[LII New This Week] October 20, 2005

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Librarians' Internet Index
Websites you can trust!

NEW THIS WEEK, October 20, 2005


The Journey of Christopher Columbus: Beyond the Textbook
This site provides information about the 1492-1493 journey headed by
Christopher Columbus from Spain to the "new world." The site features
background about how Columbus obtained support for the journey, a voyage
timeline with excerpts from journals, information about the native people
Columbus encountered (such as the Tainos and Caribs) and his activities
after his return, and a map. From the McGraw-Hill textbook publishing company.
URL: http://www.glencoe.com/sec/socialstudies/btt/columbus/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19367

Off the Map
This presentation looks at the "backyard paradises" created by visionary
artists (outsider or self-taught artists "who didn't necessarily go to
school to be artists"). Includes profiles of the artists (from the U.S.,
France, India, and South Africa), images and videos of the art (such as
Bottle Village, the Owl House and Camel Yard, and Watts Towers), a
create-your-own backyard paradise feature, and related material. From
Independent Lens and the Electric Shadows Project.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/offthemap/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19397


Bureau of the Public Debt
"The Bureau of Public Debt [of the U.S. Department of the Treasury] is
responsible for the accounting for and reporting of the debt in accordance
with statutory direction." This site explains the difference between the
public deficit and debt ("accumulated deficits plus accumulated off-budget
surpluses"). It includes a FAQ, information about government securities
(such as savings bonds and Treasury bills), fraudulent schemes involving
alleged U.S. securities, and related material.
URL: http://www.publicdebt.treas.gov
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19395

== HEALTH ==

Dry Ice Safety
"Dry Ice is frozen carbon dioxide. Unlike most solids, it does not melt into
a liquid, but instead changes directly into a gas. This process is called
sublimation." This site describes safety precautions for using dry ice, such
as not touching it with your skin, never placing it in an unventilated area,
and not storing it in a freezer. From the National Weather Service Forecast
Office, Las Vegas, Nevada.
URL: http://www.wrh.noaa.gov/vef/kids/dryice.php
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19373

Indoor Air: Mold
Documents about mold, covering topics such as mold and moisture, mold
cleanup, asthma and mold, and mold in homes, schools, and commercial
buildings. Includes links to information about floods, indoor air quality,
and related topics. Some material available in Spanish. From the U.S.
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).
URL: http://www.epa.gov/mold
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19374

Media Briefing on Canine Influenza
Transcript of a September 2005 briefing for the media that discusses "the
publication of a Science Journal article, 'Transmission of Equine Influenza
Virus to Dogs.'" The transcript addresses the transmission of the disease
from horses to racing greyhounds and domestic dogs, mortality rate,
treatment of the disease, and related matters. From the Centers for Disease
Control and Prevention (CDC).
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/od/oc/media/transcripts/t050926.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19349

Collection of documents about mold and its effects on human health. Includes
a FAQ, fact sheets on specific molds, cleanup and remediation guidelines,
discussions about mold and dampness in indoor spaces, and related material.
Some material available in Spanish. From the National Center for
Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
URL: http://www.cdc.gov/mold/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19371

New Dog Flu Spreads in U.S., But Death Rate Is Low
September 2005 news article about how "a new, highly contagious respiratory
virus thought to affect only the greyhound racing industry is now being
detected in family dogs. ... Canine flu was first discovered last year after
an unusual illness began to appear at greyhound racetracks in Florida."
Includes a list of "precautions to protect ... pooches from the virus." From
National Geographic News.
URL: http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/09/0927_050927_dog_flu.ht...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19348

Safety and Health Topics: Molds and Fungi
Workplace safety information about indoor air quality concerns related to
molds and fungi, including applicable OSHA standards, associated health
effects, detection, and control and cleanup. From the U.S. Department of
Labor, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), and the
American Biological Safety Association (ABSA).
URL: http://www.osha.gov/SLTC/molds/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19375


