech TT1620 DVD recorder @ Target $89.99 - Hauppauge WinTV PVR 150 MCE TV tuner pkg. @ CompUSA $99.99 - HP M7260N computer w/TV tuner pkg. @ CompUSA $1199.98 AR - HP ZD8230US computer w/TV tuner @ CompUSA $2049.99 AR - Sony computer w/TV tuner @ CEW $699 - Sony computer w/TV tuner @ Universal $699=20 AR - price after mail-in rebate BS - price "before savings" GC - price includes gift card of amount shown XM - price includes ten-pack of blank media - Devices that would require dual DTT-reception circuitry in 2007: - Magnavox MC4304 20-inch flat-tube TV/DVD/VCR @ Target $249.99 - Sylvania 6719DF 19-inch TV/DVD/VCR combo @ Best Buy $199.99 - Toshiba MW20F51 20-inch flat-tube TV/DVD/VCR @ Sears $284.99 - Devices possibly not covered but receiving analog TV signals: - eton FR300 AM/FM/TV/weather/light/siren/crank/charger @ J&R $49.= 99 Best Buy also advertised an RF modulator for $21.99. - Readers have asked how to get hold of some of the non-national = retailers, so look for their phone numbers at the bottom of the memo. - May 1 - None of the lists I check have been updated since the last m= emo. The FCC lists haven't been updated since November 15. - What year is it? According to this headline, which might cause a sense o= f deja vu, "2006 is the Year of DTV": <http://biz.yahoo.com/bw/060104/20060104006065.html?.v=3D1> - International H/DTV news:=20 - According to this story in advanced-television.com, Spain takes the = prize for fastest DTT penetration, zero to 4.7% (a million) in two months: <http://tinyurl.com/99jxu> - According to Interactive Investor, France's President Jacques Chirac= says broadcast & communications legislation will be modified to allow anal= og cutoff in five years: <http://tinyurl.com/dan5g> - Japan is introducing the concept of the all-channel recorder, a PVR = that captures everything on all channels, allowing the user to decide what = to watch after it's been transmitted. Terabytes of storage are required, a= s well as advanced compression: <http://neasia.nikkeibp.com/neasia/003039> - Here's an overview of digital cable in Australia: <http://www.cablelabs.com/news/newsletter/SPECS/NovDec_2005/story6.html> - I thought it was impressive that an HDV camcorder was advertised for unde= r $1600 recently, but Sanyo's Xacti HD1, recording HD to SD memory cards us= ing advanced compression, is to be available in March for a manufacturer's = suggested retail price of $799.99: <http://www.sanyodigital.com/HD1/features.html> - Mike Vitelli, senior vp of Best Buy whom many of you may recall from his = days at Sony, says the high prices of HDTVs can lead to "buyer's remorse," = in turn leading to "notably higher" returns than for ordinary TVs: <http://www.usatoday.com/money/media/2005-12-29-hdtv-confusion_x.htm> - Here's a recent overview of digital rights management: <http://www.eet.com/news/latest/showArticle.jhtml?articleID=3D175800122&pgn= o=3D1> - Today's New York Times discusses calibration of TVs at home: <http://www.nytimes.com/2006/01/05/technology/circuits/05basics.html> - The Consumer Electronics Show (CES) in Las Vegas: - Here is the opening speech of Microsoft's Bill Gates, which refers t= o, among other things, TV and audio/video aspects of their new Vista operat= ing system, to be released by year end: <http://www.gamesindustry.biz/press_release.php?aid=3D13889> - Warren Communications News says Toshiba is expected to sell a 55-inc= h SED set later this year for about $10,000. The story will be on their si= te until tomorrow morning: <http://www.warren-news.com/> - Panasonic now has the world's largest plasma TV at 103 inches: <http://biz.yahoo.com/prnews/060104/nyw182a.html?.v=3D1> - Here's an overview of tapeless camcorders: <http://www.twice.com/article/CA6296829.html> - These next three are reports from the show: <http://www.hdtvmagazine.com/articles/2006/01/ces_-_day_0.php> <http://blog.ultimateavmag.com/ces2006/> <http://www.digitaltvdesignline.com/blogs/index.jhtml#175801340> - TWICE has MANY stories from the show. You can start on this page. = Don't forget to click on the "Video" page to the left, too. Registration, = but no fee, is required: <http://www.twice.com/index.asp?layout=3DbreakingNews&starting=3D1> - I have not yet received any sales data from the Consumer Electronics Asso= ciation (CEA) past week 48, but I HAVE received their year-end consensus re= port. In this first list, the first figure in each column is unit sales to= dealers in thousands (except blank videocassettes, which are in millions),= and the second figure is the average wholesale price. The 2004 figures ar= e actual; the 2005 figures are estimates, but they're usually pretty close: 2005 2004 - Analog direct view (non-LCD, non-combo) 17,403 $ 157 19,934 $ 177 = =20 - Analog projection 20 $ 750 97 $ 876 - Monochrome (non-LCD) 125 $ 33 150 $ 35 - Combo (TV/VCR, TV/DVD, TV/DVD/VCR) A & D 4,569 $ 343 3,643 $ 238 - VCR 1,301 $ 24 2,267 $ 38 - Total digital TV 12,333 $1410 8,287 $1257 - Digital direct-view receivers 1,287 $ 600 974 $ 747 - Digital projection TV 3,119 $1458 3,510 $1579 - Plasma 1,959 $2048 870 $2698 - LCD analog and digital 4,026 $ 818 1,842 $ 857 - DVD players and recorders (incl. portable) 15,255 $ 110 19,990 $ 109 - DVD recorders (included above) 863 $ 187 802 $ 271 - Total set-top boxes (DBS, DTT, DVR/PVR) 18,169 $ 131 17,577 $ 134 - DBS receivers 14,213 $ 96 16,880 $ 112 - PVRs (dealer sales only, not MSOs) 2,922 $ 246 1,647 $ 279 - Set-top Internet access boxes 150 $ 95 285 $ 110 - Home theater sound systems 3,617 $ 192 4,702 $ 198 - Wireless (mobile) phones 104,500 $ 130 84,586 $ 130 - Blank videocassettes 302M $ 1 325M $ 1 Given that the bulk of the TV combos are analog, it would seem that ev= en everything CEA calls a "digital TV" accounted for about 36% of sales to = dealers in 2005. This next list is household penetration figures. They used to be base= d on a telephone survey, but, when more people said they had digital televi= sion than the number that had been manufactured, CEA extrapolated that figu= re from the dealer sales. CEA still says 85% of "DTV" is HDTV, and others = says about half of HDTVs have any way of getting HDTV signals (via