I have been validating, not scanning; it was my understanding from reading the material on validating that we were to leave the file in text if that's the way we received it. Now it seems you are saying something different. And just to clarify for me, do we assume that the page break is where the page number is? The approach I have taken so far as to work with the document in RTF or text, the form it was in when I downloaded it and simply edit for spelling errors, junk chars etc. I would like to have you clarify this if my approach is not correct since I have so far had only one opportunity to see something I validated and it didn't seem that Bookshare had made any changes since it left my hands. I think we all need in depth help with these concepts; at least I know I do.