[abcomputers] ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers, Vol 16: Search Engines and Meta Tags andMore

  • From: "Linda F. Johnson" <linda@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • To: ABCfreelists <abcomputers@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Fri, 13 Sep 2002 23:53:15 -0400

ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers.  The ezine YOU subscribed to.  If you want to change 
your subscription options or unsubscribe, see the bottom of this email for full 
instructions.  Thank you.

ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers
Volume 16; September, 2002 - mailed to 2758 subscribers

Please rate this Ezine at the Cumuli Ezine Finder

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AnyFrontPage Bytes is your bi-weekly FrontPage 
Community Interactive Ezine:  bringing you goodies, 
Links, News & Tutorials that you can't find elsewhere.  
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(items with *** behind them include pictures and/or are viewed better

1.  Important How-To Message for Reading This Ezine 

2.  Linda's Thought of the Month
(and animated GIF) *** 

3.  Linda's Soapbox ~ 
Nastiness on the Internet

4.  What's New at Linda's Computer Stop ~ 
Not too much, but read on....

5.  Subscribers' Exclusive Tip ~ 
Adding Items to My Places Bar ***

6.  GeekSpeak Translation from the Cap'n 

Tina's FrontPage News ~
Optimizing Your FrontPage Site for Search Engines:
Understanding Meta Tags and More

8.  Mike's Safety Belt ~ More on Identity Theft

9.  Vic's Registry Roundup & DOS Den ~ 
Increasing Logon Security in Windows

10.  Chad's Macro Mania ~ 
Object Oriented Programming in VBA

11. Cap'n Patt's GeekSpeak ~ Why Acronyms?

12. Adding Hyperlinks to Locked Forms in MS Word *** 
~ by guest author, Dian Chapman

13. Tips for Turning LPs into MP3s and CDs 
~ from guest authors, Bobby and Oliver

14. Subscription Management

15. Contact Information

*** includes pictures in the online version

*****************STATION BREAK*******************
If you find this newsletter and/or my website at all helpful and 
would like to give me a hand here, I am now accepting donations 
through PayPal. To make a donation, go to the online version of this 
web-azine and click on the PayPal button. 
Thanks in advance to any who do this!!
(NOTE: no one receiving this should feel obligated in any way to 
do this .....this is a FREE newsletter!) 
Linda, editor/publisher


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for navigation instructions:
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access them.


To SP or not to SP?  THAT is the question!

Well, all the Windows XP users have been yacking all 
week about the new service pack just released by 
Microsoft, which is supposed to fix a serious security leak 
in XP and fix some bugs (oh yeah, and address some 
legal issues Microsoft needed to address).  Mostly I've 
been hearing equal amounts of reports as to whether it 
installed without problems or not.  No one yet has told 
me of any XP problems they were having that were 
solved since applying this patch, so the jury's still out 
on whether you should bother installing it or not.  
Personally, my biggest gripes with XP have not been 
solved yet and I was sure hoping they would be.  
Things like the poor performance of my search utility 
and some intermittent flakiness with my taskbar.  All in 
all, I still like XP, but really do wish ALL software 
companies would stop selling us betas with bugs!  
Instead of a patch, I wish Bill wouldda given us an 
exterminator...or maybe this frog from his clip art gallery.

(just rightclick on the gif and choose "Save Picture As...")

~~Linda F. Johnson, Editor/Publisher
                 Nastiness on the Internet

Nope.  This editorial isn't about pornography, though I 
do find that nasty.  This editorial is about the way people 
treat one another when they are protected by the 
anonymity of the Internet.  During this past month, I 
have seen a few instances where people have said 
really hurtful things to others that I seriously doubt they 
would have had the guts to say to them in person.

I belong to quite a few different email support groups 
where we help one another with computer problems.  
There must be something in the air lately though cuz 
I've been seeing a lot of flaming and cruelty going on 
in these groups.  In one instance, it was directed at me 
and I can tell you this is NO FUN!

I sometimes wonder if some people get their kicks by 
hurting others, but they are too chicken to do it in the 
real world, so they hop on their computers at the end 
of the day and let it rip.  It sure seems that way to me, 
but I have to wonder why.  What pleasure can you 
possibly get from blasting someone in a public forum 
where no one REALLY knows anything about one 
another?  These people who join chat rooms or forums 
or email groups for the sole purpose of being egotistical 
blowhards are really starting to tick me off!  And I really 
bet you dollars to donuts that these same people live 
an existence where they get no respect so they think 
this is the way they will get it on the internet.  WRONG!!

I guess some of this happens because of the limitations 
of this form of communication (see my editorial on Why 
I Ruffle Feathers)
...and misinterpretations are so common.  But, I won't 
accept this as an excuse for downright rude behavior.  
My feeling is, if it's not something you would say to a 
stranger at a cocktail party, then it's not something 
you should say to a stranger on the Internet.  Even 
though someone may not be "real" to you, they still 
have feelings and this stuff just plain hurts.  And 
where do some people get off thinking they have 
the right to judge others and play the "forum god"?  
Geeesh, already.

Has the Internet become a place where we no longer 
need to have manners?  Is the Internet now a medium 
where we are truly allowed to say anything that pops 
into our head without concern for someone else's 

And, how do those of us who spend a large amount of 
our time in this medium deal with this?  If someone 
blasts you and you try to defend yourself, you are seen 
as defensive (well, duhhh).  If someone blasts you and 
you don't reply, you are left feeling like you've been 
slandered and had your reputation stomped on.  And 
then there are the members of these forums who feel 
it's their place to lecture you like you are children and 
tell you how to "behave".  DOUBLE GEEESH!  Where 
did these guys get their doctorates in psychology?  It 
is SO easy to preach to others when you ain't standing 
in their shoes.

So, I want to go on record as telling any of you out there 
that have even been the victim of this type of Internet 
abuse, that I hear ya and sympathize with how this feels.  
I wish I could tell you how to let this roll off your back 
and not take it personally...but when it is a personal 
attack, this is really hard to do.

Here's all I can tell you, and how I handle this.  I have 
found if I really look at the behavior of these people, I 
have to feel sorry for them.  If this is how they get their 
jollies, then their lives are indeed sad.  Do I preach to 
turn the other cheek?  Nope.  That ain't my nature.  Do 
I tell you to get revenge?  Nope.  That's not something 
I believe in either.  All I can say is look at them for the 
pitiful slobs they are and be glad you ain't one of them. 
The Internet should be a place where we learn....and 
we can even learn from these fools.  And the one thing 
I am learning the hard way is that if we let them hurt us, 
then they have succeeded in what they wanted to do.  

Let's be strong together.  I'm on your side....I assure you!

Have a great month and keep peace in your hearts.
Linda Johnson is a college instructor of all of the Microsoft Office 
Programs, as well as Adobe PhotoShop and Windows. She also 
teaches online distance learning classes in Excel, Outlook, 
PowerPoint, Publisher, and Word at Eclectic Academy. 
She has worked helpdesk and teaches and lectures at many
local businesses and tech schools in her area. Support
this newsletter by checking out Linda's website 
and her ebook series, MS Word MAGIC!
Part I: Fonts, Fun & Formats 
Part II: Table Wizardry 
AND, How To Get Started As a Software Trainer:
If you have been interested in taking any of Linda's Online 
Classes but don't want to wait six weeks to complete all the 
lessons or don't have the desire to be part of an online 
classroom, why not 
Check out the eBook .exe versions of all of Linda's classes here:

Only $15 each!!  Where else can you master a software 
Program for that price?  

Separate eBook tutorials on Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint, 
Publisher, and Word.  Terrific value!!

Order online or by regular mail
Details here:

Download the free Sample Version at CNET:
And PLEASE rate it there for me?  Thanks!!

*****************STATION BREAK*******************
LINDA JOHNSON has published another eBook and
this one is called HOW TO GET STARTED AS A
That's just how Linda started out and in this book she tells 
you exactly how she did it and how YOU CAN DO IT TOO.
No need for a college education!
No need for professional certifications!
No need for expensive classes!
By Richard S. Harris 
Or if you have ANY DREAM JOB in mind, check out
All eBooks are written by been-there/done-that authors
and sell for only $12.95, with a full money back guarantee.

(4.) WHAT'S NEW at Linda's Computer Stop 

Well....I was on vacation this past month so I didn't get 
a chance to add too much to my site.  Also, I'm working 
on some new ebooks (FrontPage, Windows XP, etc.), 
to add to my collection here:
which I hope you will like, and that's been keeping me 
plenty busy.  I did add some new links to my tutorials 
pages which should be helpful
...and I'm working on an article on Word formatting for 
Jack Teems' Neat Net Tricks premium edition which 
I'm hoping will help people with the frustrations they 
have with Word and how it wants to make too many 
decisions for you.  
So, I haven't forgotten you all and I promise to get this 
stuff done soon!

In the meantime, why don't you drop me a line and let 
me know what it is you would like to see added to my 
site?  Now, I'm not asking you to send me letters telling 
me your problems.  I know we all have them - that's 
why I list a bunch of email groups on my support page 
where you can get these problems solved for free.  
What I'm asking you for is suggestions for tutorials or 
tips that you would like to see added to my page.  If 
you have any ideas for me, please send them along 
and I will certainly consider them.

Hope you have all had a wonderful summer! (or 
whatever season it is in your part of the world) Please 
stop by my site and browse around and tell me what 
I'm missing.  And, if any of you would like to write an 
article for ABC, don't be shy.   Send me them ideas!


*****************STATION BREAK*******************
It's the latest rage and it's called Distance Learning. Most 
colleges now offer Distance Learning classes because they 
know some people work hard and just can't fit a classroom 
into their busy lives. But, sometimes you don't want to enroll 
in a full program; you just want to take one class.
Eclectic Academy offers a large range of classes to suit
many needs. Go there now and check out their curriculum 
and roster. Classes are only $20 for 6 weeks. 

Here's a sampling of what they offer:
*Art Courses, both digital and traditional
*Business Courses, including all of the MS Office Programs
(many taught by none other than Linda Johnson herself) 
*Graphics Courses - Flash, PhotoShop, Paint Shop Pro & more 
*Website Development Courses - FrontPage, Dreamweaver,
ASP, DHTML, Website Promotion, and on and on and on 
*Eclectic Classes - Computer Maintenance, Writing Workshops,
Feng Shui, Eating Safely - just about anything you can think of

Go to Eclectic Academy now and sign up to be notified when 
classes are added or ENROLL NOW in the class of your 
choice. Go there now to enroll in the next set of classes. 

(5.) Subscribers' Exclusive Tip of the Month:


You know how the Office 2000 and XP programs all 
have those icons on the left of the Save As and Open 
boxes where you can click on My Documents or 
Desktop to go to that folder? This is called the Places 
Bar and Microsoft has a free add-in that you can 
download here if you want to be able to customize the 
contents of that bar in Office 2000.  

However, if you have Office XP, you can do it without 
an add-in.  Simply click on the folder you want to add, 
then click on the Tools button at the top of the Window 
and choose "Add to 'My Places' "

Click here for screenshot:

It now appears in the list on the left and you can right 
click on any icon in the bar and choose to move it up 
or down to arrange them in the order you like.  Also, 
with a simple right click, you can rename or remove 
any of the ones you add.  I find this helpful and hope 
you do too.

*****************STATION BREAK*******************
Discover How To Create Stunning Letters, Presentations, 
Greetings Cards, Promotional Materials, Memos, Reports And 
More - Just Like The Professionals!
Imagine using the Famous Newbie Club Easy Learning
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No. 1 Favorite Word Processing Program. What do you get?
eBooklet Series
by Linda F. Johnson
Book I teaches all about the formatting of text, words, 
and paragraphs.
Book II is all about Tables and how to use them to get the 
most out of your Word documents.
And both ebooklets come with the famous Newbie Club 
unconditional guarantee:
"If, within 12 months of purchase and for any reason 
whatsoever, you decide that MS Word MAGIC! is not for 
you, simply let us know and we'll refund your purchase price 
immediately. No Questions Asked! No ifs, buts or maybes. 
No hidden clauses and no small print. With us, unconditional 
means unconditional!"
So...what have you got to lose? Check out this series:
Book 1: Fonts, Formats and Fun 
Book 2: Table Wizardry 

(6.)  Cap'n Patt's
Visit the Cap'n's Official GeekSpeak Database at 
If the word you need defined is not there, or the definition is 
not clear, too geeky, or just plain confusing to you, email 
the Cap'n.  He would love to hear from you at 

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Published monthly, and is available on select newsstands and 
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full access to Club VId, Videomaker's vast online resource of 
information about making video.
And the best part is, it's CHEAP! Only $14.97 for 13 issues!  

*************THIS MONTH'S FEATURE ************

(7.)  Tina's FrontPage News
~~Tina Clarke, AccessFP - Frontpage Resource Centre


EDITOR'S NOTE: This article includes meta tags that
must be entered as one line in your html code.  If your
email client turns these into more than one line, you 
must make sure, if you copy them from here, that they
are only one line in your code.  If this is unclear, go to
the online version of this article and copy them from there.


If you have not optimized all the pages of your site, it's 
not worth submitting it to the search engines, so lets 
get busy.

Adding information to META tags is useful for 
describing your web page; it can help search engines 
find and index your page, as well as document 
information such as how your page was created and 
what theme it is using. 

However there are other factors that make a difference 
in getting listed with search engines and we will 
discuss tools to help and methods you can employ.


Methods that can affect page rank (or loading 
performance), yet give little or no warning a problem 

Missing Meta tag-Description 
Missing Meta tag-Keywords 
TITLE - missing or blank 
TITLE - not first element in <head> section 
Missing Image Alt Tag
Missing Image dimension (size) attributes 

Are your Page <title> elements out of position?

NOTE: Surfers generally only look at the first 10 or 20 
results in a search so it's important to get a high 
ranking. It can make a big difference in your page hits.


To add information to the HTTP header for a page 
(the information about a page that is not visible to the 
site visitor; i.e.: source code), add a user-defined or 
system META variable. The NAME or HTTP-EQUIV 
attribute declares a variable for the page and the 
CONTENT attribute assigns a value to the variable. A 
META tag supplies information about the page, but 
does not affect its appearance. 

NB: Meta tag code should be on one continuous line 
and not break or wrap. Due to text constrictions of 
email, example Meta tags may do this; they should 
not break in your html code.

~ System META variable

Meta tags that use the HTTP-EQUIV attribute as the 
name portion of their name-value pairs supply special 
instructions to a Web browser, such as an expiration 
date or a display-refresh (redirect) value.

EG: <meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0;URL=http://accessfp.net/";>

has some interesting twists on this meta tag.

~ User-defined META variable

Meta tags with a NAME attribute, which do not 
correspond to HTTP headers, are used to reflect 
property associated with the page.

EG: <meta name="keywords" content="frontpage,tutorials,help,tips">

However, the distinction is a little fuzzy; some agents 
may interpret tags such as "keywords" declared as 
either "name" or as "http-equiv".


The Custom tab displays Meta Tags (system variables 
and user-defined variables) that are associated with 
the active page.

1. To insert Meta tags:

Right click on a page, click on 'Page Properties'

To insert a 'user-defined' META variable

Click on the 'Custom' Tab and go to 'User Variables'.
Click on 'Add' and in the 'user variable box', under 
'Name' insert the meta name, 
EG: author
Under 'Value' Insert the Meta content, 
EG: content="Tina Clarke"
Click ok

In the html view this would look like:
<meta name="author" content="Tina Clarke">

To insert a 'System' META variable such as HTTP-EQUIV

Click on the 'Custom' Tab and go to 'User Variables'.
Click on 'Add' and in the 'user variable box', under 
'Name' insert the meta name, 
EG: reply-to
Under 'Value' Insert the Meta content, 
EG: content="TinaClarke@xxxxxxxxxxxx"
Click ok

In the html view this would look like:
<meta http-equiv="reply-to" content="TinaClarke@xxxxxxxxxxxx">

2. Dialog Box Options 

System Variables (HTTP-EQUIV) and User Variables 
(user-defined) Meta tags

Name = The name of the Meta tag.
Value = The value to associate with the tag.
Add = Click Add to add a new Meta tag.
Modify = Click Modify to modify the currently selected 
Meta tag.
Remove = Click Remove to remove the currently 
selected Meta tag.


TP_ErrOmi2.2 (FREE)

ErrOmi2 is a MicrosoftR FrontPage 2000-2002 plug-in 
utility that helps you find and correct problems that can 
reduce page ranking, lower accessibility compliance 
and slow page loading. In short, it helps you give your 
web a Tune-Up. With its assistance, you can apply 
important Meta Tags and HTML attributes consistently 
across your entire web.

TP_ErrOmi2.2 can deal with all the methods I listed 
above, plus more.  I recommend it as an essential 
FrontPage tool.

Jimco Meta 2.0 and No FrontPage Meta (FREE)

Jimco Meta 2.0 makes it easy to add Meta tags to your 
FrontPage Web!

Control whether or not the IE6 Image toolbar is 
displayed on your pages.
Add Keywords and Description tags for search engines.
Add refresh tags to redirect the browser after a 
specified amount of time.
Add cache-control tags to control the caching of your 
page in a user's browser.
Add an Author meta tag to identify you as a page's 
Control whether or not FrontPage puts its own Meta 
tags on a page

No FrontPage Meta will remove the GENERATOR and 
ProgId meta tags when you save your pages.

NOTE: FrontPage will often add the meta tags back 
when a page is opened in FrontPage. Therefore, this 
add-in is designed to remove the meta tags right 
before a page is saved. If you view the source of your 
page in your Web browser or view the source in an 
editor other than FrontPage (such as Notepad), you 
will see that the meta tags are indeed gone. For even 
greater control of FrontPage's meta tags, get Jimco 
Meta 2.0!

Office Power (14-day trial)

SiteTagger 4.0.2 
SiteTagger analyzes and prepares your site to ensure 
all your pages are ready to be indexed by the Internet's 
varied search engines. And, at the same time, this 
add-in makes your site more accessible to your visitors.

TIP: "Site Promotion Tips," a 16-page eBook can be 
found in your ActionPack Professional or MyHelp 
installation folder. 

Meta Tag Maker 2002 (14 Day Trial)

(Direct Download)

Meta Tag Maker 2002 is a fully integrated add-in for 
FrontPage 2002 that sets the meta tags used by search 
engines to index your web pages. Fill in dialog boxes 
and have your meta tags automatically generated on 
your open web page. Meta Tag Maker checks your 
entries against predefined standards, allows you to 
apply meta tags on multiple web pages in one step, 
allows you to suppress SmartTags, and much more!
(Works in both FrontPage 2002 and FrontPage 2000)

WebSite Promotion Suite 2002 (15 day Trials available)

TagGen allows the user to add meta data to their Web 
Hi-Verify provides a keyword generator, metadata 
policy management, and keyword density analysis. 
Hi-Visibility automates the search engine submission 
Hi-Position is the only search engine position-tracking 
tool that will compare your site directly against the 
Hi-Stats is a Comprehensive Log Analysis Program!


GoodKeyWords (FREE)

"Windows software for finding the perfect set of 
keywords for your web pages. It uses the tools provided 
by search engines like GoTo, 7Search, Direct Hit and 
Lycos to build a suitable keyword set. Once you are 
done, a simple click will get you the required keyword 
meta tag" Which you can then use in conjunction with 

FREE on-line META Tag Analyzer

A combination spider and syntax checker.


Title Description and Keywords are the three meta tags 
that should always be used. Irrelevant META Tags can 
be more of a hindrance. Certainly the FrontPage 
generated tags are only needed by the FrontPage 
application to alter the icons in the folder view to 
indicate whether one is open or not and other similar 
indications. You can get rid of them by using the 
Jimco No FrontPage Meta which will remove the 
GENERATOR and ProgId meta tags when you save 
your pages. 

***EDITOR'S NOTE:  the examples with the (*) show 
what the tag will include.  The examples below each of 
these show how it will look once entered.  This is 
what must NOT break with line wrap if you copy/paste 
from here.  If this is unclear, go see how it looks in the 
online version of this article***

* <title>The name of your site</title>

<title>AccessFP - FrontPage Resource Centre with Ezine, Forum, List

* <meta name="description" content="What is this page 

<META name="description" content="FrontPage Resource Centre for 97, 98,
2000, 2002 and FrontPage Express (fpe). The biggest collection of
FrontPage sites, themes, templates and addon links and help. Tips, how
to's and tutorials. FrontPage Forums, AnyFrontPage Bytes Ezine, AccessFP
list and Journal. All FREE FrontPage resources and Information.">

* <meta name="keywords" content="What, words, 
describe, this, page?">

<META name="keywords" content="Microsoft FrontPage,Tips,Help,webmaster
ntPage Express,tips,how to's,tutorials,help,Add-in's, Third party
applications,MS FP98,addons,free, FP,Frontpage,download,
themes,Image Composer,FAQ,templates,Ezine,list,journal">

Here are a few of the other meta tags that can be 
added to your head tags.

* <meta name="author" content="Who made this page?">

<meta name="author" content="Tina Clarke">

* <meta name="language" content="version of language 
and the country">

<meta name="language" content="en-uk">

* <meta name="revisit-after" content="30 days"> This 
tells the search engine to come back again and 
re-index your site every 30 days using this example.

<meta name="revisit-after" content="30 days">

* <meta name="owner" content="Who owns this page?">

<meta name="owner" content="Tina Clarke">

* <meta name="copyright" content="When did you make 
this page? and the name of webmaster">

<meta name="copyright" content="CopyrightC 1999 - 2002 Tina Clarke, All
rights reserved">

* <meta name="contact_addr" content="who@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx">

<meta name="contact_addr" content="TinaClarke@xxxxxxxxxxxx">

* <meta name="rating" content="which audience is 
this website for?">

<meta name="rating" content="general">

* <meta name="robots" content="you want all robots to 
spider your site, don't you?">

<meta name="robots" content="all">

* <meta name="distribution" content="you want the 
site distributed everywhere, don't you?">

<meta name="distribution" content="global">

* <meta name="classification" content="what kind of 
directory heading does this come under?">

<meta name="classification" content="Web Master Resources">

* <meta http-equiv="reply-to" content="email@xxxxxxxxxxxxx">

<meta http-equiv="reply-to" content="TinaClarke@xxxxxxxxxxxx">

* <meta http-equiv="Content-Script-Type" content="type"> 
to specify the scripting language used. 
* <meta http-equiv="Content-Style-Type" content="text/css"> 
to specify the default style sheet language. 
* <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; 
charset=characterSetName"> to specify the document 
character set in use on the page. 

