Child Passenger Safety Colorado News and Information Tech update 2012

  • From: camie wewer <cjwewer@xxxxxxx>
  • To: <cjwewer@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Sun, 13 May 2012 16:42:42 -0600 
Copied below is a tech update from Texas, the link is above.  It has some very 
helpful information including information about recertification.  Please 
remember to sign up for CEU update classes as they become available in your 
area!        Home > Safety > Passenger                                          
    Safety > For Certified Technicians > Tech                                   
            Update > April 2012Tech Update – April 2012 Inflatable Booster 
Seats: Thinking Outside the BoxCPS technicians have first-hand experience in 
working with families to meet their travel needs. When it                       
            comes to belt-positioning boosters, they must do one thing 
only—position the child so the lap and                                       
shoulder belt fits correctly. They do not function in the same way as a 
harnessed restraint                                     because the vehicle 
seat belt bears the burden of protection—not the booster itself. We all know 
people                                 buy booster seats for several reasons:  
easy to use,    portable for travel or car pooling,     inexpensive,    fits 
their                                              child,  fits their vehicle, 
and child likes using the booster.Conventional boosters provide a choice of 
backless and high-back design. Each serves a different purpose.                 
                I recently saw an inflatable booster seat that was passed 
around a group of technicians, and the comments                                 
      varied from “Is it FMVSS 213 approved?” to “I don’t think I would have my 
child ride                                    in it.” Innovation is a way of 
life. We need to keep an open mind and learn about new products by asking       
                                 questions and understanding why it may appeal 
to parents and caregivers. Check out the websites for two innovative            
                          products that are currently FMVSS 213 approved, the 
BubbleBum (backless) and Go Booster (high back). As techs, we understand what 
it means when a product is FMVSS 213 approved. The manufacturer self-certifies  
      that the car seat meets the requirements of the FMVSS through extensive 
testing. We should be concerned with the        fit of the lap and of the 
shoulder portion of the seat belt. We should also ask, “Is this an option for 3 
in a row on the back seat?” Aren’t these questions asked of any booster seat 
fit? Additionally,       we might ask a manufacturer for test results after 
learning more about their product by visiting the websites   and viewing any 
video clips. Although the data may be proprietary and not completely available, 
some techs may  find it interesting—and it never hurts to ask for information! 
There are opportunities to review blog posts and other social media as well as 
reviewing the comparison                                  of boosters through 
consumer testing with other boosters. You can read more at: Dangerous for KidsAs safety 
advocates, we have long known of the dangers to kids who ride all-terrain 
vehicles (ATVs). A recent                                     study published 
by Neurosurg Focus proved that size is more important than skill or experience 
when it comes                                    to young riders. Children are 
four to twelve times more likely to be injured riding an ATV than adult 
riders.The major injury risks with riding ATVs are:       head injuries (cause 
of most ATV-related deaths);       head                                         
   and spinal trauma;      abdominal injuries;     abrasions, lacerations, and 
clavicle and extremity                                              fractures; 
and  burn injuries from contact with the engine and exhaust system. The authors 
concluded that “individuals with light weights and small wingspans, such as 
those in the                                     pediatric population, are 
under considerable risk of injury when operating an ATV due to lateral, 
longitudinal,                                 and vertical operational 
instability.”For more information:     Safe                                     
       Kids USA ATV Policy Statement   Children’s                               
               Safety Network Off-Road Vehicles Injury Topic   US               
                               Consumer Product Safety Commission ATV 
StatementCHOP Unveils New CPS WebsiteLast month, the Children’s Hospital of 
Philadelphia (CHOP) announced the launch of its new CPS website,                
                     Car Seat Safety for Kids, replacing the popular Keeping 
Kids Safe during Crashes site. The website domain                               
        remains the same at site brings together the 
expertise of CHOP and the best CPS resources available as a “one stop shop” for 
  parents. CPS technicians will find that the popular “Car Seat Safety by Age” 
videos have been updated   based on the latest recommendations from the 
American Academy of Pediatrics. DVDs of the videos will be available       in 
English and Spanish later this year. The site also features new content such as 
a section for expectant parents,     one for parents of premature babies or 
babies with special medical conditions, and detailed information and links      
 to find car seat checks nationwide. Parents, educators, and CPS technicians 
can also utilize the “Educational   Resources” section containing free 
illustrations, images, reports, fact sheets, and podcasts that are available 
for download.A joint effort of the Center for Injury Research and Prevention 
and the Kohl’s Injury Prevention Program   at CHOP, Car Seat Safety for Kids 
was made possible with the generous support of Global Automakers and Kohl’s.  
Please visit, link to, and share with your colleagues and 
the parents with whom you work.2011 Scientific Articles: A Year in ReviewIn 
case you missed these articles from 2011, here are some highlights. This list 
is not comprehensive. A list   of example articles appropriate for CEUs (3 for 
1 CEU.1 CEU maximum) may be found at Click on the 
link, “Examples of Scientific Articles.”   American Academy of Pediatrics 
Technical Report: Child Passenger Safety Pediatrics.             Vol. 127 No. 4 
April 1, 2011, pp. e1050 -e1066. Available online:       American 
Academy of Pediatrics Policy Statement: Child Passenger Safety Pediatrics.      
       Vol. 127 No. 4 April 2011, pp. 788-793. Available online:;127/4/788.   
Grandparents Driving Grandchildren: An Evaluation of Child Passenger Safety and 
        Injuries. Pediatrics. Vol. 128 No. 2 August 1, 2011. Available online:         Emergency 
Physicians’ Knowledge and Provision of Child Passenger Safety Information.      
      Academic Emergency Medicine. Volume 18, Issue 2, pages 145–151, February 
2011. Available online (abstract               only): 
NHTSA Unveils New “10-Year-Old Child” Crash Test DummyTest dummy will evaluate 
growing number of child seats and boosters designed for children weighing more 
than 65 poundsThe nation’s automotive safety agency unveiled a new crash test 
dummy that will be used to evaluate the        growing number of child safety 
seats and boosters made for children weighing more than 65 pounds. The National 
 Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s (NHTSA’s) “10-year-old child” dummy is 
the latest       addition to the agency’s family of test dummies and is the 
best tool currently available for measuring the      risk of injury to a child 
using a higher-weight child restraint system in the event of a vehicle 
crash.“It’s good news that manufacturers are making more car seats and boosters 
than ever before designed      to keep older and heavier children safer on our 
roadways,” said U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood “As    the marketplace 
evolves to accommodate changing consumer needs, it’s important that safety 
regulators also      have the best tools possible for evaluating how well these 
products work. The new test dummy breaks new ground  for the Department’s crash 
test program and is a significant step forward for evaluating child seat 
performance.”The 10-year-old child test dummy was developed in concert with new 
safety seat requirements updated to keep    pace with the latest scientific 
research and child restraint system technologies. It will provide 
never-before-available        information capturing the risk of injuries using 
head and knee excursions, as well as chest acceleration. The   final rule 
issued by NHTSA last month amends the current federal child safety seat 
standard to include car      seats and boosters specified for children weighing 
more than 65 pounds and up to 80 pounds. The expanded standard       will 
evaluate how well the higher-weight restraint systems manage crash energy and 
if the seat’s structure      stays intact by incorporating the use of the dummy 
for the first time ever in compliance tests. Manufacturers   will have two 
years to certify their higher-weight car seats and boosters to meet the new 
requirements.“Our new dummy is an excellent addition to NHTSA’s extensive child 
seat compliance testing program       and will enable the agency to gather the 
best data yet on the performance of higher-weight child seats,” said   David 
Strickland, NHTSA Administrator. “Even as we begin to reap the benefits of this 
new tool, NHTSA is        already looking down the road and has research under 
way to further improve the dummy.”The announcement follows more stringent child 
safety seat recommendations issued by NHTSA last year encouraging  parents and 
caregivers to keep children in a car seat with a harness for as long as 
possible, up to the height  and weight specifications of the seat. The agency’s 
updated child seat guidance also recommends that children   ride in a booster 
seat until they are big enough to fit in a seat belt properly, which is 
typically when the child      is somewhere between 8–12 years old and about 4 
feet 9 inches tall.LATCH Usability StudyInstalling child restraints can 
frustrate even the most capable of parents. A system called Lower Anchors and   
Tethers for Children is supposed to make things easier by standardizing 
attachment hardware, but a new study shows      that many automakers aren’t 
paying attention to the key factors that make LATCH work. Only 21 of the 98 
top-selling 2010–11 model passenger vehicles evaluated have LATCH designs that 
are easy to use. This is the main finding of joint research conducted by the 
Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and the University   of Michigan 
Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI). UMTRI researchers reviewed LATCH 
hardware and rear seats in cars, minivans, pickups, station wagons, and SUVs. 
To measure and assess how child restraints fit in each vehicle,   they used a 
test fixture and other tools in line with 2009 draft guidelines developed by a 
Society of Automotive        Engineers working group. They then picked 12 
vehicles representing a range of LATCH setups and asked 36 volunteers      to 
each install three different types of child restraints in three of the 
vehicles.Researchers identified three factors associated with correct lower 
anchor use: depth, clearance, and force.Depth. Lower anchors should be located 
no more than 3/4 inch deep in the seat bight               and should be easy 
to see.      Clearance. Nothing should obstruct access to the anchors. Safety 
belt buckles and               other hardware plus the foam, cloth or leather 
material of the seats themselves shouldn’t get in the way                of 
attaching child seat connectors. There should be enough room around the anchors 
to approach them at an angle,                as well as straight-on. This makes 
it easier to hook or snap on connectors and also tighten LATCH straps. In       
     the study, a clearance angle of at least 54 degrees was associated with 
easier installation.    Force. Parents should be able to install child 
restraints using less than 40 pounds             of force. Some systems require 
lots of effort to properly attach child seat hardware with lower anchors, in 
part                because they are deep in the seat bight or surrounded by 
interfering parts of the vehicle seat.All three factors are related and are 
good predictors of how well people are able to correctly install child     
restraints. Vehicles meeting the criteria were 19 times as likely to have lower 
anchors used correctly by the   volunteers compared with vehicles that don’t 
meet any of the criteria.One common problem researchers encountered in the lab 
is that safety belt buckles, plastic housing, or vehicle    seats obscure or 
interfere with lower anchors. Another issue is that the anchors are sometimes 
buried deep within       the back seats, so parents might have to dig around in 
the cushions to find them. Lower anchors were visible in just 36 of the 98 
study vehicles. Researchers considered the anchors visible if they were easy to 
see or could  be seen by removing a prominently marked cover.Federal rules 
dictate the minimum number of seating positions that must have LATCH, the size 
of the lower anchors,       and how far apart they can be situated. If the 
lower anchors aren’t visible, markers on the seats must indicate their 
location. Other design details are left up to automakers. For instance, the 
regulations don’t specify     anchor depth within the seat bight or limit how 
hard someone has to push on a child restraint to connect LATCH. Researchers 
found that these factors affect the likelihood that people will install child 
restraints correctly.Another finding is that only seven of the 98 vehicles 
surveyed have dedicated LATCH anchors in the center, second-row    seats, even 
though that is the safest place for children to travel. Nine vehicles allow 
borrowing of anchors from       the outboard seats, and 82 have no center 
anchors at all. In the 21 minivans and SUVs with third rows, 11 have  no lower 
anchors at all in these seats.Volunteer installations. In the study, parents 
correctly used the lower anchors 60 percent of the time. Volunteers       who 
correctly used anchors were more than three times as likely to get a tight fit 
as volunteers who didn’t     use them the right way. When anchors were misused, 
common mistakes included not orienting the connectors properly,      attaching 
them to the wrong hardware, and not snapping them in all the way. Twisted 
straps also counted as an   error.Certified child passenger safety technicians 
evaluated the installations. They deemed them tight if the restraint didn’t 
move more than an inch sideways or back and forth when pulled. All of the 
participants currently used child seats in their own vehicles. If they had 
questions about how to install the seats in the study, they could consult 
owners’ manuals but received no other assistance.Tethers aren’t optional. 
Volunteers used top tethers just 48 percent of the time with forward-facing 
child       restraints. When tethers were used, 54 percent of the installations 
were incorrect. Leaving too much slack in   the strap was a common error. 
Another was attaching tethers to the wrong hardware.Overall, parents and 
caregivers correctly installed seats with lower anchors and top tethers to get 
a tight,  secure fit at the right angle in just 13 percent of the cases.“With 
tethers, the main issue is use, not usability,” says Kathy Klinich, assistant 
research scientist    at UMTRI and the study’s lead author. “Many parents don’t 
realize they are supposed to use the  tether.”Previous studies have shown that 
many people neglect to use tethers. A 2010 Institute survey found tethers in   
use 43 percent of the time, about the same as in the mid-1970s.“Tethers should 
be used with all forward-facing child restraints, even if parents opt to secure 
seats    with safety belts instead of lower anchors,” Klinich says. “We need to 
better educate people about      tether use.”Making LATCH easier to use might 
encourage more parents to use child restraints and install them correctly, 
McCartt says. In 2010, 29 percent of children 1–3 years old and 12 percent of 
infants younger than 1 who        died in crashes were riding unrestrained. 
Those numbers mark a sharp improvement over 1985, when 71 percent of  children 
ages 1–3 and 35 percent of infants killed in crashes were unrestrained.On-line 
CEU Opportunity Provided by: The Texas AgriLife Extension Service Passenger 
Safety Project The Texas AgriLife Extension Service Passenger Safety Project is 
offering three on-line tech update                                              
            courses that will provide 2 CEUs each. It is the on-line version of 
the Tech Update                                                             
Workshop offered by Passenger Safety on February 2, 2011, in Bryan and across 
the                                                               state via 
video conferencing. The course, titled Tech Update 2011, Parts 1–3, is          
                                                      available at:                         
                                  Note that the maximum CEUs allowed in the 
on-line education category is five.Other On-line CEU OpportunitiesProvided by: 
Safe Kids Worldwide and NHTSA Location:                                         
              Currently available: 
Vehicle Safety Part 1: Federal Regulations, Vehicle Safety Part 2: Consumer 
Testing,                                                              School 
Buses, A Tech’                                                           s 
Guide to Recalls, and Transporting Children in                                  
                              Vehicles Other Than Cars. Technicians will 
register, log in, finish the webinar,                                           
                     and print a certificate of completion. This webinar 
requires participants to gather                                                 
            information from other sites (links provided) to have a quality 
learning experience.                                                            
Again, note that the maximum CEUs allowed in the on-line education category is 
five.                                    Re-Certification Reminder You may 
re-certify up to four months before your certification expiration date. Avoid 
problems –  don’t                                       delay! Basic 
re-certification requirements and deadlines: Five seat checks approved by a 
certified instructor (you may use the technician proxy                          
               option). You can do the checks at any time during your 
certification cycle as long as they are entered on-line                         
                 and a certified instructor approves them before your 
re-certification date. Community education (choose one):                        
                    Participation in at least one two-hour checkup event with 
at least one other CPS technician using any                                     
                     standardized checklist to provide documentation, if 
needed. Provide at least four hours of community education. Examples include 
making presentations to parents,                                                
               educators, kids, organizations (such as PTAs or law 
enforcement), or other stakeholders who are not technicians. A minimum of six 
hours of CPS technical continuing education units earned and reported           
                              during a current two-year certification cycle.    
                                       You cannot carry over CEUs from one 
period to the next, even if you have accumulated more CEUs than                 
                                           are required. You can record CEUs 
any time during your certification cycle, but they must fit into one of the 
approved categories and meet content requirements.Register and pay the 
re-certification fee before your certification expiration date. To get to the 
payment screen, you must have: Completed all five seat checks (entered and 
CPSTI approved). Entered at least six CEUs. Entered your community event 
information. Once all three are done, you will see a “Click Here to Continue”  
button that will take you                                       to the payment 
screens. Once your registration is complete, your re-certification will be 
processed in two to four days.Remember to Update Your On-line Profile at the 
Safe Kids WebsiteSafe Kids Certification Website – 
Techs can log in to update their profile and enter re-certification 
information. Please remember to change                                   your 
bookmark to reflect this new address.Sources: CPS Express October–December 2011 
  Last updated:                    4 May, 2012Educational programs of the Texas 
AgriLife Extension Service are open to all people without regard to race, 
color, sex, disability, religion, age, or national origin.           
 Camie Wewer-Program Coordinator *CPS Technician/Instructor*Special Needs 
CPSNourish @ North Suburban Medical Center * Baby On The Go * Child Passenger 
Safety Assistance and Education303 489 4819 Cell 303 453 2273 NSMC              

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