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  • From: Burness Ansell <ki0ar@xxxxxxxxx>
  • To: Astronomy Newsletter <astronews@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Wed, 2 Jun 2010 20:52:50 -0700 (PDT)

IAAS Monthly Astronomy Newsletter
June 2010


The International Association for Astronomical Studies provides this newsletter 
as a service for interested persons worldwide.


This newsletter is published on the World Wide Web at 
http://www.ki0ar.com/astro.html - The Home of KI0AR - and is received 
nationally and internationally. A PDF formatted downloadable version of the 
newsletter is at http://www.ki0ar.com/current_nl.pdf.

This newsletter is now available as an iTunes podcast. Visit 
http://www.apple.com, download and install iTunes (for either Mac or Windows). 
Search for "IAAS" and subscribe to the podcast. You may also go to 
http://www.ki0ar.com/astro.html and click on the Subscribe/RSS link. Update 
your iPod or mp3 player and listen to the newsletter at your leisure. Since 
this is a new feature, comments and constructive criticisms are greatly 


An Open Invitation - For amateur radio operators and scanner enthusiasts, when 
in the Denver metro area, please join the Colorado Astronomy Net on the Rocky 
Mountain Radio League's (http://rmrl.hamradios.com/) 146.94 MHz repeater on 
Tuesday nights at 7 P.M. local time.


Special Notice to Denver, CO area residents and visitors to the area: The 
Plains Conservation Center in Aurora hosts Full Moon Walks every month, weather 
permitting, on or near the night of the full Moon. Visit 
http://www.plainsconservationcenter.org for more information and directions.


Excerpts from JPL mission updates are provided as a public service as part of 
the JPL Solar System Ambassador / NASA Outreach program.


In This Newsletter...

* The Moon
* The Planets
* Astronomical Events
* Planetary/Lunar Exploration Missions
* Web Sites of Interest
* Acknowledgments and References
* Subscription Information


The Month At-A-Glance at http://www.ki0ar.com/ataglance.html
A calendar displaying the daily astronomical events.


The Moon

* Last Quarter Moon occurs on the 4th.
* New Moon occurs on the 12th.
* First Quarter Moon occurs on the 19th.
* Full Moon occurs on the 26th.

* The Moon is at Apogee on the 3rd, 251,199 miles from Earth.
* The Moon is at Perigee on the 15th, 227,380 miles from Earth.

Moon/Planet Pairs:
* The Moon passes 5° north of Neptune on the 3rd.
* The Moon passes 7° north of Jupiter on the 6th.
* The Moon passes 6° north of Uranus on the 6th.
* Mars passes 0.9° north on Regulus on the 6th.
* Jupiter passes 0.5° south of Uranus on the 6th.
* Venus passes 5° south of Pollux on the 9th.
* The Moon passes 5° north of Mercury on the 10th.
* The Moon passes 4° south of Venus on the 15th.
* Mercury passes 5° north of Aldebaran on the 15th.
* The Moon passes 6° south of Mars on the 17th.
* The Moon passes 8° south of Saturn on the 19th.
* The Moon passes 1.0° north of Ceres on the 25th.
* The Moon passes 5° north of Neptune on the 30th.

For reference: The Full Moon subtends an angle of 0.5°.


The Planets & Dwarf Planets
Planetary Reports are generated by "TheSky" software. 
(http://www.ki0ar.com/planrpts.html) These reports provide predicted data for 
the planets on the first of each month for the current year. The rise and set 
times for the Sun and the Moon for each day of the month are also included in 
the reports. These reports have been optimized for the Denver, Colorado 
location, however, the times will be approximate for other locations on Earth.

(All times are local unless otherwise noted.)

* Planetary Highlights for June - This should be an interesting month for 
observers. We are graced with several Moon/Planet pairings around mid-month. 
Look for a crescent Moon opening up to Venus around the 14th. Follow the Moon's 
progress over the next four nights as the Moon passes through the constellation 
of Leo, passing near Regulus, Mars and Saturn. On the night of the Full Moon, 
there will be a partial lunar eclipse visible for the 48 contiguous states. The 
northern hemisphere will begin the summer months on the 21st.

