[kinovea-dev] Re: Direct2D

  • From: Joan <joan@xxxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: kinovea-dev@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • Date: Sat, 19 Mar 2011 22:08:24 +0100


Update on the Direct2D front.

First I made some changes to the trunk to keep the diff with the branch to a minimum.

The most important is decoding directly to BGRA pixel format (r406 and r407).

This means a 25% increase in memory requirements (32bpp against 24bpp), so for similar memory settings in preferences, the working zone will be 25% shorter in duration. On the other hand, it gives about 10% speed boost on the rendering part, depending on image size. (because it's the .NET internal format so an extra copy is avoided). This should be most visible for big image size when images have been extracted to memory already.

Then I went on to clean up the Direct2D sandbox code I had to create the branch. - After decoding, the image is stored by the Renderer itself (in its preferred format to avoid any further conversion).
- Then we call Render() which use the stored image.

However, several problems:
1. There is a flickering issue.
2. I don't know how to get back a GDI Bitmap from the Direct2D code.
There 31 instances of code where this is needed (to create the key image thumbnail, to save to disk, etc.)

Branch is created here :

Check the new folder ScreenManager/PlayerScreen/Rendering/...

Some experiments to do :

0. Switch Renderers in FrameServerPlayer constructor.

1. Painting on the Panel or on the PictureBox ?
The control to paint on is passed to m_FrameServer.Renderer.Initialize() in the PlayerScreenUserInterface constructor. Then a call to .Render() must be done depending on the paint invocation method (see below).

2. Calling the rendering directly or through Control.Invalidate() ? (See DoInvalidate())

3. in GDI+, Getting the Graphics object from the Paint event or from the handle of the control we draw on (flickering issue ?).

Note that tests must be done without triggering the memory caching of frames. (use long video or low values in preferences) Any function needing a Bitmap copy of the current frame will likely crash for now :-) (key images, saving, etc.)

Let me know if you try some experiments or if anything seems unclear or strange.


Le 10/03/2011 10:40, Hugh a écrit :

Cool! Sounds like you are making some serious in roads to getting it working smoothly.

If the images are held in the render I think it is ok, as long as the different display classes can tell it how to treat this image. I think the best is when they are all rendered in one single output controller and it is fed a list of classes to go through. Then the images can more easily be rendered on top of each other, rotated around etc. Sometime a class could be made for image morphing, and then it would be the one passed to this output controller. When it is called, it can then hold the child classes and be an intermediate that does the work.

I hope you can understand what I mean.

I can't wait to see the code in the tree so I can mess a little with it ;) However time is still my enemy for the next few weeks.

Good work with the progress! For me this is the biggest thinking holding the program back, as I really would love to be able to play videos from the cameras I use directly. But as they get higher quality, the program needs to keep up.

*From:*kinovea-dev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:kinovea-dev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] *On Behalf Of *Joan
*Sent:* Sunday, 27 February 2011 9:17 PM
*To:* kinovea-dev@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
*Subject:* [kinovea-dev] Re: Direct2D

Follow up...

I managed to remove the temporary Bitmap conversion :-)
In the end it was mostly a matter of finding the right pixel format to go along.

For some reason, I had always been converting from FFmpeg to a Bitmap in Format24bppRgb, which is not optimal since the internal Bitmap format seems to be Format32bppPArgb. So the first change was to convert from the internal FFmpeg format (YUV420P) to BGR32 (the naming of the Drawing.Bitmap enum is reversed) instead of BGR24.
This will also positively impacts the GDI+ code.

The D2D code is expecting data in a similar format than Drawing.Bitmap (here it's called DXGI_FORMAT_B8G8R8A8_UNORM) - so I could use the existing snippet for Bitmap conversion, providing the raw data from the FFmpeg decoding.

The architecture is still a bit tentative (now it's the Renderer that holds the image to be drawn)

I'm having rendering issues though, there are black frames once in a while. I don't know where this is coming from. (I went with the asynchronous .Invalidate() call on the background panel for these tests.)

Anyway, I'll create a branch next week and push what I have so far.

Le 22/02/2011 14:20, Hugh a écrit :

Cool. Sorry for the late replay, I've been crazy busy recently. I was wondering if you had any luck getting the decoding straight onto the directX style bitmap?

*From:*kinovea-dev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx <mailto:kinovea-dev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>[mailto:kinovea-dev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] *On Behalf Of *Joan
*Sent:* Wednesday, 16 February 2011 6:25 PM
*To:* kinovea-dev@xxxxxxxxxxxxx <mailto:kinovea-dev@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
*Subject:* [kinovea-dev] Re: Direct2D

Just a quick note to say that I'll try to focus on the Direct2D rendering stuff for a while. Hopefully, to get some sort of a working base that we can build upon and refactor later...

