[abcomputers] ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers,Vol 17: Halloween Phantoms in Excel & Ghosties in Your Computer

  • From: "Linda F. Johnson" <linda@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: ABCfreelists <abcomputers@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Fri, 11 Oct 2002 22:36:01 -0400

ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers.  The ezine YOU subscribed to.  If you want to change 
your subscription options or unsubscribe, see the bottom of this email for full 
instructions.  Thank you.

ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers
Volume 17; October, 2002 - mailed to 2924 subscribers

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VB Freebies from Vic Ferri! Vsit our Side by Side page:

Most of these have been replaced with SnipURLs
so you shouldn't have to copy/paste URLs anymore, 
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*****************STATION BREAK**************

ECLECTIC ACADEMY ~ A Better Choice in Distance Learning

It's the latest rage and it's called Distance Learning. Most 
colleges now offer Distance Learning classes because they 
know some people work hard and just can't fit a classroom 
into their busy lives. But, sometimes you don't want to enroll 
in a full program; you just want to take one class.
Eclectic Academy offers a large range of classes to suit
many needs. Go there now and check out their curriculum 
and roster. Classes are only $20 for 6 weeks. 

Here's a sampling of what they offer:
*Art Courses, both digital and traditional
*Business Courses, including all of the MS Office Programs
(many taught by none other than Linda Johnson herself) 
*Graphics Courses - Flash, PhotoShop, Paint Shop Pro & more 
*Website Development Courses - FrontPage, Dreamweaver,
ASP, DHTML, Website Promotion, and on and on and on 
*Eclectic Classes - Computer Maintenance, Writing Workshops,
Feng Shui, Eating Safely - just about anything you can think of

Go to Eclectic Academy now and sign up to be notified when 
classes are added or ENROLL NOW in the class of your 
choice. Go there now to enroll in the next set of classes. 

(all links below these items take you to the non-frames Online versions)

(items with *** behind them include pictures and/or are 
better if viewed online)

1.  Important How-To Message for Reading This Ezine 

2.  Linda's Thought of the Month
(and animated GIF) *** 

3.  Linda's Soapbox ~ 
Computer Things That Go Bump in the Night

4.  What's New at Linda's Computer Stop ~ 
Check Out These Covers! ***

5.  Subscribers' Exclusive Tip ~ 
Setting Up Multiple Printer Settings

6.  GeekSpeak Translation from the Cap'n 


Chad's Macro Mania ~ 
Phantom Links in Excel 


8.  Tina's FrontPage News ~ Twelve Script Tips ***

9.  Mike's Safety Belt ~ 
Key Loggers ~ Privacy in Email?

10. Vic's Registry Roundup & DOS Den ~ 
Adding the Windows 2000 User Accounts To Your 
Windows XP Control Panel ***

11. Steve's Ravin' Reviews ~
        * Google Translations ***
        * 2xExplorer ***
        * MailWasher ***
        * myIE2 ***

12. James's Database ~ Combo and List Boxes 
in MS Access ? What They Are and When to Use Them

13. Information Hiding with PowerPoint 
~ by guest author, Kathryn Jacobs

14. Turning Your Photo into a Watercolor 
with Paint Shop Pro 7 *** 
~ by guest author, Madeleine Jacobs 

15. Sell Your Knowledge with eBooks ***
~ by guest author, Deborah Miller

16. Modeling Leaves in 3D Studio Max ***
~ by guest author, Charlene Russ

17. Subscription Management

18. Contact Information

*** includes pictures in the online version or is better
viewed online 

*****************STATION BREAK**************
If you find this newsletter and/or my website at all helpful and 
would like to give me a hand here, I am now accepting donations 
through PayPal. To make a donation, go to the online version of this 
web-azine and click on the PayPal button. 
Thanks in advance to any who do this!!
(NOTE: no one receiving this should feel obligated in any way to 
do this .....this is a FREE newsletter!) 
Linda, editor/publisher


If you decide to go to the Online "Web-azine" version, go here first 
for navigation instructions:
If you are reading this plain text issue, maximize your email window 
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Happy Halloween!!

Well, I don't have much on my mind this month.  
Been too busy to think.  So, I'm just gonna quote 
Albert Schweitzer and say 

"Man is a clever animal who behaves like an imbecile."  
(That about sums up the month I've had...LOL) 

So, instead of wasting bandwidth on my blabberings 
this month, I'm gonna give you a few Halloween 
animated gifs.  Just right click on them and choose 
"Save Picture As" and make your friends some 
e-cards or something. 

(just rightclick on the gif and choose "Save Picture As...")


~~Linda F. Johnson, Editor/Publisher
         Computer Things That Go Bump in the Night

Being that it's Halloween time, I thought I'd write about 
Computer Ghosties and stuff we are supposed to watch 
out for.  I don't know about the rest of you, but my AV 
software has been working overtime this past month 
between the klez virus and the new bugbear.  Since I 
don't like automatic stuff in computers and prefer to 
make my own decisions, I have my AV set up to tell me 
when it detects a virus and let me decide how I want to 
deal with it.  Unfortunately, with my settings like this, 
I can't seem to get anything done lately cuz all I'm 
doing is telling Norton what to do. This virus stuff is 
getting TOTALLY out of hand.

Then, on top of this, since I do occasionally download 
some music from some peer-to-peer server type places, 
I'm now told that AV isn't enough and I need to use 
anti-trojan software too, since some of the trojans are 
not detected by the typical AV updates.  And, of course, 
we all need a good anti-spam program running to keep 
that kind of garbage out of our inboxes too.  Oh yes, 
and we can't forget the port blockers and the firewalls.
Then there's "web bugs" and spyware also that are out 
to get us.  Pretty soon, my poor computer is going to be 
so choked up with all the preventative software, that it 
will probably just die from asphyxiation. .

A couple weeks ago, I couldn't get into one website 
that all the rest of the world seemed to be able to get 
into just fine.  Then, a few days later, I couldn't get the 
stats for my website to show up at the site where I go 
to view them.  Also, I no longer seem to be able to do 
email merges to Outlook contacts from Word.  All of 
these events, I am sure, are caused by all the armor 
I have set up in my machine.  If one "safety" software 
doesn't kill my efforts, another one jumps in to help.  
So, I end up turning all this stuff off just so I can get 
my work done.  So, what good is that?

I listen to some people who are so paranoid about this 
stuff and I wonder if they are like this in ways not 
related to their computers?  Can you imagine if we 
spent this much time in our "real" lives trying to keep 
this "clean", how sterile our lives would seem?

When I think of what I do to keep my computer safe 
and try to compare that to the rest of my life, I come 
up with a daily scenario that sounds like Howard Hughes' 
routine.  I would probably never leave my house and 
would only eat food I made in a sterilized kitchen and, 
lord knows, I would NEVER have *gasp* S---E---X!

Does this mean that people are more protective of 
their computers than they are of their own lives?  
Does it mean that the thought of losing their email is 
worse than ptomaine poisoning from a hotdog vendor 
who probably hasn't washed his hands in a week?  Is 
it really worse to have to format your hard drive than 
it is to die of AIDS?

All I can say is, we are living in a world of very strange 
priorities, eh?

