[lit-ideas] Re: Justifying Moral Principles?

  • From: Omar Kusturica <omarkusto@xxxxxxxxx>
  • To: lit-ideas@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • Date: Fri, 27 Feb 2015 19:37:40 +0100

On a certain interpretation of the word 'culture,' it is of course a truism
to say that all morality is culture. That is, if we understand anything
mental as culture, then what else could morality be ? This is even
compatible with a fundamentalist view that the moral laws are from God
because, as soon as God gives us the laws, they become 'ćulture'. But
presumably the proponents of ethical culturalism do not mean to say such a
banality, so they probably have some specific concept of 'culture' in mind.
It might be helpful at some point to be told what that is.

O.K.

On Fri, Feb 27, 2015 at 3:51 PM, Adriano Palma <Palma@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:

>  See, supra, farting white males pontificate about philosophy of which
> they know nothing and worse, they do nothing of
>
>
>
> *From:* lit-ideas-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:
> lit-ideas-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] *On Behalf Of *John McCreery
> *Sent:* 27 February 2015 16:36
> *To:* lit-ideas@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
>
> *Subject:* [lit-ideas] Re: Justifying Moral Principles?
>
>
>
> As in the case of Omar's remarks, true but irrelevant. No serious
> pragmatist with a scientific bent will deny that "explanations" based on
> ethnic stereotypes are normally worthless. The same is usually explanations
> supported by sweeping generalizations in what is visibly a highly chaotic
> and variegated and only at times orderly world.
>
>
>
> In any case, no "philosopher" whose usual form of argument is vulgar ad
> hominem need be taken seriously.
>
>
>
> John
>
> Sent from my iPad
>
>
> On 2015/02/27, at 20:59, palma <palmaadriano@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>
>   as it has been shown by a variety of cases, the so called "ethnic"
> explanations of anything (the jewish culture "explains" einstein, but the
> Georgian culture explains Stalin) are utter bullshit. in fact in order to
> run the bogus narrative they change the notion of explanation (it is not
> explaining but exposing, inventing stories etc. in short nohting but
> propaganda)
>
> it is most notably a form of inquiry that goes nowhen and nowhere,
> blocking innovation (as Kusturica observes) and dissent, as everyone knows
> all the time (since the culture is 'christian' homosexuals are not to be
> married since saint Paul said... blah, blah, insert the random rant by
> Zizek on saint Paul)
>
>
>
>
>
> On Fri, Feb 27, 2015 at 12:45 PM, Omar Kusturica <omarkusto@xxxxxxxxx>
> wrote:
>
> Another problem with cultural ethnocentrism is that it fails to explain
> how people like Buddha or Socrates or Jesus came to hold moral beliefs that
> had not been previously widely shared in their respective cultures, and how
> their views proved persuasive to others. In other words, the view of
> culture that is held in the age of air travel and telecommunications is,
> amazingly, one of a closed, uniform, and unchanging system. Go figure.
>
>
>
> O.K.
>
>
>
> On Fri, Feb 27, 2015 at 10:02 AM, palma <palmaadriano@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>
> this has nothing to do with anything moral. confused idiots like
> propaganda/advertising and so forth. thereby they out high premium on the
> spin they put on the wares they peddle. it the same for the lawyers, the
> sophist, the clowns, the thespians.'
>
>
>
>
>
> it is a conceptual truth that persuasion has nothing to do with morals, in
> either the public or the private sphere. once c manson convinced &
> persuaded shitheads that sharon tate had to be slaughtered, the persuasion
> has nothing to do with the morality of the speeches he gave or the acts he
> fostered
>
>
>
> On Fri, Feb 27, 2015 at 10:52 AM, Omar Kusturica <omarkusto@xxxxxxxxx>
> wrote:
>
> All kinds of discourses can be persuasive. Hitler's speeches were
> persuasive to an audience that had some predisposition to be persuaded by
> them, the Germans of the 1930s. You and I might not find them so persuasive
> today, but that is because we are not their intended audience. Persuasion
> need not have much to do with reasoning.
>
>
>
> O.K.
>
>
>
> On Fri, Feb 27, 2015 at 9:00 AM, John McCreery <john.mccreery@xxxxxxxxx>
> wrote:
>
> Persuasive perhaps. But a reasoner? The only one I know is fiction, a very
> smart gun, indeed, in a science fiction novel *The Star Faction *by Ken
> Macleod.
>
>
>
> John
>
>
>
> On Fri, Feb 27, 2015 at 4:23 PM, Omar Kusturica <omarkusto@xxxxxxxxx>
> wrote:
>
> A pointed gun is a persuasive reasoner.
>
>
>
> On Fri, Feb 27, 2015 at 6:47 AM, John McCreery <john.mccreery@xxxxxxxxx>
> wrote:
>
> http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/rorty/
>
>
>
> Readily available to anyone who can use a Google or other search engine.
>
>
>
> John
>
>
>
> On Fri, Feb 27, 2015 at 2:28 PM, Adriano Palma <Palma@xxxxxxxxxx> wrote:
>
> Rorty who?
>
> -----Original Message-----
> From: lit-ideas-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx [
> mailto:lit-ideas-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx <lit-ideas-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>]
> On Behalf Of Walter C. Okshevsky
>
> Sent: 26 February 2015 23:43
> To: lit-ideas@xxxxxxxxxxxxx; Omar Kusturica
> Subject: [lit-ideas] Re: Justifying Moral Principles?
>
> Rorty didn't express any optimism or pessimism re the possibilities or
> future of his "ethnocentrism." His claim, pace the realists,