* Mercury - Is at superior conjunction on the 28th. Mercury rises at 4:31 a.m. 
on the 1st and about 5:48 a.m. by month's end. Look for Mercury about 5° above 
the eastern horizon during the first weeks of June. Mercury moves from the 
constellation of Aries into Gemini this month shining at magnitude 0.1.

* Venus - Continues to be the brightest object in the evening sky brightening 
to magnitude -4.0. Venus sets at 10:58 p.m. on the 1st and about 10:53 p.m. by 
month's end. Look for Venus in the arms of the Moon on the evening of the 14th. 
Venus moves from the constellation of Gemini into Cancer this month.

* Earth - The Summer Solstice occurs at 7:28 a.m. EDT on the 21st.

* Mars - Sets at 1:10 a.m. on the 1st and about 11:47 p.m. by month's end. Mars 
is in the constellation of Leo this month shining at magnitude 1.2.

* Jupiter - Rises about 2:22 a.m. on the 1st and about 12:28 a.m. by month's 
end. Look for Jupiter low in the east before sunrise. Jupiter is in the 
constellation of Pisces this month shining at magnitude -2.4.

* Saturn - Sets at 2:30 a.m. on the 1st and about 12:29 a.m. by month's end. 
Look for Saturn in the evening in the south-southwest after sunset. Saturn is 
in the constellation of Virgo shining at magnitude 1.1.

* Uranus - Will be easy to spot this month with the help of Jupiter as a guide. 
Uranus lies within 0.5° of Jupiter  on the 6th, making it much easier to spot 
than usual. Uranus rises at 2:21 a.m. on the 1st and about 12:21 a.m. by 
month's end. Uranus is in the constellation of Pisces shining at magnitude 5.9.

* Neptune - Rises at 1:04 a.m. on the 1st and about 11:01 p.m. by month's end. 
Neptune is in the constellation of Aquarius this month shining at magnitude 7.9.

Dwarf Planets  
* Ceres - Is at opposition on the 18th, rising as the Sun sets. Ceres appears 
at its best for the year. Ceres rises at 8:48 p.m. on the 1st and about 6:28 
p.m. by month's end. Ceres is in the constellation of Sagittarius this month 
shining at magnitude 7.1. 

* Pluto - Is at opposition on the 25th, rising as the Sun sets. Rises at 9:37 
p.m. on the 1st and about 7:36 p.m. by month's end. Pluto is in the 
constellation of Sagittarius shining at magnitude 14.0.

As always, good luck at spotting these two, a large telescope and dark skies 
will be needed.


Astronomical Events

Meteor Showers
* The Arietids Meteor Shower - This is the strongest daylight meteor shower of 
the year. The duration extends from May 22 to July 2, with maximum activity 
occurring on June 8. The hourly rate is near 60 at maximum.

* The June Lyrids - This shower is active during June 10 to 21, producing 
predominantly blue and white meteors at a maximum hourly rate of 8 per hour on 
June 15. The average magnitude of this shower is near 3, while 32% of the 
meteors leave trains.

* The Zeta Perseids - This daylight shower occurs during May 20 to July 5. 
Maximum occurs on June 13. Radar surveys have revealed the activity of this 
shower to be near 40 per hour.

* The June Boötids - This shower is currently active during June 27 to July 5 
and possesses a maximum of activity that falls on the 28th... The shower is 
notable in that its meteors are primarily faint, with an average magnitude near 
5; however, bright meteors do occur regularly.

* For more information about Meteor Showers, visit Gary Kronk's Meteor Showers 
Online web page at http://meteorshowersonline.com/.

* "Northern observers have waited a long time to see a naked-eye comet with a 
distinct tail. With any luck, the wait will end this month. For Comet C/2009 R1 
(McNaught), start off with your unaided eyes, follow up with a view through 
binoculars, and finish with a telescopic close-up. The tail should look like a 
celestial sword angling upward into the northern sky.

The comet will be a treat for both viewing and photography after midnight. If 
predictions hold, Comet McNaught should glow around 5th magnitude as it floats 
across the sparkling stars of Perseus in mid-June. Star cluster M34 and the 
Alpha Persei stellar association will nicely frame this solar system 
interloper. The prize shot comes the morning of June 8, when the comet's tail 
sweeps a veil of stardust in front of the edge-on spiral galaxy NGC 891." 
Astronomy Magazine, June 2010, p. 42.

