Dear Bob, Thank you very much for your excellent methodological text. Please, see my remarks in your text in attachment and below after your letter in round brackets and in the red colour. You suggested a many constructive ideas for GPS, which could be very interesting for the GHA members, especially for the GPS coauthors. My work with your text is the first example of my editorial work within the GPS new book, which could be also very interesting for the GHA members, especially for the GPS coauthors. This editorial work with every coauthor will start since February 2014. Therefore, I like to send your text with my editing for all GHA members especially for the GPS coauthors. With love, best harmony wishes, Leo Dr Leo Semashko: State Councillor of St. Petersburg, Philosopher, Sociologist and Peacemaker from Harmony; Director: Tetrasociology Public Institute, Russia; Founding President, Global Harmony Association (GHA) since 2005; Director, GHA Website "Peace from Harmony": www.peacefromharmony.org Global Peace Science from Harmony: www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=585 and In Russian: www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=ru_c&key=606; World Interfaith Harmony Project on the ABC of Harmony Base: www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=541; GHA Program Book, The ABC of Harmony for World Peace: www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=478; GHA Peace Video: http://youtu.be/hbxY5lREOeA; My Web page: www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=253; Address: 7/4-42 Ho-Shi-Min Street, St. Petersburg 194356, Russia Phone: 7 (812) 597-65-71; Skype: leo.semahko Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/leo.semashko?ref=tn_tnmn ----- Original Message ----- From: Bob Dyck, bobdyck@xxxxxx To: leo.semashko@xxxxxxxxx Sent: 15 декабря 2013 г., 8:57:02 Subject: Review of ABC of Harmony Dear Leo, attached herewith please find my article for the GPS book, "Review of the ABC of Harmony for World Peace as a Scientific Theory": Robert G. Dyck, Ph.D., Professor of Public and International Affairs Emeritus, Virginia Tech., USA ------------------------------------------------------------------------- Dear Bob, My remarks, please, see in your text in the round brackets and in the red colour. Leo Robert Dyck Review of The ABC of Harmony for World Peace as a Scientific Theory (This title unites two different subjects and two different books: 1.Review of the ABC of Harmony, all of reviews are published here: http://www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=506 – pl, see - it is 2012 book; and 2.Global Peace Science, which is published here: http://www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=585 – pl. see - it is the future book of 2014. Your text is intended for which from these two books and purposes? For the first or for the second is?) Abstract. This article begins with a summary overview of Semasko’s (together with 75 the GHA coauthors) ABC of Harmony for World Peace (2012),including the epistemology and methodology incorporated in it from his earlier book, Tetrasociology (2003). We conduct an analysis of the work of the Global Harmony Association (GHA), with emphasis on its epistemology and methodology, highlighting the need for additional empirical analysis, and comparing its focus with other European institutes of peace science. We conclude with a suggestion for distinguishing the work of GHA from other peace science organizations by renaming its projects under the name Global Harmony Studies and, when timely, as Global Harmony Science. We also consider several options designed to improve the practical utility of GHA’s projects in both small and large-scale settings. Key Words.Epistemology, Methodology, Global Harmony Studies (Science), Peace Science, and Democratic Participation. This article is oriented to all four substantive areas of ABC of Harmony for World Peace. Introduction (for what book - first or second?).ABC of Harmony for World Peace is ambitiously informed by Leo Semashko’sTetrasociology, which contains a pluralistic four-dimensional theory and method of social thinking designed to facilitate social harmony and peace. The four spheres of concern, according to my understanding, are as follows: (1)Social Behavior and Structure;(2)Spiritual Informatics;(3)Political and Financial Organization; and (4) Economic/Ecological Organization. ABCof Harmonyis also informed by the goal of establishing a science of peace analogous to military science. Semashko acknowledgesthat peace science is much more complex than military science. The book (first or second?) begins with a listing of key expressions of peace wisdom, as well as definitions, from prominent philosophers and leaders in a variety of fields, including Immanuel Kant, Mahatma Gandhi, Albert Einstein, Leo Tolstoy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Nelson Mandela, Charles, Prince of Wales, and others, intended to lay the foundation for peace science. (This is not the ABC of Harmony review). The book then develops two main sections, with contributions from a wide variety of authors, on the history of warfare and the beginnings of a history of peace. Without further synthesis or empirical analysis of those contributions, the book next promulgates eleven laws of global peace science and lays out the prospectus for a new book on Global Peace Science (GPS), as a project of the Global Harmony Association (GHA). The prospectus contains an invitation to members of GHA and others to contribute to “a scientific revolution of peace thinking.” Rules for these contributions are provided to facilitate their harmonious integration in an acknowledged “difficult and complex epistemological process.” Perhaps the most important rule is that each contributor will identify which of the four spheres of interest are important to his/her article. (It is the second book) Analysis. The epistemology of this (- which - first or second?) project begins with Semashko’sTetrasociology. This book (- which - first or second?) is oriented to re-conceptualizing sociology as a considerably more comprehensive science, perhaps a kind of social/contextual systems meta-science, that is applicable at both micro and macro levels. Its scope is conceived as sufficiently broad to encompass peace studies in the four categories outlined above. This science may or may not