[lit-ideas] Griceian Egalitarianism

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  • Date: Wed, 11 Jun 2014 20:47:37 -0400 (EDT)

A good passage from an excellent entry:

Arneson, Richard,  "Egalitarianism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of 
Philosophy 
(Summer 2013  Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL =  
http://plato.stanford.edu/archives/sum2013/entries/egalitarianism/.

"Egalitarianism  can be formulated with a variety of roles in mind. For 
example, an egalitarian  norm might be proposed as a fundamental moral 
principle. As such, it would be  intended as a statement of the ultimate norm 
(or as 
a member of the set of  ultimate norms) to which individual conduct and 
institutional arrangements ought  to conform. An ultimate norm might or might 
not be suitable for the role of  guiding individual decision making or of 
serving as an explicitly recognized  principle regulating institutions and 
public policy formation in a particular  society. If individual agents and 
public officials are liable through limited  cognitive ability, limited 
knowledge, or limited allegiance to morality to  misapply ultimate principles, 
it 
might well be the case that these principles  could be implemented to a greater 
degree if they were not employed directly as  decision-making guides for 
individual and public policy choice. (On this issue,  see Hare 1981)."

On this issue see Hare indeed.

I would run and  see Hare.

Hare once saw the gist of ethics clearly: you cannot run with  with the 
hound and with the hare. In other words: you Kant have your Cake and  Eat It.

"see Hare".

Actually H. Paul G. saw him all the time  (hyperbolically). At least every 
Saturday morning from 1946 (once the war was  over) to 1967 (when Grice 
bought his Spanish 'castle' up the hills in  Berkeley).

H. Paul G. says that there are THREE types of Harean  generality:

formal
applicational
conceptual

("Method in  philosophical psychology"). He plays God, and what he creates 
he calls  'pirots':

Abbreviating from Mazzei,

Tutti gli uomini sono per  natura egualmente liberi e indipendenti.  
Quest'eguaglianza è  necessaria per costituire un governo libero. Bisogna 
che  
ognuno sia  uguale all'altro nel diritto naturale.

Grice translates:

All  pirots are created equal.

All pirots are equally free and  independent.

This egalitarianism is necessary for _this_ and also for  _that_.

The references to Arneson are equally fascinating, and I append  them 
(slightly adapted) in ps.

And then there's of course Popper who analysed (I hope), Egalitarianism and 
 its Discontents, or "Egalitarianism and its Enemies". For the use of "and 
its  Enemies" vide a librarian (and ask him/her: how many books feature "and 
its  Enemies" in the title?).
 
Darwin saw the problem too (vide below: egalitarianism among animals  
(implicature: other than men). 

Cheers,

Speranza

----

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