'Shame on Bush' - Powell Jeered as Earth Summit Settles Pact

  • From: "Muslim News" <editor_@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
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  • Date: Fri, 6 Sep 2002 02:36:20 +0100

 Earht Summit <http://www.khilafah.com/home/graphics/1031206734.jpg> 


Delegates hold a protest banner while U.S. Secretary of State Colin
Powell addresses the Earth Summit, in Johannesburg September 4, 2002
Some of the protesters were rapidly hustled out by security guards as
they whistled and booed and shouted slogans critical of U.S. President
George W. Bush. REUTERS/Dean Harmison 

JOHANNESBURG - Protesters jeered Secretary of State Colin Powell on the
Earth Summit's final day Wednesday, accusing Washington of blocking
meaningful action in a summit blueprint to help the poor and save the
planet. 

The reaction to Colin Powell's speech is a very accurate reflection of
the anger of non-governmental organizations for the role played by the
United States at this conference. 

Remi Parmentier, political director of Greenpeace 
Many governments gave a muted welcome to the summit plan meant to attack
global problems from AIDS to depleted fish stocks, which was agreed in
overnight talks by almost 200 states at the 10-day World Summit on
Sustainable Development. 

Many environmentalists branded it a waste of time and a sell-out to
business interests favored by President Bush, who did not attend. 

Even U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan said that people's expectations
had been too high. 

Hecklers chanting "Shame on Bush" twice interrupted Powell as he
defended U.S. policies from criticisms that the world's richest country
and biggest polluter does not really care. 

"Betrayed by governments," read a banner held up by the protesters, most
of whom appeared to be Americans. 

Seven of them were hustled out by guards from the main summit hall in
Johannesburg as they whistled and booed. Most of the 100 world leaders
who had attended the summit had already left. 

"Thank you, I have now heard you. I ask that you hear me," Powell
replied, breaking off from his prepared speech as South African Foreign
Minister Nkosazana Dlamini-Zuma, chairing the meeting, banged a gavel
more than a dozen times in disapproval. 

Powell was first jeered after talking about famine in southern Africa
and singling out Zimbabwe for criticism. 

BOOED 

He was booed again when he said Washington was taking firm action to
combat global warming. 

Bush, an ally of the oil, coal and logging industries, has been widely
criticized for rejecting the Kyoto pact meant to fight global warming.
Scientists say emissions of greenhouse gases from burning oil and coal
are raising temperatures. 

The United States denies the charge and has used the summit to unveil
dozens of projects with business that aim to clean up the planet. 

"We have plans to end the despair and offer hope. Now is the time to put
those plans into action to expand the circle of development to all God's
children," Powell said. 

His spokesman said Powell was unruffled by the protests and was mobbed
by well-wishers outside the hall. 

Activists slammed the summit for setting few firm targets and for
failing to raise aid. Some staged a walkout of the tightly guarded
conference center in protest Wednesday. 

"The reaction to Colin Powell's speech is a very accurate reflection of
the anger of non-governmental organizations for the role played by the
United States at this conference," said Remi Parmentier, political
director of Greenpeace. 

"We're proud to be from America but embarrassed by American policies,"
said Michael Brune of the Rainforest Action Network. 

New targets set Wednesday include halving by 2014 the 2.4 billion people
without sanitation in the Third World -- minimizing harmful effects from
chemicals production by 2020 and a pledge to halt the decline in fish
stocks by 2015. 

But they include scant fresh cash. Current aid from rich nations totals
about $54 billion a year -- or $67 for each of their citizens. The
United Nations reckons that goals like halving poverty by 2015 could be
solved if it were doubled. 

NO MIRACLES 

"We have to be careful not to expect conferences like this to produce
miracles," Annan said. 

"Obviously people came to Johannesburg expecting us to solve all the
problems here. This is just a beginning, but it's an important
beginning," he told a news conference. 

Yet all delegates know that many of the promises made at a first Earth
Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, staged amid great optimism after the
end of the Cold War, have been broken. 

The European Union gave a cool welcome to the summit's blueprint and
said it might be the last in a line of giant summits trying to resolve
planet-wide issues. 

"We cannot be happy with everything" agreed in Johannesburg, said Danish
Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen, whose country holds the rotating
EU presidency. 

Among disappointments, he singled out a deal merely urging a
"substantial" increase in the use of renewable energies like wind and
solar power. Under pressure from Washington and OPEC the goal was
stripped of any clear targets. 

Rasmussen said the EU would push ahead and set targets of its own. "I
don't think that mega-summits are the way to secure effective
implementation," he told a news conference. He added that the world
should not start planning a follow-up summit in five or 10 years' time. 

Overnight, diplomats resolved their dispute over a clause linking human
rights to healthcare to hammer out a 65-page action plan that leaders
are due to adopt later Wednesday. 

But the text's formal approval by delegation chiefs was unlikely to be a
simple rubber-stamping at 3 p.m. (1300 GMT). 

Many delegations said their heads of state or ministers would like to
make formal statements, which may include serious reservations about
parts of the final declaration. 

Source:  Reuters
 

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