[abcomputers] ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers, Vol. 22: Hackers, Crackers,and Trolls ... And lots more!

  • From: "Linda F. Johnson" <linda@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: ABCfreelists <abcomputers@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Sat, 08 Mar 2003 16:20:47 -0500

ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers.  The ezine YOU subscribed to.  If you want to change 
your subscription options or unsubscribe, see the bottom of this email for full 
instructions.  Thank you.

ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers
Volume 22; March, 2003 - mailed to 3798 subscribers

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(all links below these items take you to the non-frames 
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(items with *** behind them include pictures and/or are 
better if viewed online)

1.  Important How-To Message for Reading This Ezine 

2.  Linda's Thought of the Month
(and animated GIF) *** 

3.  Linda's Soapbox ~  HOW BIG IS ABC ANYWAY?: 
   and a tip for AOL readers

~ Free Video Tutorials and an Ebook, as Well as a Program To 
Backup All of Your Email and Settings

5.  Subscribers' Exclusive Tips of the Month 

6.  NEW! Linda's Office Tips 

7.  GeekSpeak Translation from the Cap'n 


Special GeekSpeak Translation from Cap'n Patt 



9.   Steve's Ravin' REVIEWS ***
 <>Irfanview - 6 geezers
 <>TightVNC - 5 geezers 
 <>AllFive - 5 geezers 
 <>Weather Pulse - no rating 
10. Vic's Registry RoundUp and DOS Den

11. Kathy's Practical PowerPoint Tips 
Part II: Filling Out Your Template

12. Tina's FrontPage News 

13. Mike's Safety Belt 

~ by guest author Frances McColl Stewart

~ by guest author, Jason Webb

~ by guest author, Bob Osgoodby

17.  Subscription Management
18. Contact Information

*** means the article includes pictures in the online version 
or is better viewed online 

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ECLECTIC ACADEMY ~ A Better Choice in Distance Learning

It's the latest rage and it's called Distance Learning. 
Most colleges now offer Distance Learning classes 
because they know some people work hard and just 
can't fit a classroom into their busy lives. But, 
sometimes you don't want to enroll in a full program; 
you just want to take one class.
Eclectic Academy offers a large range of classes to suit
many needs. Go there now and check out their 
curriculum and roster. Classes are only $20 for 6 weeks. 

Here's a sampling of what they offer:
*Art Courses, both digital and traditional
*Business Courses, including all of the MS Office 
Programs (many taught by none other than Linda 
Johnson herself) 
*Graphics Courses - Flash, PhotoShop, Paint Shop Pro 
& more 
*Website Development Courses - FrontPage, 
Dreamweaver, ASP, DHTML, Website Promotion, and 
on and on and on 
*Eclectic Classes - Computer Maintenance, Writing 
Workshops, Feng Shui, Eating Safely - just about 
anything you can think of

Go to Eclectic Academy now and sign up to be notified 
when classes are added or ENROLL NOW in the class of 
your choice. Go there now to enroll in the next set of 



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My thoughts this month are like most everyone else's.  Fears 
of war.  Fears of terrorism. Fears that countries that have 
been allies for years will no longer be so.  And, of course, 
ANGER.  Well, I know from the emails I receive that everyone 
has an opinion on this.  But, my thought is that you should 
keep your opinions to yourself, unless they are solicited by 
others.  Don't just assume that everyone feels the same way 
you do.  Don't flood people's inboxes with "I Love Bush" or 
"I Hate Bush" emails, assuming the person receiving your 
email feels the same.  It's one thing to voice your opinions in 
a political forum and quite another to try to force them down 
the throats of everyone in your address book.  Just cuz you 
and I get along and seem to have some computer stuff in 
common, does NOT mean I agree with your opinions about 
the United States' current problems and/or proposed solutions.

I won't bother you with my political rantings and I ask the same 
of you.  Let's just keep it friendly and non-political.  OK?
And go here for this month's animated gif 
(just right click and choose "Save picture as"):

From my buddy, Frank G.
Is this YOUR image of the true American Geek?  LOL


~~Linda F. Johnson, Editor/Publisher

                   HOW BIG IS ABC ANYWAY?
                       ... and a tip for AOL readers

No, I'm not talking about the amount of subscribers, though 
that is growing all the time (currently we have just under 
3800).  What I'm talking about is the actual size of the text 
version of this monster.  And, I made an interesting discovery 
about last month's issue.  Not only are we BIG, but we are 
bigger for some than others.

I noticed this when I mentioned the size of the last issue to 
Fleet member, Vic Ferri.  I use Outlook to mail the newsletter 
and when I sent it, the size was 205KB.  However, when I 
received my copy in my Inbox in Outlook, it had blown up to 
345KB, so I asked Vic how big it was when he received it in 
Outlook Express (which is the email program he uses) and he 
reported to me that it was 140KB.  I found it amazing that 
two email programs made by the same company could take 
the same email and change its size so drastically, so I decided 
to do some research.  I sent a request to Vic's support group, 
WinTips&Tricks, and asked the members to please tell me 
what size the February issue of ABC was when they received 
it and what email program they were using.  Here's the 
results I got, from smallest to largest:

 Peter, Eudora 5: 114KB 
 Mike, Netscape Communicator, 4.79: 137KB 
 Richard, Netscape: 137KB 
 Lorraine, Outlook Express 6:  138KB 
 Mac, Eudora: 138KB 
 Tom, Eudora: 138KB 
 Henry, Netscape 3.1: 139KB 
 Vic, Outlook Express 5.5, SP2:  140KB 
 Mike, Calypso: 140KB 
 Mean Drake, The Bat!: 141KB 
 Me, MS Outlook 2000: 275KB 
 Thomas, MS Outlook 2002: 345KB 
 Me, MS Outlook 2002, SP2:  345KB 

AOL users did not tell me exactly what size it was, but I did find 
out that it is so large that AOL converts it into a text attachment 
which must be opened in WordPad and the links are not clickable.  
I did not know this before.  Other AOL users had reported to me, 
previously, that links weren't clickable, but never told me that 
they were receiving the newsletter as a text attachment so I 
didn't know how to help them with the links problem.  Now that 
I know this, the only thing I can suggest is that you open the file 
in Word instead of WordPad and the links should then become 
clickable.  If not, save the file in Word as a .doc instead of a .txt 
and see if they are clickable.  If not, then click at the end of any 
URL in the Word doc and hit your spacebar one time and it will 
be clickable.  I'm so sorry for this inconvenience, but I have no 
control over how AOL does things.

So, I'm not sure why Outlook is making the newsletter so much 
larger than the other email programs, but it certainly is 
significant and I thought I would share this info with you all.

In light of this post, I also want to acknowledge that I receive 
feedback from some readers telling me the newsletter is too 
large (though I also receive an equal amount of feedback 
telling me it's large, but that's what makes it so great).  I 
just want to remind you all that ABC is a monthly magazine, 
as opposed to a weekly or daily newsletter and that is why it 
is so large.  It's also why it works better online instead of in 
email, but the email version is necessary for two reasons:

 * many readers do not want to have to be online to read it 
 * the email version includes ads, which make it possible for 
me to do for free.  I do not want to clutter up the online 
version with ads, so I must continue to produce the plain text 
email version, despite the size. 

Thanks so much to all of you, for your feedback...and a special 
thanks to Vic and his WinTips members for helping me with this 

Happy Computing!
Linda Johnson is a college instructor of all of the 
Microsoft Office Programs, as well as Adobe PhotoShop 
and Windows. She also teaches online distance learning 
classes in Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, Publisher, and 
Word at Eclectic Academy. 
She has worked helpdesk and teaches and lectures at 
Many local businesses and tech schools in her area. 
Support this newsletter by checking out Linda's website 
and her ebook series, MS Word MAGIC!
Part I: Fonts, Fun & Formats 
Part II: Table Wizardry 
AND, How To Get Started As a Software Trainer:
If you have been interested in taking any of Linda's 
Online Classes but don't want to wait six weeks to 
complete all the lessons or don't have the desire to be 
part of an online classroom, why not 
Check out the eBook .exe versions of all of Linda's 
classes here:

Only $15 each!!  Where else can you master a software 
Program for that price?  

Separate eBook tutorials on Access, Excel, Outlook, 
PowerPoint, Publisher, and Word.  Terrific value!!

OR BUY THEM ALL ON ONE CD  Only $45.00!!
Order online or by regular mail
Details here:

Download the free Sample Version at CNET:
And PLEASE rate it there for me?  Thanks!!


(4.) WHAT'S NEW at Linda's Computer Stop 


I've been having one heck of a busy month here.  First, I 
want to publicly thank all of the people who have made 
donations to my site.  Though I haven't received any donations 
yet, through the PayPal links on the ABC pages, I sure have 
gotten quite a few from my Word Troubleshooting Page.  

It seems I've been able to help some people and even save 
their jobs and they have been very generous in showing me 
their gratitude.  So, THANKS TO ALL WHO DONATED!!  I can't 
tell you how good this makes me feel, and now I want to tell 
you how I'm using those donations to improve my site and 
offer you more freebies :-)

First of all, I'm using a new program called Camtasia, where 
I can create video tutorials and walk you through lots of stuff, 
just like I'm sitting there at your computer.  These tutorials 
can be saved in three different versions: avi movie files which 
you can view in Windows Media Player or the player of your 
choice, exe program files which are the same as the avi files, 
but are bundled with Camtasia's player (this is nice cuz if you 
don't have the proper codecs installed in Media Player, the 
avi files won't work), and swf Flash files which can be viewed 
on the Internet.  The downside to the avi and exe files is they 
are large and can't be offered for downloading cuz I don't 
have that much space/bandwidth left on my site and they 
would take forever to download. The downside to the swf 
files is that if the viewer has a slow connection, these can 
appear a bit erratic and my voice may stutter.  Though people 
with slower connections have reported to me that if they let 
the page download fully, then click the Play button at the 
bottom left corner of the page (you may have to scroll down 
to see it), when they play the file for the second time, after it 
has fully downloaded, it plays much better.  Anyway, I've put 
a couple sample swf files on my site, if you would like to see 
them...and watch for more to be added.  Also, I'm hoping to 
compile many of these into a video tutorial CD, which will play 
well for people on all computers, no matter what your 
Internet connection speed is ... but of course, the CDs won't 
be free.

Here's the link to the two free samples I now have on the Net.  
Bookmark this page and watch for more:

I've also added a new free ebook you can download.  It 
teaches all about Mail Merges in Word 2002.  Since this is one 
of the features that has changed the most in the newest 
version of Word, I made this for people who buy my Word 
2000 ebook or take my Word online class.  But, I figured I'd 
be nice and share it with everyone. J Also, it will give you an 
idea of how my ebook/online class lessons look.

Download it now, by clicking this link.  It's safe and virus free!

I was approached last month by a company who makes a 
program which backs up all of your email and email settings, 
including your accounts, your rules, your folders, your toolbar 
settings, and just about everything having to do with your 
email.  They asked me to review this program for them.  I 
tested it pretty thoroughly and I was indeed impressed.  Not 
only does it do an effective job, it works on just about every 
email program and on all versions of Windows.  This is one 
I highly recommend.  To see my full review and links to FAQs 
and a free demo download, read this:

Email Saver Xe

Another product I recently purchased and reviewed is 
Spam Inspector.  I finally got tired of hitting my delete key about 
200 times a day to clean up my Inbox.  I'd tried other SPAM 
removal products in the past and was not satisfied.  Well, this one 
I really like and I think you might too.  Click here to read my 
review and download a free trial version:

Spam Inspector

And they are running a special until March 31st:
$10.00 off!  Only $19.95 and worth every penny!

I wrote an article for TechTrax on Navigation and Buttons in 
FrontPage, which explains how to set up a website with 
buttons and text links for people to find their way around.  
You might want to check it out.

Version at TechTrax's site:

Reprinted version on my site:

Also, in this same issue of TechTrax, Vic Ferri wrote a really 
good article on Windows XP Security.  Read this and be 
amazed at how easy it is to break into any XP computer *sigh*:

And, you can always check out TechTrax's archives to see 
all the articles written by both Vic and myself, along with the 
other excellent authors there:

Vic's TechTrax articles

Linda's TechTrax articles

My newest online classes have begun at Eclectic Academy.  
Though they've already started, enrollment has been 
extended until midnite, Sunday, March 9th.  Please feel free 
to come join us.  We have lots of fun in these classes ... and 
people tell me they learn a lot.

And, you can go here and see the comments some of my 
past students have made:

Or, go directly to Eclectic Academy's site and cruise around 
the halls and read the Student Handbook to learn more about 
how the classes work:

Of course, I've also added some new links to my favorite 
links page, so go there and check out the revolving Ns:

Well...that's about it for this month.  Please come back 
to my site often to see what else I've added and drop 
me a line if you have any suggestions.


Windows XP Problems, Problems, Problems...and Solutions

In lieu of a "tip" this month, I'm going to share three problems 
I've had recently, along with the solutions I came up with that 
worked for me, just in case any of you run into these nagging 
headaches, which took me a while to fix.

PROBLEM: My printer kept giving me errors telling me it 
wasn't connected

SOLUTION: Unplug it from the wall outlet, then plug it in 
again (well...duhhh)

DETAILS:  I own an older Z12 Lexmark printer that has never 
given me any problems.  So, a while back I decided that I 
wanted a fancy printer/fax/copier/scanner combo so I 
bought the X63 and, basically, I like it very much.  However, 
periodically, I would have to uninstall/reinstall the drivers 
becuz I would get errors when I tried to print, that told me 
that Windows XP didn't detect any printer installed.  It was a 
bit of a pain in the neck to have to do this every so often, but 
at least it seemed to fix the problem, if only temporarily.  But, 
recently, I had the problem again and uninstalling/reinstalling 
the printer software (drivers) did no good.  I searched the 
internet and Lexmark's site for solutions and everything I saw 
told me to first unplug the printer from the computer, then 
replug it in and that should fix it.  If not, to reinstall the 
software.  Well, I can't tell you how many times I did this and 
it did NOT fix the problem.  So, my last resort, before I threw 
the printer out a window, was to unplug the printer from the 
wall outlet (not the computer), then reboot.  And, glory be, 
that fixed it.  Now, when I have this intermittent problem 
again, instead of uninstalling/reinstalling my software like I 
used to do, I simply shut down my computer, unplug the 
printer from the wall outlet, replug in the printer, and turn 
my computer back on.  So far, this has fixed it EVERY time, so 
I thought I'd share this simple little thing with any of you who 
have been reinstalling your Lexmark printer software a lot.  
It doesn't appear that this is necessary.

PROBLEM: The Receiving light kept blinking and I couldn't 
connect to the net or download mail

SOLUTION: Unplug/replug the modem, then release and 
renew my connection

DETAILS: Another nagging thing that seems to be happening 
with my cable modem ever since I moved "up" to Windows 
XP is I am constantly being disconnected from the Internet 
and my email gives me errors telling me my connection has 
been lost.  After checking and rechecking all of my connections 
and settings and getting nowhere, I finally called my cable ISP 
and they walked me through a loooooong fix which DID work, 
but I've since figured out a quicker one.  

They explained to me that my router and cable modem were 
getting "out of sync" so what I had to do was shut down all 
the computers in my network, then unplug the router, then 
unplug the cable modem, then wait about 30 seconds, then 
plug in the modem and wait for the lights to stop flashing, 
then plug in the router, then wait a few more seconds, then 
turn all my computers back on.  This took a bit of time, and 
sometimes it didn't work and I would have to repeat the long 
process again, sometimes 3 or 4 times.

Well, after playing around with this for a few weeks, I've 
found a quicker way that works for me.  When this happens 
now, I don't even turn off my computers.  I simply unplug the 
cable modem for about 10 seconds, then plug it back in.  
Then I go to my Windows XP machine and click on Start, then 
Run and I type in 

ipconfig /release 

and I see a DOS type box for about 3 seconds, then I type 

ipconfig /renew 

and I see another box, and then I'm connected again.  This 
takes about 20 seconds as compared to 5 to 15 minutes the 
other way, so I recommend that any of you having cable 
disconnects with Windows XP give this a shot.  

PROBLEM: I kept getting an ikernel.exe error when I tried 
to install software

SOLUTION: Uninstall Windows HotFix (SP2) Q328310

DETAILS: This one just started a few weeks ago.  When I 
tried to install software, the installation would appear to 
complete, then when I closed the install shield, I would get 
an error message that said, "The instruction at <some 
number> referenced memory <some other number>.  The 
memory could not be read.  Click OK to terminate the program."  
The message box that contained this error was titled 
ikernel.exe.  At first I thought it was the software itself 
creating this error, but research around the net showed me 
that people were getting this error while installing many 
different programs and there were lots of suggested fixes 
out there that did not appear to be working for people.  
However, I did find the one that worked for me and many 
others.  It seems this is a bug in Windows XP's SP1 and the 
only way to fix it is to go into your control panel and double 
click add/remove programs, then uninstall Windows XP 
HotFix (SP2) Q328310.  But a word of warning....when I 
uninstalled this hotfix, Windows prompted me that removing 
this might cause some other programs on my computer not to 
function properly.  However, I can tell you that after I 
uninstalled it, I tried all of the programs Windows said might 
not work and they appear to be working fine.  And, 
uninstalling this hotfix definitely got rid of that install error I 
was receiving and I am able to now install all the software 
I want.  Gotta watch dem hot fixes.

**************STATION BREAK*****************

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Get your free sample video while you're there, and see if 
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Tom Glander is the creator of Show Me Windows for Windows 
98 computers. He specializes in making information easy to 
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computing experience.


Imagine having a trusted friend sit down with you, guide 
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Want proof that what I'm saying is true and totally honest? 
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The best way is to Download my FREE sample video and 
See for yourself.

Tom Glander
Show Me Windows

(6.)  Cap'n Patt's
Visit the Cap'n's Official GeekSpeak Database at 
If the word you need defined is not there, or the 
definition is not clear, too geeky, or just plain confusing 
to you, email the Cap'n.  He would love to hear from 
you at CapnPatt@xxxxxxx



EDITOR'S NOTE: This article includes pictures and is 
clearer if read online.  You can see the online version here:

Basically, there are three ways to change your margin 
settings in Word.

* Through Page Setup 
* In Print Layout View 
* In Print Preview 

Through Page Setup:

Go to File>Page Setup and click on the Margins tab.  In there, 
you can type in the margins you want for left, right, top, and 
bottom.  You can also use the dropdown menu at the bottom 
to choose whether you want to apply these margins to your 
whole document or from this point forward.  If your document 
has sections, you can also choose to apply these settings to 
just this section.

In Print Layout View:

Go to the View menu and choose Print Layout.  Now you can 
drag your margins using the rulers.  (If you don't see your 
rulers, go to the View menu and click on "Ruler".) This allows 
you to see how the document will be adjusted when you change 
the margins.  Once you've changed the margins this way, if 
you go back to File>Page Setup, you will see the numbers 
have changed there as well.

If you move your mouse to the area on the ruler where the 
gray section starts, you will see your mouse pointer turns into 
a line with arrows on each end and a tool tip pops out that 
says "Top margin" or "Left margin", etc.  Just click and drag 
when you see that.

In Print Preview:

Print Preview allows you to change the margins using the 
rulers or Page Setup the same way, but the advantage to 
doing it in Print Preview is you can display multiple pages at 
once, then click on any individual section and change the 
margins on just that section.  (NOTE that you cannot have 
different margin settings for different pages unless those 
pages are in different sections, using Next Page Section 
Breaks, instead of just Page Breaks.)

Go to File>Print Preview and click on the multiple pages 
button on the toolbar and drag across the number of pages 
you want to display.

Now you will see that many pages on your screen and you 
can click on any one page to select it, then change the margins 
by dragging on the ruler OR by going to File>Page Setup for 
that one section without affecting the margins on the other 

ONE FINAL NOTE:  Hewlett Packard printers have known 
issues with bottom margins.  An HP inkjet has only one roll 
behind the print head. So it can print full-bleed at the upper 
edge, but, when it comes to the end of the sheet, the printer 
can only print as long as it can hold the paper with its one roll. 
It cannot continue printing when the one roll loses hold of the 
paper, then nothing advances it anymore. Therefore the last 
half inch is never printed with any HP inkjet.  So, never make 
your bottom margin less than 3/4 of an inch or you will lose 
the stuff at the bottom of your page.

**************STATION BREAK*****************

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             *****THIS MONTH'S FEATURE*****

(8.)  Special GeekSpeak Translation
from Cap'n Patt


And so, it came to pass that upon the landscape of technology 
there appeared three sentient beings called Hackers, 
Crackers, and Trolls. The reasons nor the logic of their being 
so named have never been revealed.

Neither is it within our realm to define the purpose of their 
existence. Mayhap such purpose could best be served by 
categorizing them with the subject of the oft-quoted couplet 
attributed to the ancient philosopher, Ogden of Nash. He said, 
I quote: "God made the fly. I wonder why?" 

My only answer, I don't know.

Therefore, as a certified member of the overwhelmingly large 
group of mortals convinced that somewhere in this vast trove 
of accumulated knowledge and lore one may find an 
appropriate answer for all questions, I'm convinced only an 
extended search through the cranial memory banks is 
required to ferret out that which is surely the logical and true 
answer to any query.

I feel it is my bounden duty to provide the answers to these 
long-standing questions. Besides, the Boss Lady said, "Do it."

So hold onto your hats kiddies, here we go!

I will be the first to admit that when the phrase "Hackers, 
Crackers, and Trolls" accosted my senses my first reaction 
was to hum the little ditty, "Baubles, Bangles, and Beads ta de 
dum dum." Admittedly the thought of dropping it right there 
did occur.

But no, the motto of my outfit during Dubya Dubya Two was, 
"Any place, Any time, Any Where." I shall try to muddle on.

A HACKER: There are probably more definitions for this term 
than there are hackers. More arguments have ensued over 
some of those definitions than you really want to think about.  

The Underground Digest says the original hacker was a 
furniture maker. Most likely because there were no computers 
in those days and the only software was stuffed with feathers.

HACKER Two: A person who is capable of programming quickly. 
Yeah right! Then he grabs his laptop and runs. Some of them 
gained fame and notoriety. If you're interested and would like 
to learn more about them, try the Hackers' Hall of Fame at 
You can find a History of Hacking there too. 

Another history, complete with photographs, includes the first 
major hack when John Draper, better know as "Cap'n Crunch" 
used a toy whistle from a box of the breakfast cereal of the 
same name to "Phreak" payphones into authorizing free long 
distance calls. You can find that one at 
along with this definition of "Cracker."

"CRACKER: An individual who attempts to gain unauthorized 
access to a computer system. These individuals are often 
malicious and have many means at their disposal for breaking 
into a system. The term was coined ca. 1985 by hackers in 
defense against journalistic misuse of "hacker". An earlier 
attempt to establish "worm" in this sense around 1981--82 
on Usenet was largely a failure."

Webopedia, http://www.webopedia.com, a truly excellent 
on-line reference source defines them as, "(A) cracker's 
sole aim is to break into secure systems, hackers are more 
interested in gaining knowledge about computer systems 
and possibly using this knowledge for playful pranks."

There are also numerous synonyms for the term Crackers. 
You can discover a whole slew of them on Webopedia. 
Terms like nutty, balmy, kooky, fruit loops, (another cereal) 
whacko, and bonkers, on and on ad infinitum. Don't ask me 
what it means, Latin's a dead language.

And Now, TROLLS! It used to be the popular conception of a 
TROLL was an extremely ugly little character with a flattened 
nose who lived under a bridge and would eat your goats. 
That, of course was the 19th century C.C. (That's before 
computers and Cosmetic surgery.)

Today a troll is also known by the acronym PIA, which you 
may find a definition of in my Acronyms article.

Timothy Campbell at 
says, "An Internet "troll" is a person who delights in sowing 
discord on the Internet. He (and it is usually he) tries to start 
arguments and upset people." Oh well, it's a start.

As far as I'm concerned that takes care of the technical 
definitions but for my money, and my personal opinion, the 
whole subject can be summed up in far fewer lines. 

Namely, a HACKER is one who works his fanny off trying to 
iron the kinks out of buggy software and hardware and to 
make things work better for all of us. Without hackers Uncle 
Billy the Billionaire would be listed among the homeless. He 
was, and probably still is a hacker.

A CRACKER is a character who spends his time in smoke filled 
rooms cracking the activation and registration codes of 
purloined software. He doesn't do this because he can't 
afford the software. He does it to prove to his buddies and 
co-hackers that he can. Dig deep enough into the history of 
software and you'd probably find Uncle Billy in that category 
too. No doubt about it, the kid was versatile.

As for TROLLS, it's synonymous with PIA.  Suppose you were 
sitting at your computer in your fancy leather desk chair and 
the sharp end of a broken spring was to suddenly protrude 
through the leather seat. You would immediately experience 
a PIA. Hey there, still don't get it? The first two words are 
"Pain" "In" and the last one ain't "Anatomy." 

There you have it. What you do with it is left strictly to your 
discretion. If you find yourself in any of these three 
classifications. Stop and think about this. We need Hackers. 
We even need crackers now and then, they can be helpful as 
well as harmful. I'll even agree that under the proper 
circumstances the two are almost synonymous.

But, if you are a troll, once a troll always a troll. It would 
seem to be an irreversible characteristic and you are truly 
a real, honest, Pain In the Ass. 

Once a Captain, always a Captain.
If you enjoyed this, you will love Cap'n Patt's 
GeekSpeak Translator!

**************STATION BREAK*****************


Check out OVER 80 INSTANT GUIDES to your DREAM JOB or 
LIFESTYLE, by real world been-there, done-that authors. 
Click here to get YOUR REAL LIFE moving NOW: 

Including Linda Johnson's 
"How to Get Started as a Software Trainer"



~~ Steve Mills 

March already! Here I sit in Chicago and realize we basically 
had a snowless winter when many areas are up to their 
whatevers in the white stuff. Winter has seemed gloomier, 
to me, this year with the war overhanging seemingly 
everything (not a political judgment, but an economic one). 
Hopefully, by next month we'll have some resolution. We 
REALLY need some good news.

I'm proud of this month's selection. Grab Irfanview, as I'm 
sure everyone will have some use for it. The other programs 
do what they do very well.

Thanks for the feedback from last month's column. I'm still 
running Ad-aware and Spybot Search and Destroy. I'm 
beginning to feel that Spybot would be the choice if I was 
limited to one, but there's no reason not to run both at this 

<RANT> It's amazing how much of this spyware garbage is 
around. I know that companies have to figure out a way to 
pay for their products and services, but pop-ups and 
sleuthware isn't the answer. This week I heard some MBA 
type bragging that the Onstar system could track a car to 
within a few feet. That way they could know, for instance, 
if you went to Blockbuster and they could send you 
advertisements and coupons for DVD and movie rental. Whoa 
marketing boy! Back off! The sad thing is he saw nothing 
wrong with this massive intrusion. And just up the road 
Northwestern is turning out these types by the boatload.  
Sometimes, actually frequently these days, I feel quite old, 
but I still believe there's a place for honesty and integrity in 
business. Time will tell. </RANT>

Your suggestions are welcome and encouraged. 

Take Care?..



 Irfanview - 6 geezers 
 TightVNC - 5 geezers 
 AllFive - 5 geezers 
 Weather Pulse - no rating 

 <screen captures of the software interfaces online>


Version: 3.80 <January 10, 2003>
Author: Irfan Skiljan
Web Site: www.irfanview.com/ 
Rating: 6 Geezers

Why is this free? There are certain programs that have been 
refined by the author to a point of near perfection. This is one 
of them. I do a LOT of graphics and have most of the big guys, 
but it is amazing how many times I return to this gem. It's 
hard to stop in listing features. Here are some: 

<> Many supported file formats (click here the list of formats)  
<> Multi language support  
<> Thumbnail/preview option  
<> Slideshow (save slideshow as EXE/SCR or burn it to CD)  
<> Drag & drop support  
<> Fast directory view (moving through directory)  
<> Batch conversion (with image processing)  
<> Email option  
<> Multimedia player  
<> Print option  
<> Change color depth  
<> Scan (batch scan) support  
<> Cut/crop  
<> IPTC editing  
<> Effects (Sharpen, Blur, Photoshop filter factory)  
<> Capturing  
<> Extract icons from EXE/DLL/ICLs  
<> Lossless JPG rotation  
<> Many hotkeys  
<> Many command line options  
<> Many plug-ins  
<> Only one EXE-File, no DLLs, no Shareware messages like 
"I Agree" or "Evaluation expired"  
<> No registry changes without user action/permission!  

One of the plug-ins - and there are many - allows you to play 
Real Audio files and you can get rid of their wretched player. 
I couldn't think of a format that was not supported. Put this 
on your disk and I would suggest making it the default viewer 
for jpgs and gifs for a start (you have control within the 

Very possibly the best of all Freeware programs - or, as they 
say, it's certainly in the team picture.

Version: 1.2.8 <February 2, 2003>
Author: GNU Public License
Web Site: www.tightvnc.com 
Rating: 5 Geezers

Think of this as PCAnywhere for the rest of us. I first became 
aware of VNC several years ago when I was working with a 
major regional ISP and they were using VNC to access 
computers at their remote POPs. I thought it was kind of 
strange that they would leave this important operation to a 
free software program. It wasn't long until I began to 
appreciate its power and it did save about $100 per machine.

TightVNC is a newer version specifically designed for remote 
access to graphical desktops. You can access any remote 
machine running TightVNC as long as there is an Internet 
connection. It is optimized to make access over slower 
connections palatable. 

TightVNC is available for Windows and Unix. Like all GNU 
programs, source code is available.

Give this a shot before you plunk down the pesos for 
PCAnywhere. You'll be surprised.

AllFIve 2000
Version: 2.34 <February 9, 2003>
Author: Bongosoft
Web Site: www.bongosoft.fsnet.co.uk 
Rating: 5 Geezers

Game time! There are darn few free games available any 
more. I'm sure the general decline of the Internet and the 
complexity of building quality games make it impractical. I miss 
the earlier days when new games, from garage authors, 
continually pushed the limits. Anyway, here's a goody. It's 
one of those games that you can play late at night when you 
need a diversion or play with up to 7 others. It's the classic 
game of Yahtzee with nice graphics and sound. Very well 

System Requirements:

<> Windows 95, 98, Me, NT or 2000 
<> A 150MHz or faster processor 
<> 16MB of RAM (32/64MB recommended) 
<> 4MB video card 
<> A screen resolution of at least 800×600 pixels running in 
at least 16-bit color mode (i.e. anything except 16 or 256 colors) 

Although the requirements are fairly low, if you have an old 
system to play it on, Bongosoft makes there classic versions 
available which will run on most anything. That can be 
downloaded here:

Weather Pulse
Version: 1.41 <February 27, 2003>
Author: Tropic Designs
Web Site: www.tropicdesigns.net 
Rating: ????

Be warned - this is pretty much untested. For years I've used 
Weather Bug and it sat quietly in my system tray, warned us 
of weather alerts and was immediately available for the 
current weather forecast. In the past year or so it has 
become increasingly obtrusive in its sponsored mode. I 
would have been glad to buy it, but it is only available by 
subscription and I don't buy software by subscription. This 
ongoing commitment to have someone in my pocket for 
evermore I find offensive. Obviously, a personal view.

I've been using Weather Pulse for a couple of days and it 
seems like a viable replacement. We'll see. As always, drop 
me a note if you try it and have an opinion.

Final Thought:

Genius is the development of an infinite capacity for 
taking pains.

-- Thomas Carlyle

Steve Mills has been reviewing software in different capacities 
for many years.  He has recently left his job with a search 
engine consulting firm and is looking for a new adventure.

**************STATION BREAK*****************
                                  from Vic Ferri
High level desktop folder security for 
Windows 95/98/Me

Keep your personal and most valuable files locked 
and hidden from prying eyes, viruses, and other users 
of your computer.  Easy to use and extremely secure.

Lock&Hide is an  extremely easy to use  program that 
allows you to lock and hide any folder on your desktop.  
Folders secured with Lock&Hide cannot be seen, found, 
or accessed. Your folders remain totally invisible and 
highly secured, yet can be accessed quckly and easily 
at any time!

More Info here:

Screenshots and instructions here:

Or download the free demo here
(the demo does not include the "Restore All" feature
or the password protection utility.)

~~ Vic Ferri, WinTips&Tricks 


Normally, to start the Recovery Console in XP, you need to 
find your CD and load it, and then wait for the setup to begin.  
If you find yourself using the Recovery Console more than just 
once in a blue moon, it would be much more convenient to 
install it on your hard drive and have it listed as an option with 
your boot menu at startup. This way, any time you need to 
enter the Recovery Console, all you have to do is restart your 
computer and choose Recovery Console from the boot menu.  
Doing it this way also loads it faster, since a hard drive is faster 
than a CD.  It's also a good idea to install it if you have a 
server or workstation. What a hassle it would be to always 
have to find a CD.

You should know that you can only install the Recovery 
Console on your computer if you have Administrative rights.  
If you do, then installing it is quite easy.

Here's how and in this example we will assume that your 
CD-ROM is drive G:

Adding the Recovery Console

1. Insert your Windows XP setup CD into your CD-ROM drive.

2. Click Start > Run and type the following command:

G:\i386\winnt32.exe /cmdcons 
(where G: is your CD-ROM drive letter)

3. You will now see a setup box appear with information 
describing what you are doing and asking you to confirm 
installation.  Click Yes to continue.

4. Once completion is indicated, reboot your computer.

And that's all there is to it. Next time you boot up, you will see 
the Recovery Console added to your boot menu or if you 
never had a boot menu (i.e. - you had a sole operating 
system), then one will be created listing your operating 
system (Windows XP) and the Recovery Console on the menu. 
Windows XP will be default, naturally, so if you don't interact 
with the menu at boot up, Windows XP will automatically load 
as usual, after the wait time is up.

NOTE - you can control how long you want the boot menu to 
stay up by editing your boot ini file.  You can do this in System 

* Right click My Computer and then click Properites > 
Advanced tab.  
* Then under the "Startup and Recovery" section, click 
Settings. There you will see the option to choose the number 
of seconds you want the menu to stay up before the default 
operating system starts to load on it's own. The default is 30 

Removing the Recovery Console

If for whatever reason, you want to remove the Recovery 
Console from your system and boot menu, first make sure 
that you are not hiding system files. 

* Open any folder and click Tools>Folder Options> View Tab 
and if not already checked, put a checkmark next to "Show 
hidden files and folders" and remove the checkmark from 
"Hide protected operating system files" 
* Click Ok to save your changes. 
* Then restart your computer and when you get back into 
Windows, delete the Cmdcons folder and Cmldr file, both of 
which should be in your root drive, i.e. -  your C: drive. 

NOTE - If you have, for example, a dual boot setup with one 
system like Windows 98 on the C: drive and XP on another 
partition, like the E: drive, your root folder for XP is still C:, 
not E.  More than once, I have heard " I can't find my boot.ini 
file in XP" and it was because they had a dual boot system, 
with XP not on the primary C: drive, and so they confined 
their search within XP only.

After deleting the folder and file, you have successfully 
removed the Recovery Console from your hard drive, but not 
from your boot menu. To get it out of your boot menu, you 
need to remove the line that places it there, which is in your 
boot.ini file which you can access directly in the root folder or 
you can go to the same place in System Properties where you 
set the boot menu time, to access it. If you access it directly, 
be sure to remove the Read Only attribute.

Whichever way you access it, here is what the line you need 
to remove would look like:
C:\cmdcons\bootsect.dat="Microsoft Windows Recovery 
Console" /cmdcons

Make sure you delete ONLY that line. If you mess up any 
other line, you can end up not being able to boot.

If you're not sure, make a backup of boot.ini before you 
proceed. Also be sure to reset the Read Only attribute once 
you're done - if you edited boot.ini directly in the root folder 
rather than in System Properties.

And that's it. The Recovery Console is now off your system 
and off your boot menu. 
Vic Ferri owns the very popular WinTips and Tricks 
email group 
He is also in charge of the Printing Tips page at
Linda's Computer Stop.
and also the Registry Tips page. 

Vic has also created a program which allows you to 
Lock & Hide desktop folders in Windows 9X/ME.  
Read more and get the free demo here.

And, he now offers a service to convert PowerPoint 
presentations to .exe files which can be viewed on 
computers which do not have PowerPoint installed.

Also, check out his  Expert-Guides on Video topics:

~~Kathryn Jacobs, PowerPointAnswers
Part II: Filling Out Your Template

(Part I can be seen here.)

Create the Title Master

Now that you have your slide master the way you want it, it is 
time to leverage that work and create your master slide for your 
title slides. You could have created this master at any point 
previous to this. However, by creating it after you create your 
slide master, you will have less work to do. 

To insert a title master, select "New Title Master" from the 
"Insert" menu. You will see a slide that looks much the same as 
your slide master, but with different placeholders. Chances are 
good that you will find that there is little further you need to 
customize at this point. However, you should check the 
following items: 

* Check that the graphics still look proportional to the slide. 
Because there is considerably less text on a title slide, you will 
likely find that you want the graphics enlarged or changed to 
catch the readers notice. 
* Check that the fonts on your slide look the way you want them. 
They should be large, easy to read, and yet still stand out from 
the rest of your presentation. 
* Decide whether the background needs a tweak to stand out 
from the main slides. You may want to change the color or the 
* Decide whether you really want those footer text areas to 
show on the title slides. Decide if they are distracting from the 
impact of your title slide.  

Customize your color schemes

For each template, there are defined one or more color schemes. 
These schemes define the default colors for the following elements: 

* Background 
* Text and Line 
* Shadows 
* Title Text 
* Fills 
* Accent 
* Accent and Hyperlink 
* Accent and Followed Hyperlink 

To get to the defined color schemes, right click and select
"Slide Color Scheme". This will bring up a two-tabbed window. 
The first tab shows the color schemes that have already been 
defined for this template. The second tab allows you to create 
and use custom color schemes. You can either use one that is 
there, or define your own. If you change color schemes, be sure 
you select to apply the changes to all slides, so that your title 
and slide masters stay consistent. 

But wait - This is a brand new template! How can it have color 
schemes already defined? Remember that we based this 
template on the Blank template. The Blank template has several 
color schemes already defined. 

One more note - If you use a picture or a texture for your 
background, changing the background color in your scheme will 
not change the color of your slides. They will continue to have 
the graphic as a background. 

Format other masters

Now that you have your slides set up, it is time to customize 
the notes and handout masters. For each of these there are only 
a few things to customize, but they can be important. 

Handout Masters

The handout masters are set up to show your handouts as they 
will be printed. Notice that your background is white, instead of 
the background you picked for your slides. You can change it, but 
notice that it is not changed automatically. Notice also that the 
header and footer choices are different. 

Let's start with the background. You can change the background 
easily. Think about the impact before you do so. If you are going 
to print handouts, do you want an overly active background? So, 
while it is tempting to change the background of your handouts, 
be careful when you do so. 

The other change available here is the choice of content for the 
headers and footers. This information can be customized by 
going to "Header and Footer" under the "View" menu. When 
selected, this menu option brings up the second tab of the 
"Header and Footer" window. This window allows you to make 
similar choices to the ones you made for your slides. Here, 
however, it is generally a good idea to put the header and footer 
information on each page for the convenience of your audience 

If you want to test how your handouts will look, insert a couple 
of test slides and do a test print. It is the only way to see the 
changes on your handout master. 

Notes Master

The notes master allows you to determine how your speaker 
notes will look both in the "Notes View" and when printed 
through PowerPoint. Here, you can again change the header 
and footer information and the background colors. You do this 
in just the same manner as was described above for the handout 
master. Next, you will want to decide if you wish to change the 
font and the text size for the notes you enter. To change this 
element, select the sample text in the lower of the two big boxes 
on the master and change the formatting as desired. The third 
thing you may want to change is the size of the PowerPoint slide 
attached to this note page. To do this, click on the slide on the 
upper half of the page and adjust the size with the handles on 
the corners and sides. 

Almost done: Save it!

You will want to save your hard work for sharing and reusing. 
Select the save as option and change the type to a template. 
When you switch from presentation to template, the list of files 
showing in the browse window should change to the location 
where the rest of your templates are installed. 

Before you share this template, use it to create a test 
presentation. Starting from scratch, start a new presentation 
and apply your template. Check to see that text slides look the 
way you want them to look. Insert a graphic or other style of 
slide and make sure that all of that works. Run the presentation 
in slide show mode and see that it automates the way you want 
it too. 

If you found things you need to change, open the template file 
and make your changes there. Once you have saved your 
changes, re-apply the template and test it once more. 

Distribute and reuse as desired!

Now that you have created a masterpiece of a template, you 
can share your presentation by sending the template file to 
others who need it. However, be warned that a template file is 
not small. The smallest ones I have created are about 40 Kb in 
size. (You can create smaller ones if you use no graphics or 
effects.) The more animations and graphics you add, the larger 
your file will become. You may wish to compress your template 
with a tool such as WinZip before sending it out to anyone else. 
Kathryn Jacobs, BrainBench MVP, MS PowerPoint
Get PowerPoint answers at 
Cook anything outdoors with 
Hardware, software, and history: 
Kathy is a trainer, writer, Girl Scout, parent, and whatever 
else there is time for.

I believe life is meant to be lived. But, if we live without 
making a difference, it makes no difference that we lived.

**************STATION BREAK*****************

Do you want to know the latest on FrontPage? Do you 
want Tips, news, articles, links and ebooks on 
FrontPage? Well the AnyFrontPage Bytes Ezine is the 
best place for your FrontPage and web crafting needs, 
join up at: 
Are you looking for resources for FrontPage? Want to 
know where all the best FP links are? The hosts, the lists, 
the forums? 
Use AccessFP - FrontPage Resources Centre as the 
start site for your FrontPage Information facts. 

~~Tina Clarke, AccessFP - FrontPage Resource Centre


EDITOR'S NOTE: This article includes pictures and is 
clearer if read online.  You can see the online version here:

A named subdirectory, which is called a subweb, is a complete 
web site nested inside another web site. The site that contains 
a subweb is called a root or parent web. Since the first version 
of FrontPage, subwebs have been supported, and with FrontPage 
2000, the concept of nested subwebs was introduced. A site 
administrator / Webmaster can use subwebs to organise the 
site logically, streamline work and delegate parts of the site to 
others. First, it is crucial to understand the difference between 
a folder and a subweb. If you open a web that contains both 
folders and subwebs, you can see the way the two are 

In the diagram shown in the online version of this article:

* 'frontpagesite' is the root web site 
* 'links' is a subweb of the 'frontpagesite' root web site 
* 'resources' is a folder in the 'frontpagesite' root web site 

A subweb icon has a small globe on the picture of a folder. 
A folder icon just shows the folder with no globe.

When you make a subweb initially, it can inherit certain site 
settings (such as theme information and permissions) from 
its parent site (root web). 

However with a subweb you can change this and have:

* Different Themes 
* Different Content in the shared borders 
* Different navigation layout, but still incorporate links to the 
* Different Permissions - such as password protection 

Adding an external link to a link bar based on the navigation 

* In 'Navigation view' right-click the page to which you want to 
add an external hyperlink, and click 'Add Existing Page', on the 
popup menu. The 'Insert Hyperlink' Dialog box will appear, to 
create a hyperlink to a page or file. 
* Under' Link to', click 'Existing File or Web Page' to select. 
* Then select the page or file to which you want to link, in this 
case you want to link to the rootweb so you will have to click 
the folder icon with the arrow next to the 'Look in' box to go 
back one level to the rootweb. 
* Make your file selection and press ok. 
* Now in the 'Navigation View' pane the file will have a small 
globe on it to denote the linkage. 

Subwebs are really specialised folders. From the viewpoint of 
the user, they are just like regular folders 

The link http://accessfp.net/accessfpjournal - accessfp.net being 
the rootweb and accessfpjournal being the subweb - would look 
exactly the same if it were a folder. But from the viewpoint of 
the FrontPage Webmaster, subwebs can you give you much 
more scope.

What subwebs can give you is a way to direct usage of that 
subweb without letting the rootweb come to harm by incorrect 
usage. This means that the Webmaster can grant authoring 
rights to a user for a subweb without allowing the user rights 
to other parts of the root web. 

When working with a large Web site, it's often easier to break 
up the site into smaller subwebs. Performance can improve, 
because the time required to recalculate hyperlinks is directly 
proportional to the number and size of the documents stored in 
a single Web.

It is a good idea to use a subweb for a FrontPage Discussion 
component or a guestbook component, so that, the files are not 
shared by other discussion groups .

For instructions on how to make a FrontPage Discussion web see:

With folders, on the other hand, you can use them in much the 
same way but they can't be specialised like subwebs.

Folders can be used to organise your files easier. (For example,
 putting all of your image files together in an images folder.) This 
is why FrontPage automatically creates an images folder when 
you create a new web, along with _borders and _private folders. 

The _borders file will be hidden til you tick the box under 
Tools | Web setting | Advanced, next to 'Show hidden files and 

NOTE: _borders and _private are preceded by an underscore (_) 
to hide them from the FrontPage Search and TOC (Table of 

If you have content in folders that you don't want anyone to see, 
it's best to net them in the _private folder, which cannot be 
browsed by an anonymous user, the user name and password of 
the site is required for them to be viewed on the server.

When you place web content in folders, the URL (web address) 
of that content includes the folder name. For example, if your 
root web is named http://accessfp.net  and you have a page 
named sitemap.htm in a folder named accessfpjournal, then 
the URL of that page will be 

Folders can also be nested and there is no limit, but sensibly 
you don't want to take this to extremes or you will find yourself 
with a rather large url with lots of slashes.

NOTE: When you make a folder, it's best to make an index.htm 
page within the folder or anyone can view the contents list of 
the folder.

Converting a folder to a subweb

Folders under a root web site can be converted to subwebs with 
their own permissions for who can author, browse, or administer 

* In the Folder list, right-click the folder you want to convert to 
a subweb.  WARNING: Do not convert the root folder of your 
computer's hard drive. Doing so may make your hard drive 
* Click 'Convert to Web' on the pop up menu and a dialog box 
will be displayed asking if your sure you want to do this. 
NOTEs: The larger the contents of the folder, the longer it will 
take to convert the folder to a web site. For a large folder, this 
process could take several minutes.  
  <> Pages that include other files may not be updated when 
the included files change.  
  <> Hyperlinks on link bars might not work correctly if you 
follow this procedure.  
* When you click Yes, FrontPage adds the _private, _vti_cnf,
 _vti_pvt, _vti_script, _vti_txt, and images folders, which are 
indicative of a Microsoft FrontPage web. The folder icon also 
changes from the Windows folder icon to the Web folder icon. 

When you double-click this folder, you will start another 
instance of FrontPage, and open the newly converted web.

Converting a subweb (child web) to a folder

* In the rootweb (parent web), in 'Folders view', right-click the 
subweb you want to convert to a folder.  
* Click 'Convert to Folder' on the popup menu.  NOTE: The 
larger the contents of the web site, the longer it takes to convert 
the web site to a folder. For a large web site, this process could 
take several minutes.  
* When you select this option, a dialog box will be displayed 
asking if you're sure you want to do this and will warn you of the 

When you convert a web site or subweb to a folder, many of the 
web site settings may be lost.  Converting a subweb to a folder 
makes the subweb available to anyone with permissions on the 
parent web site.  Pages with a theme applied may change to 
match the parent web site's theme.  Hyperlinks in navigation 
bars to these pages will be lost. Tasks for these pages will be lost. 

* When you click Yes, you will remove the _vti_txt folder and 
some of the files in the _vti_pvt folder. The folder is then 
available within its parent Web, just as any other folder. 

Deleting a web site or subweb

WARNING: If you want to keep your files, BACK THEM UP before 
deleting the web site or subweb. After you delete a web site or 
subweb, it is permanently destroyed and cannot be restored. If 
you created the web site by converting a folder on your computer 
(or on another computer) into a web site, that folder and all of 
its contents will be permanently deleted from that computer. 

To Delete a web site or subweb that you're currently editing in 

* Right-click the web site or subweb in the Folder list 
* Click 'Delete' on the popup menu.  

NOTE: You cannot delete a subweb unless you have 
administrative permissions on the parent web site.

Protecting subwebs with passwords

If the Web server is IIS (Internet Information Services. Microsoft 
Web server software that uses Hypertext Transfer Protocol to 
deliver World Wide Web documents. IIS incorporates various 
functions for security, allows for CGI programs, and also provides 
for FTP servers.) running on Microsoft Windows, users and groups 
are set up and maintained in Windows, and cannot be created in 
FrontPage. You select the users and groups for your web sites 
from these Windows accounts. Access to web sites is then 
determined by the user's logon account (user name and password).

NOTE: Because FrontPage security is based on Access Control 
Lists (ACLs), in order to enforce security; your web sites must 
be hosted on an NTFS partition rather than a FAT partition.

First you need to open up the website live on the server.

* Open up FrontPage and close down any webs you have open 
* On the Menu bar, go to File | Open | and click 'Web Folders' 
on the left hand menu 
* Insert the url of the site you wish to open 
(e.g. http://www.accessfp.net/) 
* Click ok 
* A box will appear asking for your username and password. 
Insert these and press ok. 
* In FrontPage, click on the navigation view so you know when 
the site will come in. 


* On the menu bar, go to Tools | Server | Administration Home 
* Insert user name and password  

NOTE: If for some reason you cannot open the Administration 
pages from within FrontPage, paste the following link into the 
browser - Change yoursite.com for the address of your own site.

Using the Site Administration pages you can:

* Create or delete subwebs 
* Merge subwebs 
* Change the name or description of a subweb 
* Recalculate the links for a web or subweb 
* Specify unique permissions for the subweb or use the user 
accounts and roles of the parent Web 

NOTE: Some site administration options are not available from 
within a subweb, including:

* Usage analysis 
* Some server health settings 
* Also, if a subweb is set up to use the parent Web site's 
account and roles, options for managing accounts and roles do 
not appear.  

To configure any of the above options, you must use the site 
administration pages from the root-level Web site of the server 
or virtual server. See your network administrator or ISP for more 

* On the Site Administration page, under Subwebs, click the 
name of your subweb to view the Site Administration page for 
the subweb or make a subweb 
* Under 'Users and Roles' click 'Change subweb permissions'  
* Your subweb can either use the same permissions as the 
parent web, or use unique permissions. If you select 'Use unique 
permissions for this web', you must also specify an administrator 
user name for the new subweb in the Administrator box 
* Press submit  
* When the page has been processed and refreshed click the 
Administration link at the top of the page. 

NOTE: If you enable unique permissions, a copy of the parent 
Web's user accounts and roles remain with the subweb. You can 
then delete any accounts and roles that you don't want and add 
new ones as needed. The subweb will also retain the same user 
role setting for anonymous (guest) users as the parent Web 
unless you specify a different role.

The options will have been changed under the 'Users and Roles' 

* Click 'Manage Users' 
* Click the 'Add User' button and insert a name and a 
description for the role in the fields provided 
* Select the check boxes next to the access rights that you 
would like allow for the users who will be assigned this role 
* Click 'Create role'. 
* If you want more users add as above. 

NOTE: If your site has user account limits, and you want to 
delete the user account rather than just remove the user from 
all roles, you can use the 'Manage Virtual Server Accounts' page 
in the Site Administration pages for the virtual server. 

* Next click the Administration link at the top of the page. 
* Press 'Manage users' NOTE: If there is a user named 'Everyone', 
delete this user. This is created by default and must NOT be used  
* Next click the Administration link at the top of the page 
* Click 'Change anonymous access 
* Select 'off' for Anonymous access and press the submit button 

Close FrontPage and any Administration pages, then test your 
new password protected page. If you have done everything 
correctly you will be prompted for a User name and Password 
(which will be the same one you use to open the site live and 
to publish)

NOTE: You must shut down FrontPage and any Administration 
pages before testing as you will be still logged in to your site 
and the password box will not appear.

Other Sever types

If your site is hosted on a Unix box running apache:

Most Unix Web servers maintain an access list of users who 
have permission to use the Web server, which is separate from 
the list of users and groups who can log on to the computer. To 
specify who can access a web site in FrontPage, you add users 
and then specify their passwords and permission levels.

FrontPage 2002 Server Extensions Security Under UNIX

If your site is hosted on a NT server I recommend Spooky Login 

Password protection can also be utilised through ASP. This site 
produces a number of FrontPage add-ons to this effect:

Some useful links:

SharePoint Portal Server

SharePoint Team Services Add-in: Self-service Site Creation 

Administer, Author, and Browse
Tina Clarke is the Webmaster of AccessFP - FrontPage 
Resource Centre at http://accessfp.net and an editor of 
"AnyFrontPage Bytes Ezine". Subscribe to the FrontPage 
ezine and get FREE FrontPage E-Books upon joining. 

~~ Mike Baynes, MikesWhatsNews


One of the problems with having an email address is the 
possibility that someone else may use it.

This may occur if you have a free account at one of the groups 
which provide a free address, such as Hotmail or Yahoo. All too 
often people use an easily guessed password, especially if you 
fill out an online profile and included a lot of details.

For instance I may open an account at Hotmail and choose 
mike902@hotmail and, in my profile, provide some details, 
including my zip code 90210.  If I were to use my zip code for 
my identity password, someone could easily guess what it was 
from the information given.

This is a simplistic example but you probably get the idea.

Once someone guesses your password, they will have full access 
to your email on the Hotmail or Yahoo web sites, and they will 
easily be able to send mail, which appears to come from you.

Your passwords should NOT be: 

* your name 
* your birth date 
* your nickname 
* any of your family members' names 
* any combinations made up from your family members' names 
or initials, pets' names, social security numbers, or telephone 
* a line of keys on the keyboard, like asdfg 

The best password is a combination of letters, numbers, and 
characters, both upper and lower cased:  i.e.; p%l1I^?A

I also see frequent spam email coming in which use variations 
of my email address, which are auto-generated similar names.  
Examples would be Mikebike@xyz, mikeBike@xzy, mBike@xzy, 
Mbike@xyz, 1mikebike@xzy, 1Mikebike@xyz, and so on.  

Another thing which often happens is messages are sent which 
appear to come from your email address, but are not.  This can 
be done with most email programs.  When I set up my email 
program and an account, I fill in the Name to put in the sent 
emails.  If I use someone else's name it would appear to be 
from them. 

Someone could also post to a group with a similar name and 
include your signature file.  Unless someone knew your posting 
style, they would probably assume it came from you.  This is 
especially effective in groups where the displayed information 
only includes (depending on how you have your settings), the 
sender's name and the group name.

If you ever wonder why a person may have posted a message 
that is very out of character, check the headers.  It could be an 

Editor's Note: for info on how to check email headers, see this article:

Mike Baynes is the editor of MikesWhatsNews.  
To subscribe, send a blank email to 
See Mike's Anti-Virus pages ~ http://virusinfo.hackfix.org
To subscribe, send a blank email to:

(14.) Group/List Joining and Etiquette
~ by Frances McColl Stewart

One of the great things about the Internet is that you are never 
alone unless you want to be. No matter how solitary your hobby 
or current interest, there are others out there who are sliding 
along the same learning curve you are. Some are frustrated; 
some are having the time of their lives; and you will be able to 
identify with both!!

How do you reach these people from all over the world? It is 
simple. Search any search engine and use your interest as a 
keyword and add ?group? or ?list?. Be extremely specific. It 
would be very surprising if your search engine did not give you 
a list of contacts for your choice. Just as an example, a 
webmaster might use ?web design group? or ?php list? or 
?frontpage list? as keywords. The latter will give you 796,000 
webpage returns. The top two entries are both At-FrontPage,
 http://www.at-frontpage.com/, which offers Tutorials and other 
help, but it is the Mail List that we are interested in at the 
present. AccessFP, http://www.accessfp.net/, and Themes In 
Design, http://www.themesindesign.com/emailist.htm are next 
in the returns. They also have additional offerings, but, again, 
it is their Mail Lists that interest us right now. Simply click into 
the website and join. 

You will begin receiving emails almost immediately. Groups such 
as these are generally long-established and comprise many more 
members than you might guess from the emails that you will 
initially receive. At-FrontPage, for example is the largest and one 
of the oldest such discussion groups, yet, out of over 3,000 
members, there are less than 100 who are ?regular posters?. As 
you get to know the group and the individuals in it, you will see 
that certain members may only answer ? or pose ? questions on 
very specialized topics, or even on certain days of the week.

* Do not post immediately. Familiarize yourself with the rules 
of the group/list you have joined as well as the archives of old 
questions. There is a protocol that needs to be followed for each 
group that you join. This is mostly a matter of using good manners. 

* Check the Archives of the Group prior to posing a query. Many 
times, as new people join, the same question is asked of a 
particular group again and again. Your answer may be in the 
Archives, saving you any embarrassment. 

* Be kind in your comments and be careful with the use of 
capitalization to make a point. A message that is delivered in 
capitals is considered "shouting" or "flaming" on the Internet. 
This is considered extremely rude. 

* Blatant advertising is inappropriate and therefore rude. 

* While your e-mail or chat comments go out to the group as a 
whole, you should always use the name of the person to whose 
comment you are responding for two reasons.  It makes a better 
impression. You are trying to expand your network as well as 
perfect your skills. It focuses you on the fact that there is a 
real person on the other end of your message. Too often, we 
feel an anonymity on the Internet and respond in ways that 
we would not respond person to person.  
* These lists have a purpose, which involves shared knowledge. 
For that reason, it is counterproductive and therefore rude to 
reply privately. If you know the answer to a problem that has 
been submitted to the group, answer this using the group email. 
This sends the answer as well as the question to the Group 

* Stay On Topic. Many who belong to forums and discussion 
groups, save emails as little tutorials. Many belong to more than 
one group. Many pay their ISP by the minute to read these emails. 
Carefully avoid repetition, subjects that are not pertinent, long 
personal anecdotes, and inappropriate language. (Most of these 
groups also have sister groups for ?OT? or ?Off-Topic? 
correspondence. If you enjoy reading about the weather in 
Timbuktu or why a webmaster has chosen to include recipes for 
pet food on their website, please join the OT group as well. Again, 
it is an excellent way to make friends with shared interests.) 

* It is difficult to know your internet audience in a list - and in 
the interest of appearing professional, this is one place where 
humor is best avoided. 

* Replies to an e-mail, and replies to those replies, are called a 
"string" or a "thread?. Subject lines must reflect the current 
contents of an e-mail. At times, the subject may change during 
the thread of a discussion. At this point, change the subject line 

* It is courteous to "Snip" on reply. On many Lists, it is the rule 
that you must do so. This is simply deleting the original e-mail 
below your reply. There are generally one or two basic lines in 
the original email that you may have to repeat in order to make 
your response coherent. These trimmed quotes are generally 
more acceptably placed above your response. Again, this will 
lessen the download time immensely for those members who 
are paying extra for that. 

* You should develop a ?signature? (Sig Line) for your list 
postings. Generally your name and the URL of your website is 
sufficient. Sig Lines are subject to the same rules of courtesy as 
the content of your emails. 

* If you wish to subscribe, unsubscribe, etc. look up the correct 
address to do so. Sending an e-mail to the entire list is spamming.  

* Groups/Lists hold the key to success for those of us who work 
on the internet. The Networking possibilities are worldwide and 
unlimited. Learn the tricks of the trade that others have stumbled 
on or developed. Find answers to those pesky glitches. 

* Most importantly, share the knowledge that you have, and help 
others as you would like to be helped. Rely on good manners and 
common sense to make that all-important Good Impression as 
you expand your contact base. 

Editor's Note:  Hey...whattya know...I followed Fran's advice 
and did a Google search on "microsoft office group" and mine 
came out on top!  Check it out! 
Microsoft Office Group at freelists
Frances McColl Stewart is the Webmaster of
http://www.N-etiquette.com and 
and an editor of AnyFrontPage Bytes Ezine.   Subscribe to the 
ezine and get FREE FrontPage E-Books upon joining. 

~ by Jason Webb, "How To Be an Ebay Star Buyer" 
Millions of people on the internet bid for items in online auctions 
like on eBay. Many never get what they want or end up paying 
too much. Here are some things that you should know in order 
to be successful:-

1. Discover the Market Price
Before you bid on any item you need to know what similar items 
have sold for in the past. The High Street price for an item does 
not necessarily give you an idea of the eBay price.

2. Search for Available Items
The best way to get a bargain on eBay is to locate an item that 
not many people know about. Be tactical with your searching to 
find those 'sleepers'.

3. Choose the One To Bid On
You may find more than one example of the particular item that 
you want. Study each one carefully before deciding which one to 
bid on.

4. Make Tactical Bids
Don't lose that 'bargain' by making wild bids. Plan out a bidding 
strategy to make sure that you optimise your chance of winning 
it at the price that you want.

5. Don't Forget Feedback
If you eventually win the item, be sure to help future buyers by 
posting feedback. It's your duty to help others and maintain the 
standards on eBay.

Buying from eBay may seem daunting and slightly intimidating 
at first but by taking the process step by step and by knowing 
what to look for it can be a very cost-effective and exciting way 
to buy on the internet.
Jason Webb is a member of MENSA and an eBay buyer and seller 
for several years. For the last 9 years he has been a director of 
his own company in the United Kingdom, a company which he set 
up when he was just 22 years of age. "How to be an eBay star 
buyer" is one of many e-books written by Jason. It applies 
businesslike principles and strategies to the process of buying on 
eBay. "How to be an eBay star buyer" is a must-read for any 
serious eBay buyer. 

~ by Bob Osgoodby, Advanced Marketing Consultants 
Much of the "hype" concerning affiliate programs centers on the 
anonymity of the web, and that you won't have to have a "face 
to face" relationship with your potential clients.  Let the 
autoresponders do the work, have the money deposited in your 
bank account while you sleep, yatta, yatta, yatta.

People want to do business with people. If you're in sales, and 
can't stand "Rejection", you're in the wrong business. Trying to 
market something online, does not shelter you from this either.

People will contact you and not buy into your offer.

Worse yet, you don't even get any contacts. If this is happening, 
you might want to ask yourself why.  Many people will simply 
"quit" and write it off as a bad experience.  Those who succeed 
find out why.

The first axiom of marketing is that people want to do business 
with people.  If their only contact is with an affiliate page, that 
may or may not bear your name, they will most likely "click on by".  
Ask yourself - would you do business with someone you never 
heard of, know nothing about, and have no way of contacting?

Letting people know about you is one of the strongest 
statements you can make about your business. If you give a 
short background on yourself, with appropriate contact information, 
they most likely will have the necessary confidence to proceed.  
I have full contact information on my website, including a 
telephone number they can call in the event of a question or a 

Now you might think that giving your phone number to the world, 
is going to result in a lot of "bad things". Not true!  In our 11 
years of doing business on the Internet, I have never had a 
"crank" call - never.  I post the hours that people can call, and 
receive very few calls outside of that time frame.  After hours, 
I turn on the answering machine and give them the hours I'm 
available.  I suggest a broadcast type of message which doesn't 
allow the caller to leave a message.

Now the majority of people will never call, but will use the email 
channels provided instead.  The presence of a telephone number 
however, goes a long way in allaying their concerns.  I don't 
recommend an "800" number, as people will think twice before 
spending their own dime to call.  I also give a mailing address, 
and no, we haven't been visited by "stalkers".

Another nice touch is to include your photo with your Bio 
information.  As they say, "it's always nice to put a face with a 
name". The more you can establish a personal bond with your 
potential buyer, the greater your chances of success.

The second axiom of business is to learn from your mistakes, 
and correct the things that you are doing wrong. During the 
Second World War, when a group of young pilots in the RAF were 
fighting for their lives in the air over England, they would often 
be hit by enemy fire. Their engine would start to misfire, causing 
it to make knocking noises.  Thus was coined the phrase "every 
knock is one step closer to home".  They had a great attitude.

We can take a lesson from them.  If you can determine why your 
offer is being knocked or rejected by your potential clients, the 
closer you will get to attaining your goals. Rejection is common 
in business, and even the largest companies do studies on every 
ad campaign they conduct to make them better.

A simple statement on your web page to encourage feedback can 
go a long way, but don't be discouraged by some of the remarks 
you will receive.  No matter how crude some may be, they are 
being triggered by something, so don't take offense. Now while 
I normally advocate the use of a form for sending information from
a website, here I do not.  Let them be automatically transferred 
by use of the "mailto:"; command to their email account to write 
the message, as you will then know the return address is valid.

Yes, they may wish to remain anonymous as well, but the use 
of a form in this instance, which simply allows them to vent, will 
serve little purpose.  You really don't want to be influenced by 
some bored grade schoolers with nothing better to do.

Follow up to all the legitimate replies you receive to find out 
why they have reservations.  Just this process alone may swing 
them into your camp. Rejection is not always bad, and if you learn 
from your mistakes, it just may prove to be a positive factor. 

Did you know that subscribers to Bob Osgoodby's Free Ezine 
the "Tip of the Day" get a Free Ad for their Business at his 
Web Site? Great Business and Computer Tips - Monday thru 
Friday. Instructions on how to place your ad are in the 
Subscribe at: 

Well, gang.....that's about it for this edition of 
ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers. I sure hope you enjoyed it! 
If any of it was over your head and you need some 
clarification from one of the Fleet, just send me an 
email to linda@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx and I will 
pass it on to them. Remember that they do this in their 
spare time on a voluntary basis, so you might have to 
wait for an answer.  To make all things work more 
quickly, include as many details as you can in your 
email and make your questions as specific as possible. 
Also, feel free to write to me and let us know what you 
want the Fleet to teach you. This is YOUR newsletter!
Happy computing, my friends!
Linda Johnson
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