Le 14/01/2011 23:42, Hugh a écrit :

I'm in a rush, so just quickly:

As long as there is a sound way to destroy it and any threads it may create, then all is good! I just came from outside C# so not so use to it all.

The DrawVideoBitmap() was very much a hack to try and get it to work in the current program. It would be good if it can draw straight onto a DirectX style object, and do all rendering on it (there are many functions for it). Obviously the more it is in the hardware (and not just copied over), the best results will occur.

I don't know enough about FFMPEG to know if it is possible to draw from it onto these surfaces, but I'm sure it must be since VLC is very quick at rendering.

The whole class was designed to have a module feel to it, but also to fit into the current program. I did something close to what you have to do the rendering, but I hope the class can easily be changed to fit any new designs. As I did more work on it, I realised there were other bottle necks in the program that would need to be fixed get it fully working (like drawing onto DirectX objects, new rendering process etc).

I left the other classes (like DirectX 9 and 10) mainly because Windows XP does not support Direct2D. However I guess there is a time people must decide to move on. They would be much harder to work with as you must draw the shapes in the perspective, not simply simple objects. Direct2D also has many other small advantages like for remote desktop, integration etc. I never tested them, but didn't want to remove the options in case someone wanted to go down this path in the future. Personally I favour Direct2D the most.

At the moment I am rather limited for time (sorry!), but this is something I would love to see in the program.


*From:*kinovea-dev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx <mailto:kinovea-dev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>[mailto:kinovea-dev-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] *On Behalf Of *Joan
*Sent:* Thursday, 13 January 2011 10:19 PM
*To:* kinovea-dev@xxxxxxxxxxxxx <mailto:kinovea-dev@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
*Subject:* [kinovea-dev] Re: Direct2D


I have tried the Direct2D / SlimDX code you sent.

I wasn't too sure as to how exactly use the control, here is what I did:
- Added a Direct2DControl member to PlayerScreenUserInterface.
- In the PlayerScreenUserInterface constructor I call Direct2DControl.SetControl() passing in the center panel (to test on the back panel for now)
- immediately call Direct2DControl.Run() to trigger initializations.
- At each new frame, (in PlayerScreenUserInterface.ShowNextFrame), I call Direct2DControl.DrawVideoBitmap() passing in the decoded image,
- and Direct2DControl.Update() to actually draw on the panel.

Let me know if I did anything wrong. Did you also modify PlayerScreenUserInterface in this way for your tests ?

It seems to work pretty well.
I've tried to instrument and get some figures regarding speed, but it proved harder than I thought to really pinpoint the rendering time. (Also I've recently changed machine and it's like everything is running super fast :-))

The part taking the most time (about 10 to 20ms each frame on my machine) would seem to be DrawVideoBitmap(). This function involves copying the whole GDI+ bitmap into a Direct2D bitmap for later use. This is a step we can probably avoid completely by decoding directly into a Direct2D bitmap from the FFMpeg code.

This is maybe what you suggested in the forum thread... In the case of pre-extraction to memory, we can also probably keep an in-memory array of Direct2D bitmaps instead of an array of GDI+ bitmaps. I'm sure we'll find a way to avoid this extra copy.

About your concern to release resources, I don't think we need to use a separate form for rendering and react to the OnClose() event of it. Screens must implement a BeforeClose() method (see AbstractScreen) which is triggered when the screen is closed (close button, changing screens configuration, etc.) We should be able to use it to ask the PlayerScreen and the renderer to dispose any outstanding resources.

We'll probably need to transform and simplify the DirectXInterface class.
Also, I don't know if we need the other classes, (Direct3D10Context, etc.) ? If not, we might even merge the two for simplicity.

I haven't looked at the direct2D drawing primitives and how we might implement the drawing tools visuals. The architecture discussion will probably depend on how these can be abstracted between Direct2D and GDI+.

I will create a topic on the wiki to push some schematics of possible architectures so we are clearer about what we discuss.
Let me know of your experiments.


Le 10/01/2011 21:34, Joan a écrit :


I am super sorry for the delay.
Unfortunately, I haven't had much time to look into this, but I will.
(I have some issues at work with the company wanting to close the local office, this has somewhat prevented proper focus on the project, but it's going to resolve one way or the other in the next few weeks.)


Le 05/01/2011 17:34, Hugh a écrit :

Hey Jean,

Was just wondering how the Direct2D code was working for you? Did you have any luck moving the drawing onto a new form? Just didn't see any recent changes in the code and was hoping it is working!



Other related posts: