[cryptome] DARPA Plans to Let Sea Drones Loose in International Waters

  • From: Jeremy Compton <j.compton@xxxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: Jeremy Compton <j.compton@xxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Sun, 15 Sep 2013 15:45:28 +1200

http://intellihub.com/2013/09/14/darpa-plans-let-sea-drones-loose-international-waters/

Below is the article from Intelhub.com but below that l have the actual Darpa 
material on this one.
DARPA Plans to Let Sea Drones Loose in International Waters

                        
                                
                                
                                 
                        
                        
                        
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Soon underwater drones will be patrolling the oceans for the pentagon

ATLANTIC OCEAN – MAY 14: In this handout 
released by the U.S. Navy, An X-47B Unmanned Combat Air System (UCAS) 
demonstrator launches from the flight deck of the aircraft carrier USS 
George H.W. Bush (CVN 77) May 14, 2013 in the Atlantic Ocean. George 
H.W. Bush is the first aircraft carrier to successfully catapult-launch 
an unmanned aircraft from its flight deck. The Navy plans to have 
unmanned aircraft on each of its carriers to be used for surveillance 
and be armed and used in combat roles. (Photo by Mass Communication 
Specialist 3rd Class Brian Read Castillo/U.S. Navy via Getty Images)

By JG Vibes
 Intellihub.com
September 14, 2013
DARPA,
 the Pentagon’s research agency, has recently revealed its plan to  
develop submerged military drones that would patrol the earth’s oceans. 
 The program is named “Hydra”, taken from the sea serpent that 
terrorized the waters in ancient Greek mythology. 

It is common for military and corporate projects to take on names from ancient 
mythology and occult folklore.

The plan is being promoted as a solution to budget cuts.

“The climate of budget austerity runs up against an uncertain 
security environment that includes natural disasters, piracy, ungoverned
 states, and the proliferation of sophisticated defense technologies,” said 
Scott Littlefield, DARPA program manager, in a statement. “An
 unmanned technology infrastructure staged below the oceans’ surface 
could relieve some of that resource strain and expand military 
capabilities in this increasingly challenging space.”

According to Wired, the “Hydra system is intended to be delivered in 
international waters by ships, submarines or aircraft with the 
integrative capability of communicating with manned and unmanned 
platforms for air, surface, and water operations.”

“By separating capabilities from the platforms that deliver them,
 Hydra would enable naval forces to deliver those capabilities much 
faster and more cost-effectively wherever needed,” said Littlefield. “It is 
envisioned to work across air, underwater, and surface operations, enabling all 
three to perform their missions better.”

The Hydra drones are said to be unleashed on the oceans sometime in the next 
few years.

 

Sources:

[1] DARPA’s Plan to Flood the Sea With Drones, Carrying More Drones – Wired
http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2013/09/hydra-darpa/


http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2013/09/hydra-darpa/




DARPA’s Plan to Flood the Sea With Drones, Carrying More Drones

    
    


By Allen McDuffee09.13.136:30 AM





    
        Image: DARPA
DARPA, the Pentagon’s research agency, has recently revealed its 
plans to boost the Navy’s response to threats in international waters 
by developing submerged unmanned platforms that can be deployed at a 
moment’s notice.

Hydra, named after the serpent-like creature with many heads in Greek
 mythology, would create an undersea network of unmanned payloads and 
platforms to increase the capability and speed the response to threats 
like piracy, the rising number of ungoverned states, and sophisticated 
defenses at a time when the Pentagon is forced to make budget cuts. 
According to DARPA, the Hydra system ”represents a cost effective way to
 add undersea capacity that can be tailored to support each mission” 
that would still allow the Navy to conduct special operations and 
contingency missions. In other words, the decreasing number of naval vessels 
can only be in one place at a time.

“The climate of budget austerity runs up against an uncertain 
security environment that includes natural disasters, piracy, ungoverned
 states, and the proliferation of sophisticated defense technologies,” 
said Scott Littlefield, DARPA program manager, in a statement. “An 
unmanned technology infrastructure staged below the oceans’ surface 
could relieve some of that resource strain and expand military 
capabilities in this increasingly challenging space.”

The Hydra system is intended to be delivered in international waters 
by ships, submarines or aircraft with the integrative capability of 
communicating with manned and unmanned platforms for air, surface, and 
water operations.