Halloween Recipes and Entertaining Advice
A compilation of suggestions for table decorations and foods for Halloween
parties. Includes information about using dry ice to create a fog around the
table and placing nontoxic plastic glow sticks under gelatin squares;
recipes for holiday-themed desserts, drinks (for adults and children), and
edible Halloween makeup; and ideas for Halloween party themes. Includes a
section on the Day of the Dead (Día de los muertos), with Mexican recipes.
From Allrecipes.com.
URL: http://allrecipes.com/advice/coll/entertain/features/halloween.asp
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19377

The History of Halloween
A history of Halloween, traced from its origins in the "ancient Celtic
festival of Samhain (pronounced sow-in)" to modern trick-or-treat,
Jack-o'-lantern, costume, and party activities. Includes creepy video clips,
ghost stories, information about pumpkins, White House hauntings, and
recipes.  From the History Channel.
URL: http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/halloween/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/8911

How to Buy an Energy-Efficient Gas Water Heater
Consumer information about gas water heaters, covering efficiency
recommendations, cost effectiveness, technology options (such as demand-type
and solar assisted water heaters), and other tips for buying and using water
heaters. Includes a cost calculator. From the U.S. Department of Energy,
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy.
URL: http://www.eere.energy.gov/femp/technologies/eep_gas_waterheaters.cfm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19391

Examples of one designer's original pumpkin and watermelon carving ideas, a
story of the origin of the jack-o'-lantern, instructions for creating
patterns from photographs, a list of the proper tools to use, extensive
carving techniques, and seasonal patterns to download are available. The
gallery section shows melons carved from the patterns provided. Includes
some advertising for pumpkin-related products.
URL: http://www.jack-o-lantern.com/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/12536

Water Heating
Fact sheet on water heating, which "next to heating or cooling ... is
typically the largest energy user in the home." Discusses types of water
heaters (storage, demand, heat pump, indirect, and solar), selection,
efficiency, cost comparison, and upgrading your current water heater. From
the online version of the Consumer Guide to Home Energy Savings published by
the American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy.
URL: http://www.aceee.org/consumerguide/topwater.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19389

== MEDIA ==

The Children's Television Rules
This document explains the Children's Television Act of 1990 (CTA), which
"established a specific programming obligation for each television licensee
to serve the 'educational and informational needs' of children," and the
changes to the act effective January 2006. Discusses core programming and
the "three hour rule," commercial limits (including display of website
addresses), penalties, and related material. From the legal department of
the National Association of Broadcasters (NAB).
URL: http://www.nab.org/membersonly/nabsays/legal/kid-vid2004.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19383

Edward R. Murrow: Broadcasting History
This National Public Radio (NPR) segment looks at the 2004 biography of
broadcast journalist Edward R. Murrow, "Edward R. Murrow and the Birth of
Broadcast Journalism." Features an interview with the author, a book
excerpt, and audio clips from some of Murrow's famous broadcasts (including
one with Sen. Joseph McCarthy; the battle between Murrow and McCarthy is the
subject of the 2005 film "Good Night, and Good Luck"), and links to related
NPR stories and websites.
URL: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=1872668
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19352

FCC Consumer Facts: Children's Educational Television
Fact sheet on the Children's Television Act (CTA), which was enacted in 1990
"to increase the amount of educational and informational programming for
children available on television." Discusses the requirements for
programming and commercial matter, and the additional Federal Communications
Commission (FCC) guidelines set forth in 2004 and effective January 2006
(and which are being challenged by various media companies and groups), and
provides links to related FCC policy material and documents.
URL: http://www.fcc.gov/cgb/consumerfacts/childtv.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19382

A Guide to Journalist Shield Laws
State-by-state guide to shield laws, which are laws that protect journalists
from revealing confidential information sources. Provides definitions from
the state statutes, links to the laws pertaining to journalists, and lists
of related cases. From the Poynter Institute.
URL: http://www.poynterextra.org/shieldlaw/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19355

