UN seeks to end Afghan abuses and rapes

  • From: "Muslim News" <editor@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: <submit@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Sun, 10 Mar 2002 09:53:15 -0000

 Northern Alliance fighters
<http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/36178000/jpg/_36178214_fighters_ap_3
00.jpg> 
Troops stand accused of murder, rape and extortion

UN human rights commissioner Mary Robinson is due in Afghanistan on
Thursday as reports emerge of horrific abuses against the ethnic Pashtun
population. 
 
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Mrs Robinson is to spend four days in the country talking to senior
officials and overseeing the launch of a human rights commission,
reports said. 

The former Irish president, who was vocal in her criticism of the number
of civilian casualties of the US-led bombing campaign, will meet interim
Afghan leader Hamid Karzai. 


Her visit comes hours after the release of a Human Rights Watch report,
detailing horrific rights abuses by Northern Alliance forces in northern
Afghanistan. 


The US-based group warned that an expanded international security force
was needed to end a vicious campaign of violence and intimidation there.



'Serious abuse' 


The independent commission that Mrs Robinson will be initiating was
enshrined in the Bonn accords which set up the interim government that
took power in December. 



  <http://news.bbc.co.uk/furniture/startquote.gif> 


They took all the women and girls to another room and started with my
fourteen-year-old daughter 
  <http://news.bbc.co.uk/furniture/endquote.gif> 


Pashtun woman 
Its role will be to monitor and safeguard human rights in Afghanistan. 


But since the fall of the Taleban last November, commanders from each of
the three factions of the Northern Alliance have been accused of
atrocities. 


"Our research found that Pashtuns throughout northern Afghanistan are
facing serious abuse, including beatings, killings, rapes, and
widespread looting," said Peter Bouckaert, senior researcher for Human
Rights Watch. 


Three factions - ethnic Tajik, Uzbek and Hazara - captured territory
around the northern city of Mazar-e-Sharif along with US forces. 


Pashtuns would have been targeted because the Taleban were Pashtun,
correspondents say. 


Harrowing testimony 


Human Rights Watch researchers spent four weeks visiting dozens of
villages and communities affected by violence and looting. 




 
<http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/36149000/gif/_36149460_afghan_mazar_
map150gif.gif> 
The testimonies that they collected make harrowing reading. 


"They took all the women and girls to another room and started with my
fourteen-year-old daughter," said one 30-year-old Pasthun woman. 


The soldiers were from the ethnic Hazara Hezb-i-Wahdat faction, the
report says. 


"She was crying a lot and imploring them not to do this because she is a
virgin," the woman said. 


"But one of the men threatened her with his gun and said he would kill
her if she did not undress. She was raped three times." 


The soldiers then raped the mother, looted her home and beat her invalid
husband unconscious, Human Rights Watch says. 


More support 


"The interim Afghan government will need much greater support from the
international community to bring security and stability to the north,"
Mr Bouckaert said. 


The International Security Force (ISAF) in Afghanistan is still only
deployed in Kabul. 




 Afghans pile on to a Soviet-made jeep being used as a taxi in
Mazar-e-Sharif
<http://news.bbc.co.uk/media/images/36149000/jpg/_36149455_mazarjeepap15
0.jpg> 
Calls are mounting for international help in Mazar-e-Sharif

The force has begun training the first unit of a national army, which
will be charged with eventually disarming as many faction fighters as
possible. 


But given the increasingly fragile security environment, calls are
mounting from within Afghanistan for an expansion of the numbers and the
mandate of the international force. 


The calls have in turn sparked fears among some member countries of the
international force of so-called 'mission creep'. 


British Prime Minister Tony Blair has faced opposition allegations at
home that Britain put troops into the Afghan peacekeeping mission
without knowing how to get them out. 


Talks are under way between Britain and Turkey aimed at handing
leadership of ISAF over to Ankara. 


But Mr Blair has conceded that UK troops could still be taking the
leading role in the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) in
Afghanistan after their withdrawal deadline of 30 April. 


Source: BBC

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