Child Passenger Safety Colorado News and Information teen seat belt use study

  • From: camie wewer <cjwewer@xxxxxxx>
  • To: <cjwewer@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Thu, 19 Apr 2012 21:49:28 -0600




 
 
      
 From: Camie.Wewer@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
Date: Thu, 19 Apr 2012 20:35:00 -0500
Subject: FW:  teen seat belt use study

       A study released today in the American Journal of Public Health reports 
significantly higher teen seat belt use in states with primary enforcement seat 
belt laws. Teens who live in states with primary laws were 12 percent more 
likely to buckle up as drivers and 15 percent more likely to buckle up as 
passengers compared to teens who live in states with secondary enforcement 
laws. A primary seat belt law allows an officer to stop a vehicle and issue a 
citation simply for not wearing a seat belt. A secondary seat belt law only 
allows for a citation to be issued if the vehicle is stopped for a primary 
violation, such as speeding. The study was conducted by The Children’s Hospital 
of Philadelphia (CHOP) and funded by State Farm®.Teen drivers in the learner’s 
permit stage reported similar seat belt use regardless of whether their state 
has a primary or secondary enforcement law (88% and 87%). However, significant 
declines in belt use were reported among teens with provisional and 
unrestricted licenses in states with secondary enforcement laws, while belt use 
held steady for teens in primary states across the stages of licensure 
(unrestricted licenses: 82% primary vs. 69% secondary)."This study suggests 
that if state laws do not reinforce the importance of seat belt use, as teens 
progress through the licensure process, they may be less motivated to buckle 
up, placing them at much higher risk of being injured or killed in a crash," 
says Dennis R. Durbin, MD, MSCE, co-author of the study and co-scientific 
director at CHOP’s Center for Injury Research and Prevention (CIRP).The study 
examined a nationally-representative sample of 3,126 high school students that 
drive and found 82 percent say they regularly wear seat belts as drivers and 69 
percent report regularly buckling up as passengers. Among specific groups of 
teens, those reporting the lowest use of seat belts include rural residents, 
African-Americans, those with low grades or attending lower-socioeconomic 
school districts, and drivers of pickup trucks. However, seat belt use among 
these groups was higher in states with primary enforcement laws. "This shows 
that stronger seat belt laws help narrow safety disparity gaps," says J. Felipe 
Garcia-Espana, PhD, co-author of the study and a researcher at CIRP.The 
researchers also stress that parents should always set the example by wearing 
their seat belt as a passenger and as a driver and insist that their teens do, 
too. In the event of a crash, buckling up can mean the difference between life 
and death.Read the press release. 
Take a closer look at the study findings. Like this article? Subscribe to 
Research in Action now. Back to HOME Follow the Ce    
https://www.teendriversource.org/news/article/42 Teen Seat Belt Use is 
Significantly Higher in States with Stronger Laws 
Download image Primary seat belt laws mean even high-risk teens stay buckled up 
into adulthoodPHILADELPHIA, April 19, 2012 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -- While 
most teens do buckle up when driving, new research shows that novice teen 
drivers who live in states with so-called "secondary enforcement" seat belt 
laws are less likely to use the life-saving devices than those in "primary 
enforcement" states.  The research, conducted by The Children's Hospital of 
Philadelphia (CHOP) and State Farm®, is published in the American Journal of 
Public Health. The research found seat belt use rates differed as teens moved 
through the probationary licensing process known as Graduated Driver Licensing 
(GDL). (Photo: http://photos.prnewswire.com/prnh/20120419/DC91174) A primary 
seat belt law allows an officer to stop a vehicle and issue a citation simply 
for not wearing a seat belt. A secondary seat belt law only allows for a 
citation to be issued if the vehicle is stopped for a primary violation, such 
as speeding. For the study, researchers examined a nationally-representative 
sample of 3,126 high school students who described themselves as drivers and 
found that 82 percent reported regularly wearing seat belts as drivers and 69 
percent as passengers. Teens who live in states with primary seat belt laws 
were 12 percent more likely to buckle up as drivers and 15 percent more likely 
to buckle up as passengers compared to teens who reside in states with weaker 
secondary enforcement laws.  The research also showed the long-term 
effectiveness of strong seat belt laws. As teen drivers advance through GDL, 
from the supervised "learner's permit" to "probationary license" to 
"unrestricted license", they are more likely to continue to wear their seat 
belts in states with primary seat belt laws as compared to states with 
secondary enforcement laws. "Teens in the learner's permit phase of licensure 
reported similar belt use, regardless of whether their state had a primary or 
secondary law," noted Felipe J. Garcia-Espana, Ph.D., co-author of the study 
and a researcher at CHOP's Center for Injury Research and Prevention, "but 