Murrow, Edward R.
Profile of Edward R. Murrow, "the most distinguished and renowned figure in
the history of American broadcast journalism. He was a seminal force in the
creation and development of electronic newsgathering as both a craft and a
profession." Features career highlights for Murrow, whose relationship with
Sen. Joseph McCarthy is the subject of the 2005 feature film "Good Night,
and Good Luck." Includes a brief bibliography. From the Museum of Broadcast
URL: http://www.museum.tv/archives/etv/M/htmlM/murrowedwar/murrowedwar.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19351

== PEOPLE ==

Harold Pinter.org
Official website of "playwright, director, actor, poet and political
activist" Harold Pinter, who was awarded the 2005 Nobel Prize in literature.
Features information about productions of his plays, selected poetry,
information about his political activities, bibliographies of works by and
about Pinter, images, and more.
URL: http://www.haroldpinter.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19353

Companion website to a Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) American Experience
film about Alfred Kinsey, the "man who would become known as the greatest
chronicler of America's sexual experiences," Includes features on what it
was like "to sit in Kinsey's interview chair," public reactions to his
Kinsey Reports, expert opinions, a timeline, letters to Kinsey, profiles,
and related resources.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/kinsey/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19393

Pinter at the BBC
In this feature from 2002, "Pinter's biographer Michael Billington answers
your questions about the playwright, we trace his life and career in the
Pinter Timeline and also present exclusive video clips" of scholars talking
about this British author, best known for his plays, who went on to be
awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 2005. Also includes a quiz. From
the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/bbcfour/pinter/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19354

Q&A: Putting Saddam on Trial
October 2005 article answering questions about the trial of Saddam Hussein
by Iraq's Special Tribunal (IST). Discusses the trial process, charges
against Hussein ("the killing of more than 140 men in the mostly Shia town
of Dujail"), other officials on trial, concerns about the tribunal, and
related topics. Includes links to other news stories about the trial. From
the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/3850989.stm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19385

Saddam Hussein on Trial
Collection of audio files of news programs on the first Saddam Hussein trial
(beginning October 2005) in which "he stands accused of ordering the
massacre of 143 in the village of Dujail," Iraq. Discusses the war crimes
tribunal established by Iraq's governing council, reactions to the trial,
comparison of the trial with those in U.S. courts, and related material.
From National Public Radio (NPR).
URL: http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=4962517
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19381


Día de los Muertos
This Day of the Dead site provides information on the foods, history,
events, altars, and culture of the popular Mexican holiday celebrated on
November 2. From The Arizona Republic.
URL: http://www.azcentral.com/ent/dead/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/1856


10 Great Moments in Baseball Superstition History
This September 2005 article describes some baseball behavior based on
superstitions. Examples include the "Curse of the Bambino, which mercifully
ended its reign when the Red Sox won the 2004 World Series," and the related
"Curse of the Billy Goat" associated with the Chicago Cubs, the "classic
baseball superstition [that] requires that teammates must not talk to a
pitcher who is working on a no-hitter," and more. From the Seattle Times.
URL: http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/sports/2002518793_artmoments25.h...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19370

Tapping Into Oktoberfest
Article about how "a Bavarian celebration that became a German tradition is
giving amusement parks and major cities a reason to celebrate in October."
Provides a brief history of these beer-drinking festivals (which "began as a
wedding celebration for a Bavarian crown prince in 1810"), and information
about the event as held in Munich, Germany, and in cities and amusement
parks in the United States. From the magazine for the International
Association of Amusement Parks and Attractions.
URL: http://www.funworldmagazine.com/2003/Oct03/Features/Tapping_Into_Oktob...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19310


The California Backyard Orchard: A University of California Resource for
Fruit and Nut Crops
Includes information on the benefits of home orchards, how to choose a site,
planting and maintenance tips, pest control, links to related resources, and
more. Covers tree and shrub fruits and nuts, berries, and table grapes.
Includes events and maintenance calendars, a glossary, and a guide to using
the services of University of California Cooperative Extension (UCCE) Master
Gardeners program.
URL: http://homeorchard.ucdavis.edu/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/2558