Apart from the paid listings, which we won't discuss here, 
it seems that there is a small group of sites one should 
submit to that will show up on other search engines. 
You can indeed submit to the others directly but these 
listed here are the major search engines.


dmoz Open Directory Project 

The two listed above are absolutely essential.


Ask Jeeves 
Send the URL and a brief description of the site via 
url@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx  (email only submission)



(The free option)

Yahoo! Directory

Follow their guidelines exactly to submit your site. 

If you do want to submit to more sites here is a listing 
of many more search engine add pages. 


It's not just your meta tags that you need to tweak, 
having as clean an html code as possible is also a 
must. A little hard for those WYSIWYG users who have 
not delved into the html, but a couple of solutions to 
this is are:

CSE HTML Validator Lite
http://www.htmlvalidator.com/ There is a free version 
that can help clean up your code.

However for those that like to do everything the 
FrontPage way check out this tutorial: 
on 'Integrating HTML Tidy into Microsoft FrontPage' 
as an add-on.

Broken links are something a Search Engine spider 
doesn't want to see either, so do regular maintenance. 

Using a text-based navigation especially for large sites 
is a must, even if it's a supplement to what you consider 
your main navigation such as a drop down menu.

When making your page, consider the file name 
carefully. Don't use uppercase or spaces.  Use an 
underscore (  _ ) if you need a space in the file name. 
Try to reflect the page's contents that you intend to 
insert. Changing file names later can become a pain. 
These two FREE add-ons from Jimco's site will help.

Case Changer 1.5 
Case Changer will change all files and folders in your 
Web to lower case. This is a lifesaver when working 
with Unix servers!

Space Replacer 
This add-in replaces spaces in file and folder names 
with an underscore character.

If those pages are bookmarked, you can end up 
sending your visitors away so it's best to get it right 
from the beginning. If you do find you have to change 
a name, wipe the page and insert a redirect, e.g.:
<meta http-equiv="refresh" content="0;URL=http://accessfp.net/";> 
(change the URL to yours) Also insert a link on the page 
for browsers that won't recognize this tag, to your new 
page. If you think this is not important, stick a hit counter 
on the page, and check the results.

When you have built your content, you don't want to 
have a page that is too long (no more than two page 
lengths) and keep the download of the page to 20 
seconds on a 28k modem.  You can do this by setting 
the Reports View. 

Go to Tools | Options | Reports View
Set 'Slow Pages' to 20
Set 'Assume connection speed' to 28.8

Or you can obtain the FREE FrontPage Addon 

Study your content for keywords to start building your 
title and meta tags and proceed step by step.

NOTE: When counting characters include spaces and 
punctuation, etc.

Next build your TITLE using no more than 60 to100 
characters.  Try to reduce the insertion of words such 
as at, the, and, etc.

Then, incorporate words into your DESCRIPTION 
using no more than 150 to 250 characters.  At this 
point try to use phrases.

Use words from your description in your KEYWORDS, 
using no more than 800 to 1024 characters. Try to 
keep the keywords that are used in your title and 
description in as the first few words used, and try to 
make a phrase out of them, phrases are preferred 
before keywords because they narrow down the 
volume of sites that will display with any given phrase. 
This of course makes for a higher ranking. 

Differing authorities suggest using different methods to 
display the keywords.  Based on research, I use the 
method of writing keywords like this: One,two,three 
using commas and no spaces. Even spaces and 
commas count as characters so this gives you many 
more characters for your keywords usage.

NOTE: Remember there is no point in inserting 
keywords that are not used on the actual page. 
However it's crucial that all this matches the content 
on the page the tags are on. Don't use the same word 
more than three times.

DMOZ - You are allowed to submit only one page to 
each category

Google - Link popularity is a must especially for Google, 
which employs a PageRank (PR), method, so start 
working on getting linkbacks from other sites.  The 
more popular the other sites, the better for you.
See this article:
Increase Your Site's Traffic With Reciprocal Links 
(August 2002)

Do you have a FrontPage Crafted site? If so, you can 
submit your site to 'Crafted with FrontPage' at:
http://accessfp.net/submit.htm  and the results will 
appear at http://accessfp.net/crafted.htm  A linkback 
is required or the submission will be deleted.

If you have a FrontPage RESOURCE site, you can 
submit to this address 
http://accessfp.net/submitfpresources.htm  Results 
appear on the same page. Again, a linkback is 
required, and in both cases you should email the 

If you utilize frames or splash pages or Flash on your 
home page, think again. Search Engines don't like 
them and, with Flash, can't see them. See: 

NOTE: DO NOT take keywords from other sites, as 
you would be infringing on their copyright and this is 
against the law. See: 

Teoma / Ask Jeeves has a comprehensive 'you can't 
do this' policy and you would do well to apply that to 
all the other search engines. 

Google is now considered the main search engine 
and is known for it's ethical opinions, so following 
Google's lead is the best optimization method you 
can achieve. That means no spamming, no same 
colour text on same colour background or small fonts. 
Make sure you include, if possible, a link to the home 
page, a site search page, and a site map. No doorway 
pages, no redirection, and no cloaking, and no Flash 
on the homepage and certainly no frames.  Use 
include pages instead. See 
for more information.

Try to optimise your homepage and sitemap as these 
two pages will do a lot to help your placement include 
the meta tag 
<META NAME="revisit-after" CONTENT="30 Days"> 
only on those two pages.

It's a good idea to get your site labelled: e.g.:

<META HTTP-EQUIV="pics-label" CONTENT='(pics-1.1
"http://www.icra.org/ratingsv02.html"; l gen true for
"http://accessfp.net"; r (cz 1 lz 1 nz 1 oz 1 vz 1)
"http://www.rsac.org/ratingsv01.html"; l gen true for
"http://accessfp.net"; r (n 0 s 0 v 0 l 0))'> 
<META HTTP-EQUIV="reply-to" CONTENT="TinaClarke@xxxxxxxxxxxx">

Content Labels generated by ICRA conform to an 
Internet industry standard known as PICS - the 
Platform for Internet Content Selection.

You can learn more about this here: 


Altavista supports: 

NOIMAGEINDEX - prevents the images on the page 
from being indexed but the text on the page can still 
be indexed. 

NOIMAGECLICK - prevents the use of links directly 
to the images, instead there will only be a link to the 

Google supports a NOARCHIVE extension to this 
scheme to request the Google search engine from 
caching pages.  See the Google FAQ 

See also the /robots.txt exclusion method.

When you mouse over an image in IE6, a menu pops 
up with options such as Save, Print & Email Image.  
To disable this, include the following meta tag
<META HTTP-EQUIV="imagetoolbar"CONTENT="no">

The important thing to remember about search engine 
optimization is that tweaking your site can be more 
important than your meta tags, though they are still a 
necessity, so work on both.

You can also include a robots.txt file on your site that 
will tell search engine spiders to ignore folders and to 
spider the site. You can find out more about this at:

Apart from graphics, if you wish to indicate to a spider 
that you don't want a certain page indexed, insert the 
following Meta tag.

NOTE: Not all spiders will notice the meta tag and not 
all spiders will take notice of the robots.txt file.

If you don't want your page showing up in the 
FrontPage Table of Contents component or Search 
Page insert an underscore in the file name, like so: 
to prevent this happening.