be widely known and recognized as a new way of considering what might be called the next stage of the science of sociology.It was first published in Russian in 2002, and in Russian, English, and Esperanto in 2003. Semashko’s other publications give little indication of the extent to which the theory has been subject to critical review or empirical validation, except for Sociology for Pragmatists (1999), the title of which may suggest that the theory has proven pragmatically useful. The methodology of Semashko’s peace science appears to be largely related to theory building, stemming from observation of social conditions that facilitate social harmony and peace. There does not appear to be significant empirical validation (pl, see Program of Sociological/Empirical Study here: http://www.peacefromharmony.org/?cat=en_c&key=579). The work includes contributions from others (who others?) who may contribute largely from similar (which similar?) methodological perspectives. As for the overall field of peace science, there are a number of different organizations and institutes, located in several different countries, which are engaged in different aspects of the work. There is no single prevailing focus, but conflict resolution has been prominent in several of the organizations. In Europe, there is an international association for peace research and related studies, called The Network of European Peace Scientists(NEPS). Since 2000 it has been holding an annual conference entitled the “Jan Tinbergen European Peace Science Conference.” Organizations included in NEPS are listed on the web as follows: Peace Science Society (what is website of this?),was founded in 1963 in Malmo, Sweden, by American economist Walter Isard (founder of the field of Regional Science), and focuses on peace analysis and conflict management. It pioneered the use of quantitative techniques, including econometrics and game theory, in peace science. It publishes the Journal of Conflict Resolution and Conflict Management and Peace Science (what is website of this?),. Economists for Peace and Security (what is website of this?), works to promote non-military solutions to world challenges, and more broadly, to support freedom from fear and want for all. The Institute for Economics and Peace (IEP) (what is website of this?), is an international organization dedicated to building a greater understanding of the key drivers and measures of peace and identifying the economic benefits that can be delivered by increased peacefulness. It produces a Global Peace Index which ranks the nations of the world by their peacefulness. The Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Uppsala University (what is website of this?),, conducts research and education on the causes, dynamics, and resolution of armed conflicts. It is home to the Uppsala Conflict Data Program and several internationally recognized researchers. It houses a full range of educational programs, in English, which attract talented students from around the world. Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO) (what is website of this?),, founded in 1959, is one of the oldest peace research institutes. It conducts both basic and policy-relevant research, as well as graduate training in peace through conflict resolution, dialogue and reconciliation, public information, and policymaking. PRIO owns and hosts two leading peer-reviewed academic journals: Journal ofPeace Research and Security Dialogue. The Department of Development and Security (what is website of this?),, DIW Berlinis one of Germany’s leading economic research institutions. The Department of Development and Security conducts economic research on the causes, forms, and effects of mass violent conflict. It also advances the agenda on how to measure conflict and violence, especially in micro-level surveys, and how these events shape welfare and livelihoods. It also examines perceptions of conflict and the effects of reconstruction and security policies on the economy, with reference to the context of terrorism. Another peace organization, which can be accessed on the web, is called The Global Country of World Peace(what is website of this?),. It was founded in 2000 by Maharishi Mahesh Yogi, the founder of Transcendental Meditation, as “a country without borders for peace-loving people everywhere.” It became incorporated in the State of Iowa on Oct. 15, 2002, as a non-profit organization. It is also building capitals in Kansas, West Virginia, the Netherlands, and in India. The GCWP made attempts to obtain sovereignty as a micronation during the years 2000 to 2002, offering sums in excess of $1 billion to small and impoverished countries in exchange for the sovereignty over part of their territory. It has a global reconstruction program that seeks to rebuild all of the cities and buildings in the world, following Maharishi Sthapatya Veda principles (Wikipedia). Finally, there is World Science Day for Peace and Development (what is website of this?),, as proclaimed by the UNESCO General Conference (Resolution 31C/20 in 2001), which is celebrated all over the world to recall the commitment made at the UNESCO-ICSU (International Council for Science - (what is website of this?),) World Conference on Science (Budapest, 1999). Its purpose is to renew the national as well as the international commitment to peace and development, and to stress the responsible use of science for the benefit of society. The World Science Day for Peace and Development also aims at raising public awareness of the importance of science, and to bridge the gap between science and societies. (– This analysis is excellent (with its development in details) for our second book with the relevant title) Concluding Observations and Suggestions. It has become clear in the analysis that the Global Harmony Association (GHA) supports a scholarly peace enterprise, utilizing a base in sociology and oriented to the realization of social harmony, that is quite different from any of the other peace research organizations we have listed herein, with the possible exception of The Global Country of World Peace. (YES!! Social harmony within peace thinking is revolution in it, in its traditional form!) This important substantive difference needs to be highlighted in GHA’s Global Peace Science (GPS) initiative, and duly recognized as an integral part of its epistemology and