Life as He Knew It: Photographs of Black Los Angeles From the Walter Gordon
Companion to an exhibition that "is part of a collaborative effort between
USC [the University of Southern California] and other local organizations to
preserve community memory. This display allows the public to interact with
the fifty-eight photographs" from the collection of Walter Gordon, "a
practicing attorney in Los Angeles for sixty-seven years ... [who] became
acquainted with many notable members of the African-American community."
Photos are from the mid-20th century.
URL: http://www.usc.edu/isd/libraries/about/programs_exhibitions/exhibition...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19378

Making Wine From Rare Fruit
This page provides several recipes for wines made from unusual ingredients
such as raisins, pineapple, mandarin oranges, papaya, mango, grapefruit, and
lychees. Basic information on wine-making concepts and techniques is
provided with the caveat that beginners would do well to consult a
wine-making book with good illustrations and step-by-step instructions. From
the California Rare Fruit Growers.
URL: http://www.crfg.org/tidbits/makewine.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/11640

New Bay Bridge.org
"This site illustrates and describes every phase of the new East Span
construction" of the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge. Includes articles and
photo galleries about all aspects of the construction process, individuals
involved in the project, and history of the original bridge. Project
drawings, primary documents, links to historical photos, study materials for
middle school, glossary of bridge building terms. New material will be added
as the construction proceeds. From the California Alliance for Jobs.
URL: http://newbaybridge.org/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/2886


Health Professionals Quality Assurance (HPQA) [Washington State]
HPQA "is an office within the [Washington state] Department of Health
responsible for protecting public health and safety by regulating the
competency and quality of more than 270,000 health care providers." The site
provides reports, information about filing complaints, and links to laws and
additional information for specific types of professionals. Also includes a
database of applicants and credential holders such as doctors, dentists,
optometrists, nurses, chiropractors, acupuncturists, and veterinarians.
URL: https://fortress.wa.gov/doh/hpqa1/hpqamain.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19325

Public Health, Seattle & King County: Pandemic Flu
Fact sheet and other resources on a 2005 potential pandemic flu, "a global
outbreak of disease from a new influenza ... unlike past influenza viruses."
Includes general information about the pandemic influenza A virus, updates
on the Seattle & King County Public Health department's activities related
to the flu, a section on the possible impacts of the flu on businesses, and
links to resources about influenza in general.
URL: http://www.metrokc.gov/health/pandemicflu/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19321

Timberland Reads Together
Website for the September and October 2005 community reading program
organized by the Timberland Regional Library, Washington state, and centered
around Sue Monk Kidd's novel "The Secret Life of Bees." Although some
material  discusses specific events and programs, the site also features
book discussion questions, a message from the author, and suggestions for
further reading and viewing (fiction, civil rights, beekeeping, and black
Madonnas). Includes links to other reading lists from the Timberland
Regional Library.
URL: http://www.trlib.org/TRT/trt.htm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19329


BBC Food: Halloween
Ideas from the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) for celebrating this
"predominantly American tradition ... [that] has its roots in Celtic
Ireland." Includes a brief review of holiday traditions such as carving
pumpkins and wearing costumes, and suggested Halloween party recipes (with a
distinctly British sensibility as well as metric measurements) such as hot
blood soup (tomato and chili soup) and devilish red cabbage. Also includes
links to related information from the BBC.
URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/food/news_and_events/events_halloween.shtml
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19379

Halloween Songs

In Depth: South Asia Quake
Compilation of news articles and analysis about the powerful earthquake that
struck close to Muzaffarabad in Pakistan-administered Kashmir on October 8,
2005. Includes maps, photos, video clips, eyewitness reports, and background
about Pakistan and earthquakes. Also includes a discussion of the potential
effect of the quake on the political relations between India and Kashmir.
From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/south_asia/2005/south_asia_quake/d...
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19356

Interactive Map: What Is the North Caucasus?
Information about the republics and regions in the North Caucasus area of
Russia, which is "considered to be the border between Europe and Asia."
Includes overviews of the populations of and conflicts in Abkhazia,
Kabardino-Balkaria, North Ossetia, South Ossetia, Ingushetia, Chechnya, and
Dagestan. From the website for the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) program
Wide Angle.
URL: http://www.pbs.org/wnet/wideangle/shows/beslan/map.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19350

