Fred, The only item I will add to Frank's list is that of the Transponder. I know you haven't touched this box so far but you will often be asked by ATC to "Squawk" a certain code. If I ask you to "Squawk 5462" it means you have to change the Transponder reading to this number. The Transponder is usually found on the radio stack and in FS it normally defaults to 1200. You can change the values by clicking on each number in turn. As this is an octal code it will only cycle through 0 to 7. bones -----Original Message----- From: jhb_airlines-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:jhb_airlines-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] On Behalf Of FrankTurley@xxxxxxx Sent: 13 November 2006 20:07 To: jhb_airlines@xxxxxxxxxxxxx Subject: [jhb_airlines] Re: RE WEDNESDAY NIGHT EVENT In a message dated 13/11/2006 19:33:19 GMT Standard Time, fredstopforth@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx writes: Frank,thanks for looking after me on Wed night things can only keep getting better with experience. Will have to put myself on the grass areas to listen and observe how things are said and done when some events take place.Fred Fred, I haven't been doing this very long, so I can remember what its like when you start. My advice is - (a) Always stand by with a pencil and notepad, to note ATC instructions. If you rely on your memory you'll get caught when things get frantic. (b) Read up on the various steps you go through on a flight, they are not always the same, but you should expect something like flight plan clearance, followed by clearances for push-back and start, taxi to the active runway, and take-off. In the air you will receive directions on altitude and headings (also known as vectors). ATC will direct you onto the ILS at your destination, and give you permission to land. Once on the ground you are expected to clear the active runway, push the stand-by button, and ask for permission to taxi to the stand/parking. Once you understand these steps, when you start on line flying hopefully you won't be surprised too often by ATC! (c) Start with an aircraft you are very familiar with, as you need to respond quickly to the given instructions without thinking too much about the controls. (d) Don't be afraid to ask about anything you don't understand, our ATC chaps are very patient and helpful. If you have any questions that occur to you about the process, you can always consult this mailing list, I do frequently! Happy landings Frank T.