[lit-ideas] Griceian Egalitarianism

  • From: "" <dmarc-noreply@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> (Redacted sender "Jlsperanza@xxxxxxx" for DMARC)
  • To: lit-ideas@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • Date: Wed, 11 Jun 2014 20:47:37 -0400 (EDT)

A good passage from an excellent entry:

Arneson, Richard,  "Egalitarianism", The Stanford Encyclopedia of 
(Summer 2013  Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), URL =  

"Egalitarianism  can be formulated with a variety of roles in mind. For 
example, an egalitarian  norm might be proposed as a fundamental moral 
principle. As such, it would be  intended as a statement of the ultimate norm 
(or as 
a member of the set of  ultimate norms) to which individual conduct and 
institutional arrangements ought  to conform. An ultimate norm might or might 
not be suitable for the role of  guiding individual decision making or of 
serving as an explicitly recognized  principle regulating institutions and 
public policy formation in a particular  society. If individual agents and 
public officials are liable through limited  cognitive ability, limited 
knowledge, or limited allegiance to morality to  misapply ultimate principles, 
might well be the case that these principles  could be implemented to a greater 
degree if they were not employed directly as  decision-making guides for 
individual and public policy choice. (On this issue,  see Hare 1981)."

On this issue see Hare indeed.

I would run and  see Hare.

Hare once saw the gist of ethics clearly: you cannot run with  with the 
hound and with the hare. In other words: you Kant have your Cake and  Eat It.

"see Hare".

Actually H. Paul G. saw him all the time  (hyperbolically). At least every 
Saturday morning from 1946 (once the war was  over) to 1967 (when Grice 
bought his Spanish 'castle' up the hills in  Berkeley).

H. Paul G. says that there are THREE types of Harean  generality:


("Method in  philosophical psychology"). He plays God, and what he creates 
he calls  'pirots':

Abbreviating from Mazzei,

Tutti gli uomini sono per  natura egualmente liberi e indipendenti.  
Quest'eguaglianza è  necessaria per costituire un governo libero. Bisogna 
ognuno sia  uguale all'altro nel diritto naturale.

Grice translates:

All  pirots are created equal.

All pirots are equally free and  independent.

This egalitarianism is necessary for _this_ and also for  _that_.

The references to Arneson are equally fascinating, and I append  them 
(slightly adapted) in ps.

And then there's of course Popper who analysed (I hope), Egalitarianism and 
 its Discontents, or "Egalitarianism and its Enemies". For the use of "and 
its  Enemies" vide a librarian (and ask him/her: how many books feature "and 
its  Enemies" in the title?).
Darwin saw the problem too (vide below: egalitarianism among animals  
(implicature: other than men). 





Adams, R
Finite and Infinite Goods (Oxford University Press),  chapter 3, “
Well-Being and Excellence.”

Anderson, E. 
“What Is the  Point of Equality?”, Ethics 109

Arneson, R 
“Equality and Equal  Opportunity for Welfare,” Philosophical Studies 56  
reprinted in Louis  Pojman and Robert Westmoreland (eds.), Equality: Selected 
Readings, Oxford:  Oxford University Press.

-- Welfare Should Be the Currency of  Justice,” Canadian Journal of 
Philosophy 30.
––– Luck Egalitarianism  Interpreted and Defended. Philosophical Topics, 

Barry, B
Culture and Equality, Harvard University Press.

Beitz, C
Political Theory and International Relations, Princeton: Princeton  
University Press.

Blake, M
Distributive Justice, State Coercion, and Autonomy
Philosophy and Public Affairs 30

Brighouse, Harry, and Swift, A
Legitimate Parental Partiality
Philosophy and Public Affairs 37
Buchanan, Allen, Brock, Dan W., Daniels, Norman, and Wikler, Daniel, From  
Chance to Choice: Genetics and Justice, Cambridge: Cambridge University 
Press,  chapters 3 and 4.

Carter, I
Respect and the Basis of Equality. Ethics 121 

Christiano, T
The Rule of the Many, Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.

Cohen G. A.
 History, Labour, and Freedom: Themes from Marx, Oxford University  Press.

Christiano, T
The Constitution of Equality: Democratic Authority and Its Limits, Oxford:  
Oxford University Press.

Cohen, G. On the Currency of Egalitarian Justice, Ethics 99.
–––  Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality. Cambridge University Press.

––– If You're an Egalitarian, How Come You're So Rich?, Cambridge: MA:  
Harvard University Press.

––– Rescuing Justice and Equality, Cambridge and London, Harvard 
University  Press.

Cohen, J. Democratic Equality,” Ethics 99.
––– Deliberative Democracy in  Alan Hamlin and Philip Pettit (eds.), The 
Good Polity, Oxford: Basil  Blackwell.

Cohen, Joshua, and Sabel, C
Extra Rempublicam Nulla Justitia? Philosophy and Public Affairs  34.

Crisp, R
Equality, Priority, and Compassion. Ethics 113
Daniels, N
Equality of What? Welfare, Resources, or Capabilities?
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 50 

Dworkin, R. Sovereign Virtue: Equality in Theory and Practice, Cambridge:  
Harvard University Press.
––– Equality, Luck, and Hierarchy,” Philosophy and  Public Affairs 31
––– Justice for Hedgehogs (Harvard University Press).

Estlund, David, 2000, “Political Quality,” Social Philosophy and Policy 
17,  pp. 127–160.
–––Liberalism, Equality, and Fraternity in Cohen's Critique of  Rawls,” 
Journal of Political Philosophy 6
Feldman, F
What Is This Thing Called Happiness? (New York and Oxford: Oxford  
University Press).

Fishkin, J
Justice, Equal Opportunity, and the Family, Yale University  Press.

Fleurbaey, M
Equal Opportunity or Equal Social Outcome? Economics and Philosophy  11.
––– Fairness, Responsibility, and Welfare, Oxford University  Press.

Frankfurt, H
Equality as a Moral Ideal,” Ethics 98 reprinted in Frankfurt, Harry, The  
Importance of What We Care About, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
–––  The Moral Irrelevance of Equality,” Public Affairs Quarterly 14

Grice, H. P. Logic and Conversation, Oxford, 1965.
Grice, H. P. How  pirots karulise elatically: some simpler ways.
Grice, H. P. Lectures on Kant. UC/Berkeley. The Grice Papers, Bancroft  
Grice, H. P. Method in philosophical psychology (three types of  
generality: applicational, formal, conceptual), repr. in Conception of  Value.

Griffin, J
Well-Being: Its Meaning, Measurement, and Moral Importance, Oxford  
University Press.

Hare, R.M., 
Moral Thinking: Its Levels, Method, and Point, Oxford: Clarendon  Press.

Haybron, D
The Pursuit of Unhappiness: The Elusive Psychology of Well-Being (Oxford  
University Press).

Holtug, N
Persons, Interests, and Justice (Oxford University Press).

Hurka, T
Perfectionism, Oxford University Press.

Hurley, S
Justice, Luck, and Knowledge, Oxford and New York: Oxford University  Press.

Julius, A.
Basic Structure and the Value of Equality. Philosophy and Public Affairs,  
––– Nagel's Atlas. Philosophy and Public Affairs 34 

Kagan, S
Equality and Desert, in Louis P. Pojman and Owen McLeod (eds.), What Do We  
Deserve? A Reader on Justice and Desert, Oxford and New York: Oxford 
University  Press.
––– The Geometry of Desert (New York and Oxford: Oxford University  Press).

Knight, Carl, and Stemplowska, Z
 Responsibility and Distributive Justice, Oxford University  Press.

Larmore, C
Patterns of Moral Complexity, Cambridge: Cambridge University  Press.
–––The Morals of Modernity, Cambridge: Cambridge University  Press.

Locke, J
Second Treatise of Government, C. B. MacPherson (ed.), Indianapolis:  

Kymlicka, W
Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction, Oxford University  
––– Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Rights,  
Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Marx, K
Critique of the Gotha Program,” in Robert C. Tucker (ed.), The Marx-Engels  
Reader, New York: W. W. Norton.