North Caucasus: At a Glance
Profile of this "part of Russia that slopes up towards the main ridge of the
Caucasus mountains, often considered the border between Europe and Asia."
Provides descriptions of the republics and regions in the area (Chechnya,
Ingushetia, North Ossetia, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, South Ossetia, and
Abkhazia) and the conflicts in this "volatile mountainous region." From the
British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/europe/3632274.stm
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19346

Turner Prize
Information about "a contemporary art award held at Tate Britain that has
provoked debate since its inception in 1984." Features a FAQ, history of the
award, profiles of artists nominated for the award with images of their
artwork, a quiz, and related background information. From the Tate Britain
museum in London.
URL: http://www.tate.org.uk/britain/turnerprize/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19380


"The Greatest Discovery Since Fire"
"Many of us have heard how a Raytheon engineer walked past a microwave tube
one day, noticed that a candy bar in his pocket had melted, and was struck
with the idea of using microwaves to cook food." This article discusses the
"years, even decades, of engineering and marketing" to make the microwave
oven work. Includes images. From the American Heritage of Invention &
Technology magazine.
URL: http://www.inventionandtechnology.com/xml/2005/4/it_2005_4_feat_4.xml
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19392

Hot Topics: James Bond
This site provides a light scientific evaluation of selected gadgets
employed by fictional spy James Bond (007) and villains in the James Bond
movies. Gadgets include X-ray glasses, jetpack, face recognition security,
and night binoculars. Also includes some related information about the
movies. From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/hottopics/jamesbond/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19388

Hot Topics: Science of Cooking
"According to the adage, you are what you eat. Now some experts think that
it could be our cooking skills which raised Homo sapiens above the other
apes." This site explores the science underlying the heating of food,
including the chemistry of cooking, cooking tips from celebrity chefs (with
scientific explanations), and a video on how to fry the perfect chip (French
fry). From the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC).
URL: http://www.bbc.co.uk/science/hottopics/cooking/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19386

Microwave Ovens
This site explains how microwave ovens cook food by heating water molecules.
"The microwave oven generates electromagnetic waves (called microwaves)
which makes water move. This motion leads to friction, and friction leads to
heating." Includes interactive features. Part of the Physics 2000 website
(written for the layperson) from the University of Colorado at Boulder.
URL: http://www.colorado.edu/physics/2000/microwaves/
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19390


The New "American Girl"
September 2002 article about the representation of history and ethnicity in
the American Girl books series and accompanying dolls. The article focuses
on the Kaya doll, which was released in 2002 and represents a member of the
Nez Perce. From the National Review Online.
URL: http://www.nationalreview.com/comment/comment-wood092602.asp
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/9988

Pro-Life Action League
This organization was founded "with the aim of saving unborn children
through non-violent direct action." The site provides an overview of
activities (such as public protests and confronting abortionists), a FAQ
(some areas lack content), and information about current stances, such as
the October 2005 alert "that a seemingly innocent self-esteem campaign
launched by the popular American Girl doll company is helping to support the
pro-abortion, pro-lesbian agenda of Girls Incorporated."
URL: http://www.prolifeaction.org
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19347

The Washington Monthly College Guide
September 2005 ranking of the top 30 U.S. universities and top 30 liberal
arts colleges, with comparisons to the U.S. News & World Report college
rankings. Includes a note on methodology with a discussion of the scoring
areas of community service, research, and social mobility. From the
Washington Monthly.
URL: http://www.washingtonmonthly.com/features/2005/0509.collegeguide.html
LII Item: http://lii.org/cs/lii/view/item/19369


Thank you for using Librarians' Internet Index!

Karen G. Schneider, kgs@xxxxxxx
LII New This Week Listowner, and
Director, Librarians' Internet Index
Websites You Can Trust!


LII is funded primarily by the U.S. Institute of Museum and Library Services under the provisions of the Library Services and Technology Act, administered in California by the State Librarian. Other funders include the Washington State Library, and private donors.

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