broadcas= t, cable, or satellite). Here are some of the CEA household penetration fi= gures for the beginning of this year. I call your attention to the penetra= tion figure for mobile phones; compare it to the extraordinary sales to dea= lers listed above. Penetration takes time: - TV/radio/color TV 98% - VCR 90% - DVD 82% - Stereo TV 76% - Modems 75% - Wireless [mobile] phone 73% - Camcorder 55% - Home theater sound 36% - TV/VCR combo 35% - DTH satellite 31% - Monochrome TV 29% - Projection TV 23% - LCD TV 22% - "DTV" 20% - PVR 11% - iSuppli figures for unit shipments for "North America" (the U.S. and Cana= da) are somewhat different (in thousands): 2005 2004 - Plasma 1588 754 - LCD 5635 2754 - All integrated DTT 6372 4065 - All "digital-ready" 6088 3604 There are many more figures, isolating the different display technolog= ies, in the story: <http://www.twice.com/article/CA6296888.html> - CEA's penetration figures say there are "DTVs" in 20% of U.S. households = and 85% of those are HDTV, which would be 17% or about 19 million, but Broa= dcasting & Cable says there are "12 million HDTVs now in U.S. homes." The = full story requires a paid subscription: <http://tinyurl.com/dxbnk> - Ads for set-top DTT receivers: I'm aware of only the DirecTV units at Be= st Buy, Circuit City, and Video & Audio Center and the Sony PVRs at J&R. - Ad confusions: Best Buy again called their [Konka] KLC-1508U 1024 x 768 = LCD TV an "EDTV." Circuit City showed the Sharp LC20SH4U and Sylvania 6620= LDF EDTVs with big Discovery HD logos on their screens. - The ads - Readers have asked how to get hold of some of the non-national = retailers, so look for their phone numbers at the bottom of the memo. Radio Shack advertised a $29.99 analog RF modulator. Circuit City had= the 5.1-channel, DVD-player-equipped, AM/FM Nexxtech DR30G0 home-theater s= ound system for $59.99. FYI, next week's memo will likely be missing Los Angeles and Twin Citi= es ads. - Bang & Olufsen (New York Times, no disclaimer): - Bang & Olufsen BeoVision 5 42-inch 16:9 plasma TV $19,900 - Best Buy (HD disclaimers only): - DirecTV H20 DirecTV/ATSC receiver/decoder $0 AS - JVC HD52G786/BP6 52-inch wide integr. D-ILA proj. DTV $2499.99 - JVC HD56G786/BP6 56-inch wide integr. D-ILA proj. DTV $2999.99 - LG 50PX4DR 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV/PVR $4499.99 - Maxent MX-42VM11 42-inch widescreen plasma TV $1499.99 - Maxent MX-42XM11 42-inch widescreen plasma TV $1799.99 - Mystery brand [Konka?] KLC-1508U 15-inch LCD TV $219.99 - Panasonic TH-42PD50U 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $1999.99 - Philips 30PW9100D/37 30-inch 16:9 integrated CRT DTV - Philips 37PF7320A/37 37-inch 16:9 integrated LCD DTV $2299.99 - Philips 42PF9630A/37 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $2799.99 - Samsung HLR4266W 42-inch 16:9 integrated DLP projection DTV $1799.99 - Samsung HLR5667W 56-inch 16:9 integrated DLP projection DTV $2699.99 - Sony KDFE50A10 50-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $2249.99 - Sony KLVS23A10 23-inch widescreen LCD TV $1199.99 - Sony KLVS32A10 32-inch widescreen LCD TV $1999.99 - Toshiba 32HL95 32-inch widescreen integrated LCD DTV $1899.99 - Toshiba 51HC85 51-inch widescreen projection TV $1169.99 - Toshiba 62HM95 62-inch 16:9 integr. DLP proj. DTV $2879.99 - Zenith Z23LZ5R 23-inch widescreen LCD TV $799.99 AS - price after rebate requiring DirecTV subscription - Circuit City (HD IDs only): - DirecTV H10/H20 DirecTV/ATSC receiver/decoder $0 AS - Hitachi 57F710A 57-inch 16:9 integrated projection DTV $1424.99 - LG 23LX1RV 23-inch widescreen LCD/DVD combo $999.99 - LG 50PX1D 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $3599.99 - Magnavox 32MF605W 32-inch widescreen LCD TV $1099.99 - Panasonic TC26LX50 26-inch widescreen LCD TV $1234.99 - Panasonic TC32LX50 32-inch widescreen LCD TV $1799.99 - Polaroid FLM1511 15-inch LCD TV $279.99 - Polaroid FLM2601 26-inch widescreen LCD TV $699.99 - RCA HD52W59 52-inch 16:9 integrated projection DTV $999.99 - Samsung HLR5667W 56-inch 16:9 integrated DLP projection DTV $2849.99 - Samsung HPR4252 42-inch widescreen integrated plasma DTV $2699.99 - Samsung LNR238W 23-inch 16:9 LCD TV $899.99 - Samsung TXR2779H 27-inch 4:3 integrated CRT DTV $549.99 - Sharp LC20SH4U 13-inch 4:3 LCD TV $474.99 - Sony KDFE42A10 42-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $1899.99 - Sony KDSR50XBR1 50-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $3799.99 - Sony KLVS26A10 26-inch widescreen LCD TV $1424.99 - Sony KLVS32A10 32-inch widescreen LCD TV $1799.99 - Sylvania 6620LDF 20-inch LCD TV/DVD combo $449.99 - Sylvania 6842PE 42-inch widescreen plasma TV $1299.99 - Zenith Z50PX2D 50-inch widescreen integrated plasma DTV $2999.99 AS - price after rebate requiring DirecTV subscription - CompUSA (appropriate disclaimer): - HP 42-inch integrated plasma DTV $3299.99 - Sharp LC26GA5U 26-inch widescreen LCD TV $999.99 - Syntax Olevia 26-inch widescreen LCD TV $499.99 - ViewSonic N3250W 32-inch widescreen LCD TV $1099.99 - Zenith Z42PX2D 42-inch widescreen integrated plasma DTV $1899.99 HT HT - price includes home-theater sound system and mounting bracket - CompUSA w/Good Guys inside (Los Angeles Times, appropriate disclaimer): - HP PL4200N 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma TV $3298 - JVC HD56G886 56-inch widescreen integrated D-ILA projection DTV $3099 - JVC HD70FH96 70-inch widescreen integrated D-ILA projection DTV $5999 - LG 50PX4DR 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV/PVR $4999 - Mitsubishi WD-52727 52-inch 16:9 integrated projection DTV $2499 - Panasonic TH-42PD50U 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $1999 - Samsung HLR6178W 61-inch 16:9 integrated DLP projection DTV $4499 - Sharp LC45GD5U 45-inch widescreen integrated LCD DTV $5999 - Sony KDFE-42A10 42-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $1699 - Zenith Z42PX2D 42-inch widescreen integrated plasma DTV $1798 HT HT - price includes home-theater sound system and mounting bracket - Computers & Electronics Warehouse (am New York, no disclaimer): - Panasonic TC20LA5 20-inch LCD TV $379 - Panasonic TC42LA5 [?] 42-inch widescreen TV $1199 - Philips PH42W [?] 42-inch widescreen TV $999 - Samsung SPM4215 42-inch 16:9 plasma TV $1099 - Dell (New York Times, no disclaimer): - Dell W2600 26-inch widescreen LCD TV $1199 - J&R (am New York, no disclaimer): - HP Z555 digital entertainment center w/ATSC reception $999.99 - Pioneer PDP-42A3HD 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $2399.99 - Pioneer PDP-5050HD 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $4499.99 - Samsung HL-R6768W 67-inch 16:9 integrated DLP projection DTV $3999.99 - Sharp LD-23SH1U 23-inch 16:9 LCD TV $749.99 - Westinghouse LTV-27w2 27-inch 16:9 LCD monitor $699.99 - Westinghouse LVM-37w1 37-inch widescreen LCD monitor $1499.99 - J&R (New York Times, no disclaimer): - InFocus ScreenPlay 61 md10 61-inch 16:9 DLP proj. TV w/PIP $2599.99 - Panasonic TC-26LX50 26-inch widescreen LCD TV $1049.99 - Samsung HL-R4266W 42-inch 16:9 integrated DLP projection DTV $1399.99 - Samsung LN-R328W 32-inch 16:9 LCD TV $1399.99 - Sharp LD-23SH1U 23-inch 16:9 LCD TV $699.99 - Sony DHG-HDD250 HD PVR $549.99 - Sony DHG-HDD500 HD PVR $679.99 - Sony KD-30XS955 30-inch 16:9 integrated DTV $699.99 - Sony KDF-E55A20 55-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $2199.99 - ViewSonic N3250W 32-inch widescreen LCD TV $799.99 AR - Westinghouse LVM-37w1 37-inch widescreen LCD monitor $1499.99 AR - price after mail-in rebate - J&R (Village Voice, no disclaimer): - HP Z557 digital entertainment center w/ATSC reception $1399.99 - Westinghouse LTV-27w2 27-inch 16:9 LCD TV $699.99 - Westinghouse LTV-32w1 32-inch 16:9 LCD TV $1199.99 - Ken Crane's (Los Angeles Times, no disclaimer): - HP PL4200N 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma TV $3198 BS IT - LG 26LX2D 26-inch 16:9 integrated LCD DTV $1598 BS IT - LG 15LA6R 15-inch widescreen LCD TV $498 BS IT - LG 32PD1D 32-inch widescreen integrated LCD [?] DTV $2598 BS IT - LG 37PL1D 37-inch widescreen integrated plasma DTV $3498 BS IT - LG 42PX5D 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $3498 BS IT - LG 42PX12D 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $2798 BS IT - LG 50PX1D 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $3798 BS IT - LG 50PX5D 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $4498 BS IT - Panasonic TH-42PD50U 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $1998 BS IT - Panasonic TH-50PX50U 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $2998 BS IT - Panasonic TH-500PX50U 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $3498 BS IT - Sony KDF-E50A10 50-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $2398 BS I= T - Sony KDFE55A20 55-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $2798 BS IT - Sony KDFE60A20 60-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $3298 BS IT - Sony KLV-S32A10 32-inch widescreen LCD TV $1998 IT - Zenith Z42PX2D 42-inch widescreen integrated plasma DTV $1798 BS IT BS - price "before savings" IT - price includes 8.75% sales tax - P.C. Richard & Son (am New York, appropriate disclaimers): - Mitsubishi WD52527 52-inch 16:9 integrated projection DTV $1999.97 - Mitsubishi WD52627 52-inch 16:9 integrated projection DTV $2999.97 - Mitsubishi WS55517 55-inch 16:9 integrated projection DTV $1499.97 - Sony KDFE55A20 55-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $2199.97 - Sony KLVS23A10 23-inch widescreen LCD TV $899.97 - Sony KLVS26A10 26-inch widescreen LCD TV $1299.97 - Sears (Minneapolis Star Tribune, HD disclaimers only): - Panasonic TH42PD50 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $1799.99 - Samsung LN-R328W 32-inch 16:9 LCD TV $1619.99 - Sharp LC37D4U 37-inch widescreen integrated LCD DTV $2529.99 - Sony KD36FS130 36-inch 4:3 integrated DTV $854.99 - Sony KDF-E50A10 50-inch wide integrated LCD projection DTV $2249.99 - Toshiba 27HL85 27-inch widescreen LCD TV $1169.99 - Ultimate Electronics (Minneapolis Star Tribune, appropriate disclaimers= ): - JVC LT40X776 40-inch wide integr. LCD DTV $2969.95 - LG 23LX1RV 23-inch widescreen LCD/DVD combo $1099.95 BS - LG 32LX1D 32-inch widescreen integrated LCD DTV $1799.95 - LG 50PX1D 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $3419.95 - Mitsubishi WD52627 52-inch 16:9 integrated projection DTV $3149.95 - Mitsubishi WD62627 62-inch 16:9 integrated projection DTV $3779.95 - Panasonic TC19LX50 19-inch 16:9 LCD TV $749.95 - Philips 42PF7320A 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $2249.95 - Samsung HLR5067W 50-inch 16:9 integrated DLP projection DTV $2249.95 - Samsung HLR5688W 56-inch 16:9 integrated DLP projection DTV $4049.95 = DN - Samsung HLR6178W 61-inch 16:9 integrated DLP projection DTV $4049.95 = DN - Samsung LNR329D 32-inch 16:9 integrated LCD DTV $1799.95 DN - Samsung LNR409D 40-inch 16:9 integrated LCD DTV $3059.95 DN - Sharp LC26D6U 26-inch widescreen integrated LCD DTV $1479.95 - Sharp LC45GD7U 45-inch widescreen integrated LCD DTV $4499.95 - Sony KDE42XS955 42-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $2999.95 - Sony KLVS26A10 26-inch 16:9 LCD TV $1499.95 - Sylvania 6842 42-inch widescreen plasma TV $1298.95 - Toshiba 20HLV85 20-inch widescreen LCD/DVD combo $899.95 BS - Toshiba 32HLX95 32-inch wide integrated LCD DTV/DVD combo $2249.95 - Toshiba 42DPC85 42-inch 16:9 plasma monitor $1799.95 - Toshiba 46HM95 46-inch 16:9 integr. DLP proj. DTV $1799.95 - Toshiba 50HPX95 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $4049.95 - Zenith Z15LA7R 15-inch 4:3 LCD TV $349.95 - Zenith Z42PX2DH 42-inch widescreen integrated plasma DTV $1709.95 - Zenith Z50PX2D 50-inch widescreen integrated plasma DTV $2949.95 AR AR - price after mail-in rebate BS - price "before savings" DN - price includes DVD recorder and NFL Super Bowl DVD - Universal Computers & Electronics (am New York, no disclaimer): - Panasonic TH42PE506 42-inch widescreen flat-panel TV $1149 - Panasonic [?] HPP3298PP 32-inch widescreen flat-panel TV $749 - Philips 42-inch widescreen TV $1049 - Samsung 42-inch widescreen TV $899 - Samsung HLD5020 50-inch TV w/PIP $1029 - Sony KED4235 42-inch widescreen flat-panel TV $1399 - Sony KDF55B25 55-inch LCD [projection?] TV $1399 - Video & Audio Center (Los Angeles Times, no disclaimer): - DirecTV HR10-250 ATSC/DirecTV receiver/PVR $399 AR - Fujitsu P50XHA40US 50-inch 16:9 plasma TV %5997 IT - Mitsubishi WD73727 73-inch 16:9 integrated projection DTV $5497 IT - Pioneer PRO1130HD 50-inch 16:9 integrated plasma DTV $6497 IT - Sharp LC32DA5U 32-inch LCD TV $1597 IT - Sony KDLV40XBR1 40-inch widescreen integrated LCD DTV $3497 IT AR - price after mail-in rebate IT - price includes 8.75% sales tax - Wal-Mart (Minneapolis Star Tribune, no disclaimer): - ilo ILO-2600 26-inch widescreen LCD TV $696 - Tech-Notes number 133 has come out: <http://www.tech-notes.tv/Archive/tech_notes_133.pdf> - DVD news: - Again, CEA has not yet released dealer sales data beyond week 48 of = 2005. - Circuit City advertised 25-packs of DVD-R or DVD+R blank media this = week for $7.99. -DISH passed 12 million subscribers in December: <http://tinyurl.com/9gvml> - Are you impressed by Sanyo's $799 HD camcorder? Well, how do you feel ab= out an under-$30 standard-definition camcorder from Pure Digital Technologi= es, currently available at more than 6000 CVS and Rite Aid stores nationwid= e? The catch is that you're supposed to return it to the pharmacy and come= back later to pick up a DVD: <http://broadcastengineering.com/newsletters/news_tech/20060104/#DVD> - Upcoming Dates (DTV and non-DTV): - Through January 8, Las Vegas, Consumer Electronics Show <http://www.= cesweb.org/default_flash.asp>. - *January 10, Millennium Maxwell House, Nashville, SBE Nashville Enne= s Workshop <http://www.sbe.org/documents/2006NashvilleEnnes.pdf>. - January 29-February 1, Hollywood Renaissance Hotel, SMPTE Advanced M= otion Imaging Conference and VSF VidTrans <http://www.smpte.org/conferences= /vidsmcfp.cfm>. - *February 16, BAFTA, London, 3rd European HDTV Summit <http://www.tv= conferences.com/>.=20 - ***February 21, Rancho Las Palmas Marriott, Rancho Mirage (Palm Spri= ngs area), California, pre-Technology Retreat seminars <http://www.hpaonlin= e.com>. - ***February 22-24, Rancho Las Palmas Marriott, Rancho Mirage (Palm S= prings area), California, HPA's 12th-annual Technology Retreat <http://www.= hpaonline.com>. - *February 26-28, The Broadmoor, Colorado Springs, CableLabs Winter C= onference <http://www.cablelabs.com/conferences_public/>. - February 27-28, Park Central Hotel, New York, Collaborative Communic= ations Summit <http://sites.securemc.com/folder4073/>. - February 28, Dorchester Hotel, London, Collaborative Conferencing Su= mmit <http://sites.securemc.com/folder22719/>. - March 21-23, Loews Coronado Bay Resort, San Diego, DisplaySearch fla= t-panel display conference <http://www.displaysearch.com/usfpd2006/>. - April 6-7, Las Vegas, IEEE International Symposium on Broadband Mult= imedia Systems and Broadcasting <http://www.ieee.org/organizations/society/= bt/index.html>. - *April 9-11, Georgia World Congress Center, Atlanta, the National Sh= ow (NCTA2006) <http://www.thenationalshow.com/?ref=3DnctaMenu>. - *April 22-27, Las Vegas Convention Center, NAB2006 <http://www.nabsh= ow.com/>. - *April 28-30, Early Television Museum, Hilliard, Ohio, 2006 Early Te= levision Convention <http://www.earlytelevision.org/2006_convention.html>. - *May 20-23, Porte de Versailles, Paris, 120th AES convention <http:/= /www.aes.org/events/120/>. - June 7-9, Orange County Convention Center, Orlando, Infocomm <http:/= /www.infocomm.org/>. - June 27-29, Javits Center, New York, Entertainment Technology Allian= ce <http://www.etaexpo.com/>. * - new or revised listing Phone numbers of some retailers mentioned (the ones starting +1 will work f= rom outside the United States): - Computers & Electronics Warehouse: +1-718-205-2288 - J&R: +1-212-238-9000, 800-221-8180 - Universal Computers & Electronics: +1-718-784-8000 TTFN, Mark PS Permission is granted to forward this or any other Monday Memo. Next w= eek's memo might be late. PPS I apologize for the size of this next postscript, but I figured I'd ru= n it once a year and hope it answers most new-reader questions. FAQs about Mark's Monday Memo ----------------------------- - What is the memo? It is my compilation of the TV technical news of the w= eek that I deem worth noting. I do not run predictions. I do not run most= business or employment news. I do not run most programming or production = news. The memo was started around 1997 as a way of generating traffic for an= e-mail reflector called ITS Mail, which was run by the International Telep= roduction Society. ITS is no more. ITS Mail has become the Post list, adm= inistered by the Hollywood Post Alliance. Their web site offers a link to = join Post (free). It's usually a fairly low-traffic list. Most weeks the = memo is the only traffic: <http://www.hpaonline.com> - Who am I? I'm an engineering consultant working in television and relate= d fields. I've had a monthly column in Videography magazine since April 19= 76 and currently also write the "Final Thoughts" column in Television Broad= cast magazine. I have worked on many HDTV shows, including the first regul= arly scheduled one in Japan in 1989. I first panned an 1125 (total) line H= DTV camera in 1973. I have served on the ATSC Implementation Subcommittee = and T3/S6 working group. I've also served on standardization committees of= the IEEE, SMPTE, and the Exchange Carriers Standards Association. None of the above prevents me from being human and making mistakes. A= s soon as I learn of (or realize) a mistake in a memo, the correction is po= sted at the top of the next one. - Is there a memo distribution list? No. You can join Post (or one of the= other reflectors carrying the memos) or you can get them off the web from <http://www.digitaltelevision.com/mondaymemo/mlist/> or one of the other web sites that carry the memo. Some of these sites arc= hive the memos back to the start. The suppressed multiple addresses in the= address field are to get the memo to the various reflectors and web sites. - Why don't I use HTML to shrink the links, and why do I put angle brackets= around the links? Long time readers have asked me to do it this way. If = you want to reformat the memos and post them on your site, feel free. I'll= even announce a link to your site at least once, if you let me know about = it. - Why all the stuff about ***The Technology Retreat*** (in memos between ro= ughly September and February)? I work on the program for the retreat, so I= shamelessly promote it. It's an outstanding event -- the only one I know = of that intentionally tries to bring together ALL aspects of the television= , video, and electronic-imaging fields, from military surveillance to foren= sic analysis, from cinematographers to consumer-electronics manufacturers, = from chip makers to digital-cinema theaters, from Hollywood studios to non-= commercial broadcasters, from accessible-media specialists to retailers: <http://www.hpaonline.com> - What do I mean by "May 1," "July 1," and the like? See the glossary belo= w. - Glossary: - 1.33:1 - Aspect ratio of ordinary television, also called 4:3 - 1.78:1 - Aspect ratio standard for widescreen television, also calle= d 16:9 - 3:1:1 - A way to describe the form of HDTV recorded by HDCAM: 3/4 of= the number of active luma samples per line (1440 instead of 1920) and one-= third as many active color samples per line (480), with color samples on ea= ch line - 4:1:1 - A way to describe the form of SDTV recorded by professional = DV-based recorders (and U.S.-type consumer ones): 720 active luma samples p= er line and 180 for color, with color samples on each line - 4:2:0 - A way to describe the form of SDTV or HDTV typically compres= sed by MPEG: 720 or 704 (SDTV) or 1920 (HDTV) active luma samples per line,= half as many for color, and half the number of samples vertically as there= are active scanning lines - 4:2:2 - A way to describe the form of SDTV or HDTV typically used in= studios: 720 or 704 (SDTV) or 1920 (HDTV) active luma samples per line, ha= lf as many for color, with color samples on each line - 4:3 - Aspect ratio of ordinary television, 1.33:1 - 5C - A five-company-proposed content-protection system, DTCP - 8-VSB - Eight-level vestigial sideband, the form of modulation used = in ATSC digital television - 16:9 - Aspect ratio of HDTV, 1.78:1 - 16-QAM - 16-point quadrature amplitude modulation, used in some COFD= M - 16-VSB - 16-level vestigial sideband, a form of modulation developed= for (but not used by) cable television - 24p - 24 frames per second, progressively scanned, used with the int= ention of transfer to film or for a more film-like look - 64-QAM - 64-point quadrature amplitude modulation, used in digital c= able and some COFDM - 100 Hz - A form of enhanced display offering 100 images per second i= nstead of 50, raising the rate above the flicker threshold even for large, = bright screens - 256-QAM - 256-point quadrature amplitude modulation, used in digital= cable - 352 - Number of active samples per line in half-resolution images so= metimes used on cable or satellite - 480 - Nominal number of active scanning lines in an NTSC picture (48= 3.5 in the original standard) - 480i - 480 active lines interlaced (525 total), nominal ordinary NTS= C television or digital SDTV - 480p - 480 active lines progressively scanned, typically called EDTV - 525 - Number of total scanning lines associated with 480 active - 544 - Number of active samples in 3/4-resolution images sometimes us= ed on cable or satellite - 576 - Nominal number of active lines for ordinary analog television = in 25-frame-per-second countries - 601 - See BT.601 - 625 - Number of total lines associated with 576 active - 700 MHz - A range of UHF frequencies used by some television channel= s in the U.S. as this is written and desired for public-safety communicatio= ns - 704 - Maximum number of active samples per line allowed in SDTV in t= he ATSC DTT standard intended for the U.S. (A/53) - 720h - Number of active samples per line in digital SDTV (the "h" is= to distinguish it from 720-line systems) - 720p - Form of HDTV with 1280 active pixels by 720 active lines (750= total), progressively scanned - 750 - Number of total lines associated with 720 active - 1035i - Older form of HDTV with 1035 active lines (1125 total), inte= rlaced - 1080i - Form of HDTV with 1920 active pixels by 1080 active lines (1250 or 1125 total), interlaced - 1080p - Like 1080i but progressively scanned - 1125 - Number of total lines usually associated with 1035 or 1080 ac= tive (or even the older 1045 and 1052 active) - 1152 - Nominal number of active lines proposed for 1250-total line H= DTV systems - 1250 - Number of total lines for older 1152-active systems, sometime= s used with 1080-active systems to make them 625 friendly - 1280 - Number of active samples per line specified for 720p HDTV - 1394 - IEEE-1394, a standard for data interconnection, sometimes cal= led Firewire or i.Link, used for compressed video - 1920 - Number of active samples per line specified in some 1035- and= 1080-active-line HDTV standards - A/53 - The ATSC DTT standard intended for the U.S. This URL is for = the latest version as this glossary is being written: <http://www.atsc.org/standards/a53d.html> - A/54 - Guide to the ATSC U.S. DTT standard: <http://www.atsc.org/standards/a_54a.pdf> - A/63 - The ATSC DTT standard intended for countries with 25-frame-pe= r-second television. It allows 720 active pixels per line in SDTV: <http://www.atsc.org/standards/a_63.pdf> - AC-3 - The audio bit-rate reduction system used in U.S. DTT - Active - Picture-carrying - Ads - These are only newspaper ads. I see the ones in the New York = Times and some other New York newspapers (and others when I travel) myself.