McKerlie, D
Equality and Time. Ethics 99
–––Justice Between the Young and the Old,  Philosophy and Public Affairs 30
McMahan, J
Cognitive Disability, Misfortune, and Justice,” Philosophy and Public  
Affairs 25

Mill, John Stuart, George Sher, ed., Utilitarianism, Indianapolis, IN:  
Hackett Publishing. 
--- cfr. Grice: "Grice to the Mill", The Grice Papers.

Miller, David, On Nationality (Oxford: Oxford University  Press).

Miller, R
Cosmopolitan Respect and Patriotic Concern,” Philosophy and Public Affairs  
Murphy, L
Institutions and the Demands of Justice
Philosophy and Public Affairs 27

Nagel, T. (tutee of Grice at St.  John's, Oxford). 1991, Equality and 
Partiality, Oxford University  Press.
–––Justice and Nature,” Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 17.
––– The  Problem of Global Justice,” Philosophy and Public Affairs, 33.
Nozick, R
Anarchy, State, and Utopia, New York: Basic Books.

Nussbaum, M
Aristotelian Social Democracy,” in Liberalism and the Good, R. B. Douglas,  
Gerald M. Mara, and Henry Richardson (eds.), New York: Routledge.
––– Human  Functioning and Social Justice: In Defense of Aristotelian 
Essentialism,”  Political Theory 20
––– Women and Cultural Universals, in Nussbaum, Sex and  Social Justice, 
Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.
–––Aristotle,  Politics, and Human Capabilities: A Response to Antony, 
Arneson, Charlesworth,  and Mulgan”, Ethics 111
–––Women and Human Development: The Capabilities Approach, Cambridge  
University Press.

"Orwell, G." -- vide BLAIR
Homage to Catalonia, reprinted edition 1952, New York: Harcourt, Brace, and 

Otsuka, M
 Libertarianism without Inequality, Oxford University  Press.

Otsuka, Michael, and Voorhoeve, A
Why It Matters that Some Are Worse Off than Others: 
An Argument against the Priority View
Philosophy and Public Affairs 37

Parfit, D
Appendix I, “What Makes Someone's Life Go Best,” in Parfit, Reasons and  
Persons, Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 493–502.
–––  Equality or  Priority? (Department of Philosophy: University of 
––– Equality and  Priority,” Ratio 10

Pogge, T
Realizing Rawls, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.
––– An  Egalitarian Law of Peoples,” Philosophy and Public Affairs 23
––– On the Site  of Distributive Justice: Reflections on Cohen and Murphy,”
 Philosophy and Public  Affairs, 29.

Rakowski, E
Equal Justice, Oxford University Press.

Rawls, J
A Theory of Justice, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, rev. ed. (first  
published 1971).
–––Collected Papers, Samuel Freeman (ed.), Harvard  University Press. (He 
cites from Grice, "Personal Identity", an account of  personhood, or 
pirothood, as Grice prefers, in terms of mnemonic states)
–––  Justice as Fairness: A Restatement, Erin Kelly (ed.), Cambridge: 
Harvard  University Press.
––– Political Liberalism (expanded edition; first published  1993), New 
York: Columbia University Press.

Raz, Joseph, 1986, The  Morality of Freedom, Oxford: Oxford University 

Roemer, J
Equality of Talent,” Economics and Philosophy 1.
–––Equality of Resources Implies Equality of Welfare,” Quarterly Journal 
of  Economics 101
–––Theories of Distributive Justice,  Harvard University  Press.
––– Equality of Opportunity, Harvard University Press.
–––  Egalitarianism against the Veil of Ignorance,” Journal of Philosophy 
Sangiovanni, A
Global Justice, Reciprocity, and the State,” Philosophy and Public Affairs  

Scanlon, T.
The Diversity of Objections to Inequality
The Lindley Lecture, Department of Philosophy, University of Kansas,  
reprinted in Matthew Clayton and Andrew Williams (eds.), The Ideal of Equality, 
Basingstoke, Hampshire: Macmillan, and New York: St. Martin's Press.