* For information, orbital elements and ephemerides on observable comets visit 
the Observable Comets page from the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics 

* For more information about Comets, visit Gary Kronk's Cometography.com web 
page at http://cometography.com/.

* Partial lunar eclipse occurs in the early morning hours before sunrise on the 
26th. Visible from the United States. Those in the western U.S. have a better 
view of this eclipse which begins at 3:17 a.m. PDT, with maximum of just over 
half of the Moon's surface in Earth's shadow at 4:38 a.m. PDT. The entire 
eclipse will be viewable through out the Pacific, New Zealand and Australia.

Observational Opportunities
* On the evening of the 14th, look for the crescent Moon opening up toward 
brilliant Venus. Look to the west-southwest about a half hour after local 
* On the 15th, look for the Moon just east of Venus.
* On the 16th, look for the Moon passing below Regulus in the constellation of 
Leo. Also look for Mars just above Regulus.
* On the 17th, look for the Moon passing below Mars.
* On the 18th, look for the 1st quarter Moon passing below Saturn.

Asteroids (From west to east)
* Vesta is in the constellation of Leo.
* Victoria is in the constellation of Libra.
* Pallas is in the constellation of Boötes.
* Eunomia is at opposition on the 26th in the constellation of Sagittarius.
* Amphitrite is in the constellation of Sagittarius.
* Hebe is in the constellation of Pisces.

* Information about the Minor Planets can be found at 
http://www.minorplanetobserver.com the Minor Planet Observer web site.

* Information on various occultations can be found at 
http://lunar-occultations.com/iota/iotandx.htm , the International Occultation 
Timing Association's (IOTA) web site.


Planetary/Lunar Exploration Missions
(Excerpts from recent mission updates)

* Cassini - No new news since April 14, 2010
Flash: NASA's Cassini Sees Lightning on Saturn

"PASADENA, Calif. -- NASA's Cassini spacecraft has captured images of lightning 
on Saturn. The images have allowed scientists to create the first movie showing 
lightning flashing on another planet. 

After waiting years for Saturn to dim enough for the spacecraft's cameras to 
detect bursts of light, scientists were able to create the movie, complete with 
a soundtrack that features the crackle of radio waves emitted when lightning 
bolts struck.

"This is the first time we have the visible lightning flash together with the 
radio data," said Georg Fischer, a radio and plasma wave science team associate 
based at the Space Research Institute in Graz, Austria. "Now that the radio and 
visible light data line up, we know for sure we are seeing powerful lightning 

The movie and radio data suggest extremely powerful storms with lightning that 
flashes as brightly as the brightest super-bolts on Earth, according to Andrew 
Ingersoll, a Cassini imaging science subsystem team member at the California 
Institute of Technology in Pasadena. "What's interesting is that the storms are 
as powerful -- or even more powerful -- at Saturn as on Earth," said Ingersoll. 
"But they occur much less frequently, with usually only one happening on the 
planet at any given time, though it can last for months."

Cassini Imaging Team's website - http://ciclops.org.

For the latest mission status reports, visit 
http://saturn.jpl.nasa.gov/home/index.cfm. The speed and location of the 
spacecraft can be viewed on the "Present Position" web page.

* New Horizons - May 21, 2010
Ever Farther Across the Ocean of Space to a Distant and Unknown Shore

"Could there be springs or geysers of liquid nitrogen or methane on our distant 
shore at Pluto? It's not impossible, as beautifully illustrated by space artist 
Ron Miller. (Click on the link to view the graphic.) 

New Horizons is speeding through an ocean of space among the giant planets and 
the nearly 2.5 billion-mile expanse of the middle solar system. Onboard our 
spacecraft, all systems are 'go' and we continue to speed outward at nearly a 
million miles per day.

Anniversaries are important, and this past January, New Horizons marked its 
fourth launch anniversary. Also in January, Pluto celebrated the 80th year of 
its discovery!"

New Horizons gallery http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/gallery/sciencePhotos/.