Have a great month....and watch out for the REAL 
ghosties in the world.  Don't let them sneak up behind 
you while you are sanitizing your computer and too 
engrossed to notice.  *wink*

Linda Johnson is a college instructor of all of the Microsoft Office 
Programs, as well as Adobe PhotoShop and Windows. She also 
teaches online distance learning classes in Excel, Outlook, 
PowerPoint, Publisher, and Word at Eclectic Academy. 
She has worked helpdesk and teaches and lectures at many
local businesses and tech schools in her area. Support
this newsletter by checking out Linda's website 
and her ebook series, MS Word MAGIC!
Part I: Fonts, Fun & Formats 
Part II: Table Wizardry 
AND, How To Get Started As a Software Trainer:
If you have been interested in taking any of Linda's Online 
Classes but don't want to wait six weeks to complete all the 
lessons or don't have the desire to be part of an online 
classroom, why not 
Check out the eBook .exe versions of all of Linda's classes here:

Only $15 each!!  Where else can you master a software 
Program for that price?  

Separate eBook tutorials on Access, Excel, Outlook, 
PowerPoint, Publisher, and Word.  Terrific value!!

Order online or by regular mail
Details here:

Download the free Sample Version at CNET:
And PLEASE rate it there for me?  Thanks!!

*****************STATION BREAK**************
LINDA JOHNSON has published another eBook and
this one is called HOW TO GET STARTED AS A
That's just how Linda started out and in this book she tells 
you exactly how she did it and how YOU CAN DO IT TOO.
No need for a college education!
No need for professional certifications!
No need for expensive classes!
By Richard S. Harris 
Or if you have ANY DREAM JOB in mind, check out
All eBooks are written by been-there/done-that authors
and sell for only $12.95, with a full money back guarantee.

(4.) WHAT'S NEW at Linda's Computer Stop 

First of all, my biggest accomplishment this month was 
to get my eBooks all dressed up in pretty new covers.  
Deborah Miller of http://www.ebookmarketing4u.com 
designed some goodies for me.  Please check 'em out 
and let me know what you think!

Also, I wrote a couple new articles this month for 
some ezines:

You can go to the ezines themselves and read them, 
along with lots of other great stuff in these publications!

Using the Office Programs with FrontPage
published by AnyFrontPage Bytes ezine

Array Entered Formulas in Excel
published by TechTrax ezine

Or, you can read them here, on my Articles page:

Another session of classes at Eclectic Academy is 
coming to an end this week, but the next term starts 
on November 3rd.  So, if you are interested in letting 
me teach you how to use the one or more of the 
Office programs, check out my class schedule here:

Also, don't forget to read all the great articles in this 
month's ABC written by my fellow EA instructors.  
These people sure do know their stuff!!

And, of course, I've added a few more links to my 
Fun Stuff To Do on the Web page, so be sure to go 
there and look for the revolving Ns.  And PLEASE send 
me any fun links of your own. If I check them out and 
like them, I will include them for you.

Well, that's about all that is new this month (except 
I got a new car *wink*).  Please come back to my site 
often to see what else I've added and drop me a line 
if you have any suggestions.


(5.) Subscribers' Exclusive Tip of the Month:


Do you get tired of having to change your printer 
options every time you want to print an envelope or 
a legal-sized page in Landscape orientation?  Well, 
there's a way around this.  All you have to do is set 
up multiple icons for the same printer in your Printers 
window, each with these unique settings.

Click on the Start button, then point to Settings, then 
choose Printers. In the Printers window, double click 
the Add Printer icon. Let the wizard walk you through 
the steps and choose the same printer you already 
have installed.  Just give the icon a name that lets you 
know what it is, such as Business Envelope or 
Legal Size Landscape.

Once you've installed the same printer a couple times 
with different names, right click the icons and choose 
Properties. Select the paper/envelope size, orientation, 
paper source, and other options, then click OK to save 
your changes. From now on, you can print that type of 
document or envelope from within any program, just 
by choosing that printer name from the dropdown box 
at the top of your Print dialog box, when you go to 

This can be a handy time saver if you are like me and 
print various sizes of documents, envelopes, labels, 
cards, etc.

Click here for more printing tips, from Vic Ferri:

And GREAT buys on printer cartridges!
*****************STATION BREAK**************
Discover How To Create Stunning Letters, Presentations, 
Greetings Cards, Promotional Materials, Memos, Reports And 
More - Just Like The Professionals!
Imagine using the Famous Newbie Club Easy Learning
System to create Newbie-Speak Tutorials of the World's
No. 1 Favorite Word Processing Program. What do you get?

MS Word MAGIC! eBooklet Series
by Linda F. Johnson

Book I teaches all about the formatting of text, words, 
and paragraphs.

Book II is all about Tables and how to use them to get the 
most out of your Word documents.

And both ebooklets come with the famous Newbie Club 
unconditional guarantee:
"If, within 12 months of purchase and for any reason 
whatsoever, you decide that MS Word MAGIC! is not for 
you, simply let us know and we'll refund your purchase price 
immediately. No Questions Asked! No ifs, buts or maybes. 
No hidden clauses and no small print. With us, unconditional 
means unconditional!"
So...what have you got to lose? Check out this series:
Book 1: Fonts, Formats and Fun 
Book 2: Table Wizardry 

(6.)  Cap'n Patt's
Visit the Cap'n's Official GeekSpeak Database at 
If the word you need defined is not there, or the definition is 
not clear, too geeky, or just plain confusing to you, email 
the Cap'n.  He would love to hear from you at 

*****************STATION BREAK**************
Are you into Video Computing?

VIDEOMAKER is the world's most popular monthly consumer 
video production publication and covers the use of digital video 
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Published monthly, and is available on select newsstands and 
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And the best part is, it's CHEAP! Only $14.97 for 13 issues!  


~~Chad K. Welch

This month?s article stems from a question from 
Jacki in Portland, Oregon: 

     I?d appreciate help with a frequent problem.  I have 
     inherited from my predecessor many Excel files from 
     budget to cost allocations to financial statements.  
     Some of them display the following message when 
     I open them: 

     ?The workbook you opened contains automatic links 
     to information in another workbook.  Do you want to 
     update the workbook with changes made to the other 

     If I say yes, it will usually say that the other workbook 
     cannot be found.  I do not want to update anyway, 
     as I do not want to maintain such links. 

Sounds like you?ve got a case of the common phantom 
links, Jacki.  I say ?common phantom links? because 
people run into this problem all of the time.  It is probably 
the single most-asked question that I get.  In answer to 
your question I?d like to dispel a couple myths about 
phantom links then I?ll show you how to find and change 
or remove the links. 

Myth 1:
When Excel gives this message it usually means that 
the file is corrupt if you can?t find any links. 

Technically, I suppose that a corrupt Excel file could 
erroneously display this message, but I?ve never seen it.  
If Excel tells you there are links, there most likely 
are links. 

Myth 2:
Excel maintains a history of links, so even after deleting 
the link this message will be displayed. 

Excel doesn?t maintain a history unless you share your 
workbook and allow it to track changes.  However, 
even then you won?t be asked to update links that only 
appear in the history. 

In short, I?ve never seen an Excel workbook say it is 
linked when it really isn?t.  The key is just finding those 
phantom links. 

The first thing you should do is check the formulas.  
Select Find from the Edit menu and try to find [.  The 
square bracket is usually a good indicator of an 
external link. 

Select Links from the Edit menu (if it is available).  
Click the change source button to have it refer to a 
valid file or even the active workbook. 

Check the ?series? formula for each series in any chart 
you have in your workbook. 

Select the menu Insert>Name>Define and scroll through 
the list.  Check the ?refers to? box for each name to see 
if it refers to an external file. 

Now close and re-open your workbook.  
The message shouldn?t appear any more.
The offer still stands, I?ll give $5.00 to anyone who 
sends me a question or idea that can be used in this 
article.  Send the suggestion to chad@xxxxxxxxxxxxx 
with ?Idea for ABC? in the subject line.
Chad K. Welch works as a technician/enabler in Utah. He is 
available for consulting or application programming with 
Microsoft Office and VBA. Contact him directly for more 
information at chad@xxxxxxxxxxxxx

~~Tina Clarke, AccessFP - FrontPage Resource Centre

EDITOR'S NOTE: This article includes many special scripts
which are better viewed in the online version of this article.
If you have difficulty understanding what the effect
would look like, view them here:

If you want to copy any of the scripts, go to the online 
version and copy them from there into Notepad, then 
from Notepad into your html.  Unfortunately, plain text 
(like this newsletter) may break apart the codes and 
add unneccessary spaces which may make the code


TIP 1     Redirect me 

Want to redirect your old free site to your nice new 

<meta http-equiv="refresh" 
content="0; url=http://yoursite.com/";> 

into the meta tags between the head tags or you can 
do it the FrontPage way. 

NOTE: Replace ?yoursite.com? with the site you want 
to redirect to and replace '0? with the amount of 
seconds you want it to take before redirection takes 

Some browsers won?t automatically redirect so it is 
best to insert something on the page like ?If this page 
does not redirect you in 5 seconds press the link below?  
Then insert a link to the site you wish to redirect to. 

Using FrontPage to insert a meta tag. 

<> Click on the 'Custom' Tab and go to 'User Variables'. 
<> Click on ?Add? and in the 'user variable box', under 
?Name? insert the meta name, i.e. refresh 
<> Under 'Value' Insert the Meta content, i.e. 
0; url=http://yoursite.com/ 
<> Click OK
TIP 2     No hyperlink decoration 

NOTE:  This script, because it makes use of a style sheet 
capability, is only viewable in versions 4 and above of 
both Netscape and Internet Explorer, all other browsers 
will ignore it. 

To implement this link by link in FrontPage 2002 just 
select the link and right click | Choose Font and untick 
the underline box. Press ok  

To implement this for the whole page you will have to 
insert the style codes directly into the html view. 

NOTE: Copy and paste the code into Notepad FIRST 
then copy and paste from Notepad to your web page. 
This removes unwanted formatting. 

To remove decoration for the entire page 

a {text-decoration: none}

If you don't want to remove all underlined links, but 
just specific ones on a page. After inserting the above 
code between your HEAD tags, you can encase the link 
in question with the following code: 

To remove decoration link by link: 

<a href="yourlink.htm"
click here</a> 

NOTE: Getting rid of the underlines in links throughout 
a page can only be done in FrontPage 2000/02 by using 
either style sheets or line style tags, but in FrontPage 98 
you can do this directly in the following manner. 

<> Select hyperlink 
<> Click on the Hyperlink Icon or Edit | Hyperlink 
<> Click Style | Text | Decoration 
<> Select 'None'  
<> Press ok twice
 TIP 3     Text colour change onMouseOver 
Open your page in FrontPage. Choose the ?HTML View?. 
Create a new blank line above the <\head> tag. 
Insert the code below and OK out. 

<style><!--a:hover{color:red;} // --></style> 

You can change the colour to what you want, e.g. Green. 

or if you want different colours for different links you can 
do it this way... 

<style><!--a.one {color: black}--></style>
<style><!--a.two {color:blue}--></style> 

Then, for your individual links in the body do this: 

<p><a class="one" 

<p><a class="two" 

This will give you separate colours for each.

Here are a couple of sites where you can learn more 
about CSS: 



TIP 4     Pop up text box or Tool Tip 

Small yellow pop-up messages that appear to explain
the function of a button in most windows applications 
can be made to appear on your website.  Using the 'title' 
tag. This is designed to be used as an explanatory 
system for little-known acronyms.  For example, the code -  

<A title="What You See Is What You Get">WYSIWYG</A> 

WYSIWYG   << If you go to the online version of this 
article and put your cursor over WYSIWYG to the left, 
you can watch an explanation pop up (viewable only in IE)

Or you can use this in conjunction with a hyperlink like so: 

<A href="http://anyfrontpage.com/bytes/"; 
title="The FrontPage Ezine of Choice!!"> 

AnyFrontPage Bytes Ezine   << Mouseover 

- would make a Tool Tip appear when the user places 
their mouse cursor over the text in their web browser.  

Visit the web site below for more information: 


This site also provides ways to make pop ups, though in 
a different way. 

Use this Cool Tool to generate instant pop-up 
"tip windows" when a user hovers their mouse over a 
link on your page:


These two links contain some exciting JavaScript 
pop up windows when you mouse over links:



TIP 5     NoSpam thankee Ma'am 

The HTML Encoder is a service of SiteUp Networks. 
The Encoder will format your E-mail address in a way 
that IS NOT readable by any E-mail extractor or search 
engine. Just enter your E-mail and click the Encode 
button.  Your SPAM proof address will arrive in your 
Inbox in a few minutes. 

NOTE: You need to subscribe to use this, however 
you can unsubscribe at any time. 

TIP 6    Ask your visitors to bookmark your site 

Insert anywhere between body tags: 

<a HREF=index.html#&quot; ONDRAGSTART="return false" 
document.title);return false" 
ONMOUSEOVER="window.status='Add to 
Favorites';return true">BookMark</a> 

Change the text ?BookMark? to whatever you want 
it to say. 

NOTE:  Copy and paste to NOTEPAD before entering 
into the html view. 

TIP 7    How to recommend a friend 

+top.document.title+'&amp;body=Hi, just visited 
this page at '+top.location.host+' and wanted to 
share it with you, take a look: '+top.document.location+''"
style="CURSOR: hand" )>Recommend A Friend

Insert the above where you want the link to appear, 
the bits you can edit are shown in red, in the online 
version of this article. 

TIP 8    How to make an email link pop up with a 
message in the subject line and the body configured. 
The CC or BCC as well, if you want! 

Can be used for Netscape or IE.  Example code: 

TinaClarke@xxxxxxxxxxxx?Subject=Web Site 
Feedback&Body=Hi, I am just testing your 

Go to the online version of this article to see an 
Example Link 

Email the Webmaster (For FP 2002) 

<> Type the text you wish to use as link for your Email 
link. e.g. "Email the Webmaster". Highlight the text and 
click on Hyperlink in the Insert menu or click the 
'Hyperlink icon'.  
<> Click on the ?Email address? icon under ?Link to:? in 
the left-hand pane in the 'Insert Hyperlink' box that 
pops up. 
<> Where it says Email address, type your email address. 
<> Where it says Subject, type Web Site Feedback&Body=Hi, 
I am just testing your tip&CC=TinaClarke@xxxxxxxxxxxx 
(substitute your email address and text)  
<> Where it says Text to Display, be sure it shows Email 
the Webmaster (if not, type it in, or substitute your own 
<> You can also insert a Tool tip by pressing the screen 
tip button and entering your text 

NOTE: If you also want to include Bcc or Cc you just enter 
the  (&) command for those as well. Make sure the 
commands are inserted flush against the last entry as 
you can see in the code above. 

You can of course just enter the code directly into html 
view. Make sure you copy and paste to NOTEPAD 
before entering into the html view. 

Also depending on your email setup you can substitute 
your usual name before the @. For instance 
Feedback@xxxxxxxxxxx Instead of TinaClarke which I 
usually use. This way you can channel emails for 
different aspects of your life. For instance you might 
want to use Newsgroups with NG Feedback so that 
you know for certain that is where your feedback is 
coming from. This can be used for any aspect of your 
web presence. 

TIP 9    How to track your URL 


By inserting the ?1 after the URL when you look at your 
stats you can determine how often this URL at the source 
you left it at is accessed. This is great for people in 
business who want to track how a particular promotion 
is doing. You can insert anything after the (?) Question 
mark. Clicking the URL takes you to the normal page, 
it just shows up in your stats enabling you to take count.
TIP 10    Breaking outta that frame-up 

Stuck in another site's frames? Click here to break out! 
If you copy this code into your html view at the point 
you want it to be inserted you can help your visitors 
come unstuck they will thank you for it.  

<a href="http://www.accessfp.net/"; 
target="_top">Stuck in another site's frames? 
Click here to break out!</a> 

TIP 11   Framed 
If you want to protect your pages from being opened 
within a frame, use the following script: 

if (self != top)
top.location = self.location

This code checks to see if this page is the top page 
(i.e., that its being loaded into the original window 
rather than into a frame). If it isn't, the page is set to 
load into the original window. 

If when you click on an external link the frame does 
not clear just drag the link to the address bar and 
press enter. 

TIP 12    Click to Print 

Would you like to have a clickable link that viewers 
could use to print your pages? If so insert the below 
code in-between your body tags. 

<a href="#" onClick="window.print()">Print this page</a>  

Tina Clarke is the Webmaster of AccessFP - FrontPage 
Resource Centre at http://accessfp.net and an editor of 
"AnyFrontPage Bytes Ezine". Subscribe to the FrontPage 
ezine and get FREE FrontPage E-Books upon joining. 

*****************STATION BREAK**************
Do you want to know the latest on FrontPage? Do you want 
Tips, news, articles, links and ebooks on FrontPage? Well the 
AnyFrontPage Bytes Ezine is the best place for your FrontPage 
and web crafting needs, join up at: 
Are you looking for resources for FrontPage? Want to know 
where all the best FP links are? The hosts, the lists, the forums? 
Use AccessFP - FrontPage Resources Centre as the start site 
for your FrontPage Information facts. 

~~ Mike Baynes, MikesWhatsNews

~ Privacy in Email?

One of the more interesting problems occurring 
through the use of email is the invasion of privacy. 

Many users of email do not realize that there are 
programs called 'Key Loggers' which can trace every 
key stroke.

One program advertises:

 Keyboard Logging Software. 
 Employers can monitor employee's use of the computer. 
 Reveals résumés, letters, email, etc. 
 Monitor spouse's online activities in cyber chat rooms. 
 Monitor your children's internet activities.  
 Display every web site visited.  
 Very easy to install in seconds. Cannot be detected. 

Another says:

  There is almost no way for the program to be 
  discovered once the program file and the log file 
  are renamed by the install utility. An exhaustive 
  hard drive search won't turn up anything. And 
  the running process won't show up anywhere.

Many companies employ these programs legitimately, 
as it is their computer and their time that is being used.  
However it can have repercussions if you were to say 
something you did not wish your employer to know. 

You may delete the text you have typed but Key 
Loggers can be set to activate on certain key words, 
which would then cause a report to be generated to 
advise management of the event.

Often deleting an offensive document or email does 
not help as the automated backup may have already 
backed up the data.

The US government also employs powerful software 
to monitor email activity.

The FBI has utilized DCS1000, once known as 
a system consists of hardware connected to an 
Internet service provider's equipment that allows the 
FBI to intercept all e-mail traffic sent or received by a 
specific individual without their knowledge.

Don't be fooled. DCS1000 is still a 'Carnivore' at heart

The NSA system ECHELON:
is much more powerful, and consists of a global 
network of satellites and monitoring stations that 
screen all telephonic, e-mail, and facsimile 
"Echelon is perhaps the most powerful intelligence 
gathering organization in the world. Several credible 
reports suggest that this global electronic 
communications surveillance system presents an 
extreme threat to the privacy of people all over the 
world. According to these reports, ECHELON attempts 
to capture staggering volumes of satellite, microwave, 
cellular and fiber-optic traffic, including communications 
to and from North America.  This vast quantity of voice 
and data communications are then processed through 
sophisticated filtering technologies." 

Another method of government information gathering 
that could possibly pose a privacy risk is monitoring of 
TEMPEST emanations. These electronic signals are 
created by a computer monitor, and can be 
intercepted and used to re-create the screen image."  

The Moral of this Story

Remember the internet is a lot like a highway:  lots of 
traffic coming and going.  Up in the sky someone is 
watching the traffic and making notes.  It could be big 
brother, or it could be a Trojan program on your 
computer logging your keystrokes.  

Anything you type on your computer could someday 
be revealed.

Don't type anything that you do not wish to share.

Consider an encryption program:
Mike Baynes is the editor of MikesWhatsNews.  
To subscribe, send a blank email to 
See Mike's Anti-Virus pages ~ http://virusinfo.hackfix.org
To subscribe, send a blank email to:

*****************STATION BREAK**************
                                  from Vic Ferri
High level desktop folder security for Windows 95/98/Me

Keep your personal and most valuable files locked 
and hidden from prying eyes, viruses, and other users 
of your computer.  Easy to use and extremely secure.

Lock&Hide is an  extremely easy to use  program that 
allows you to lock and hide any folder on your desktop.  
Folders secured with Lock&Hide cannot be seen, found, 
or accessed. Your folders remain totally invisible and 
highly secured, yet can be accessed quckly and easily 
at any time!

More Info here:

Screenshots and instructions here:

Or download the free demo here
(the demo does not include the "Restore All" feature
or the password protection utility.)

~~ Vic Ferri, WinTips&Tricks

EDITOR'S NOTE: This article includes pictures and is 
clearer if read online.  You can see the online version here:


In Windows XP, you have available to you, both the 
new pretty face style User Account and the standard 
Windows 2000 style User Account.

They both have the same functions, except that, aside 
from the different interfaces, the Windows 2000 style 
User Account is not in your Control Panel. There is no 
icon for it, nor is there a cpl file to open it.  By default, 
the only way to access the 2K style User Account is via 
the command line, by entering the following command:

in your Run box or at the Dos prompt.

However, with a little reg editing, it is possible to add 
an icon for it in your Control Panel. You may especially 
want to do this, if you find you don't have access to the 
Advanced tab in the XP User Accounts. Depending on 
your network setup you may or may not have the 
Advanced tab in XP.

<<See screen captures in the online version of this 
article if you aren't sure of the differences between 
these User Accounts windows. Notice that the 2K 
window has an Advanced tab at the top that lets 
you access the features shown below that.  
Without this tab, you cannot get to some of these 
features via User Accounts>>

I made a reg file that you can simply double-click to 
add the new icon to your Control Panel.

You can download it by clicking here. 
(Just extract it out of this zip file onto your desktop and 
double click it to import it into your registry)

But for those of you who have some experience or 
comfort working with the registry and would like to 
know how it is done manually, here are the instructions. 
This will also allow you to do some customizing. If there 
is anything in the following instructions you do not 
understand, you really should not be messing with the 
registry and I advise you use the premade reg file.  

Click Start>Run and type REGEDIT.
Click Ok, and go to this key:


Right click the clsid key and choose New>Key.
Now you must name this new key with a new clsid value. 
The purpose here is to create a unique identity that will 
be recognized and detected by Windows.

Clsid stands for Class Library Shell IDentifiers and are 
written in the form of 32 numbers and letters in a 
8-4-4-4-12 order, enclosed in curly brackets. 



You must name your key in the same format. It doesn't 
matter what numbers or letters you use but you must 
follow the same pattern and it must be a unique clsid. 
For this example, we will use the following clsid value:


Copy and paste it as the new name for the clsid key 
you created.
Keep it in your clipboard as you will need to use it 
again later.

You now have a new clsid key with this path:


In the right hand pane, right click an empty area, 
choose New>String value and name it (Standard)
(include the brackets)

Double click (Standard) and enter:
"User Accounts 2" (without the quotes) as the value.

Optionally, create a new String value and name it 
"InfoTip" (without the quotes) and enter a description 
for the value such as Win 2K Style User Account, but it 
really can be anything you prefer. Whatever you enter 
here will be what will appear if you hover your mouse 
over the icon we will be adding to the Control Panel. 
However, whether or not you see the info tip will 
depend on whether or not you have "Show pop-up 
description for folder and desktop items" enabled or 
disabled (open any folder, click 
Tools>Folder Options>View to see your setting, if 
you're not sure what your setting is).

You must now create 4 new subkeys to your new key.
They will be named:
1. DefaultIcon
2. Shell
3. Open
4. Command

The Open and Command keys will be subkeys for 
the Shell.

1. First right click your new key and choose New >Key 
and name it DefaultIcon. In the right hand pane, double 
click Default and enter this for the value:


The above assigns the only other icon available in 
nusmgr.cpl (which is the XP User Account) It doesn't 
have to be this icon. You can assign any other icon you 
prefer but you must know the path and position of the 
icon (first is 0, second is 1, third is 2, etc). Follow the 
same method as in the example.

2. Right click your new key again and create another 
subkey named Shell.
3. Now right click the Shell key and create another 
subkey named Open.
4. Right click Open and create another subkey called 
5. In the right hand pane for the Command key, double 
click Default and enter this command:
Control.exe Userpasswords2

We have now created an identifier for the Windows 
2000 style User Account but it won't display in the 
Control Panel, until we create a Name Space for it.

To do that, go to the Name Space key here:


Right click the Name Space key and choose New>Key 
and name it with the same clsid value: 


Double click "Default" in the right hand pane and 
enter a description such as: "Win 2K Style User Accounts" 
(without the quotes)

You are now done. Exit the registry and check your 
Control Panel (you may need to refresh by hitting F5).  
An icon named User Accounts 2 should now be there.

Note you can also use a regular shortcut to access the 
Windows 2000 style User Account. Simply enter the 
same line:
Control.exe Userpasswords2
as the command line for your shortcut.
Vic Ferri owns the very popular WinTips and Tricks 
email group 
He is also in charge of the Printing Tips page at
Linda's Computer Stop.
ans also the Registry Tips page. 

Vic has also created a program which allows you to 
Lock & Hide desktop folders in Windows 9X/ME.  
Read more and get the free demo here.

~~Steve Mills

Sorry for my absence the last couple of months. I lost 
my job and when you?re in your 50s and employed in 
the technology arena things look rather glum. The ?I 
would sure hate to be in your shoes? remarks are less 
than encouraging, so I guess I just came to a stop on 
everything. Now it?s time to get back to it and proceed 
with my life. Hopefully, doing things like this will help me 
deal with my anger and put some perspective back in. 

I believe you?ll enjoy the selection here. I use everything 
in this column, as a general rule. This month MailWasher 
is an exception, which I?ll explain below. 

Your suggestions are welcome and encouraged.

Take Care?..



<> Google Translations - 6 geezers 
<> 2xExplorer - 6 geezers 
<> MailWasher - 5 geezers 
<> myIE2 - unknown geezers

<see screen captures of the software online>


Google Translations
Version: Beta
Author: Google
Web Site: 
Rating: 6 Geezers 

Technically this isn?t software, it?s a web service, but I 
was so impressed that I wanted to make sure all ABC 
readers were aware of it. 

I went looking for a free translation page on the web 
recently when the one my wife was using started 
supporting itself with porn pop-up banners. 
Unfortunately, this is becoming very prevalent as 
they seem to be the only thing making money on the 
web ? sad! Anyway, I was unaware that Google had 
put their translation service into Beta. These guys are 
great. I?m continually amazed at how well they do 
everything. Their search engine is so far ahead of 
everything else it isn?t funny. 

Enter your web page on the site and watch how well 
it translates it and keeps the formatting. 

This is a dynamite service ? Try It! 


Author: Nikos Bozinis
Web Site: 
Rating: 6 Geezers 

This is an update to a program we covered in our first 
column. Nikos has continued to improve and stabilize 
the program and it has become a classic, in my mind. 
A strong user group has been built around the program 
and the continuing evolution of quality features is 
outstanding. In the old DOS days, when computers 
were powered by rocks, the choice of a file manager 
was very personal and the source of frequent 
arguments by geeks like me. Since the advent of 
Windows most of us have accepted Microsoft?s lame 
excuse for file management and forgotten about 
alternatives. Do yourself a favor and try this program. 

The only gripe, and it?s a small one, is there are some 
features that can only be adjusted through registry 
editing. For instance, there is a limit of 1 meg for 
pictures which show thumbnails, as shown below. I 
thought there was a bug until I found this hack. Be 
sure to read the registry information that comes with 
the download. The new help file isn?t perfect, as I 
understand it was built by eager users, but I?ve seen 
much worse in expensive commercial endeavors. 

At the risk of serious overkill, I?m including a list of 

<> Dual pane layout, with intelligent communication 
between two independent panes 
<> Powerful selection engine, for easily building up 
selection patterns for items before file operations 
<> File filters, both for selecting and for displaying files 
<> Drivebar navigation, for accessing quickly all the 
drives installed on a computer 
<> Keyboard shortcuts for nearly all its commands, 
for efficient everyday use 
<> Complete file date information, utilizing Creation 
and LastAccessed information as well as the normal 
Modification date. 
<> Proper path resolution, including UNC and relative 
paths (e.g. "C:" as opposed to "C:\") 
<> Printing of folder contents, find results and other 
<> Proper file sorting, based on extension 
<> Note that all these goodies ? including file 
synchronization and thumbnail viewers ? are available 
in both file system and zip folders (where this feature 
is available, e.g. windows XP/ME etc). 
<> Full drag/drop and shell context menu support, 
for integration with the desktop 
<> Separable tree view; one can have both the tree 
view and the two contents panes visible at the same 
<> Multifunctional address bar, for specifying folder 
names and visual filters, plus for running windows or 
DOS applications. 
<> Dockable Thumbnail bar, for previewing popular 
graphics formats (jpg, bmp, gif, etc.) plus HTML and 
M/S Office documents. 
<> Efficient navigation, supporting bookmarks, folder 
history and internet-style back/next folder navigation 
<> Shell namespace browser, allowing the browsing 
of non-file system folders like Control Panel etc. If 
you install a shell extension for FTP and/or ZIP 
content browsing, 2xExplorer will integrate with that 
too (does so already for zipfolders in winXP & 2000). 
<> Autocompletion for paths and other frequently 
typed information. 
<> Copy pathnames of selected items and preview 
bitmaps, simplifying clipboard transfers. 
<> Optional single-click activation schemes for both 
views and tree, to match your usability patterns. 
<> Text editor/viewer. It offers whatever Notepad 
lacks: unlimited file sizes, font/color selection, 
powerful search and replace, toolbar, keyboard 
shortcuts etc. It also features a HEX and a RTF viewer, 
plus many useful tools for programmers of all sorts. 
<> Folder synchronization. Forget the shortcomings of 
Briefcase. The dual pane layout of 2xExplorer can be 
used to compare the contents of any two folders. The 
synchronisation is based either on simple date/size 
information, or on full binary contents comparison. 
Complete sub-trees can also be examined using the 
unique Mirror Browsing tool. 
<> Find files command. This is more powerful than the 
standard windows item, allowing more search criteria, 
hence files can be located with greater precision. The 
search results can be fed to any of the regular panes 
for further processing. 
<> Folder subtree data. Similar to TreeSize, this 
feature can generate information about the number 
of files and associated storage for a complete 
sub-tree beneath some folder. The results are 
presented intuitively in a tree control. 
<> Batch file creation. Using a command template to 
be applied on each one of the selected files, 2xExplorer 
can automatically generate MS/DOS batch files 
("*.bat"). By executing these scripts complicated 
operations can be performed on any arbitrary set of 
files (e.g. mass renaming of filename extensions, 
touching date stamp info, etc.) 
<> Advanced file management. 2xExplorer has built-in 
commands for touching file dates, splitting & merging 
large files, shredding for complete file destruction etc. 
For NTFS partitions hard links can be created, too.  


Author: Nick Bolton
Web Site: 
Rating: 5 Geezers 

Over the last few weeks I?ve looked at over a dozen 
programs which purport to reduce the SPAM in your 
mail box. I think every Internet user is disgusted with 
the daily deluge of this crap ? smaller body parts, larger 
body parts, better working body parts, sex, raw porn, 
medical insurance, life insurance, make money and on 
and on and on?. I?ve even seen come commentators 
suggest that this will be the death of the Internet. 
Who knows? 

Anyway, there are 2 primary ways a user can fight 
SPAM (some ISPs are filtering, but I think this is a 
REAL BAD idea) ? review mail on the email server at 
your ISP and then download only the good stuff, or 
with a plug-in for your email program which operates 
on a set of rules and move suspected SPAM to a 
separate folder for disposal. 

I much prefer the latter, but have yet to find a program 
that works well for those of us with LAN style connections, 
i.e. always on. I had great hope for Spamnet from 
Cloudmark, but recent iterations are less stable and 
less accurate ? not a good combination. 

Of the former genre, this program is one of the best, 
AND it?s free! The operation is simple and very intuitive. 
Be careful, when you delete a mail message it?s 
G-O-N-E! My main objection to this approach. 

<> Bounce back unwanted e-mails so it looks as if 
your email address is not valid. This will make the 
sender think your address is no longer active so your 
name can be removed from their list. This unique 
feature is great for privacy and it couldn?t be simpler! 
<> Delete unwanted e-mails before you download 
them. You?ll be able to see who the email is from, the 
subject, and the attachment. This will enable you to 
decide if you want to delete the email or keep it. A 
great way to stop viruses or large attachments. 
<> Status. MailWasher analyses each email as it 
arrives and warns you if it is suspected junk mail or 
a virus by heuristic checking and filtering. The 
standard status categories are - Normal, Virus, 
Possibly virus, Possibly spam, Probably spam, Chain 
letter, Blacklisted, Blacklisted by (ORDB, Spam Cop etc). 
<> Blacklist. Any e-mails you bounce back get their 
senders details put on the blacklist for easy removal 
if they come back. You can even set it to automatically 
bounce and delete blacklisted e-mails, or whole 
domains off the server. Plus, MailWasher can use 
external blacklists such as ORDB, Spam Cop, VISI or 
you can specify your own. 
<> Friends List. Add your friends email addresses to 
MailWasher and they will always be recognized. You 
can even hide your friends from the screen so the 
spam is easy to recognize. 
<> Preview. You can preview the message in your 
email to see what the sender has to say before 
downloading it. Just double click on the message. 
<> Filtering. Effective filtering to automatically spot 
spam, plus it uses a customizable list of blacklisted 
e-mail senders and/or regular expressions to filter 
out potential spammer addresses and messages.


Version: 0.50.824
Web Site: 
Rating: Unknown 

This is an unusual listing for me. As I write this, myIE2 
Final has been out les than 24 hours. If you like the 
idea of a tabbed browser where you keep multiple 
browser windows open, you might well consider this 
program. Prior versions have been encumbered by a 
Chinese language web side and unusable 
documentation. There?s still a way to go, but the 
web site is vastly improved, albeit slow at times, and 
the documentation is improving. 

I?m listing this here for people that like to try new 
things and watch a program grow. If you like the idea 
of a tabbed browser and want a more mature share 
product, try NetCaptor ? an excellent alternative and 
only 30 bucks. For the more adventurous, try this. 

Final Thought:

"A criminal is a person with predatory instincts who has 
not sufficient capital to form a corporation."  
- Howard Scott
Steve Mills has been reviewing software in different 
capacities for many years.  He has recently left his job 
with a search engine consulting firm and is looking for 
a new adventure.
Contact him at steve@xxxxxxxx for more info.

~~James La Borde

- What They Are and When To Use Them

These items are both commonly used and unfortunately 
quite misunderstood. While both extremely useful, they 
are also confusing to many new users of Access. Let's 
take a look at what each of them is and then delve into 
the key differences.


List Boxes are exactly what the name implies; they are 
boxes that display a list of values for the user to select 
from. This eliminates the need to remember the correct 
value to type and prevents typos from corrupting your 
data. List Boxes are static items and the user is unable 
to enter new items in the field. List boxes are capable of 
displaying multiple columns, however, only one column 
is stored in the field.

List Boxes have a number of advantages and 
disadvantages. One of the key advantages is that you 
can allow the user to select multiple items from the list 
box. If you enable this option, the user can do this by 
merely holding down the CTRL key and selecting any 
items they desire. The restriction on entering new data 
can be an advantage. One of the primary disadvantages 
of a list box is that it takes up a lot of space. The box 
displaying all of the values can be quite large if you 
display too much.

When would you use a list box? 

Any time the options are static and you have the room 
on your form or need to allow the user to select multiple 
options. For instance, shipping options remain relatively 
static, if you were to design a form with Shipping 
Options listed you might want to opt for a list box. 
Another use would be when you are allowing multiple 
entries. Let's say you are doing a vehicle database and 
want to include a list of options. Rather than make a 
separate field for each potential option, you merely list 
them all in a list box and allow the user to select as 
many options as are available.


The function of a combo box is not as readily apparent 
from the name as a list box. A combo box is a control 
that allows the user to select an item from a drop-down 
list. Combo boxes are very similar to list boxes, which 
is where the confusion comes in. There is more to the 
difference than just how they appear. Combo boxes 
give the developer the option of allowing the user to 
enter additional options if the situation warrants.

As with List boxes there are both disadvantages and 
advantages to the combo box. Some of the 
advantages include the ability to add to the list, and 
they are space saving since the list does not display 
until the user selects the pull down. The primary 
disadvantage is that the user is limited to a single 

When should you use a combo box? 

The main thing to remember here, the user can only 
select one option in a combo box. You may also want 
to consider if you want your user to be able to add 
additional items to those already listed. For instance, 
if you are creating a books database, you could use 
a combo box for authors. Once an authors name is 
listed it is not likely to change, but as the users tastes 
and collection grow, they may need to add additional 

What they have in Common

There are many similarities between list and combo 
boxes. They are both essentially lists of values that 
the user can select the desired value from. Both can 
be bound to a table and display multiple columns while 
storing only a single value. One extremely useful aspect 
of these two controls is that they can be left unbound 
and simply used as input options for another control. 
Both have the ability to restrict the user from entering 
potentially erroneous information.
James La Borde works in the computer department at a 
Credit Union, where he uses Access, SQL Server, VBA, 
and ODBC daily.  He also teaches online Access classes 
at Eclectic Academy.

~ by Kathryn Jacobs, PowerPointAnswers

There is a great, but often overlooked, feature within 
PowerPoint called "Hide Slide". This feature is found on 
the "Slide Show" menu, as well as on the right click 
menu when you are in "Slide Sorter" view. One of the 
best uses for this feature is to create a series of FAQ 

How do I add the FAQ slides?

FAQ slides can be hidden easily at the end of your 
presentation. Create each slide as a simple question 
and answer slide, based on questions you know are 
likely to come up during the presentation, as well as 
questions that are asked while you are giving the 
presentation. Make sure that the question is in the 
title placeholder.

You can store these slides either at the end of your 
presentation or in a separate presentation. If you 
store them in a separate presentation, be sure to use 
the same template as your main presentation so that 
the movement to the hidden slides is as seamless as 

How do I access the FAQ slides?

Next, create a summary slide of your FAQ slides. The 
easiest way to do this is with the summary slide option 
built into PowerPoint. (This option creates a single 
slide with the title of each of the other slides in the 
presentation as its content.) Edit the text of this slide 
so that only the FAQ slides are listed. Next, select each 
line of text and link it to the corresponding slide. Move 
this slide to the end of your main presentation.

How do I use the slides during a presentation?

You now have your FAQ's ready to be used. How you 
will use them depends on whether you are running a 
presenter driven presentation or a stand alone (kiosk) 

When the questions come up during your presenter 
driven presentation, first note which slide number you 
are on, then go to the keyboard and type the number 
999 followed by the enter key. Mouse to the 
presentation you need to use in your answer (probably 
while saying something to the effect of "That is a great 
question, in fact it right here on our FAQ slide").

HINT: Don't know how to tell which slide you are on? 
Keep an index card next to your computer with the 
titles and slide numbers listed!

For an even slicker method of going to the FAQ slide, 
make a button on the master slide that has no fill or 
edges, and memorize where you have put it. Do a 
quick mouse move and click and you will move to 
the FAQ slide like magic.

When you finish answering the question, ask the group 
if that answered the question, then type the slide 
number of your original slide followed by the enter 
key. This will put you back where you were in your 

For a stand alone (i.e., no presenter) presentation: 
Put a "Questions Answered Here" button on each slide. 
(You can do this quickly by putting it on the master slide). 
Link that button to the FAQ title summary slide. Then the 
user can find the question on the page and click to go 
there. In this case, I recommend putting the FAQ title 
summary slide and the answer slides in a separate 
presentation. Then, place a note on each slide (again 
via the master) that says "Press escape to return to 
your presentation." When the user presses escape, 
the presentation will close and they will be back at the 
same slide they were before going to the FAQ file.

What else can I do with hidden slides?

Using this mechanism, you can also create detail slides 
you may not always want to show to the audience or 
create placeholder slides for imported presentations. 
In each of these cases, you create the hidden slides just 
as you did the FAQ slides, and access them only when 

The biggest advantage of hiding your summary slide 
comes when you are doing a high level overview of 
information or an executive summary. You can create 
this information with a Custom Show, but if you include 
the hidden slides as well you are able to access details if 
you need to during the presentation.

One of the advantages of using the placeholder for 
imported presentations is that it allows you to jump 
quickly and easily to other information and return to 
your original location quickly. To set this up, set up your 
placeholder as the last slide. Place miniature versions of 
each of the embedded presentations on the placeholder 
slide by using "Insert->Object->From File" and selecting 
each of the presentations in turn. When you have 
finished with the information in the embedded 
presentation, press the escape key to close the 
presentation. Then, use your right mouse menu to 
return to the previous slide. Voila - you are back where 
you started.

Now that you have been introduced to PowerPoint's 
ability to hide information, I hope you will play around 
with it and find other uses for this underused feature 
of PowerPoint. Have fun playing with the hidden 
information you can create!
Kathryn Jacobs, BrainBench MVP, MS PowerPoint
Get PowerPoint answers at 
Cook anything outdoors with 
Hardware, software, and history: 
Kathy is a trainer, writer, Girl Scout, parent, and whatever 
else there is time for.

I believe life is meant to be lived. But, if we live without 
making a difference, it makes no difference that we lived.

~ by Madeleine Jacobs, Rawhide Studios

EDITOR'S NOTE: This article includes pictures and is 
clearer if read online.  You can see the online version here:

The original pencil that you see on the left (in the online 
version of this article) was a commissioned portrait for 
a dentist I had done recently and one I thought would 
be fun to turn into a 'watercolor' the easy way...by 
using PSP. With a few steps and some of the built in 
tools in Paint Shop Pro 7, I took an original piece of 
artwork and turned it into a watercolor on the right. 
You can do the same following the same procedures. 
And you don't even have to be an artist! 

Using a photo with a lot of contrasts and background 
Values, as well as lots of detail, makes a much better 
graphic watercolor. Experimentation will tell you at a 
glance what will make a good subject and what won't. 
This Brazilian butterfly (see online article) is a simple 
project and an easy one to begin with. Open this 
butterfly image in your program to start. (just right 
click on the picture in the online version of this article 
and choose "Save Picture As" and put it on your hard 

Select Effects from the tool bar menu and click on 
Noise. Select Salt and Pepper filter from the drop 
down menu. You'll see a window open and choose 
speck size 5 and sensitivity 10. 

<See the online version of this article for how your 
butterfly should now look.>

Let's sharpen up your image a bit. Select Effects from 
the top tool bar and from the drop down menu, select 
Edge and Enhance More. 

<See the online version of this article for how your 
butterfly should now look.>

The butterfly needs to be sharpened after enhancing 
the edges. Experiment with which one you like more...
a strong sharpen filter or a minimum effect. I chose a 
softer sharpen effect. Select Effect from the top tool 
bar and click on Sharpen from the drop down menu. 
Choose either Sharpen or Sharpen More. 

<See the online version of this article for how your 
butterfly should now look.> Don't worry about the 
background; that will be taken care of in a moment.

I wanted to brighten up the colors somewhat so I 
selected Colors, Adjust from the drop down menu 
and Hue/Saturation/Lightness. Depending on your 
personal preference and taste, you can brighten the 
butterfly's colors. Play with the Saturation and 
Lightness until you are satisfied. I selected Saturation 
17 and Lightness -29. 

Give your butterfly a touch of lighting using the 
controls at the settings I show in the online version 
of this article.

Your finished watercolor butterfly!
Madeleine Jacobs owns and operates 
www.RawhideStudios.com and 
and is a Drawing and Watercolor instructor at

~ by Deborah Miller, EBook Marketing 4U

NOTE FROM LINDA:  Deb made the covers for my 
eBooks.  Please check them out to see what a GREAT 
job she does!

eBooks are taking the web by storm....

There is money to be made by selling your knowledge.
What have YOU learned, or what mistakes have you 
made? How did you get to the bottom of your skills. 
What would you have paid to avoid them or to know 
what you know NOW? What did you gain knowledge 
of? Promote your knowledge properly, and others will 
pay to learn from your experience

Hobbies most of us have them. Others want to learn 
them. Since you already have a hobby, skill or you might 
have learned secrets or gained skills that you can pass 
on to others. So why not make money from the 
information you have to share? You have done the 
research and tested all the ins and outs of your hobby 
or business. So, now gain some PROFIT from your skills 
and knowledge in an eBook.

>From the babysitter to high tech business men and 
women, you ALL have something to share in skills and 
knowledge you have learned. So repeat the words 
after me..............There's an e-book in everyone 

Do not worry if you are not a writer, just put it in your 
OWN words.

Give an introduction: what the topic is about. Create a 
table of contents on the different areas you are going to 
write about.

What can be put in an eBook? Just about anything from 
A to Z. Do you cook? Sew? Paint? Travel? Garden? Have 
old family recipes? Repair computers or cars? Groom 
dogs? Breed dogs or cats? Build houses?....this is just 
a SMALL list, but you get the idea.

What you need to start:

Sit down with a notebook and write down all the things 
you know on the subject you want to create an eBook 
for. Put it in simple terms like you are teaching someone 
in person. For example say you do Wood Working:

Write down what you need to create a project, 
1.the tools
2.the materials
3.steps in cutting and measuring
4.steps in putting the pieces together
5.examples of what it will look like
6.a camera for taking pictures.

Write down everything from start to finish as if you 
were going to make this project.

You will also need a web site and domain name

A text processing program like MS Word, Notepad, or 
any HTML Editor, like FrontPage 2000 or 2002 

Why an HTML editor? Because most E-books are 
compiled from HTML pages.

You will need a shopping cart so that people can 
purchase your product online.

You will also need an eBook compiler and a graphic 
program to create your miniature eBook cover. By 
creating a cover it inspires people to want to read 
your information.

Here's a sample cover for you to see:
You will need a shopping cart so that people can 
purchase your product online.

If all this sounds good, but you do not want to invest in 
all the different programs or learn them, then have 
your information compiled professionally at 

Most home computers have MS Word on them. Write 
your information, add your pictures and save it to disk.

You can also download FREE HTML programs to help 
you compile your information. Below are links to free 
html editors.



if you do not know html there are online classes you 
can take at a school like

or you can use NotePad to write your different chapters 
and put in little "Notes" as to where a pictures would go.

Then contact a company to put your compiled information 
into an eBook and on the internet.

Here at eBook Marketing, we can compile your eBook, 
design a cover, design a 3 page web site and host it for 
you. All for a low reasonable price. 

After your eBook site is done, you then need to start 
promoting it. Put your url address to your eBook site 
on business cards, flyers, tell friends, and join forums 
to let others know about your new eBook. 

A forum is all a good place to ask questions and learn. 
Join eBook Talk Forum for information and to ask 

Join email lists that are related to your ebook subject.

Do you have friends or business associates that have a 
web site? Ask if they will display a link or banner to 
your eBook site. 

Just remember there is an EBOOK IN EVERYONE. 
Deborah Miller is a web site developer and graphic artist. 
She has been working on the Internet since 1998. Through 
her own searches she has learned many things. She offers 
her services, skills and knowledge through additional web 
sites. You can visit the sites below.

Ebook Marketing 4U eBooks

Themes In Design - 
 - Custom FrontPage web templates and web site 
development services.

4U Web Hosting - 
 - Web Site Hosting

Online Classes for learning FrontPage 2000 and 
Creating Your Own Themes and Templates

Coming soon..............
Bizzy Bee Designs at 
CSS Templates, HTML Templates and 
more FrontPage Templates

~ by Charlene Russ, Texologic

This exercise relies upon a little bit of drawing skill. 
After customizing the user interface to show tabs, click 
the shapes tab. Below you will see a variety of shape 
tools, mouse over these until you see the CV Nurb Curve 
tool. Click this tool 

Drawing the leaf: 

Click the perspective viewport in the area you wish to 
begin drawing your leaf. Drag the mouse downward, 
click to create a second control point, then slightly drag 
to bottom right, drag downward and click again. Drag 
again with the mouse until you visualize a softly waved 
line in the perspective viewport, drag down, click and 
continue drawing the other side of the leaf until you 
reach the starting control point. Right click the starting 
control point. A pop-up will appear, "Close CV Curve?" 
Click yes if you are satisfied. 

Click modeling tab> extrude from the tabset, which 
should be a star shaped icon. Right side of screen, 
set iterations to 0.5, check box beside smooth 

Output> Mesh 

Click the modifiers tab, mesh smooth modifier setting 
iteration to 1.0, Nurms from selection box, 
smoothness 1.0. 

Settings> Input conversion.  The square polygons 
button should be down, and the keep faces convex 
box should be checked. 

Apply the Twist modifier if desired. 

See Nurbs Curve here:
Charlene Russ is an instructor with Eclectic Academy, and 
is currently teaching Introduction to 3D Studio Max.  She 
teaches novice students the basics of 3D design and 
modeling techniques.  She is also an adjunct instructor 
with a Florida community college in the Digital Arts dept.  
To enroll in one of her on-line courses you need to access 
the Eclectic Academy website at 
http://www.eclecticacademy.com and click 'enter'.  

Charlene's personal site can be accessed at 
http://www.texologic.com which features a wide gamut 
of useful design related information.

Well, gang.....that's about it for this edition of 
ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers. I sure hope you enjoyed it! If 
any of it was over your head and you need some clarification 
from one of the Fleet, just send me an email to 
linda@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx and I will pass it on 
to them. Remember that they do this in their spare time on 
a voluntary basis, so you might have to wait for an answer. 
To make all things work more quickly, include as many details 
as you can in your email and make your questions as specific 
as possible. Also, feel free to write to me and let us know 
what you want the Fleet to teach you. This is YOUR newsletter!
Happy computing, my friends!
Linda Johnson
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ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers and Linda's Computer Stop 
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Thank you for reading "ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers".

(Copyright) 2001, 2002 - ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers, 
Linda F. Johnson, MA. 

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Linda Johnson


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