Scanlon, T.
What Do We Owe to One Another?
Harvard University Press.

Schar, J
Equality of Opportunity—and Beyond
In Pennock, J. Roland, and Chapman, John, (eds.), Equality: Nomos IX, New  
York: Atherton Press, reprinted in Pojman, Louis P., and Westmoreland,  
Robert,  Equality: Selected Readings, Oxford: Oxford University  Press.

Scheffler, S
The Rejection of Consequentialism, Oxford University  Press.
–––Boundaries and Allegiances: Problems of Justice and Responsibility  in 
Liberal Thought, Oxford University Press.
–––Equality and Tradition:  Questions of Value in Moral and Political 
Theory, Oxford University  Press.

Sen, A
Equality of What?
 in S. McMurrin (ed.), The Tanner Lectures on Human Values, vol. 1,  1980, 
Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, reprinted in Sen, 1982, Choice,  
Welfare and Measurement, Cambridge: MIT Press, pp. 353–369.
––– Inequality  Reexamined, Harvard University Press.
––– On Economic Inequality, expanded  edition with annexe by Foster, James 
E., and Sen, Oxford: Clarendon  Press.
––– The Idea of Justice, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University  Press.

Sher, G
 Beyond Neutrality: Perfectionism and Politics, 
Cambridge University Press.

Shiffrin, S.  
“Egalitarianism, Choice-Sensitivity, and Accommodation,” in R. Jay 
Wallace,  Philip Pettit, Samuel Scheffler, and Michael Smith (eds.), Reason and 
Value:  Themes from the Moral Philosophy of Joseph Raz, Oxford: Oxford 
University  Press.
––– Incentives, Motives, and Talents -- Philosophy and Public Affairs  38

Simmons, J
The Lockean Theory of Rights.
 Princeton University Press

Steiner, H
An Essay on Rights, Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Sumner, L. 
Welfare, Happiness, and Ethics. Oxford University Press.

Tan,  K
A Defense of Luck Egalitarianism,” Journal of Philosophy 105

Temkin,  Larry S.
Inequality, Oxford University Press.

Titelbaum, M
What Would a Rawlsian Ethos of Justice Look Like?
Philosophy and Public Affairs 36

Vallentyne, P
Of Mice and Men: Equality and Animals
in Nils Holtug and Kasper Lippert-Rasmussen, (eds.), Egalitarianism: New  
Essays on the Nature and Value of Equality (New York and Oxford: Oxford  
University Press)

Vallentyne, Peter, and Steiner, Hillel, 
The Origins of Left-Libertarianism: An Anthology of Historical Writings,  
Basingstoke, Hampshire, and New York: Palgrave.

Vallentyne, Peter, and  Steiner, Hillel, 
Left-Libertarianism and Its Critics: The Contemporary Debate, Basingstoke,  
Hampshire, and New York: Palgrave.

Van Parijs, P
Real Freedom for All: What (if Anything) Can Justify Capitalism?
Oxford University Press.

Varian, H
Equity, Envy, and Efficiency
Journal of Economic Theory 9

Waldron, J
God, Locke, and Equality: Christian Foundations of Locke's Political  
Cambridge University Press.

Walzer, M
Spheres of Justice: A Defense of Pluralism and Equality, New York: Basic  

Weirich, P
Utility Tempered with Equality. Nous 17

Wiggins, D (Oxford professor  of logic) 
“Claims of Need,” in Wiggins, Needs, Values, Truth: Essays in the  
Philosophy of Value, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 3rd. ed.

Williams,  A
Incentives, Inequality, and Publicity, Philosophy and Public Affairs  27

Wolff, J
Fairness, Respect, and the Egalitarian Ethos, Philosophy  and Public 
Affairs 27

Wood, A
Karl Marx, London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Young,  I
Justice and the Politics of Difference, Princeton University Press.
To change your Lit-Ideas settings (subscribe/unsub, vacation on/off,
digest on/off), visit www.andreas.com/faq-lit-ideas.html

Other related posts: