Stan, I am quite familar with what you are talking about in rigourus precession methods. Back in the 1970's I wrote a reduction for Richard Lines to reduce his photoelectric readings. To precess to epoc of date I needed to precess from Jan 0 1900 to current date using Simon Newcombs constants. Bill Andersen and I went to Lowell and got Art Hoag's permission to us e the library to research Newcomb's constants even farther. I also have an excellant book "Astronomical Algorithms" by Jean Meeus published by Willmann-Bell that has the constants for both the last and current centries. Ken Sikes -- See message header for info on list archives or unsubscribing, and please send personal replies to the author, not the list.