Unlike the Upward Falling Payloads (UFPs) program DARPA
 announced in January that would submerge massive waterproof containers 
intended to store weapons, drones and supplies for years at a time, 
Hydra is a highly mobile platform that can be deployed for a few weeks 
or months in relatively shallow international waters.

“By separating capabilities from the platforms that deliver them, 
Hydra would enable naval forces to deliver those capabilities much 
faster and more cost-effectively wherever needed,” said Littlefield. “It
 is envisioned to work across air, underwater, and surface operations, 
enabling all three to perform their missions better.”

Proposals are due October 22, but it may well 2018 before Hydra lands in the 
ocean.


http://www.darpa.mil/NewsEvents/Releases/2013/01/11.aspx





           
            
        

            
        
        

                                    
                    
                
        
    



    
    
        
            
                
                    
                        
                            


        
        
            
            
                    
                        
                                        


    
    
                
            
            
                
        
        Falling Up: DARPA To Launch Just-In-Time Payloads From Bottom Of 
SeaJanuary 11, 2013Distributed
 systems to hibernate in deep-sea capsules for years, wake up when 
commanded, and deploy to surface providing operational support and 
situational awareness
Today, cost and complexity limit the Navy to fewer weapons systems 
and platforms, so resources are strained to operate over vast maritime 
areas. Unmanned systems and sensors are commonly envisioned to fill 
coverage gaps and deliver action at a distance. However, for all of the 
advances in sensing, autonomy, and unmanned platforms in recent years, 
the usefulness of such technology becomes academic when faced with the 
question, “How do you get the systems there?” DARPA’s Upward Falling 
Payloads program seeks to address that challenge. 

The UFP concept centers on developing deployable, unmanned, 
distributed systems that lie on the deep-ocean floor in special 
containers for years at a time. These deep-sea nodes would then be woken
 up remotely when needed and recalled to the surface. In other words, 
they “fall upward.”

“The goal is to support the Navy with distributed technologies 
anywhere, anytime over large maritime areas. If we can do this rapidly, 
we can get close to the areas we need to affect, or become widely 
distributed without delay,” said Andy Coon,
 DARPA program manager. “To make this work, we need to address technical
 challenges like extended survival of nodes under extreme ocean 
pressure, communications to wake-up the nodes after years of sleep, and 
efficient launch of payloads to the surface.”

A Proposers' Day is scheduled for Jan. 25, 2013, in the DARPA Conference 
Center. For details, visit: http://go.usa.gov/4CqC.  

DARPA seeks proposals in three key areas for developing the program: 
Communications, deep ocean ‘risers’ to contain the payloads, and the 
actual payloads. DARPA hopes to reach technical communities that conduct
 deep-ocean engineering from the telecom and oil-exploration industry to
 the scientific community with insights into signal propagation in the 
water and on the seafloor. Since the program will emphasize the use of 
ambient pressure containment with its risers, there is no need for 
specialization of payloads to accommodate the extreme pressures of the 
deep sea. Communities with technical background in unmanned platforms; 
distributed sensors; networking; sensor packaging; information 
operations; electronic warfare; anti-submarine warfare, etc. may all be 
able to play a role. 

Almost half of the world’s oceans are more than four kilometers deep.
 This provides considerable opportunity for cheap stealth. The vastness 
and depth make retrieval costs prohibitive.  Despite this, the UFP 
program is specifically not a weapons program, and the risks to losing 
any single node will be minimal.  

Depending on the specific payload, systems would provide a range of 
non-lethal but useful capabilities such as situational awareness, 
disruption, deception, networking, rescue, or any other mission that 
benefits from being pre-distributed and hidden. An example class of 
systems might be small unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) that launch to 
the surface in capsules, take off and provide aerial situational 
awareness, networking or decoy functions. Waterborne applications are 
sought as well.  

“We are simply offering an alternative path to realize these missions
 without requiring legacy ships and aircraft to launch the technology, 
and without growing the reach and complexity of unmanned platforms,” 
said Coon.

The DARPA broad agency announcement describing the specific capabilities sought 
is available at http://go.usa.gov/4Cjh.