> constructivists, Kantians, emotivists, etc was that this is all we've got
> as a justification strategy.
>
> Remembering fondly the forests of Opatsia, the slivovitz in Slovenia, and
> Katya in Lyublyana.
>
> Dovijenya, Valodsya
>
>
> Quoting Omar Kusturica <omarkusto@xxxxxxxxx>:
>
> > The idea that people should be as ethnocentric and partisan as
> > possible and that the clash of radically defined opposing interests
> > will somehow work out for the best was rather widespread in the former
> > Yugoslavia some time around 1990. The things did work out eventually,
> > but arguably not for the best.
> >
> > O.K.
> >
> > On Sat, Feb 21, 2015 at 3:42 PM, Phil Enns <phil.enns@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
> >
> > > Walter O. wrote:
> > >
> > > "We justify our judgements and actions through the giving and
> > > assessing of reasons.  In doing so, we appeal to one or more moral
> > > principles for purposes of securing satisfactory levels of
> impartiality and objectivity.
> > > But can the principles themselves be justified? Could Rorty"s
> > > "ethnocentrism" really be the last word on the subject?  On that
> > > meta-ethical view, any attempt to justify a moral scheme or
> "vocabulary"
> > > would prove to be question-begging since the justification would
> > > have to appeal to principles, norms and criteria internal to its own
> vocabulary.
> > So
> > > how then do we justify the Categorical Imperative, Principle of
> > > Equal Respect for Persons, The Original Position, Principle of
> Discourse, etc..
> > > Are these really but articles of political faith?"
> > >
> > >
> > > I don't find Rorty's position as problematic as Walter does, for two
> > > different reasons. First, for Rorty, the ethnocentrism really kicks
> > > in
> > only
> > > when public debate reaches an impasse, and we are only left with
> > > acknowledging that these are the beliefs that 'we' hold. It seems to
> > > me that this is similar to the situation that leads Kant to
> > > acknowledge the fundamental asocial sociability of human beings, in
> > > 'Idea for a Universal History', or that nature separates people, in
> > > 'Perpetual Peace'. In the end, there can be no Utopia or World
> > > government because there are just too many differences for there to
> > > be a single set of laws. For Rorty, ultimately, we are bound to our
> > > particular histories, but falling back on this particularity is what
> > > should happen only when public reasoning has gone as far as it can.
> > >
> > > Second, the list that Walter gives, i.e. Categorical Imperative,
> > > Principle of Equal Respect for Persons, etc., require judgment, and
> > > I would prefer that judgment ultimately come under politics. For
> > > Kant, judgment is the activity of putting experience under universal
> > > rules or laws, so with the CI, we evaluate specific activities by
> > > deriving maxims of action from them and attempting to make them
> > > universal laws. Because this activity always requires judgment, that
> > > is, how the particular comes under the universal, there will always
> > > be the problem of how to overcome differences. Kant recognizes that
> > > nature divides people, and the one way nature divides is
> > in
> > > giving people different interests and goals. So, while in a very
> > > Hobbesian fashion, Kant urges people to pursue their interests in as
> > > selfish, in other words rational, manner as possible, the
> > > reconciliation of
> > differences
> > > between people will require a political solution. This political
> > > solution will bring about an equilibrium of competing forces and
> > > interests, most likely established through a 'spirit of commerce',
> > > and most likely in the formation of a Republic. I realize that
> > > Walter will not be happy with
> > this,
> > > but what comes to mind is a quote from Stanley Fish: 'Politics,
> > > interest, partisan conviction, and belief are the locations of
> > > morality. It is in
> > and
> > > through them that one's sense of justice and the good lives and is
> > > put
> > into
> > > action.'
> > >
> > > In short, yes, I am quite happy with Walter's list being articles of
> > > political faith and I see this as very much being within the vision
> > > Kant outlines for his hope for a peaceful future.
> > >
> > >
> > > Sincerely,
> > >
> > > Phil
> > >
> > >
> >
>
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>
> --
>
> John McCreery
> The Word Works, Ltd., Yokohama, JAPAN
> Tel. +81-45-314-9324
> jlm@xxxxxxxxxxxx
> http://www.wordworks.jp/
>
>
>
>
>
>
>
> --
>
> John McCreery
> The Word Works, Ltd., Yokohama, JAPAN
> Tel. +81-45-314-9324
> jlm@xxxxxxxxxxxx
> http://www.wordworks.jp/
>
>
>
>
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>
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> --
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> palma,   etheKwini, KZN
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> palma
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> cell phone is 0762362391
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>
> 29 rue d'Ulm
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> --
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> palma,   etheKwini, KZN
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> palma
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> cell phone is 0762362391
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> *only when in Europe*:
>
> inst. J. Nicod
>
> 29 rue d'Ulm
>
> f-75005 paris france
>
>
>
>

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