Hi, First I want to say I'm sorry my responses lack a few days as well in general, but this can't be helped (until I completely quit my day-time job that is :) -- Adi and Gabe, thanks for the explanation, it clears it up I think. So the actual interface to the real graphicsdriver (accelerant) is that subclass of DD, accelerant driver. If the engine is to be used, it will be done from there. (calling the accelerants acc and management hooks). --- BTW: Adi, Again, I want to make one remark regarding something you react on from DW (I think it was): Just ignore it if you want: officially it's off-topic I guess.. > What about when two different threads need to write to overlapping > areas of the screen? An excellent example would be when a developer > goofs and overlaps two sibling BViews. I don't really grasp all the details, but I want to mention BDirectWindow anyway. It's up to you guys to see if this is related or not, but from my perspective, I think I can see an app drawing directly onscreen, but _outside_ it's assigned area because the app programmer 'goofed up'. Simple example, that game-demo released using voxels to display a 3D world. It's making mistakes here bigtime. (not adhering to clipping if another window is partly on-top of it's output window), and making plain window location calculation mistakes sometimes). It's very possible that the app_server is drawing in the same locations at the same time a DirectWindow app is (app goofing up). Off course, if this is in the graphicscard RAM, there won't be page faults (don't even know if this is the right name for the error) or other crashing errors anyway, just a big mess onscreen. I don't even know if you _can_ detect this kind of fault (by hardware or software). I mean, if someone has an overlay window for instance, they can also easily write outside it's boundaries without getting punished by the system. This results in cursorbitmap distortions or desktop distortions depending on the actual layout of things in RAM. The one place where the app would get halted is, if a bitmap lies on the boundaries of the cardRAMs area. (try VideoPro on MAtrox G400-550 with 32Mb for instance). Thanks for reading :) Bye.. Rudolf.