blind_html Fwd: Fred's Head Companion - American Printing House for the Blind

  • From: Nimer Jaber <nimerjaber1@xxxxxxxxx>
  • To: blind_html@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
  • Date: Thu, 11 Jun 2009 20:44:25 -0600

-------- Original Message --------
Subject:        Fred's Head Companion - American Printing House for the Blind
Date:   Wed, 10 Jun 2009 13:02:31 +0000
From:   Fred's Head from APH <fredshead@xxxxxxx>
To:     nimerjaber1@xxxxxxxxx

 Fred's Head Companion - American Printing House for the Blind
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        Link to Fred's Head from APH <>


   * Portible Assistive Technology <#1>
   * Email and Internet Safety Tips for the Family <#2>
   * IntelliKeys Overlay Companions From APH <#3>
   * Tactile Connections: Symbols for Communication <#4>
   * Feel 'n Peel Stickers <#5>
   * Tips for fingernail care if you are blind or have low vision <#6>

Portible Assistive Technology <>

Posted: 09 Jun 2009 12:27 PM PDT

It seems that everyone has a thumb drive these days. The drives come in every shape and size one could think of, you never know when you might be looking right at one and not realize it. Not only are these drives used for storing personal files like MP3 music or family photos, but they can be used to run software. Both JAWS and the free NVDA screen reader have portible versions so you can have speech on any computer.

The AccessApps Website consists of over fifty assistive technology applications which can be used from a USB thumb drive. AccessApps provides a range of e-learning solutions to support writing, reading and planning as well as visual and mobility difficulties.

Click this link to visit the AccessApps website <>.


Email and Internet Safety Tips for the Family <>

Posted: 09 Jun 2009 12:20 PM PDT

Is there a way to tell if someone else has been using my computer in my absence? For example, the last time it was booted?

Yes there is, and the answer is in your opperating system, right in front of you!

Windows XP has an Event Viewer to help you keep track of what your computer is doing. An event is anything noteworthy that happens to your computer. To bring it up, go to the Start Menu by either clicking the "Start" button, or by pressing the "Windows" or "Start" button on your keyboard.

Navigate to the "Run" icon and click it, or press enter to launch the "Run" box.

type the following in to the "Run" box...


This will put you in a treeview. Events are stored in three log files: Application, Security, and System. These logs can be reviewed and easily archived.

For our purposes we want the System log. Click on "System" in the left-hand column for a list of events. People who use a screen reader can arrow down to "System". Look for a date and time when you weren't home and your computer should have been off.

By double-clicking, or by pressing enter on the event, you can get more details on what the event was. Just click on the link that says, "For more information..." If you are using a screen reader, you can tab through the available information for the event.

You can also use this log to see how long someone was on the computer. Just look at the time the computer was turned on and off for that day. Oh look, Junior was on for 6 hours! No wonder the yard work wasn't done. Maybe he's been on the internet? Maybe you should know where he's been?

Are you suspicious that someone in your house is visiting web sites they shouldn't? Everyone probably knows that your Web browser collects information about the places you visit and stores it on your computer. If you know where to look it's easy to find, but it's also easy to delete-especially by tech-savvy kids.

History files are the most obvious place to check. With Internet Explorer, Thunderbird and Netscape just type Ctrl+H to bring up History. There should be a list of sites visited each day and you can just click to return to the scene of the crime. If the history is empty after junior spent three hours online, then he is probably covering his tracks-you may want to make it family web-usage policy that if History files are deleted, then internet privileges will be revoked for a set period of time.

Cache Files, or Temporary Internet Files) keep temp copies of web pages visited on your computer. These make frequently visited pages come up quicker by saving them on your hard drive. To view your Temporary Internet Files in IE, click on "Tools" or hit ALT+T on your keyboard while in Internet Explorer. Arrow down to, or click on "Internet Options". Under "Temporary Internet Files" click "Settings". Screen reader folks will use the tab key until you reach the "settings" button.