For more information on the New Horizons mission - the first mission to the 
ninth planet - visit the New Horizons home page: http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/.

* Dawn - No new news since November 13, 2009
Dawn Enters Asteroid Belt -- For Good

"ASTEROID BELT -- NASA's Dawn spacecraft re-entered our solar system's asteroid 
belt today, Nov. 13, and this time it will stay there.

Dawn first entered the belt (whose lower boundary may be defined as the 
greatest distance Mars gets from the sun (249,230,000 kilometers, or 
154,864,000 miles) in June 2008. It remained within the belt for 40 days before 
its carefully planned orbital path brought it below the asteroid belt's lower 

This time around, Dawn's flight path will remain above this hypothetical lower 
boundary for the rest of the mission and for the foreseeable future - Dawn will 
become the first human-made object to take up permanent residence in the 
asteroid belt."

For more information on the Dawn mission, visit the Dawn home page: 

* MESSENGER - May 21, 2010
MESSENGER Thermal Engineer and Co-Investigator Receive Honors

"Two members of the MESSENGER team have been honored by their peers. Carl Jack 
Ercol, the man largely responsible for ensuring that MESSENGER can withstand 
solar radiation up to 11 times greater than at Earth as it orbits the planet 
closest to the Sun, has received the 2008 SAE Arch T. Colwell Merit Award. 
Independently, MESSENGER Co-Investigator James W. Head, III, was awarded the 
Runcorn-Florensky Medal by the European Geosciences Union (EGU) at their 
General Assembly earlier this month.

SAE International, a global association of more than 128,000 engineers and 
related technical experts in the aerospace, automotive, and commercial-vehicle 
industries, annually recognizes authors of papers of outstanding technical or 
professional merit presented at a meeting of the society during the calendar 
year. Papers are judged primarily for their value as new contributions to 
existing knowledge of mobility engineering."

For more information on the MESSENGER mission, visit the MESSENGER home page: 

* Pack Your Backpack
Calling all explorers! Tour JPL with our new Virtual Field Trip site. Stops 
include Mission Control and the Rover Lab. Your guided tour starts when you 
select a "face" that will be yours throughout the visit. Cool space images and 
souvenirs are all included in your visit.
+ http://virtualfieldtrip.jpl.nasa.gov/ ;
* Past, Present, Future and Proposed JPL Missions - 

* For special JPL programs and presentations in your area visit the JPL Solar 
System Ambassador web site at http://www2.jpl.nasa.gov/ambassador/index.html.

Mars Missions

* Mars Odyssey Orbiter - May 24, 2010
Phoenix Mars Lander Does Not Phone Home, New Image Shows Damage

"Two images of the Phoenix Mars lander taken from Martian orbit in 2008 and 
2010. The 2008 lander image (left) shows two relatively blue spots on either 
side corresponding to the spacecraft's clean circular solar panels. In the 2010 
(right) image scientists see a dark shadow that could be the lander body and 
eastern solar panel, but no shadow from the western solar panel. 

Full Images and Caption - 

PASADENA, Calif. -- NASA's Phoenix Mars Lander has ended operations after 
repeated attempts to contact the spacecraft were unsuccessful. A new image 
transmitted by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter shows signs of severe ice 
damage to the lander's solar panels. 
"The Phoenix spacecraft succeeded in its investigations and exceeded its 
planned lifetime," said Fuk Li, manager of the Mars Exploration Program at 
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. "Although its work is 
finished, analysis of information from Phoenix's science activities will 
continue for some time to come."

Last week, NASA's Mars Odyssey orbiter flew over the Phoenix landing site 61 
times during a final attempt to communicate with the lander. No transmission 
from the lander was detected. Phoenix also did not communicate during 150 
flights in three earlier listening campaigns this year."

"A simulated fly-through using the newly assembled imagery is available online 
at http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mars/missions/odyssey/20060313.html.

