*From*: JulieReneB@xxxxxxx*To*: lit-ideas@xxxxxxxxxxxxx*Date*: Thu, 27 May 2004 14:59:35 EDT

<<Vedic Science: Of AUM, Brahman, String theory and Fractal Universe! - By, Hemant Krishna V. AUM and String theory... Brahman and the Fractal universe... The `Big Bang', the `Big Crunch' and the "World Egg' of Manu Smrti. At the first glimpse, they indeed appear absurdly apart and dangerously diverse. However, a second and a closer look tells that there is a deep underlying connection between the two. What follows is the debate on whether ancient Indian mythology is `good science' or `bad science'. If it is not a bad science then the question comes up: Why has it been so brutally ignored, since long? Perhaps, due to the explicit poetry involved, the magniloquent, yet vivid worldly descriptions of the most imperceptible entities of this Universe make Indian mythology look more and more unscientific. It is when one explores to the core, the truth embedded in it, that he realizes that science is not just a dry and uninteresting study of anything and everything, but the one which has been robbed of its inherited beauty and splendour. If you dust off an ancient Upanishad book, that looks much like a relic and riffle through its pages, you might come across words which hint that, "Everything emerged from the same source...called a pure Being...From the pure Being evolved pure Space...from the vibrations of the Space, Air was produced...Air friction then led to the emergence of Fire...Fire gave rise to Water (like sweat produced by heat)". Don't laugh off these as unsubstantiated hypotheses. Think of the String theory, which suggests the vibration of Space gave way to elements. Observe that the elements that are quoted above, match the four states of matter, which we know as plasma, gas, liquid and solid. If we delve deep into both the theories, some astonishing revelations surface out. AUM and the String theory The underlying essence of the `Super-string theory, is that all particles and fundamental forces of nature trace their origin to tiny super-symmetric strings. The basic idea propounded by the `Quantum Field theory' is also more or less the same. According to the latter, the rudimentary constituents of reality are strings of Planck length, which vibrate at resonant frequencies. The strings, by and large, are equal in length and wrap around dimensions, smaller than themselves. Singularities are avoided because the `Big Crunch' prohibits such a possibility of the Universe, even at the most intense stage being reduced to zero size. Hence, the String theory dictates that the Universe could never have been smaller than an imaginary string (of Planck length) and that at this point it, the universe actually begins expanding. In Vedic scriptures, `AUM' has been stated as the first manifestation of `Brahman'. Brahman, it says, eventually evolved into the Universe we today see. But how? It has been mentioned that the cosmos stemmed from the utterance or rather the vibration produced by the sound `AUM'. Hindu cosmology believes that the closest approximation to the initial form of the Universe is `AUM', since all the existence is composed of vibration. Walking that extra spiritual mile, the texts also mention that `AUM' signifies the ultimate Truth. In attaining the truth, one realizes the fundamental unity. The symbolism of AUM, can be elucidated as such: The lower curve, the upper curve and the tail subsumed in one, the ultimate One, which is represented by the crescent moon and a dot called `Chandra Bindu'. The crescent moon, because it resembles a string. This is remarkably similar to the modern day quantum physics, which believes that the universe is essentially composed of waves. Brahman and the Fractal nature of the Universe In Manu Smrti, a very catchy description of the formation of the Universe is given. An intense sphere of many dimensions, split into two, thus creating the Earth and the Heavens. In Mahabharata, during the churning of the oceans, the deity Vishnu appears in numerous incarnations, some negative and some positive, some dark and some blissful. In the Bhagvad Gita, when Sri Krishna reveals his true Brahmanic form to Arjuna, he cries out `Behold... my divine forms, Oh! Arjuna, hundreds upon thousands, of various kinds, of various colours and shapes.' (Bhagvad Gita 91). Says he further, "This very day you shall behold the whole Universe with all things animate and inert made out of me" (Bhagvad Gita 91). These narrations can be likened to the `Fractal Universe' conceived by the String theory. The String theory portrays the entire eternal universe as an inconceivably large Fractal. The Fractal is a mathematical system or rather a pattern that at various levels explains the multi-faceted aspects of the Universe. For example, the temperature and other physical conditions of Human body exhibit a Fractal nature. The Mandelbrot set is the most prominent and complex of all fractals. All collections of points within the Mandelbrot set are connected to each other in a web that binds all the points together. There are hidden and infinitesimally tiny patterns, which can be studied by corresponding magnifications. If the Mandelbrot set is imagined as a miniature universe, a number of amazing similarities develop. In the Chandogya Upanishad, Brahman "is the origin and the destiny of the world. Into him the world will be dissolved." That should indicate that the Brahman is not only the entire Universe but also every object in it is a subset of the Brahman. In a Fractal just as the points are interconnected, in the Brahman too all entities are interrelated and interdependent. Brahman, like a Fractal is varied and complex. James Gleick, the mathematician and physicist, who extensively researched on the `Fractal Universe' theory has authored a book `Chaos', wherein he gives a mind-boggling description of the Mandelbrot set: "The Mandelbrot set is the most complex object in Mathematics. An eternity would not be enough time to see it all, its disks studded with prickly thorns, its spirals and filaments curling outward and around, bearing bulbous molecules that hang, infinitely variegated like grapes on God's personal vineyard." If one assumes Sri Krishna to be describing himself as the Fractal heart of the Universe, when he says - ` I am the Atman, that dwells in the heart of every mortal creature. I am the beginning, the lifespan and the end of all ... I am the divided Seed of all. There is no limit to my divine manifestations... one atom of myself sustains the Universe' - one can jump to the conclusion that Brahman (here Krishna) is nothing but a poetic portrayal of the `Fractal Universe'. Srinivasa Ramanujan, based on certain mathematical functions best explained the String theory. His works consisted of 4000 formulae on 400 pages filling 3 volumes of notes. The `Ramanujan function' as recognized by Michio Kaku, forms the backbone of the String theory. Kaku says Ramanujan used to say that the Goddess of Namakkal inspired him with the formulae in his dreams! The `Big Bang' `Big crunch' and the `World Egg' Upanishads have said, "this world is verily just food and the eater of the food" (Brihad Aranyaka 1.4, 1.8). How ridiculous, how illogical! But when one tries to comprehend the Upanishads with the knowledge of Newtonian physics, this statement holds fully valid. In Newtonian physics, all action needs energy. And energy is a form of matter. There was a time when mater and energy were one. According to the String theory, before the Big Bang, when matter and energy were perfectly one, our cosmos was actually a ten-dimensional universe. This, it says, eventually cracked into two - one a four dimensional universe and another a six-dimensional universe. The one with four dimensions had three spatial dimensions and a fourth dimension called `time'. Rig Veda, likewise says that once upon a time, Brahman was neither existent nor inexistent. He was void and formless. By his great power of warmth was born the universe. Can the two get any closer? The `World egg' as spoken about in Manu Smrti, was extremely contracted and violently intense. It had ten dimensions. `The Big Bang' was the four dimensional universe and `the Big Crunch' was the violently compressing six-dimensional universe. To get a wider and more lucid idea of how the ancient Upanishads insinuated the modern-day theories in their own spectacular ways, one has to examine the mathematical aspects involved. However the physical aspects clarify one thing: There exists a tiny umbilical chord connecting the traditional eastern mythology and the modern western cosmology. Shouldn't we shed more light on this chord? >> ------------------------------------------------------------------ To change your Lit-Ideas settings (subscribe/unsub, vacation on/off, digest on/off), visit www.andreas.com/faq-lit-ideas.html

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