In the Settings Window choose "View Files" and a list of all visited sites will come up.

Again, if this folder is empty after someone has been online, then you ought to be suspicious.

Cookies are files that websites leave on your system to keep track of passwords, shopping patterns, what type of pages you like, your preferences for that particular site, and more. Porn sites leave these on your computer too, so you will find them in your temporary internet file folder (Windows XP has a separate cookie file). You'll probably be able to tell if there are any from porn sites by the domain name.

Another way to find out where someone has been on the internet is to do a search of your computer. Search for "naughty words" using the "Search" option on the Start Menu. "Find Files" may also have to be clicked on older Windows Opperating Systems. Even a word like "babe" could bring up cookies and image files that are still on your system. You could also search for .jpg files and see what comes up-these often remain in your temp files even after they are emptied. JPG files are pictures, double click the file to view the picture if you dare.

If you have kids in the house, it is a good idea to make up a family Internet Usage Contract with guidelines and rules for everyone to follow. Have your kids sign it and hold them to the rules. And, of course, you all supervise your pre-teens and check in on your teens when they are online, right? I thought you did, just asking!

       How Secure Is Online Shopping?

OK, so you've looked around the APH web site and found some things that you want to purchase. You're afraid of online shopping? You're asking yourself, "How do "secure servers" work? When I give my information, is it really safe"?

There are two things that indicate a secure web page:

  1. You will notice that the domain changes from "http://"; to
     "https://";. This information is always shown in the address bar of
     Internet Explorer. Screen reader users can hit ALT+D to be placed
     in the address bar. Remember to do a SHIFT+TAB to return to the
     current web page.
  2. If you can see the screen, a little padlock appears in the status
     bar at the bottom of your browser.

When you log onto a secure server, like the one here at APH, it communicates with your browser for a few seconds. During this communication, it sends your browser encryption information that only it, and your browser can read.

Once this encryption is set, it acts like a normal web page, except that all info coming or going is encrypted. This encryption makes it extremely difficult for any third party who would intercept the transaction to decipher it. All this extra protection is why secure servers seem to run slower than their non-secure counterparts.

Secure connections only protect the info as it is coming and going, not when it's just sitting on the server.

That being said, you probably have a better chance of getting ripped off by a sales clerk copying your credit card number at a department store than getting your information stolen over the internet.

In fact, I have never personally heard of anyone getting their card number stolen during an online transaction, secure or otherwise. Sure, I've heard of people using their credit card online, then having the number stolen, but they could not prove if the theft happened during the transaction or after the transaction.

So remember when shopping online, look for "https://"; in your address bar, or the padlock to insure that your information is being encrypted.

       Two Computer Users, One In Box

Sometimes having a family of computer users can be difficult. Reading email can be challenging because you are always looking at messages that aren't yours. Wouldn't it be great if each person in the family could have their own in box? What about protecting that in box from the kids?

Each person can have a separate mailbox in Outlook Express with separate message folders, contacts, and personal settings. You can do this by creating multiple identities. Once created, you can switch between them without having to shut down your computer or lose your Internet connection, and best of all, they can be protected with a password.

To add a new identity, go to File / Identities / Add New Identity.

Type the name of the new user. To include a password for the identity, select "Require a password" then enter one.

It will then ask if you want to log on as the new user. If you answer yes, you will be asked for information about your Internet connection. Answer no and the current user remains logged on.

Once you've set up a few, switching identities is pretty easy. Go to File / Switch Identities and select the user you want.

       Kid Safe Mail

Kid Safe Mail is a provider of kid safe email accounts. Benefits of this service include:

   * Safe email for your kids
   * 100% Spam and Virus free
   * No filter software to install
   * The most complete parental controls
   * Family safe games, jokes and links
   * Fun domain names
   * Works both Sending and Receiving
   * Works on all computers
   * Use POP3 or secure Webmail
   * No ads - 100% subscriber supported
   * Free popup blocker
   * Toll Free Phone Support

Click this link to create safe email for your kids with <>. <>

IntelliKeys Overlay Companions From APH <>

Posted: 09 Jun 2009 11:53 AM PDT

       IntelliTactiles Overlay Companions for the IntelliKeys Keyboard

IntelliTactiles Overlay Companions

The IntelliKeys Classic and USB keyboards from IntelliTools connect to either a PC or Mac and provide auditory feedback for overlays placed on their touch-sensitive surfaces. The IntelliKeys keyboards, related software, and standard visual overlays are available exclusively from IntelliTools. Phone: 1-800-899-6687 or Web Site: <>.

IntelliTactiles Standard Overlay Companions, developed by APH, align with the visual overlays provided with IntelliTools' CLASSIC IntelliKeys keyboard, making them accessible to braille readers. These durable clear-plastic tactile overlays correspond with the following visual overlays:

   * Alphabet Overlay
   * Basic Writing Overlay
   * Numbers Overlay
   * Arrows Overlay
   * Apple QWERTY Overlay
   * IBM QWERTY Overlay
   * Setup Overlay

IntelliTactiles USB Overlay Companions, also developed by APH, align with the following visual overlays provided with IntelliTools' newer USB IntelliKeys keyboard:

   * Alphabet USB Overlay
   * Basic Writing USB Overlay
   * Math Access USB Overlay
   * Mouse Access USB Overlay
   * Web Access USB Overlay
   * QWERTY USB Overlay
   * Setup USB Overlay

IMPORTANT: Please check your keyboard before ordering. APH sells Overlay Companions for both the IntelliKeys Classic and the USB keyboards, but the overlays are not interchangeable.

NOTE: The IntelliKeys Classic and USB keyboards are exclusively available from IntelliTools, Inc. Only the tactile counterparts for the visual overlays are available from APH.

IntelliTactiles: Standard Overlay Companions Kit for the IntelliKeys Classic keyboard (includes User's Guides in large print and braille):
Catalog Number: 1-08515-00

User's Guide Only

Large Print:
Catalog Number: 7-08515-00

Catalog Number: 5-08515-00

IntelliTactiles USB Overlay Companions Kit for the IntelliKeys USB keyboard (includes User's Guides in both large print and braille):
Catalog Number: 1-08513-00

User's Guide Only

Large Print:
Catalog Number: 7-08513-00

Catalog Number: 5-08513-00
Click this link to purchase IntelliTactiles Overlay Companions <>.

       IntelliTactiles: Pre-Braille Concepts, Classroom Suite Edition

IntelliTactiles: Pre-Braille Concepts

IntelliTactiles Pre-Braille Concepts includes seven tactile overlays that can be used with the commercially available IntelliKeys keyboard (Classic or USB), or as stand-alone "worksheets," to develop young children's tactile discrimination skills, shape recognition ability, and understanding of many spatial/positional concepts. Overlays included:

   * Texture Recognition 1
   * Texture Recognition 2
   * Four Shapes
   * Six Shapes
   * Nine Shapes
   * Texture/Shape Recognition
   * Braille Cell

The overlays are accompanied by an interactive CD that has pre-recorded, child-narrated scripts which prompt the child to find a specific shape, texture, position, or braille dot. The child can respond to each posed question by depressing his or her selection on the keyboard to receive feedback. Note: The recorded scripts are provided in the User's Guide so that the overlays can be used as stand-alone worksheets. Recommended ages: 5 to 10 years.

IntelliTactiles Pre-Braille Concepts (includes User's Guides in both large print and braille):
Catalog Number: 1-08516-00

User's Guide only

Large Print:
Catalog Number: 7-08516-00

Catalog Number: 5-08516-00
Click this link to purchase IntelliTactiles: Pre-Braille Concepts, Classroom Suite Edition <,%20Classroom%20Suite%20Edition_1-08516-01P_10001_11051>.