The fly-through plus tools for wandering across and zooming into the large 
image are at http://themis.asu.edu/.";

Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) web site: 

The Odyssey data are available through a new online access system established 
by the Planetary Data System at: http://starbrite.jpl.nasa.gov/pds/ ;

Visit the Mars Odyssey Mission page at 

* Mars Exploration Rover Mission (Spirit and Opportunity) - May 26, 2010

SPIRIT UPDATE: Spirit Still in Deep Sleep - sols 2267-2273, May 20-26, 2010:

"Spirit remains silent at her location called "Troy" on the west side of Home 
Plate. No communication has been received from the rover since Sol 2210 (March 
22, 2010).

It is likely that Spirit has experienced a low-power fault and has turned off 
all sub-systems, including communication and gone into a deep sleep. While 
sleeping, the rover will use the available solar array energy to recharge her 
batteries. The rover electronics module (REM) is expected to get colder than 
ever before. When the batteries recover to a sufficient state of charge, Spirit 
will wake up and begin to communicate over X-band and Ultra-High Frequency 

Although the rover may not wake for some time, the project has been listening 
every day for any X-band signal from Spirit through the Deep Space Network 
(DSN) using the Radio Science Receiver (RSR). The Mars Odyssey orbiter is also 
listening for any scheduled UHF relay passes. If energy levels for the rover 
are even lower than estimated, there is the additional risk that the rover may 
trip a mission clock fault. If that happens, the rover would remain asleep 
until the Martian spring or summer when bright sunlight is needed to wake the 
rover. With the passing of the southern winter solstice two weeks ago, solar 
energy levels and temperatures should begin improving. 

Total odometry is unchanged at 7,730.50 meters (4.80 miles)."

OPPORTUNITY UPDATE: Solar Panels Get Minor Cleaning - sols 2247-2253, May 
20-26, 2010:

"Opportunity has benefited from a small (about 10 percent) dust cleaning event 
on her solar arrays on or about Sol 2246 (May 19, 2010). This improves the 
available energy for the rover. With the passing of the winter solstice, 
temperatures should be improving, as well. 

On Sol 2247 (May 20, 2010), Opportunity completed another successful checkout 
of the autonomous exploration for gathering increased science (AEGIS) software. 
On Sol 2250 (May 23, 2010), an old problem reappeared with the miniature 
thermal emission spectrometer (Mini-TES). Short interferograms (incomplete 
instrument science data) are being produced by the instrument. The instrument 
otherwise shows no anomalies (with the exception of the known dust 
contamination on the external elevation mirror). The short interferogram 
problem was last seen several winters ago. The project is investigating. 

On Sol 2252 (May 25, 2010), the rover was able to drive over 56 meters (184 
feet) to the east/southeast as she makes her way toward Endeavour Crater. With 
the improved energy production, more driving is being planned for the period 

As of Sol 2253 (May 26, 2010), solar array energy production increased to 275 
watt-hours, atmospheric opacity (Tau) was 0.317 and the solar panel dust factor 
improved to 0.530. 

Total odometry is 20,810.90 meters (20.81 kilometers, or 12.93 miles)."

Landing sites link - http://marsoweb.nas.nasa.gov/landingsites/ ;

Visit the Mars Exploration Rover page at

* Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Mission - May 26, 2010
NASA Orbiter Penetrates Mysteries of Martian Ice Cap

"PASADENA, Calif. -- Data from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have helped 
scientists solve a pair of mysteries dating back four decades and provided new 
information about climate change on the Red Planet. 

The Shallow Radar, or SHARAD, instrument aboard the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter 
revealed subsurface geology allowing scientists to reconstruct the formation of 
a large chasm and a series of spiral troughs on the northern ice cap of Mars. 
The findings appear in two papers in the May 27 issue of the journal Nature."


All of the HiRISE images are archived here:

More information about the MRO mission is available online at 

* Mars Missions Status - New Mars missions are being planned to include several 
new rover and sample collection missions. Check out the Mars Missions web page: 
http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/missions/ and the Mars Exploration page: 


Links and Other Space News
(If you have a link you would like to recommend to our readers, please feel 
free to submit it.)

*** NEW *** Black Hole Encyclopedia - http://blackholes.stardate.org/ Excellent 
site from StarDate - University of Texas McDonald Observatory 

* "TheSky" Software - http://www.bisque.com ;

* A Short Guide to Celestial Navigation - http://www.celnav.de/ ;

* Astrogirl Homepage - http://www.astrogirl.org ;

* Astronomical Lexicon - http://www.ki0ar.com/astrolex.html ;
Many of the astronomical terms used in this newsletter are defined here.