driver seat belt use declined to 69 percent in secondary-law states as teens 
advanced to an unrestricted license, while seat belt use remained relatively 
steady at 82 percent in states with primary laws."The researchers observed 
particularly low seat belt use among specific groups of teens, including those 
living in rural areas, African-Americans, students with low grades or attending 
schools in lower socioeconomic districts, and those driving pickup trucks. Seat 
belt use among these groups was higher in states with primary enforcement laws, 
showing that the laws help narrow safety disparity gaps."Teen crashes are 
complex events with multiple factors contributing to them. However, the main 
reason teens die in these crashes is failure to buckle up," explained Dennis 
Durbin, MD, MSCE, co-scientific director of the Center for Injury Research and 
Prevention and co-author of the study. "This study suggests that if state laws 
don't reinforce the importance of seat belt use, teens may be less motivated to 
buckle up and are placed at much higher risk of being injured or killed in a 
crash." Using a seat belt reduces the risk of a fatal injury by 45 percent, 
according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.Until all 
states have a strong primary enforcement belt law, researchers say the burden 
falls on parents to enforce the buckle up message, as well as on teen drivers 
to insist their friends use seat belts on every trip."Parents play an important 
role in making sure their kids always wear a seat belt, whether or not their 
state has a strong seat belt law," said Dr. Durbin. "They should start by 
setting the example of always wearing a seat belt as a passenger and as a 
driver, and remind their teen that they and their passengers need to be wearing 
seat belts on every trip− no matter how short− in order to keep their driving 
privileges.""Among all of the safety messages bombarding teens today, this may 
be the easiest to act on: Buckle up on every ride. This simple act can make the 
difference between life and death," said Chris Mullen, director of Technology 
Research, Strategic Resources at State Farm Insurance.For complete information 
about this research and other teen driver safety resources, visit 
www.teendriversource.org or http://teendriving.statefarm.com.About the research 
partnership between The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and State 
Farm®Motor vehicle crashes remain the No. 1 cause of death among teens in the 
United States. Teen drivers (ages 16 to 19) have fatal crashes at four times 
the rate of adult drivers (ages 25 to 69). To reduce injury and death from 
young driver-related crashes through scientific research and outreach, The 
Children's Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and State Farm Insurance Companies 
have been conducting research and providing evidence-based resources to 
stakeholders and families since 2006. The multidisciplinary research team at 
CHOP employs comprehensive, rigorous methods to understand and predict teen 
driver crashes, in order to prevent them. We continuously update and share the 
latest information and tools to help prevent teen driver crashes on our web 
site teendriversource.org. About The Center for Injury Research and Prevention 
at The Children's Hospital of PhiladelphiaThe Center for Injury Research and 
Prevention at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia was established in 1998 
to advance the safety and health of children, adolescents, and young adults 
through comprehensive research that encompasses before-the-injury prevention to 
after-the-injury healing. The Center's multidisciplinary research team, with 
expertise in Behavioral Sciences; Medicine; Engineering; Epidemiology and 
Biostatistics; Human Factors; Public Health; and Communications, translates 
rigorous scientific research into practical tools and guidelines for families, 
professionals, and policymakers to ensure research results extend to the real 
world. For more information on the Center and its research initiatives, visit 
injury.research.chop.edu.  About State FarmState Farm insures more cars and 
homes than any other insurer in the U.S., is the leading insurer of watercraft 
and is also a leading insurer in Canada. Our 17,800 agents and more than 66,000 
employees serve 81 million policies and accounts - more than 79 million auto, 
fire, life and health policies in the United States and Canada, and nearly 2 
million bank accounts. State Farm Mutual Automobile Insurance Company is the 
parent of the State Farm family of companies. State Farm is ranked No. 34 on 
the Fortune 500 list of largest companies. For more information, please visit 
statefarm.com® or in Canada statefarm.ca®. NOTE TO EDITORS: For a 
High-Resolution version of the chart, please contact Dana Mortensen.CONTACT: 
Dana Mortensen, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, +1-267-426-6092, 
mortensen@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx SOURCE The Children's Hospital of PhiladelphiaBack to 
top RELATED LINKS
http://www.chop.edu   Camie WewerCPS Technician/Instructor; Special Needs 
CPSNorth Suburban Medical Center Baby On The Go  303 453 2273 Baby on the Go 
Car Seat Information line @ North Suburban Medical Center303 489 4819 Cell      
                                   

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