American Printing House for the Blind, Inc.
1839 Frankfort Avenue
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, Kentucky 40206-0085
Toll Free: 800-223-1839
Phone: 502-895-2405
Fax: 502-899-2274
E-mail: info@xxxxxxx <mailto:info@xxxxxxx>
Web site:
APH Shopping Home:


Tactile Connections: Symbols for Communication <>

Posted: 09 Jun 2009 09:57 AM PDT

Tactile Connections

/An augmentative communication system for learners who are nonverbal and who have multiple disabilities./

Tactile Connections: Symbols for Communication encourages the creation of a tactile card system that is individualized for use by visually impaired and blind learners who may have additional disabilities and/or lack a formal means of communication or literacy. Tactile symbols are graphic forms of communication, created when part of an object is mounted on a hand-sized card representing core vocabulary categories (e.g. people, places, actions, objects, etc.). This kit provides some of the essential components that assist in a system's construction and application.

WARNING: Kit contains Small Parts. Not intended for children ages 5 and under without adult supervision.

Complete Kit:
Catalog Number: 1-08837-00

Guidebook (Large Print/CD):
Catalog Number: 7-08837-00

Optional Braille Guidebook only:
Catalog Number: 5-08837-00

Spanish Guidebook (Large Print/CD):
Catalog Number: 7-08837-SP

Accessories with Caulk:
Catalog Number: 1-08837-01
Click this link to purchase Tactile Connections: Symbols for Communication <>.

American Printing House for the Blind, Inc.
1839 Frankfort Avenue
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, Kentucky 40206-0085
Toll Free: 800-223-1839
Phone: 502-895-2405
Fax: 502-899-2274
E-mail: info@xxxxxxx <mailto:info@xxxxxxx>
Web site:
APH Shopping Home:


Feel 'n Peel Stickers <>

Posted: 09 Jun 2009 08:30 AM PDT

Feel 'n Peel Stickers

Multi-use tactile/visual stickers for students and adults. Bright, translucent colors, durable plastic. Examples of use:

   * Point Symbols: graphs, game boards, microwave buttons
   * Reward Statements: grading papers, rewarding behavior
   * Faces: attendance, reading list progress
   * Alphabet: labeling folders, identifying belongings, diagrams.

Suggested uses for the stickers provided on a large print/braille sheet. Recommended ages: 3 years and up.

Assorted Stickers Kit (over 2,300 stickers):
Catalog Number: 1-08843-00

Point Symbol Stickers(over 1,200 stickers):
Catalog Number: 1-08846-00

Smiley/Frowny Face Stickers (over 200 stickers):
Catalog Number: 1-08847-00

Reward Statements Stickers (200 stickers):
Catalog Number: 1-08848-00

Braille/Print Alphabet Letters Stickers (over 600 stickers):
Catalog Number: 1-08849-00
Click this link to purchase Feel 'n Peel Stickers from APH <>.

       New Designs! Feel 'n Peel Stickers II

Feel 'n Peel Stickers II

Bright translucent and transparent colored stickers in a durable plastic can be used for:

   * Point Symbols: graphs, game boards, microwave buttons
   * Reward Statements: grading papers, rewarding behavior
   * Faces: attendance charts, warnings
   * Alphabet: labeling folders, diagrams, identifying belongings
   * Stars: rewarding behavior, grading papers
   * Numbers: marking appliances, adapting keyboards
   * Color Names: labeling crayons/markers, making clothing tags

Print/braille suggestion sheet included. The Assorted Stickers II Kit also includes two white-coated magnetic sheets for adhering stickers to metal surfaces (file cabinets, appliances, cookie sheets, etc.).

Assorted Stickers Set II (contains five types of stickers listed below):
Catalog Number: 1-08864-00

Catalog Number: 1-08865-00

Color Names:
Catalog Number: 1-08866-00

Point Symbols II:
Catalog Number: 1-08867-00

Catalog Number: 1-08868-00

Reward Statements II:
Catalog Number: 1-08869-00
Click this link to purchase Feel 'n Peel Stickers Set II <>.

