This all sounds very exciting.
I am sure most of us would be happy with whichever conference venue in Europe the Conference Committee judges to be the most appropriate.
From: "Gruzelier, John H" <j.gruzelier@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx> Reply-To: esnr@xxxxxxxxxxxxx To: <esnr@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> Subject: [esnr] Baltic States Forum Feedback Report Date: Wed, 21 Jul 2004 12:24:53 +0100
Baltic Forum, Riga, Latvia, 2-3 July, 2004.
Professor Paulis Butlers hosted the first neurofeedback meeting in the Baltic States at the Riga Stradins University, where he is Assistant Professor of Medical Physics. It is to his credit and considerable entrepreneurial skills and dedication to the field (he part funded the meeting himself) that he assembled participants from Estonia, Lithuania, Poland, and Russia, while I presented on behalf of the society. Around 60 people attended for the two day meeting.
The meeting represented to me a prototype of how the Society could develop, to embrace applied neuroscience and encourage cross fertilisation between clinical therapeutic and optimal performance approaches on the one hand, and basic science on the other.
The meeting began with the current perspective on the brain mechanisms underpinning operant conditioning by Professor Liga Aberberga-Augskalne, who heads the Department of Neurophysiology. This was an insightful introduction. This was followed by presentations by medical students from the Department of General Medicine who under the supervision of Paulis Butlers have examined how SMR training and suppressing theta in healthy volunteers also elevated alpha2, which is implicated in working memory, and shifted the alpha peak upwards.. These were mature presentations and I have encouraged them to submit the SMR paper for publication. Further analysis may also shed light on learners versus nonlearners. The results contribute to the debate on specificity of bandwidth training.
After morning tea I presented our work with alpha/theta training, to include our latest findings in enhancing ballroom and Latin dance performance in competitive university dancers, and in elevating mood and well being in withdrawn students. Professor Klonowski from the Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw then presented his advanced methods of EEG nonlinear complexity analysis, which incidentally could provide a new metric for neurofeedback training. In identifying sleep stages in the EEG the procedures were superior to trained experts. To conclude the morning session Dr Helena Ciavko introduced stabilography methods from St Petersburg. The participant steps on a bathroom scales type stand and a spectrum of movements is recorded. There are clinical applications such as tremor and applications with dancers and sportsmen. Again there are implications for biofeedback developments which Professor Butlers will consider.
In the afternoon we were treated to a fascinating, inspiring and very moving introduction to the pathfinding 'coordination dynamics therapy' for spinal cord injury of Professor Giselher Schalow, formerly of Switzerland, but now based in Tatin, Estonia. He outlined his highly creative theory and then proceeded to introduce us to two patients, one in a wheel chair and another a Norwegian youth who hit his head on the bottom of a river when diving in, and is a paraplegic as a result, but following very arduous training is now able to walk and even run with assistance. We were given demonstrations of the approach, and alas time quickly ran out. There is not space to go into this now, but the aim is to create new neurological connections, and it was clear to this psychophysiologist, how important topdown influences were in forging these neuronal changes. Clearly much potential can be derived from combining our techniques to achieve these goals. It is food for thought that his highly innovative methods, which fly in the face of contemporary neurophysiological thinking, were not acceptable in Switzerland, and have found a receptive home in Estonia.
Perhaps our society could provide an important political role in science to counteract conservative constraints.
The next day was mainly devoted to the work of Professor Dangole Zemaitye and colleagues. Professor Zemaitye heads an Institute for Psychophysiology and Rehabilitation in Lithuania. Apparently we first rubbed shoulders in Montreal at the founding meeting of the International Organisation of Psychophysiology in the early 1980s. 11 papers were presented focussing on one aspect of their work, consisting of the manifold clinical implications of heart rate variability for diagnosis and rehabilitation. Highly sophisticated methods of analysis were demonstrated with a clinical yield not available in conventional HRV analyses. This very expert clinical team would provide an ideal setting for a RCT of heart rate coherence training for cardiovascular disorders.
The forum ended with Professor Olegs Timms work in instating Swiss methods of neurostimulation and neural prosthesis with cochlear implants in Latvian children.
There was throughout the Forum a splendid spirit of openmindedness, and opportunities for neurofeedback and biofeedback were widely discussed. Professor Butlers is to be congratulated for his initiative in planning the meeting. There is to be a followup via internet later in the year - see our website.
Offers from all the Baltic States to host a society meeting were received with enthusiasm, and I have received again a request today from Professor Schalow to host the next meeting in Tatin. I would very much like us to go there.
We also took in the jazz festival, which just happened to on at the time, and we missed the opera festival by only a few days! These are very beautiful cities, and I believe Tatin is an absolute jewel. In Riga there is unspoiled architecture going back to the middle ages, art noveau turn of the century buildings, and a river with handsome bridges. It is very green everywhere. Prices are affordable before the EU takes hold, as are flights booked in advance. The food is particularly excellent and cheap.
How about the Baltic States for our next meeting!
Professor John Gruzelier Division of Neuroscience & Psychological Medicine Imperial College London Charing Cross Campus St Dunstan's Road London W6 8RP UK
Phone 44 020 8 846 7386: Fax 44 020 8 846 1670: e-mail j.gruzelier@xxxxxxxx Secretary: Mrs Ann Ebberson: Phone 44 020 8 846 7246