= A correspondent scans and sends me the ads from the Minneapolis Star Trib= une. Another correspondent sends me the data from the ads in the Los Angel= es Times. The Best Buy, Circuit City, and CompUSA ads I see seem to be the= same elsewhere in the country, so I do not attribute them to the New York = Times. In the ads section, I include only devices advertised in print by the = retailers (not those sales noted only in the stores) that have at least one= of these words or phrases (or similar): 16:9, 480p, 720p, 768, 1080i, ATSC= , digital tuner, EDTV, HDTV, or progressive scan (except DVD players). I m= ake no representation that any of these are HDTV. I include computer produ= cts only when they specifically mention TV or something similar. Sometimes= one retailer will use one of the key words or phrases and another will not= . I go by the printed ads. When the price shown is after a mail-in rebate, I note that. I do not= note "instant rebates," but I calculate the price accordingly. If a retai= ler provides a means for me to calculate a discount or "savings" (and I not= ice it) I do so. I note offers included in the price (gift cards, DVD play= ers, stands, chairs, etc.) except delivery and/or payment terms. When the = same model is offered by the same store more than once during the week at d= ifferent prices, I use the lowest. When model numbers appear strange to me, I often append "[?]" When I = store offers a small number of older models, I probably won't comment on it= , but when it offers a large number I often do. - ADSL - Asymmetric DSL, with higher speed towards the subscriber than= from - AES - Audio Engineering Society: <http://www.aes.org> - APTS - The U.S. Association of Public Television Stations (sometimes= called America's Public Television Stations): <http://www.apts.org> - AR - The abbreviation I use to note that an advertised item's price = is AFTER a mail-in REBATE. In cinematography, AR is a common abbreviation = for aspect ratio. - Artifacts - In terms of imaging and compression, perceptually undesi= rable results of processing (e.g. blocks appearing in the picture that were= n't in the original) - Aspect ratio - Ratio of picture width to height, typically wider for= HDTV than for ordinary television - ATSC - Advanced Television Systems Committee, a standards organizati= on created by other industry groups and standards organizations. Although = it is the source of (and is used synonymously with) the U.S. digital televi= sion standard, the first ATSC standard was actually related to ghost reduct= ion for analog NTSC. The ATSC Forum, a different organization, promotes th= e ATSC digital television standard around the world. As this is being writ= ten, the ATSC standard has been adopted by Mexico and is in use in the U.S.= , Canada, and South Korea: <http://www.atsc.org> - AVC - Advanced video codec, a bit-rate-reduction scheme also known a= s H.264 (ITU) and MPEG-4 Part 10 (IEC/ISO). - Blanking Interval - The time period during which electron beams in p= icture tubes return for right to left (horizontal blanking interval) or bot= tom to top (vertical blanking interval) - Berlin - The first market in the world to have completed the transit= ion from analog television broadcasting to digital; the transition took fou= r months for commercial broadcasters and nine months for non-commercial. - Broadcast flag - A retransmission control descriptor, also the FCC o= rder relating to it involving signal security issues - BRR - Bit-rate reduction, commonly called compression - BS - The abbreviation I use to note that an advertised price is BEFO= RE unspecified in-store SAVINGS. There is, of course, another meaning ofte= n used for the abbreviation; it's not my intention to refer to it. - BT.601 - The basic standard-definition digital video standard of the= ITU - CableCARD - A security module supplied by a cable system to be inser= ted into a subscriber's plug-&-play TV to handle conditional-access securit= y - CARS - Community Antenna Relay Service, microwave paths used for cab= le TV - CATV - Community-antenna television, cable television - CBA - Community Broadcasters Association, representing low-power TV stations: <http://www.communitybroadcasters.com/> - CEA - The U.S. Consumer Electronics Association: <http://www.ce.org> - Census households - Number of homes based on population census (smal= ler number than postal households) - CES - The U.S. Consumer Electronics Show: <http://www.cesweb.org/> - CHILA - CableCARD-Host Interface Licensing Agreement (formerly PHILA= when a CableCARD was called a POD) - Class A - LPTV stations with "permanent" status - CNR - Carrier-to-noise ratio - COFDM - Coded orthogonal frequency-division multiplex, the form of t= ransmission used in DVB-T - Component - In signal terms, video carried as three signals, typical= ly luma and two color-difference signals (separate red, green, and blue sig= nals are also possible) - Composite - A single video signal carrying both luma and color - Compression - Term commonly used to describe bit-rate reduction achi= eved through more efficient coding of pictures and sounds; when it is perfe= ctly reversible, it is called lossless; when it isn't perfectly reversible = but no one would notice, it's called perceptually lossless; otherwise, it's= lossy and generates what are called artifacts. - CRT - Cathode-ray tube, such as a picture tube or video-projection t= ube - Currencies - I try to do currency conversions just before I send the= memo. The symbol $ by itself indicates U.S. dollars. A$ is Australian do= llars. C$ is Canadian dollars. UKP is United Kingdom pounds. - DBS - Direct broadcast(ing by) satellite - DI - Digital intermediate, the digital processing of (generally thea= trical) motion pictures between acquisition and distribution - dialnorm - A parameter of the U.S. DTT signal allowing dialogue leve= ls to be normalized across channels and programs; broadcasters are required= to adjust it appropriately - Digital television - A vague term I try to avoid - D-ILA - Digital image light amplifier, a JVC projection-display tech= nology in the LCoS category - Disclaimer - A notice in a retailer's advertisement that indicates t= hat something called "digital," "EDTV," or "HDTV" that doesn't include DTT-= reception circuitry requires an additional device to receive DTT broadcasts - DLP - Digital light processing, Texas Instruments' trademark for pro= jection systems based on their micro-mirror chips - DSL - Digital subscriber line, a phone-company line carrying high-sp= eed data - DTCP - Digital transmission content protection, also sometimes calle= d 5C, intended for use with 1394 - DTH - Direct-to-home, same as DBS - DTT - Digital terrestrial television broadcasting - DTV - Digital television, a term I use only in the