EDUPAGE> Edupage, February 26, 2003

  • From: Gleason Sackmann <gleason@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: K12Newsletters <k12newsletters@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Thu, 27 Feb 2003 09:14:14 -0600

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From: EDUCAUSE@xxxxxxxxxxxx
To:  <EDUPAGE@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
Sent: Wed, 26 Feb 2003 16:44:56 -0700
Subject: Edupage, February 26, 2003
Edupage is a service of EDUCAUSE, a nonprofit association
whose mission is to advance higher education by promoting
the intelligent use of information technology.

 OASIS Forms Committee on Web Services
 Biometrics Report Released
 New Bill Calls for Surveillance Accountability
 WGU Earns Regional Accreditation
 Purdue Takes Steps to Limit Unlawful Downloading
 IBM Funds Supply-Chain Research Centers

The Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information
Standards (OASIS) formed a committee to develop a model for reliable
messaging in Web services applications. The OASIS committee, consisting
of members from about a dozen industry leaders, will rely on the
existing Web Services Reliability (WS-R) specification. Web services
standards are used to build easily modified applications and to enable
more fluid exchange of data. Reliable Web services messaging, or
ensuring that a message is correctly delivered, is critical to their
development and adoption. Such software exists but requires custom
coding to work with different messaging systems. OASIS's proposed
model would assure data delivery, regardless of application or delivery
method, and would allow companies to choose message delivery options
that comply with existing standards and protocols.
CNET, 26 February 2003

Several recently enacted laws, including the USA PATRIOT Act and the
Enhanced Border Security and Visa Entry Reform Act, call for new and
increased efforts to safeguard the nation against terrorist threats.
The laws include a requirement to begin using biometric
technology--which identifies people based on physical characteristics
that cannot be changed, such as fingerprints or iris scans--to fight
immigration fraud. The International Biometric Group has delivered its
final report on the introduction and use of biometrics. The group's
report is based on interviews and on observations of visa procedures
and of activities of the Immigration and Naturalization Service at the
nation's points of entry. The report recommends using multiple
biometric methods of identification rather than relying on a single one
and adding biometric identification to existing programs rather than
replacing them. The recommendations are similar to those in a recent
study by the National Institute of Standards and Technology.
Federal Computer Week, 25 February 2003

Senators Patrick Leahy (D-Vt.), Charles Grassley (R-Iowa), and Arlen
Specter (R-Pa.) have introduced a bill called the Domestic Surveillance
Oversight Act in an attempt to add oversight to the actions of the FBI.
Because of recent legislation, including the USA PATRIOT Act, aimed at
protecting national security, the FBI has increased authority to
conduct electronic surveillance and to use information collected. The
new bill would require the FBI and the Department of Justice to reveal
how often they spy on U.S. citizens under current law. Leahy said there
should be some accounting for how the agencies use the powers they
currently have, especially as they call for even broader powers.
Grassley accused the FBI of being too secretive and of making
significant mistakes. He said the agency is unable to apply current
legal standards correctly and consistently.
PCWorld, 25 February 2003


Western Governors University (WGU) has earned accreditation from four
regional accreditation agencies. WGU is a virtual university, conceived
by the governors of 19 Western states, and grants degrees based on
subject competency rather than on course credits. Because WGU lacks a
single physical presence, it is the only institution to be accredited
by more than one regional agency. Members of those four agencies formed
a group called the Inter-Regional Accrediting Committee to evaluate WGU
and decide on its accreditation. Sandra Elman, one of the members of
the committee, said evaluating the program was difficult because of its
structure. She said that ultimately WGU proved itself to the committee.
Regional accreditation is seen by many as the threshold for credibility
and legitimacy among institutions of higher education. Robert W.
Mendenhall, president of WGU, said the accreditation is a validation of
the institution's model.
Chronicle of Higher Education, 26 February 2003

Purdue University has begun sending letters and making phone calls to
alert some students that their use of the campus network violates not
only university policy but also copyright law. Copyright holders who
identify users of a campus network as infringing on copyrights can
contact the university to stop the violations. Purdue has received more
than 400 such requests since June 2002. Officials from Purdue said they
inform the students of the problem and instruct them to stop the
illegal activity, assuming that most students are simply unaware that
they are breaking the law. Officials said, however, that students risk
stricter punishments, such as loss of computer privileges, depending on
the circumstances of the violation. The university asserted that it
does not disclose the names of students found to be violating copyright
Purdue Exponent, 24 February 2003

IBM is funding joint research centers at universities to study supply
chains, the complex operations between suppliers and customers and
supporting internal operations. More than half a million dollars? worth
of supplies and expertise is earmarked for a supply-chain laboratory at
Michigan State University's Eli Broad College of Business. The lab is
slated to open this spring. IBM is negotiating deals with other
universities as well to link different labs to collaborate and exchange
research on topics such as optimizing inventory and order-tracking
systems. IBM hopes to benefit from the research and to recruit from the
various centers? ranks. An IBM executive noted that the centers will
address the product development aspect of supply chains, even while the
cultural issues that affect their performance will persist.
ZDNet, 26 February 2003


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