methodology (YES!!). It demonstrates that social harmony is not just the absence of conflict, but a state of positive benefit to any community in which it occurs, and that it affects other communities in a positive way, through interaction. (- Absolutely true!) With this in mind, it is important to note that the entire epistemological approach to GPS needs to be succinctly summarized in all GHA documents, together with its methodological approaches, so that participants can be fully informed without having to read between the lines of summary information(YES!! But this is very difficult task, which will be solved in the GPS process). Expressions of wisdom by prominent national and international leaders, “laws of procedure,” and other constructions based largely on assertion, can be valid starting points but are not sufficient to carry the burden of a bone fide scientific endeavor(YES!!). With regard to the content of the four spheres of concern in The ABC of Harmony (2012), participants in GPS need more detailed knowledge explaining how they are critical for Peace Studies, and how they differ from elements of epistemology and methodology in the alternative versions of Peace Science we have considered. In point of fact, it would be helpful to distinguish the Peace Studies of GHA from those of other institutes by employing a distinctive name such as “Global Harmony Studies” (GHS). We could think of the new name as an umbrella term that includes Global Harmony Science, when it is timely to call it by that name (pl. suggest this name – maybe: Peace from Harmony Studies??? Are you agreeing with it?). All of GHA’s work on the achievement of harmony and peace (may be more correctly is: PEACE FROM HARMONY?) needs to be grounded much more firmly in empirical analysis (pl, see it above; the main problem for this is $60.000, needed for this empirical analysis, but its Program maybe enough for the start of this science) before it can assume the mantle of science, in my judgment. Calling it Global Peace Science is probably premature at this stage of its development (this term expresses the end purposes for this knowledge). In particular, the applicability of the eleven laws of Peace Science remains to be demonstrated. It would be more appropriate to call these laws hypotheses (maybe…) until a body of work by multiple analysts demonstrates that they are sufficiently invariable and sweeping to be called laws, following the practice typical of all science rooted in multiple, reproducible demonstrations. Eventually, as laws, they will be recognized as predictive of desired outcomes. (Very good suggestions! Thank you very much!!!) An advantage enjoyed by the longer-established NEPS organizations is that they tend to focus on relatively small scale-problems that can be subjected relatively easily to empirical analysis, so that macro theory can be constructed on a foundation of smaller scale pieces of analysis (Yes, I think about it). I would suggest that the same strategy be employed in the work of GHA, where the temptation may be to jump too quickly to macro-scale global prescriptions. This is especially important as a means of taking account of small-scale cultural differences that can easily (??? – it is very difficult) be glossed over in macro prescriptions, following the unfortunate pattern of modernist neoliberal economics. A single prescription does not necessarily fit all cases, as trenchantly pointed out by Gilbert Ristin his fine book, The Delusions of Economics (2011). I would also suggest that an experimental planning approach be employed in GHA’s empirical studies (they require a lot of money that absent at GHA – it is the task for the future; our purpose now is only to give the general frame of GPS and show its theoretical possibility), to determine which methods and strategies work best in different socio/cultural settings, in the interest of developing tested practical prescriptions. A concluding word of praise (thank you very much!) is appropriate to GHA’s democratic interest in seeking substantive input from peace analysts from different fields and different countries. This is not standard operating procedure in building theory for research and practice, but will pay rich dividends in the long run for peace studies, and eventually peace science, despite the acknowledged epistemological and methodological difficulties. It also would be worth while, in the interest of increasing democratic participation, to initiate one or more peer-reviewed journals supportive of Global Harmony Studies. (- How we can find or initiate these journals if (1) they are not exist and (2) we have not funding for them??? Please, could you divide your text into two: 1. The ABC of Harmony review – separately and 2. Your article about traditional (Peace Studies) and new (Global Peace from Harmony Studies) methodology, thinking and theory in the Peace Knowledge? Is it possible for your? Thank you.) References. Rist, Gilbert (2011). The Delusions of Economics. London and New York: Zed Books, 211 pages. Semasko, Leo, with 75 coauthors from 26 countries (2012). The ABC of Harmony for World Peace, Harmonious Civilization and Tetranet. New Delhi: Doosra Mat Prakashan. In English, 334 pages. Semasko, Leo, with 14 coauthors (2003). Tetrasociology: From Sociological Imagination Through Dialogue to Universal Values and Harmony. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University. In Russian, English, and Esperanto, 394 pages. Semasko, Leo (1999). Sociology for Pragmatists, Part I. St. Petersburg: St. Petersburg State Polytechnic University. In Russian, 376 pages. Biographical Note. Robert G. Dyck, Ph.D., is Professor of Public and International Affairs Emeritus, Virginia Tech. His career and publications have focused on the problems of economics and disenfranchisement in America and throughout the world. His newest publication, an E-book in four volumes with Matjaz Mulej as co-editor, is entitled Social Responsibility as a Way Beyond Neo-Liberalism and Charity, with a Foreword by Danilo Turk, former President of Slovenia (Sharja, United Arab Republic: Bentham Science Publishers, pending). Contact Points. Bob may be contacted at: 5428 Crossings Lake Circle, Birmingham, AL 35242, USA; by email, at bobdyck@xxxxxx; or by phone, at 205-991-9890.
DYCK_ABC of HARMONY+GPS_18-12-13.doc
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