Remember, the golden rule is don't submit without 
optimizing. Keep following the latest news about what's 
going on (see a listing of Search Engine and Meta tag 
resource sites below) and, like doing maintenance on 
your site, it's a chore that has to be done over and 
over again to keep that ranking high. Good luck.


Tina Clarke is the Webmaster of AccessFP - FrontPage 
Resource Centre at http://accessfp.net and an editor of 
"AnyFrontPage Bytes Ezine". Subscribe to the FrontPage 
ezine and get FREE FrontPage E-Books upon joining. 

*****************STATION BREAK*******************
Do you want to know the latest on FrontPage? Do you want 
Tips, news, articles, links and ebooks on FrontPage? Well the 
AnyFrontPage Bytes Ezine is the best place for your FrontPage 
and web crafting needs, join up at: 
Are you looking for resources for FrontPage? Want to know 
where all the best FP links are? The hosts, the lists, the forums? 
Use AccessFP - FrontPage Resources Centre as the start site 
for your FrontPage Information facts. 

(8.)  Mike's Safety Belt
~~ Mike Baynes, MikesWhatsNews

<<click here to read Part 1>>

After researching my last article, I discovered a huge 
mistake that is often taken advantage of by 
unscrupulous individuals who are setting up false 

I'm talking about the posting of genealogy files.  
These files typically contain all the data required 
to identify an individual.

 date of birth 
 place of birth 
 mothers maiden name. 

It does not take a lot of imagination to see how this 
information could be misused.

If you are tempted to post your genealogy files to the 
web, consider offering you information as "available on 
request".  That would allow you some degree of control 
over who gets the information. 

To reduce the volume of 'pre-approved' credit notices 
you receive, consider having your name removed from 
the marketing lists of the three credit reporting bureaus: 
Equifax, Experian and Trans Union. 

P.O. BOX 674402
Houston, TX 77267-4402
or http://www.equifax.com 

EXPERIAN (formerly TRW)
P.O. Box 2104
Allen, TX 75013-2104
or http://www.experian.com 

P.O. Box 390
Springfield, PA 19064
or http://www.tuc.com 

Take a moment to consider your credit cards.  Make 
a request in writing to be removed from their promotional 

To remove your name and home address from national 
mailing lists (USA), write to;

Direct Marketing Association
Mail Preference Service
P.O. Box 9008
Farmingdale, NY 11735-9008

To remove your name and phone number from 
telephone solicitation, write to;

Direct Marketing Association
Telephone Preference Service
P.O. Box 9014
Farmingdale, NY 11735-9014

Identity Theft Victim Checklist
This checklist can help identity theft victims to clear 
up their records. It lists the actions most identity theft 
victims should take to limit the damage done by the 
thief. Use the contact logs at the end of the checklist 
to keep a record of all your contacts with credit 
bureaus, creditors and others. Keep copies of all the 
letters you send and receive.
But he that filches from me my good name
Robs me of that which not enriches him
And makes me poor indeed.
 - Shakespeare, Othello, Act III, Scene 3
Mike Baynes is the editor of MikesWhatsNews.  
To subscribe, send a blank email to 
See Mike's Anti-Virus pages ~ http://virusinfo.hackfix.org
To subscribe, send a blank email to:

*****************STATION BREAK*******************
                                  from Vic Ferri
High level desktop folder security for Windows 95/98/Me

Keep your personal and most valuable files locked 
and hidden from prying eyes, viruses, and other users 
of your computer.  Easy to use and extremely secure.

Lock&Hide is an  extremely easy to use  program that 
allows you to lock and hide any folder on your desktop.  
Folders secured with Lock&Hide cannot be seen, found, 
or accessed. Your folders remain totally invisible and 
highly secured, yet can be accessed quckly and easily 
at any time!

More Info here:

Screenshots and instructions here:

Or download the free demo here
(the demo does not include the "Restore All" feature
or the password protection utility.)

(9.)  Vic's Registry Roundup and DOS Den
~~ Vic Ferri, WinTips&Tricks

95, 98, 98SE, AND ME

If you are using Windows 95, 98, 98SE or ME with 
multiple profiles (more than one user) you probably 
know that setting a logon password for each user 
gives no real security. Anyone can just hit cancel or 
press Escape to bypass the logon prompt and gain 
access to that users profile. Because of this security 
flaw, most users prefer to avoid the prompt altogether 
(see Linda's article "But I Don't WANT to be Prompted 
for a Password!" in TechTrax) 

However, if you would like the idea of using the 
Windows logon, provided the security was greater, 
than read on. In this article, I will show you how you 
can require users to have to enter the password to 
gain access to the computer. Pressing Cancel or the 
Escape key will no longer be a way out of entering a 
password or a way into the computer. 

This will involve a simple reg edit. If you have never 
edited the registry before or have little experience with 
it, I advise you do a registry backup first. See my article 
on backing up the Windows registry if you need help 
with this:

The first step is to go to the Control Panel, click 
USERS, and follow the Wizard to create a new user 
account and profile.

Once done, restart your computer and logon with your 
new user name and password. This will now become 
your new default logon, and a new registry key with 
your new user name will be created.

You can see the registry addition for your new profile 

USERNAME will be a key named with the user name 
you created.

Now comes the actual regedit to force users to logon.
Click Start>Run and type in REGEDIT. Click Ok.
This will open up your registry.
Now make your way down to this Run key:

If this particular Run key doesn't exist on your system, 
create it.
To do so, right click the CurrentVersion key and choose 
Name the key Run.
Right click an empty area in the right hand pane for the 
Run key and choose New>String Value.
Name it NoCancel.
Now double click NoCancel and enter this line for the 
Value Data:

RUNDLL32 shell32,SHExitWindowsEx 0

Click Ok and exit the registry.
You are now done for this first user.

To test the change, reboot your computer. When the 
logon prompt asking you to enter a password appears, 
click Cancel.  You should now see the desktop start to 
load but then the logon prompt should return asking 
you for the right password. Pressing Escape should 
have the same effect. The logon box will keep 
returning until you enter the correct password. A user 
will no longer be able to bypass the password by 
pressing Cancel. This regedit will force the user to 

Adding new users

This is extremely important. When adding a new user, 
you must first delete the NoCancel registry value and 
then re-create it after the new user profile has been 
created and logged on at least once with the proper 
password.  In other words - delete the NoCancel value, 
create the new user, restart your computer, logon with 
the name and password of the new user, and then 
re-enter the NoCancel value and data in the registry.
The reason for this is that if the NoCancel value is not 
deleted first, the new user will adapt the default 
NoCancel value when first logging on, before the new 
HKEY USER key is created in the registry. This will 
cause the logon box to keep reappearing despite 
entering the correct password, since the new password 
is yet to be recognized.


1. The NoCancel value doesn't have to be named 
NoCancel. It can be named whatever you like.

2. In case you have trouble with not being able to log 
on, simply enter Safe Mode and delete the NoCancel 
Run value in the registry. To enter Safe Mode in 95, 
press F8 at bootup around the time the "Starting 
Windows 95.." message comes up. This will bring up 
the Startup Menu from where you can select Safe 
Mode. In 98 and Me, press the Ctrl key at bootup.
Vic Ferri owns the very popular WinTips and Tricks 
email group 
He is also in charge of the Printing Tips page at
Linda's Computer Stop.
ans also the Registry Tips page. 

Vic has also created a program which allows you to 
Lock & Hide desktop folders in Windows 9X/ME.  
Read more and get the free demo here.