* Astronomy Picture of the Day - http://antwrp.gsfc.nasa.gov/apod/astropix.html ;

* Celestron Telescopes - http://www.celestron.com/c2/index.php - New beta 

* Cloudbait Observatory, Guffey Colorado - http://www.cloudbait.com - Submit 
your fireball reports here. Interesting, knowledgeable site.

* The Constellations and Their Stars - 
http://www.astro.wisc.edu/~dolan/constellations/constellations.html ;
Good site for finding out more about the 88 constellations and their associated 

* Denver Astronomical Society - http://www.denverastrosociety.org ;

* Distant Suns - http://www.distantsuns.com/ ;
Desktop Astronomy package for PCs.

* Eric's Black Sun Eclipse website -
http://www.ericsblacksuneclipse.com ;

* Groovy Adventures - http://www.groovyadventures.com ;
Unique adventures and vacations including astronomy related vacations.

* The International Dark-Sky Association - http://www.darksky.org
To preserve and protect the nighttime environment and our heritage of dark 

* JPL Solar System Ambassador Program -

* JPL Solar System - http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/solar_system/ ;

* Meade Advanced Products Users Group - http://www.mapug-astronomy.net/ - 
Mapug-Astronomy Topical Archive & information resource, containing a massive 
335 page archive of discussions about Meade equipment, and much more: 
observatories, observing lists, permanent piers, equatorial wedges, remote 
operations, software, eyepieces, etc.

* My Stars Live - http://www.mystarslive.com/ ;
Interactive Star Chart

* NASA Science News - http://science.nasa.gov/ ;

* Northern Colorado Astronomical Society - http://ncastro.org/ ;

* Sangre Stargazers - http://sangrestargazers.skymtn.com/ - New astronomy club 
in the Wet Mountain Valley of Custer County (about 45 miles due west of Pueblo, 

* Sky and Space - http://www.skyandspace.com.au/public/home.ehtml ;
Astronomy from Down Under - The Southern Hemisphere's first astronomy and space 

* Skymaps.com - http://www.skymaps.com/

* Skywatch Sightings from NASA - 
http://spaceflight.nasa.gov/realdata/sightings/ ;
This site gives you the best times to watch the ISS pass over or near your 

* Southern Colorado Astronomical Society - http://www.scasastronomy.info/

* Space.com - http://space.com ;
Interesting space and astronomy articles.

* Space.com - Sky Watch Calendar -
http://www.space.com/spacewatch/sky_calendar.html ;

* Spaceflight Now - http://spaceflightnow.com/ ;

* "SpaceRef.com" - http://www.spaceref.com/ - SpaceRef's 21 news and reference 
web sites are designed to allow both the novice and specialist alike to explore 
outer space and Earth observation.
This site includes links to planetary updates such as Mercury Today, Venus 
Today, Earth Today, Moon Today, Mars Today, Jupiter Today, Saturn Today, Pluto 
Today, etc.

* Stellarium - http://www.stellarium.org
Free, downloadable planetarium/astronomy software.

* Universe Today - http://www.universetoday.com

* Wikisky - http://www.wikisky.org
WIKISKY is a non-commercial project. The main purpose of WIKISKY is to 
consolidate astronomical, astrophysical and other information about different 
space objects and astrophysical facts.


Acknowledgments and References

Much of the information in this newsletter is from "Astronomy Magazine" 
(Kalmbach Publishing), JPL mission status reports, "Meteor Showers - A 
Descriptive Catalog" by Gary W. Kronk and other astronomical sources that I 
have stashed on my book shelves.

The author will accept any suggestions, constructive criticisms, and 
corrections. Please feel free to send me any new links or articles to share as 
well. I will try to accommodate any reasonable requests. Please feel free to 
send questions, comments, criticisms, or donations to the email address listed 
below. Enjoy!


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Keep looking UP!
73 from KI0AR

Created by Burness F. Ansell, III

COO, Director of Aerospace Technologies, IAAS
JPL Solar System Ambassador, Colorado
Last modified: June 02, 2010


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