American Printing House for the Blind, Inc.
1839 Frankfort Avenue
Mailing Address: P.O. Box 6085
Louisville, Kentucky 40206-0085
Toll Free: 800-223-1839
Phone: 502-895-2405
Fax: 502-899-2274
E-mail: info@xxxxxxx <mailto:info@xxxxxxx>
Web site:
APH Shopping Home:


Tips for fingernail care if you are blind or have low vision <>

Posted: 09 Jun 2009 07:18 AM PDT

The following information comes from the VisionAWARE website <> and is reposted for your convenience.

Appearance matters, and the care and condition of your fingernails is especially important. Here are some tips and techniques for fingernail care for men and women.

       Cleaning Your Fingernails

list of 3 items

   * Clean your fingernails daily with a nail brush, soap, and water.
   * Use lemon juice and a pumice stone to clean nicotine stains on
     your fingertips. Use lemon juice daily and pumice once a week.
   * Always use hand lotion after cleaning your fingernails.

       Filing and Cutting Your Nails

   * Shorter nails are easier to maintain.
   * Emery boards and metal files usually have a rougher and a finer
     side. The rough side is for quick removal of excess nail length
     and gross shaping. The finer side is for smoothing and fine
     shaping. Metal files also have a tip that can clean under the nail.
   * One way to maintain a consistent fingernail length is through
     periodic (twice a week) filing.
   * Sometimes it can be easier to hold the file stationary and move
     your finger back and forth instead.
   * Manicure scissors usually have curved blades for more precise
   * To trim nails, nail clippers may be easier for some individuals to
     use initially.

       Cuticle Care Is Important

   * Use an orange stick and cuticle remover cream. An orange stick is
     usually made from wood, has a pointed end for cleaning under the
     nail, and a flat end for cuticle care. Orange sticks are available
     in most drugstores.
   * Scrub your cuticles and fingertips with a nail brush, soap, and water.
   * Apply cuticle remover cream around the base of each nail.
   * Push the cuticle back gently on each finger with the flat end of
     the orange stick or with the fingernail of the opposite hand.
   * Leave the cuticle cream on for three minutes. Wash the cream off
     with a nail brush, soap, and water.
   * Dry your hands and push the cuticle back gently once again, this
     time with a hand towel or face cloth.
   * Apply hand lotion afterward.

Please note: Never use nail clippers or scissors to clip your cuticles. Clippers or scissors can cause cuts and breaks in the cuticle or skin at the base of the nail that can become infected.

       Nail Polish Selection

   * Use a nail buffer and buffing cream for a glossy finish.
   * Store nail polish in the refrigerator. When polish is cool, it is
     possible to receive feedback during application and feel the
     coverage on the nail.
   * Use a base coat, which prevents the nails from yellowing.
   * Start with clear polish or lighter colors, but note that
     white-based colors tend to streak.
   * A clear top coat extends the life of a manicure.

       Practice “Preventive Clean Up” Before Applying Nail Polish

   * Use nail bed protectors for easier clean up. These are available
     in many beauty supply stores.
   * Apply Vaseline on the skin and cuticle surrounding each nail. If
     you accidentally get polish on this area, it will wipe off easily
     once the polish has dried.

       Nail Polish Application

   * Use a nail polish pen, which is similar to a felt-tip pen, to
     apply polish.
   * Stabilize the nail enamel brush with your middle finger while
     holding the handle of the brush between your thumb and first/index
     finger. Use your middle finger to stabilize the brush.
   * Three brush strokes are usually sufficient to cover each nail.
     Make one stroke on the middle of the nail, from the base/cuticle
     to the tip. Make a second stroke to the right of the middle
     stroke, and a third to the left of the middle stroke.

Please note: Most nail polish tends to thicken and become more difficult to apply two to three months after opening.

       Cleanup Techniques

   * Trace around the skin and cuticle surrounding the nail with a
     manicure stick or Q-Tip dipped in polish remover.
   * Use a nail polish corrector pen, available in most drugstores.


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