~~Chad K. Welch


This month I will be writing about an advanced 
programming technique - Object Oriented Programming 
or OOP.  I will only be touching on the very basics and 
how it relates to VBA.  Visual Basic (at least version 6 
and earlier) is not a true object oriented programming 
language.  VB.Net is closer to being a pure object 
oriented design, but I digress.  Before we delve into 
whether or not it is an object oriented language, let's 
find out what object oriented programming is. 

Object oriented programming by definition is taking 
real-world situations and objects and creating a program 
based on those objects.  For example, an ATM is 
something we are all familiar with.  Converting it to 
OOP we will say that the ATM is an object.  Not only 
that, but the ATM has other objects as components.  
It has a screen object, a keypad object, a vault object 
and many others.  Each object interacts with each other 
and reacts to events.  One event is inserting a card 
object into the card reader object.  The card reader 
reacts to that event by reading the magnetic strip on 
the card and initializing a connection with my bank 
account.  A successful connection is another event, 
and the screen responds by displaying a prompt for my 
PIN.  The next few events consist of key presses, which 
in turn signal transactions, removal of money from the 
vault, and disconnection from my bank account.   

The MS Office products are also composed of objects.  
Excel, for example, has a workbook object.  A workbook 
object is composed of sheet objects which have cells, 
rows, columns, charts, pivot tables and etc. (all objects).  
To view all of the objects which can be created press 
Alt+F11 from most Office applications to open the 
Visual Basic Editor.  Then press F2 to open the Object 
Browser.  One of the panes in the object browser will be 
called "Classes."  Scroll through the list to see all of the 
types of objects which can be created and used.   

If you are in Excel, select Worksheet from the 
"Classes" list.  In the pane named "Members of 
'Worksheet'" the first three items are: Activate, Activate 
and Application.  Each has a different icon in front of 
them.  The first one looks like a green flying thingy 
(how's that for descriptive?) and indicates a method.  
Methods can be called from macros or events.  The 
syntax is Object.Method([Parameters]).  Using the 
Activate method on Sheet1 would be:  

The second item in the list is Activate again, but this 
time the icon is a lightening bolt which represents an 
event.  Events are handled in the module associated 
with the object.  The Project Explorer contains a list of 
all of the open projects in the application.  In Excel, 
this usually consists of one or more workbooks and 
any add-ins that have been installed.  Within each 
project is a list of the major objects.  Double click any 
object in the Project Explorer to open the module 
associated with it.  To handle the Activate event for 
Sheet1, double click 'Sheet1' and type:

Private Sub Worksheet_Activate() 
End Sub 

The general form is:

Private Sub ObjectType_Event([Parameters])
End Sub 

Now any code you type between the first and last line 
will be run whenever the event is triggered (Sheet1 is 

The third item in the list is Application.  The icon looks 
like a hand holding a piece of paper.  This indicates a 
property of the object.  A property is used within 
macros and events just like the method, but instead 
of performing an action, it will return or set a value.  
The general form is: variable = Object.Property to 
retrieve a value or Object.Property = variable to set a 
value.  In the case of Application, it is a read-only 
property so the value can't be set.  To retrieve it use:  
strVariable = Worksheets("Sheet1").Application.  
That will store "Microsoft Excel" in the strVariable. 

We've just touched the surface of OOP.  Most 
universities teach OOP in classes that range from 
one semester to four.  That is how important objects 
are in programming.  I've shown you the basics in this 
article not so that you will be expert OO programmers, 
but to enhance your understanding of what is available 
in VBA.  Few people understand the power of the events.  
For example, if you want a date/time stamp placed on a 
document every time it is saved, use the BeforeSave 
event.  If you want to update a footer whenever it is 
printed use the BeforePrint event.  The list goes on 
and on.  As you become more familiar with the events 
and capabilities, your documents will become more 
automatic and even more professional.

Thank you for your suggestions of topics for this article.  
Please keep the suggestions coming!  If I use your 
suggestion and you are the first to submit it, I will pay 
you $5.00.

Please send an email to chad@xxxxxxxxxxxxx and 
put "Idea for Macro Mania" in the subject line.
Chad K. Welch works as a technician/enabler in Utah. He is 
available for consulting or application programming with 
Microsoft Office and VBA. Contact him directly for more 
information at chad@xxxxxxxxxxxxx

(11.) Cap'n Patt's GeekSpeak


ACRO - height, summit, or beginning.

NYM - Who knows, five dictionaries offer no reference, 
I do know that it is the first three fifths of the word 
"Nymph." O.K. Clean up your act, a nymph is defined 
as a "Sprite of the woodland" or a young, incompletely 
developed form of an insect.

I really have no idea what it all means, I was simply 
attempting to find a definition of the word ACRONYM. 

It wasn't too far back when those good old acronyms 
were, to all intents and purposes, the sole province of 
Washington, the government, and all its' associated 
bureaucrats. After all, their entire reason for existence 
seemed to be concentrated in obscuring the facts of life, 
and government economics, from the average voting 
citizen, namely you and me.

Might I say that until the advent of TV and instant new 
coverage, they succeeded admirably?

However, inasmuch as "BIG" business, Enrom, 
WorldCom, etc., seem to impel bureaucracy toward 
its' goal (or is it the other way around), there is no 
way that the business world could let the gov't boys 
get away with a rocket, or a racket, like that.

So BIG BIZ jumped on the band wagon and started 
obscuring a few facts themselves. They threw caution 
to the wind and started using ACRONYMS, most of 
which not even they knew the meanings.

When it became obvious that differentiation between 
big business and the government was becoming 
increasingly impossible, it also became doubly clear 
that "We The People" were no longer their center of 
interest. Confusing the people to the point of minor 
hysteria was their ultimate goal.

FMPOV - (From my point of view) They have 
succeeded admirably.

However, concurrently with that observation, up 
popped "Modern Technology." Bill Gates, Steve Jobs, 
Mike Dell, Steve Wozniak, Adam Osborne, and all the 
woodshed, garage shop boys, the original "Geeks" 
who said, "Hey, ain't no way we are gonna let these 
characters show us up."

Thus was created the true world of the ultimate nerd, 
the geek, the techie, whatever you want to call them. 
Those people who really know, or at least pretend to, 
what the heck goes on inside one of the odd 
enclosures known as "Laptops, Desktops, and Towers."

They, in all their creative endeavors have managed to 
take the art of the ACRONYM to its pinnacle, or as 
indicated at the start of this article, its' ACRO?

Following closely upon their heels was the thundering 
herd. US. Those who jumped on the bandwagon, 
adopted the pencil holders and the Microsoft "T" shirts 
and began sharing our collective information on the 

We use acronyms! Boy, do we use acronyms? 
We came up with stuff like,

LOL - Lots of Laughs, or lots of love, depending 
upon the recipient. 

PIA (or sometimes PITA) - A tenderness in the 
posterior part of your anatomy. 

ARPIA - A real and genuine "tenderness." Same 
general location.

(G) - A grin

ROFLMAO -Rolling On the Floor Laughing My A-- 
(anterior portion) Off.

ROFLMDO - For the benefit or our French and 
Canadian brethren, (and sistrens?) Substitute the 
word, Derriere.

OTOH - On The Other Hand, what can you say, if 
there's a wedding ring, she' married, RUN!

HTH - Hope This Helps. At least we try.

BTW - By The Way. Usually followed by something 
slightly unpleasant. 

FUBAR - Fouled Up Beyond All Reality, Fouled Up 
Beyond All Reason, Fouled Up Beyond All Recall, 
Fouled Up Beyond All Recognition, Fouled Up Beyond 
All Recovery, AND, Fouled Up But Always Running 
(Compliments of Team FUBAR, Auto Racing) In the 
service we phrased it somewhat differently.