                                                
                                        
                                                                                

        

                        Upward Falling Payloads (UFP)Solicitation Number: 
DARPA-BAA-13-17Agency: Other Defense Agencies
Office: Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Location: Contracts Management Office
        






                                        
                                        
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Complete ViewOriginal SynopsisPresolicitationJan 11, 20134:53 pmChangedJan 30, 
20131:52 pmChangedFeb 07, 201312:45 pmChangedMar 05, 20132:06 pm




     










  

        





                



            
        Solicitation Number:
      
            
                
        DARPA-BAA-13-17
        
        
        

                



            
        Notice Type:
      
            
                
        Presolicitation
        
        
        


                



            
        Synopsis:
      
            
                
                        
                                Added: Jan 11, 2013 4:53 pm
                                        
                The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is 
soliciting 
innovative research proposals in the area of distributed unmanned 
sensors and systems for maritime applications. Proposed research should 
investigate innovative approaches that enable revolutionary advances in 
science, devices, or systems. Specifically excluded is research that 
primarily results in evolutionary improvements to the existing state of 
practice. Details are contained in the attached Broad Agency 
Announcement (BAA) DARPA-BAA-13-17.

                
                                Added: Jan 30, 2013 1:52 pm
                                        
                Amendment 1 to DARPA-BAA-13-17, Upward Falling Payloads (UFP)

The purpose of Amendment 1 to DARPA-BAA-13-17, UFP is to make the following 
changes:


1.      Paragraph 4.3.1, page 17, subparagraphs 7 and 9 are changed to read as 
follows:


For Proposal Abstracts Being Submitted as Hard Copies/On CD-ROM (if 
applicable): 
One
 original, two copies and two (2) electronic copies of the abstract [in 
PDF (preferred)] on a CD-ROM shall be submitted.  Each CD-ROM must be 
clearly labeled with DARPA-BAA-13-17, proposer organization, abstract 
title (short title recommended), and Copy _ of 2.


For Proposals (Not Abstracts) Being Submitted as Hard Copies/On CD-ROM ONLY:
Proposers
 not submitting proposal abstracts must submit one original, two copies 
and two (2) electronic copies of the proposal [in PDF (preferred)] on a 
CD-ROM.  Each CD-ROM must be clearly labeled with DARPA-BAA-13-17, 
proposer organization, proposal title (short title recommended), and 
Copy _ of 2.


2.      Paragraph 4.4.1, page 18, entitled, Proposal Abstract Format (If 
applicable), is changed to read as follows:


4.4.1 Proposal Abstract Format (If applicable)


Proposal abstracts are encouraged in advance of proposals in order to
 provide potential proposers with a rapid response to minimize 
unnecessary effort.  Proposal abstracts should follow the format below 
in Sections 4.4.1.1 - 4.4.1.7. The cover sheet should be clearly marked 
"PROPOSAL ABSTRACT" and the total length should not exceed 3 pages, 
excluding cover page and official transmittal letter.  Each abstract 
should be for one subsystem as described by each of the Technical Areas.
  If proposers have multiple distinct subsystems within a technical 
area, or across technical areas, then they should submit an abstract for
 each distinct subsystem.  Abstracts should not depend on other 
abstracts for proper review.  Abstracts can include other subsystems 
descriptions for context and to show ease of integration. All pages 
shall be printed on 8-1/2 by 11 inch paper with type not smaller than 12
 point.  Smaller font may be used for figures, tables and charts.  The 
page limitation for proposal abstracts includes all figures, tables, and
 charts.  No formal transmittal letter is required.  All proposal 
abstracts must be written in English.


3.      Paragraph 4.4.1.1, subparagraph 10, page 19 is changed to read as 
follows:
10.
  Estimated funds requested from DARPA for each phase proposed and the 
total proposed cost; and the amount of cost share (if any).


4.      Paragraph 4.4.1.7, page 20 is changed to read as follows:
4.4.1.7
        Summary of Cost, Schedule, and Milestones:  Summarize, in table form, 
the estimated cost, schedule, and milestones for the proposed research.


5.      Paragraph 4.4.2.1, Section II, G, page 21 is changed to read as follows:


G.  A four slide summary of the proposal in PowerPoint that quickly and 
succinctly
 indicates the concept overview, key innovations, expected impact, and 
other unique aspects of the proposal. The format for the summary slides 
is included as APPENDIX 1 to this BAA and does not count against the 
page limit.


6.      Paragraph 4.4.2.1, page 21 header for Section III, entitled, Detailed 
Proposal Information, is changed to read as follows:
"Section
 III. Detailed Proposal Information {No more than 15 pages for proposals
 proposing a single technical area.  No more than 18 pages for proposals
 proposing two technical areas and no more than 21 pages for proposals 
proposing three technical areas.}


7.      Paragraph 4.5.1, page 26, Abstract and Proposal Submission Deadline is 
changed to read as follows:
4.5.1 Abstract and Proposal Submission Deadline


The proposal abstract (original and designated number of hard and 
electronic copies) must be submitted to DARPA/STO, 675 North Randolph 
Street, Arlington, VA 22203-2114 (Attn.: BAA 13-17) on or before 4:00 
p.m., local time, February 5, 2013.  Proposal abstracts received after 
this time and date will not be reviewed.


The full proposal (original and designated number of hard and 
electronic copies) must be submitted to DARPA/STO, 675 North Randolph 
Street, Arlington, VA 22203-2114 (Attn.: BAA 13-17) on or before 4:00 
p.m., local time, March 12, 2013, in order to be considered during the 
initial round of selections; however, proposals received after this 
deadline may be received and evaluated up to six months (180 days) from 
date of posting on FedBizOpps.  Full proposals submitted after the due 
date specified in the BAA may be selected contingent upon the 
availability of funds.


DARPA will post a consolidated Question and Answer list in response 
to any relevant and/or BAA clarification question(s) before full 
proposals are due.  In order to receive a response to your question, 
submit your question by February 28, 2013 to the 
DARPA-BAA-13-17@xxxxxxxxx mailbox.


DARPA will acknowledge receipt of complete submissions via email and 
assign control numbers that should be used in all further correspondence
 regarding proposals.


Failure to comply with the submission procedures may result in the submission 
not being evaluated.

https://www.fbo.gov/index?s=opportunity&mode=form&tab=core&id=ba0bab032ddd02983c11d7a1949cc3c8&_cview=1


 


                
                                Added: Feb 07, 2013 12:45 pm
                                        
                DARPA-BAA-13-17 Questions and Answers dated February 7, 2013, 
are made available.

                
                                Added: Mar 05, 2013 2:06 pm
                                        
                DARPA-BAA-13-17 Questions and Answers #2 dated March 5, 2013, 
are made available.


        
        
        

                



            
                
        

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        Type:      
            
                
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        Posted Date:      
            
                
        January 11, 2013
                
        
        

        

            
                
                
        
                        
        DARPA-BAA-13-17.pdf (426.28 Kb)
        
                Description: DARPA-BAA-13-17    


                
        
        



  
  






                        


                                

      
  DARPA-BAA-13-17 Questions and Answers dated 02/07/2013

    
    
  

  
        






        

            
        Type:      
            
                
        Other (Draft RFPs/RFIs, Responses to Questions, etc..)
                
        
        

        

            
            
                
        
        

        

            
        Posted Date:      
            
                
        February 7, 2013
                
        
        

        

            
                
                
        
                        
        UFP_Q&A_02-07-2013.pdf (84.69 Kb)
        
                Description: DARPA-BAA-13-17 Questions and Answers dated 
02/07/2013     


                
        
        



  
  






                        


                                

      
  Questions and Answers #2 dtd March 5, 2013

    
    
  

  
        






        

            
        Type:      
            
                
        Other (Draft RFPs/RFIs, Responses to Questions, etc..)
                
        
        

        

            
            
                
        
        

        

            
        Posted Date:      
            
                
        March 5, 2013
                
        
        

        

            
                
                
        
                        
        UFP_Q&A_2_for_posting_3.5.13_v2.pdf (70.67 Kb)
        
                Description: Questions and Answers #2 dtd March 5, 2013 


                
        
        



  
  





        
        
        

                



            
        Contracting Office Address:
      
            
                
        
                        
                                
                675 North Randolph Street


                        
                                
                Arlington,

                        
        
                Virginia

                        
        
                22203-2114

                        
                                
        
        United States



        
        
        

                



            
        Primary Point of Contact.:
      
            
                
        
        BAA Coordinator
                DARPA-BAA-13-17@xxxxxxxxx
                        

        
        
        










     
     
                                          

Attachment: DARPA-BAA-13-17.pdf
Description: Adobe PDF document

Attachment: DARPA-BAA-13-17.pdf
Description: Adobe PDF document

Attachment: UFP_Q&A_02-07-2013.pdf
Description: Adobe PDF document

Attachment: UFP_Q&A_2_for_posting_3.5.13_v2.pdf
Description: Adobe PDF document

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