ads to indicate a= n integrated display/DTT receiver - DV - Both a recording format using 1/4-inch tape in a cassette (comm= only called MiniDV) and the compression system used in DV recorders (but al= so in other recorders) - DVB - Digital Video Broadcasting group, based in Europe <http://www.dvb.org> - DVB-C - The cable standard of DVB - DVB-H - The mobile standard of DVB - DVB-S - The satellite standard of DVB - DVB-T - The terrestrial-broadcasting standard of DVB - DVD-R, DVD+R - Different forms of record-once DVD-recording systems - DVD-RAM, DVD-RW, DVD+RW - Different forms of re-recordable DVD recor= ding systems; I sometimes use a slash to indicate combinations (e.g., DVD-R= /RW). - DVI - Digital visual interface, a high-data-rate connection scheme u= sed for monitors, two versions of which also include analog component video - DVI-A - An analog-only version of DVI - DVI-CE - HDMI - DVI-D - The basic DVI digital connection - DVI-I - A version of DVI with both digital and analog connections - D-VHS - Data VHS, able to record compressed television signals, usua= lly via 1394 connection - DVR - Digital video recorder, sometimes used as a synonym for PVR - EDTV - Extended-definition (or enhanced-definition) television, gene= rally meaning 480p. - EFP - Electronic field production, ENG with higher production values - ENG - Electronic news gathering, sometimes used as shorthand for a p= rofessional camcorder - EPG - Electronic program guide - E-VSB - A robust version of 8-VSB sacrificing data rate - FCC - The U.S. Federal Communication Commission: <http://www.fcc.gov> - Flat panel - A TV display screen that is both thin and flat, as in p= lasma and direct-view LCD - Flat screen - A TV display screen (including CRT) that is not convex - Follow-ups - New information (or corrections) to relatively recent m= emos; longer-term follow-ups are sometimes listed as such - Freeview - Current UK DTT system, which, as the name implies, is fre= e to view - GLV - Grating light valve, a laser projection-display technology - Gray-market/grey-market - Designation for products not originally in= tended to be sold in the U.S. - H.264 - ITU designation of AVC - HD - High definition - HDCP - High-bandwidth digital content protection, intended for use w= ith DVI and HDMI connections - HDMI - High-definition multimedia interface, originally called DVI-C= E, similar to DVI, but with smaller connectors and optionally including aud= io and remote-control functions - HDTV - High-definition television, defined by CEA to be at least 720= p or 1080i, even if displayed on a 4:3 screen, as long as the image may be = shrunk on that screen to a 16:9 shape - HDV - High-definition video, systems for recording HD on a DV casset= te - Homes passed - Existing cable-TV subscribers and those who could sub= scribe if they so chose - Household - Roughly synonymous with "home," but see also Census hous= eholds, Postal households, and TV households=20 - IEC - International Electrotechnical Commission - IEEE - The Institution of Electrical and Electronics Engineers: <http://www.ieee.org> - Integer frame rate - Typically 24.0, 30.0, or 60.0 per second (25 is= always integer) - Integrated - A picture display with built-in DTT receiver - Interlaced - With each frame divided into two sections, one carrying= the odd-numbered scanning lines and the other the even, the two sections t= ransmitted (or captured or displayed) sequentially (opposite of progressive= ) - International Bureau - The branch of the FCC dealing with satellite = issues, including domestic satellite - IPPV - Impulse PPV, PPV that can be ordered from a remote control at= the spur of the moment - IPTV - Internet-protocol television, a form of digital distribution = of television programming that need not be carried on the Internet - ISDB-T - Integrated-services digital broadcasting - terrestrial, the= form of DTT used in Japan - ISO - International Standardization Organization - ITFS - Instructional Television Fixed Service, educational televisio= n microwave similar to MDS - ITU - International Telecommunications Union - ITV Digital - Renamed onDigital, predecessor of Freeview, named for = the Independent Television companies that owned it - July 1 - Under the FCC's original phased-in schedule, as of July 1, = 2004, 50% of 36-inch and larger TV sets equipped with analog NTSC tuners we= re also to have had DTT-reception circuitry. As of July 1, 2005, it was 10= 0% of those and 50% of those 25- to 35-inch. Originally, as of July 1, 200= 6, it was supposed to be 100% of those; now that's March 1. As of July 1, = 2007, it was supposed to be all NTSC-tuner-equipped TVs 13-inch and larger = as well as other NTSC-tuner-equipped devices, such as VCRs, DVD recorders, = computer tuner cards, and the like; now there's no 13-inch lower limit, and= it's March 1, 2007. Manufacturers may either add DTT-reception circuitry = or remove analog NTSC-reception circuitry to comply with the rule. In this section, I note some of the lowest prices I saw in newspaper a= ds during the week for devices that would require the DTT-reception circuit= ry at the appropriate July 1 date. I list all advertised TVs in the catego= ries where the mandate has kicked in. In the not-yet-mandated categories, = I list devices with prices I find interesting. I list DVD recorders costin= g less than $300, an entirely arbitrary figure. I also note in this section other issues related to those mandates, su= ch as CableCARD (July 1, 2004 mandatory availability). - LCD - Liquid crystal display - LCoS - Liquid-crystal on silicon, a microdisplay used for projection - LED - Light-emitting diode - Lines - Either scanning lines (active or total) or lines of resoluti= on, hypothetical vertical alternating white and black lines representing th= e finest detail that can be carried - Lip-sync - Matched audio and video timing, which can be a problem in= DTT - LPTV - Low-power television station - Luma - The portion of a video signal containing black-&-white inform= ation - MATV - Master-antenna television - May 1 - Under the phased-in schedule for the advent of DTT in the U.