RTFM - Has to do with Reading Manuals. The second 
word is "The."

TGIA - That Guy In Africa, could be a direct 
descendant of Lord Greystoke or one of his primate 
cronies, answers to the name of Eric.

YMMV - Your Mileage May Vary. What that has to do 
with computers I don't know. Just thought I'd add to 
your options.

AFAIK - Geek Speak for, "As Far As I Know." It just 
seemed appropriate.

OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer, Old Economy 
Model, One Eyed Monster (Television),

SOHO - Small Office, Home Office, fits a lot of us. Or 
an area South of Hollywood Road in Hong Kong. 

SAP - Substance Abuse Professional (is that a 
professional addict?) Geeks do that?????

HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language (and a file 
extension) Just threw that in to keep it technical.

QUANGO - Quasi-Autonomous Non-Governmental 
Organization, WETHTI.

WETHTI - WhatEverTheHellThatIs.

BOCA - Boat Owners Council of America. They don't 
call me Captain for nothing. 

SEX - Something Everybody Xeroxes. Like their 

ORGASM - Oxford-Reading Global Atmospheric 
Spectral Model. Thought it might rekindle your 
flagging interest.

Then there is TIA - Thanks in Advance.

And just plain TNX - Thanks. 

Reading this far displays determination beyond belief. 
If you would like to pursue the search for acronyms, 
may I suggest trying here? It's a mind boggling 
Visit the Cap'n's Official GeekSpeak Database at 

If the word you need defined is not there, just write to 
me at linda@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx and I will 
pass it on to the Cap'n.

~~ by Dian Chapman, MouseTrax

EDITOR'S NOTE: This article includes pictures and is 
clearer if read online.  You can see the online version here:
In this potentially paperless world, more and more folks 
are learning to take advantage of a wonderful feature in 
Word that allows them to create online forms. Microsoft 
Word's form feature is an easy way to create a form 
that users can fill out on their computers by simply 
tabbing from field to field, entering the necessary 
information as they move through the document. And 
by learning some basic VBA (Word's programming 
language) you can enhance these online forms to 
create slick AutoForms that can just about run 
themselves, with only a little user intervention.

To create an online form, you just add your boilerplate 
text (the document text  for the form), add a few form 
fields into a document, and then click Tools/Protect 
Document/Forms to lock the boilerplate text away 
from modification, allowing the fields to become 
activated. The user can then tab from field to field 
without the ability to modify any of the boilerplate text 
in the document itself.

The Problem

However, because the document text is locked, the 
user is unable to interact with any items in the 
document, other than the areas available within the 
form fields. So what if you wanted to add a hyperlink 
in your document, possibly to your company web site 
so the user can easily navigate to more information? 
If you try to put a standard hyperlink in the form (by 
hitting Ctrl/K), it won't work because the text is locked. 

You can get around this problem by using a little field 
nesting trick with a little VBA programming code to 
your form. Give it a try with me and you'll see how 
easy it can be.

Open a blank page in Word. Hit Ctrl/K and enter a 
hyperlink into the page. Hit Enter a couple of times to 
add a little space. Now click View/Toolbars and toggle 
on the Forms toolbar. Add a Text form field to your 
page. Hit Enter again and add another Text form field 
to the page. We'll pretend this is a sophisticated form 
and you want your users to be able to use the hyperlink. 
To finalize the form and activate the fields, click 
Tools/Protect Document and select the Forms option. 
Don't bother adding a password for this test. 

Now test your form. You'll see that you can easily tab 
from field to field and enter information. But if you 
attempt to click on the hyperlink, you'll discover that 
it doesn't work!

The Solution

So let's get to work and fix the problem. The first thing 
you'll need to do is create a little VBA SubProcedure. 
If you've never written any VBA code, not to worry. 
Just follow along.

Hit Alt/F11 to open the Visual Basic Editor (VBE). 
Locate your test document in the Project List and 
select it. Click Insert/Module to enter a code module 
into the document. This is where you'll write the VBA 
code. Because you enter the code module right into 
the document, the code will travel with the file if you 
pass it along to others.

Note! Normally you would create a template, rather 
than a document, so form docs can be created from 
your master form template or DOT file. But since we're 
just doing a simple sample here, we're using a DOC 
file. This is fine for our testing, but if you planned to 
actually use this as a form, you would want to resave 
this file as a template.

Double click on the new module to open it. Enter the 
following code into the module. 

            Sub LockedHyperlinks()
            End Sub

Hit Ctrl/S to save the code and then close the VBE 
to return to your document.

Click Tools/Unprotect to unlock the document so you 
can work within it. You'll be adding a couple of Fields 
to the document. This can normally be done by clicking 
Insert/Field, choosing the field, setting the options and 
inserting the field into the document. But because we'll 
be creating a nested field (one field inside of another), 
it's easier to do this manually. The field bracket you'll 
be entering may look like standard keyboard brackets, 
but they're not. They're field brackets and must be 
entered into the document by using Ctrl/F9. 

Add a set of field brackets into the document where 
you want the hyperlink to be located by hitting Ctrl/F9. 
You're going to be entering the field code for a 
MACROBUTTON field. A macrobutton field is a field 
that allows you to create a hotspot in a document that 
can be double clicked to run a macro. If you'd like to 
learn more about using macrobutton fields, you might 
want to check out a series of articles I recently wrote 
for  my Ezine, TechTrax, called: Enhancing the 
MacroButton Field. In these articles, I show you how 
to add an envelope macrobutton to your letter template 
that allows you to quickly print envelopes, as well as 
how to enhance the field code by using a graphic 
image, rather than text.

The macro you'll be running when this field is clicked 
will be the LockedHyperlink() procedure you just created. 
Enter the MACROBUTTON field code between the field 
brackets and enter the name of the macro you want to 
run, enclosed in double quotes. The field code should 
look like the field below.

{MACROBUTTON "LockedHyperlinks"}

When you create a macrobutton field, you'd normally 
add the text that you want displayed in the next position 
of the field as the third argument in the code. As an 
example, consider this field code sample.

{MACROBUTTON "LockedHyperlinks" "Double click here to run this macro."}

However, because you'll be running a hyperlink, the 
display text will be replaced by the second field code. 
While your cursor is within the first field, hit Ctrl/F9, 
again, to add the second set of field brackets. Within 
these new brackets, you'll add the HYPERLINK field, 
along with the URL path to the web site for the link. 
Your completed field code should look like the code 

{MACROBUTTON "LockedHyperlinks"{HYPERLINK "http://www.mousetrax.com"}}

That's it! Now you can select the field and hit F9 to 
update the field to it's results. It will look just like the 
standard hyperlink, as you first entered. However, 
you'd have to double click it to activate the link since 
it's encased within a macrobutton and two clicks is 
the default activation for a macrobutton. 

Give it a try. Click Tools/Protect Document/Forms. Be 
sure you're connected to the Internet! Then double 
click the hyperlink field and you should go to the web 
URL you used within the link.

Important Note! If you are not connected to the Internet 
when you attempt to click the link, you might as well go 
make dinner while you wait for the timeout error to show 
up. Unfortunately,  if you're not connected to the 
Internet, Word will take it's sweet time attempting to 
locate the web site and will, eventually, toss up an 
error message. But it will appear that your system has 
locked up. So be sure you're connected before you try 
to use a field hyperlink.

Making the Link Work with One Click

Since so many people are now accustomed to 
activating a hyperlink with a single click, they may 
assume your link isn't working if they click it once 
with no results. But with a little additional VBA code, 
you can modify the macro button's default double 
click event and change it to work with a single click. 
This way the field will act like a standard hyperlink.

