Donal: "Sounds suspiciously like science qua 'the critical approach', a la Popper. Moreover: _all_ methods are fallible, and so are the results obtained. This fact produces, for some, a progressive 'problem-shift' from the (misconceived) problem of establishing infallible methods and results to the problem of critically assessing methods and results in the light of the ever-present possibility of error, error which may arise from hitherto unsuspected sources. This shift is not merely semantic but involves a profound change in attitude and approach." Of all your Popper posts that I've read and quit reading, this one is the first to really make sense to me. Maybe hanging around you guys is improving my IQ. I've always believed that if I exposed to intelligent people, intelligence would wear off on me. Too often though, it just wears on me. Mike Geary no idea what my IQ is no idea what IQ is feeling right at home in Memphis, Tennessee the city Travel and Leisure dubbed the dumbest city in America.