= S., most deadlines were on May 1. As of May 1, 1999, the ABC, CBS, Fox, an= d NBC outlets in the top-ten markets were due to begin DTT broadcasting. A= s of November 1, 1999, it was those outlets in markets 11-30. As of May 1,= 2002, all full-power U.S. commercial stations on the air as of the rule on= set were to have begun DTT broadcasting. As of May 1, even full-power non-= commercial stations were to have begun DTT broadcasting. Not all stations = made their deadlines. I check on two sets of lists weekly: the FCC and NAB figures; I report= them when they change. When they are available, I also report Doug Lung's= licensed-DTT-stations figures taken from the FCC CDBS database. In additi= on to licensed stations, there are those operating on program-test authorit= y (full-power) and special and experimental temporary authorities (low-powe= r). - Mbps - Million bits per second - MDS - Multipoint Distribution Service, microwave television broadcas= ting - MDU - Multiple-dwelling unit (apartment house) - MHz - Megahertz, million cycles per second - Microdisplay - A chip-sized display system, such as DLP or LCoS, use= d in projection systems - MMDS - Multichannel MDS - Monochrome - In typical use, black-&-white - MPAA - Motion Picture Association of America; the international vers= ion is the Motion Picture Association: <http://www.mpaa.org> - MPEG - Moving Picture Experts Group, a committee that has come up wi= th a number of compression schemes and related standards: <http://www.chiariglione.org/mpeg/index.htm> - MSTV - The Association for Maximum Service Television: <http://www.mstv.org> - MTF - Modulation transfer function, the energy (contrast ratio) that= can pass through a system at different finenesses of detail. - Multipath - The arrival at a receiver of signals from a single trans= mitter that have taken different paths (and, therefore, different amounts o= f time to arrive); in analog television, this condition is seen as ghosts. - MVDDS - Multichannel video and data distribution service, sharing DB= S downlink frequencies for terrestrial transmissions - MVDS - Multipoint Video Distribution Systems, microwave broadcasting= , like MMDS outside the U.S. - NAB - The U.S. National Association of Broadcasters and its annual c= onvention and equipment exhibition: <http://www.nab.org> - NCTA - The U.S. National Cable & Telecommunications Association: <http://www.ncta.com> - Non-integer frame rate - Typically 23.976, 29.97, or 59.94 used in N= TSC countries - NTSC - National Television System Committee, the first of which stan= dardized the U.S. 525 (total) line/30 frame system and the second of which = added compatible composite color; NTSC is sometimes used in the U.S. to ref= er to analog television. - NVOD - Near VOD, a multichannel service approximating VOD - onDigital - Original UK subscription DTT service (coexisting with so= me free-to-view channels) - PIP - picture-in-picture, a feature requiring two tuners - Pixel - Picture element, the smallest part of a picture captured, tr= ansmitted, or displayed - Plug-&-Play - The agreement between the U.S. cable and consumer-elec= tronics industries and the subsequent FCC order regarding the circuitry nec= essary to allow "digital-cable-ready" TV sets to be plugged directly into c= able systems without need for a set-top box. A CableCARD handles condition= al-access security. One-way plug-&-play devices might not be able to handl= e EPG, IPPV, or VOD functions. - PMP - Portable media player - POD - Point-of-deployment cable conditional-access security module, = now called a CableCARD - Postal households - A number larger than that of census households, = including vacation homes and the like - PPV - Pay per view - Progressive - With all scanning lines of a frame occurring sequentia= lly (opposite of interlaced), sometimes called sequential - PSIP - Program and system-information protocol, an ATSC standard cov= ering such non-program data as an electronic program guide - PVR - Personal video recorder, such as ReplayTV or TiVo - Robust - Either a description of a DTT signal that is easier to rece= ive than a non-robust signal or a description of the signal security in a b= roadcast-flag-related device - Sample - A moment in time, the smallest picture element in a digital= video signal - Schubin site - My Manhattan apartment, where many people have tested= DTT reception, both officially (it was test-site NYC300 for the Advanced T= elevision Technology Center) and unofficially - SCTE - The Society of Cable & Telecommunications Engineers: <http://www.scte.org> - SD - Standard definition - SDTV - Standard-definition television, a term sometimes used to refe= r to ordinary television and sometimes to the component-digital form of ord= inary television (720 x 483 in NTSC countries) - SED - Surface-conduction electron-emitter display, sort of a flat-pa= nel picture tube with an electron gun for each pixel - Sharpness - A psychophysical function found to be proportional to th= e square of the area under a curve plotting contrast ratio against detail r= esolution - SMATV - Satellite-fed MATV - SMPTE - Society of Motion-Picture and Television Engineers: <http://www.smpte.org> - SNR - Signal-to-noise ratio - STB - Set-top box - SVOD - Subscription VOD - Total - With reference to scanning lines or pixels, both the active = and those in the blanking interval - TVHH or TV households - That portion of census households with TV se= ts (a very stable 98% in the U.S.) - UDI - Unified display interface, similar to HDMI - VC-1 - A SMPTE standardized advanced video compression system based,= in part, on WMV-9 - VDSL - Very-high-speed DSL - VOD - Video on demand - Widescreen - Description of wider-than-normal TV aspect ratio, usual= ly 16:9 but not in some LCD displays (which may be 5:3) - WMV9 - Windows Media Video 9, a bit-rate-reduction scheme ---------------------------------------------------------------------- You can UNSUBSCRIBE from the OpenDTV list in two ways: - Using the UNSUBSCRIBE command in your user configuration settings at FreeLists.org - By sending a message to: opendtv-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word unsubscribe in the subject line.