Hit Alt/F11 again to reenter the VBE. Within the same 
module, add the following code.

Sub AutoExec()
     Application.Options.ButtonFieldClicks = 1
End Sub

Hit Ctrl/S to save this updated module and close the 

To test your document, click Tools/Protect Document/
Forms. Save and close your document. Then reopen 
it. This is done to get the AutoExec code to run when 
the document is first opened, and, thereby, will change 
the click default event to one.  If you left the original 
hyperlink on the page, you'll still see that clicking it 
does nothing. However, if you click on the new field 
hyperlink you've added with the nested field codes, 
it will take you to the web site.
Dian Chapman is a Technical Consultant, Microsoft 
MVP, Instructor of several advanced Word online 
courses, Editor of TechTrax, free support Ezine 
and author of the eBook: Word AutoForms and 
Beginning VBA. 

Dian specializes in AutoForms creating and training, 
technical writing, web development and tech support. 
She enjoys teaching people how to enjoy their 
computers more and loves the challenge of providing 
automated solutions to business problems. You can 
find out more about Dian and read many more of her 
tutorials by visiting her web site at 
and her online magazine at 
And if you're interested in learning more about creating 
Word AutoForms or you'd like to start learning how to 
use Visual Basic for Applications, Word's programming 
language, be sure to check out her new eBook at 
and her online classes at 

~~ from Bobby & Oliver, Computer Help and Discussion

Turn your LPs into MP3s and CDs
ZDNet Music
August 23, 2000 3:35PM PT

"The era of the 8-track has solidly come to an end. but 
vinvi is a medium that just won't go away. Our strange 
obsession with the plastic platters keeps the record 
player atop the stereo system, and all of our albums 
nearby. Do you treasure the fuzz and hiss that reminds 
one of an era long past? Do cracks, pops and 
scratches mean more to you than digital remastering? 
If so. we have the guide for you! Follow these few easy 
steps to make all your records into MP3s, and never 
need to drop the needle again.

"A New Era for LPs

"In order to convert your records to MP3 format, you 
must first prepare your PC with the proper hardware 
and software for the job.

"RCA Cable

"To start, you will first need to connect your stereo 
system to your computer with a stereo 
RCA-to-headphone cable. This type of cable is 
available for just a few dollars at any audio component 
store. Connect one end of this cable to your amplifier's 

"Connect the other end to the line-in of your sound card.

"Second, you will need a software application that is 
capable of recording sound through the line-in jack of 
your sound card. We recommend MusicMatch Jukebox 
for its ease of use.

"Finally, you'll also need a recordable CD-ROM 
(CD-R) player in your computer to burn your MP3s 
onto a CD. CD-R is a recordable CD format that is 
used for both recording data and audio CDs. CD-RW 
is another type of recordable disc format, but it is better 
suited for storing data, as many stereo systems are not 
compatible with CD-RW discs. 

"Step One
"To begin recording, start MusicMatch and choose 
your input source from the following menu path: 
options, recorder, source, and line-in.

"The 'recorder' window will appear underneath the 
music library. If it doesn't, click the REC button. Click 
on 'artist' and 'album' to change the name of the file 
and enter the song title on the right before recording.

"Now, simply press the record button in the window and 
begin playing the record. When your recording is 
complete, press stop, and the new track should be 
recorded and placed at the bottom of your music library. 
Repeat this process for each track you record.

"By default, each track is saved in 128kbps, which is 
more than sufficient for most high-quality recordings. 
Once you have completed your first recording, you 
should play the file and confirm that it was recorded at 
the proper volume level. (If the track is distorted or too 
soft, you can adjust the volume input level on either the 
stereo system or from within Windows by double-clicking 
the speaker icon on your task bar, which is at the 
bottom of the screen. In the 'play control' window, 
select options, properties, recording, and finally, OK. 
A 'record control' window should appear, where you 
can choose a proper volume level. Be sure that the 
mute button is not selected, or else you may record 
silence and frustrate yourself to no end.)

"MusicMatch offers a host of additional, advanced 
preferences for recording as well. You can configure 
these options by choosing from the menu path: Options, 
Settings, Recorder tab, and Advanced. Options include 
fades, off-set, and more. As you become more familiar 
with making your own MP3s from records, these 
preferences can help you make near professional-
sounding recordings from your old analog music. Once 
you have compiled 74 minutes (or less) of MP3s, you 
can make an audio CD.

"Once you have garnered enough MP3s, you can 
organize a list of tracks that will be copied onto the 
recordable CD. The upper, right-hand window of the 
MusicMatch Jukebox is the playlist. To copy a song 
onto the playlist, drag any file from your music library 
to the playlist window. In general, blank CD-R discs 
hold up to 74 minutes' worth of music. (MusicMatch 
does not currently support the new 80-minute CD-R 

"Once you have added all your tracks to be burned, 
press the CD-R button above the playlist.

"A new window will appear, consisting of many CD-
burning options. Be sure to select audio (default) as 
the type of CD to create. By selecting data, the other 
option, you can store over 600MB of MP3s on a blank 
CD. However, this format will not be playable on a 
traditional stereo system.

"The status bar on the bottom of the window informs 
you of how much space you have left on the blank CD. 
You may add or delete songs from your song list in this 
window as well. In the options area, we recommend 
that you select 'test then write CD' for more reliable 
burns. Also, if you are mixing electronic music, such 
as house or trance, you may want to leave '2-second 
Gap' unchecked, avoiding the silence between songs.

"When you are ready to copy your tracks to CD, drop 
a blank CD-R disc into your CD write and press the 
'create CD' button. 

Traditional CDs use a music format called Red Book 
Audio (RBA), When MusicMatch burns your tracks to 
the disc, it is converting the MP3 to a WAV format 
(which is compatible with RBA) before writing it to the 
blank CD-disc. This process can take some time and 
for reliable burning it is best if you do not use your 
computer while this process is taking place.

"By registering the MusicMatch software (for only $30), 
you can get encoding speeds and CD burning rates 
that are six times faster and can print CD linear notes 
with track names and track times. If you plan on burning 
and archiving many CDs. we highly recommend 
purchasing the upgrade.

There, that wasn't so bad, was it? If you have any 
other MP3 related questions, you can be sure that our 
Beginner's Guide will have the answers you need. 
Good luck., and happy burning!"

MP3 Beginner's Guide 

Bobby adds:  "In regard to the process of converting 
records, cassettes, etc. to CDs a notation needs to be 
included that if your source device has flush outlet 
ports instead of RCA (raised) ports you will need a 
cable ($4) with a single, long prong on each end. The 
RCA cable has dual short prongs on one end and a 
longer prong on the other."
The links below are two more sites that Bobby and 
Oliver recommend checking out. 

(go down to ref item 5)

and http://www.tape-to-cd.com/
Bobby and Oliver are members of one of the friendliest 
online email computer groups around.  It's called 
Computer Help and Discussion and if you want to 
know more about this or any other computer topic, 
you can find these guys there, along with lots of other 
supportive and friendly folks.

Well, gang.....that's about it for this edition of 
ABC ~ All 'Bout Computers. I sure hope you enjoyed it! If 
any of it was over your head and you need some clarification 
from one of the Fleet, just send me an email to 
linda@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx and I will pass it on 
to them. Remember that they do this in their spare time on 
a voluntary basis, so you might have to wait for an answer. 
To make all things work more quickly, include as many details 
as you can in your email and make your questions as specific 
as possible. Also, feel free to write to me and let us know 
what you want the Fleet to teach you. This is YOUR newsletter!
Happy computing, my friends!
Linda Johnson
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