[govinfo] GovInfo News 1-22-2007

  • From: "Patrice McDermott" <pmcdermott@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: "govinfo@xxxxxxxxxxxxx" <govinfo@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>, "FOI-L@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx" <FOI-L@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Mon, 22 Oct 2007 12:24:22 -0400

Patrice McDermott, Director
202.332.OPEN (6736)
- Grading State Disclosure 2007
Campaign Disclosure Project
October 17, 2007

Access to state-level candidate campaign disclosure data continued to improve 
in states across the country, according to Grading State Disclosure 2007, a 
comprehensive evaluation of campaign finance disclosure laws and programs in 
the 50 states.  more

Links: Report
       Other reports, database, model law


- Science and Security in a Post 9/11 World: A Report Based on Regional 
Discussions Between the Science and Security Communities
National Research Council, Committee on a New Government-University Partnership 
for Science and Security

To strengthen the essential role that science and technology play in 
maintaining national and economic security, the United States should ensure the 
open exchange of unclassified research despite the small risk that it could be 
misused for harm by terrorists or rogue nations, says a new report by the 
National Research Council. more

Link: Report (free)


- Libraries Shun Deals to Place Books on Web
By Katie Hafner
October 22, 2007

This story is of interest and importance for this list because Google, 
Microsoft and other companies are doing comparable outreach to government 
agencies, and in some cases are imposing restrictions on general, widespread 
public access to and searchability of the scanned materials

Several major research libraries have rebuffed offers from Google and Microsoft 
to scan their books into computer databases, saying they are put off by 
restrictions these companies want to place on the new digital collections.    
The research libraries, including a large consortium in the Boston area, are 
instead signing on with the Open Content Alliance, a nonprofit effort aimed at 
making their materials broadly available.    Libraries that agree to work with 
Google must agree to a set of terms, which include making the material 
unavailable to other commercial search services. Microsoft places a similar 
restriction on the books it converts to electronic form. The Open Content 
Alliance, by contrast, is making the material available to any search service.  
  Many prominent libraries have accepted Google's offer - including the New 
York Public Library and libraries at the University of Michigan, Harvard, 
Stanford and Oxford. Google expects to scan 15 million books from those 
collections over the next decade.        But the resistance from some 
libraries, like the Boston Public Library and the Smithsonian Institution, 
suggests that many in the academic and nonprofit world are intent on pursuing a 
vision of the Web as a global repository of knowledge that is free of business 
interests or restrictions.    Even though Google's program could make millions 
of books available to hundreds of millions of Internet users for the first 
time, some libraries and researchers worry that if any one company comes to 
dominate the digital conversion of these works, it could exploit that dominance 
for commercial gain.  more [NYT]

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