[adeel420] The HTML Links Challenge

  • From: "Sajid Iqbal" <sajid_cyberspace@xxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: <"Undisclosed-Recipient:;"@smtp-1.hotpop.com>
  • Date: Fri, 27 Dec 2002 02:19:31 +0500

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The HTML Links Challenge
The HTML Links Challenge
Skip Navigation
Moving Through Links
Link Types
Links with Titles=20

Links provide a means of moving from one document or portion of a =
document to another. A link is provided by placing text or an image =
inside an HTML element called an anchor. Attributes can also be used to =
provide additional information about the link.

This page demonstrates the features of JAWS 4.5 that allow you to get =
information about various types of links and move through the links on a =

Moving Through Links
When you are looking for specific information, you may be able to find =
it by moving quickly through the links to find the one you want. For =
example, if you know that you want to read about types of links, select =
the link at the top of this page that says, "Link Types," to access the =
information without reading through everything that is above it on the =

JAWS provides several methods of moving through links on a page. The =
Links List Dialog allows you to display a list of links on the page and =
move quickly to a link. To open this dialog, press INSERT+F7. From =
within the Links List Dialog, press ALT+V to display only visited links =
instead of all links. Press ALT+P to display the links alphabetically or =
ALT+T to display them in tab order. To move through the list to a link, =
press the first letter of the link text. To open the selected link, =
press ENTER. To move to the location of the selected link on the page, =
press TAB until you reach the "move to link" button, and press ENTER.

JAWS also allows you to move through visited and unvisited links without =
using the Links List Dialog. When you visit a web page, the address of =
the page is stored in your history, the list of pages you have visited =
recently. When another page contains a link to a page stored in your =
history, your browser recognizes the address and displays it in a =
different color to show that you have visited the page. JAWS says, =
"visited link," when it encounters one of these links. To move to the =
next visited link on a page, press V. To move to the prior visited link, =
press SHIFT+V. To move to the next unvisited link, press U. To move to =
the prior unvisited link, press SHIFT+U.

The HTML Challenge

Access keys provide another means of moving to links quickly. When a =
link has an access key, like the one above, JAWS reads the link text and =
announces the access key. Press the access key to move to the link from =
anywhere on the page. JAWS moves to the link, but does not open it until =
you press ENTER.

At times you may be more interested in reading the text of the page than =
following links. Some pages include navigation bars or tables at the =
top, such as the listing at the top of this page. JAWS provides commands =
that allow you to skip to the next or prior text that is not a link. To =
move to the next non-link text, press N. To move to the previous =
non-link text, press SHIFT+N.

Link Types
JAWS identifies whether links point to information on the same page, =
open an email message or a FTP session, or are part of an image map. =
This information may help you to decide whether you want to open the =
link or continue reading the page.

Return to the top of this page.
The above link returns you to the top of this page. JAWS says, "this =
page link," and reads the text of the link.

Download an accessible chess game.
This link opens an FTP session. JAWS says, "FTP link," and reads the =
text of the link.


The above link allows you to send mail to Freedom Scientific for general =
information. JAWS says, "send mail link," and reads the text of the =

Links with Titles
This link to HTTP://WWW.FREEDOMSCIENTIFIC.COM has a "title" attribute as =
well as screen text. Does your screen reader allow you to choose what =
type of information it provides? By default, JAWS first looks for and =
reads the screen text of links. To set JAWS to look for the link title, =
set Text Links Verbosity to link title in the Adjust JAWS Verbosity =
Dialog (INSERT+V). To display the information provided in all the =
attributes for this link, move to the link and press INSERT+SHIFT+F1. =
The information displays in the Virtual Viewer. Easily review this =
information with speech or Braille.

Graphics and Links
Graphics are often used to enhance the appearance of links.

Did your screen reader identify the link above as a graphical link? The =
above link has an image instead of text inside the link. The image does =
not have any alternative text. JAWS says, "link graphic," and reads the =
name of the file that contains the image. To change this setting so that =
JAWS announces only labeled graphical links or ignores graphical links, =
press INSERT+V to open the Adjust JAWS Verbosity Dialog. Move to =
Graphical Links Verbosity and press SPACEBAR to toggle the setting to =
tagged or none.

The above link has an image with alternative text. The alternative text =
can help you to determine what the image means and where the link =

Sections of images are sometimes mapped out and used as links. Below is =
an example of an image map showing the JAWS screen with links to =
information about each of the pull-down menus available. JAWS says, =
"image map link," and reads the text of each link.

Note: These links open in a new window. To close the window and return =
to this page, press ALT+F4.


     The HTML Challenge

        Copyright 2002 Freedom Scientific Inc.

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