[SI-LIST] Re: IEEE1394/Ethernet Routing Guidelines

Lee, well FREE is the caveat, isn't it? 

Intuitively ( because I have never tried to run a controlled experiment 
to prove or disprove this ) I believe there is a match requirement, 
maybe 50 mils, maybe 25 mils that costs just as much router time as 
whatever the tool resolution is. 

Best Regards,


Steve.

Lee Ritchey wrote:
> Ay!  But ultra tight matching is not free.  It requires hand routing and
> that takes time, which always costs money.  If the matching spec is done
> right, the autorouter can do the job and that does save time.
>
>
>   
>> [Original Message]
>> From: steve weir <weirsi@xxxxxxxxxx>
>> To: <leeritchey@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
>> Cc: Ravinder.Ajmani@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx <Ravinder.Ajmani@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>;
>>     
> <wdowsley@xxxxxxxxx>; <si-list@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
>   
>> Date: 5/31/2007 10:25:11 AM
>> Subject: [SI-LIST] Re: IEEE1394/Ethernet Routing Guidelines
>>
>> Lee, Ravinder, et-al,
>>
>> Sure you can't get anything remotely close to 1mil matched true 
>> electrical length on the PCB itself, never mind what the package does.  
>> The variations in eR over the signal path see to that.  But telling the 
>> tool to effectively exactly match the physical length, simply reduces an 
>> additional error term.  At least on paper that is a good thing, IF it is 
>> free.  From the standpoint of entering constraints in the tool it might 
>> seem to be.  But there are some potential hidden gotcha's, like the 
>> coupling between adjacent segments of meanders, and excessive 
>> real-estate for meanders. 
>>
>> Best Regards,
>>
>>
>>
>> Steve.
>>
>>
>> Lee Ritchey wrote:
>>     
>>> Requiring length matching to 1 mil is excessively restrictive and not
>>> attainable due to unknown lengths in IC packages and on die lengths. 
>>>       
> The
>   
>>> fact that a layout person can do this on the PCB isn't a reason to
>>>       
> impose
>   
>>> such a restrictive matching rule.  I'd be willing to bet that the real
>>> length matching on the PCB is not the claimed 1 mil.  That's just what
>>>       
> the
>   
>>> tool reports.
>>>
>>>
>>>   
>>>       
>>>> [Original Message]
>>>> From: <Ravinder.Ajmani@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx>
>>>> To: <wdowsley@xxxxxxxxx>
>>>> Cc: <si-list@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
>>>> Date: 5/31/2007 9:13:25 AM
>>>> Subject: [SI-LIST] Re: IEEE1394/Ethernet Routing Guidelines
>>>>
>>>> Bill,
>>>> While I agree with almost all of your recommendations, I do not
>>>>     
>>>>         
>>> understand 
>>>   
>>>       
>>>> the need to match the length of differential pairs to within 1 mil. 
>>>>         
> Will 
>   
>>>> you please give your reasoning for this.
>>>>
>>>> Thanks.
>>>>
>>>> Regards, Ravinder
>>>> Server PCB Development
>>>> Hitachi Global Storage Technologies
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Email: Ravinder.Ajmani@xxxxxxxxxxxxxx
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Bill Owsley <wdowsley@xxxxxxxxx> 
>>>> Sent by: si-list-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
>>>> 05/30/2007 08:13 PM
>>>> Please respond to
>>>> wdowsley@xxxxxxxxx
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> To
>>>> Sam.Charles@xxxxxxxx, jeff.loyer@xxxxxxxxx
>>>> cc
>>>> si-list@xxxxxxxxxxxxx, si-list-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx, weirsi@xxxxxxxxxx
>>>> Subject
>>>> [SI-LIST] Re: IEEE1394/Ethernet Routing Guidelines
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> I went below to check what Mr.Voorhies asked for;
>>>>   "...have had a very difficult time finding exact numbers for trace 
>>>> spacing/individual trace impedence and so on."
>>>>  
>>>>   And now I don't find in any of the suggestions (or in Mr.Voorhies
>>>>         
> note) 
>   
>>>> anything about copper weight, dielectric constant at what frequency,
>>>>     
>>>>         
>>> trace 
>>>   
>>>       
>>>> width, distance above or between reference planes, length matching,
>>>>     
>>>>         
>>> number 
>>>   
>>>       
>>>> of vias across how many layers, crosstalk coupling factor and it's
>>>>         
> effect 
>   
>>>> on even/odd mode impedance, pre-emphasis to compensate for longer
>>>>         
> lengths 
>   
>>>> at higher frequencies, various "cute tricks" to emulate differential 
>>>> signals (one I really like, nearly eliminates most of the above), 
>>>> differential drivers or complementary drivers or current steering
>>>>     
>>>>         
>>> drivers, 
>>>   
>>>       
>>>> differential to common mode conversion factor, terminations,
>>>>         
> decoupling, 
>   
>>>> and so on.  All the books/sources referenced have all the conflicting 
>>>> information that Mr. Voorhies has already discovered. 
>>>> For us, immersed in the culture (or lack of it on my part) the
>>>>         
> references 
>   
>>>> are like preaching to the choir, we nod our collective heads in
>>>>         
> agreement 
>   
>>>> that those are indeed good sources and Mr. Voorhies says to himself,
>>>>         
> Hey
>   
>>>>     
>>>>         
>>> I 
>>>   
>>>       
>>>> can catch lightning in a jar, but I still don't WTF they just said,
>>>>         
> thus 
>   
>>>> the reason for his request.  Everyday we work with digit heads, okay, 
>>>> digital guys, who connect to the dots and then look to the SI and EMC
>>>>     
>>>>         
>>> guys 
>>>   
>>>       
>>>> to make the board work.  ps. we work well together cuz the only dots I 
>>>> connect are in my granddaughters coloring book.
>>>>   So given the dearth of details here's one answer (of many) he can
>>>>         
> use;
>   
>>>>   50 ohm surface traces (no vias), spaced 5 times the distance to the 
>>>> reference plane, no breaks in the plane below the traces, matched
>>>>         
> lengths 
>   
>>>> to within 1 mil. (my layout guys can do that in about 30 seconds all
>>>>         
> day, 
>   
>>>> another "cute trick"), and all added parts are absolute mirrow
>>>>         
> symmetric 
>   
>>>> (the parts might need vias). 
>>>>  
>>>>  
>>>>  
>>>>  
>>>>  
>>>>  
>>>>  
>>>> Sam.Charles@xxxxxxxx wrote:
>>>>   I second that.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> "Loyer, Jeff" 
>>>>
>>>> Sent by: To 
>>>> si-list-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx 
>>>> cc 
>>>>
>>>> 05/30/2007 02:24 PM Subject 
>>>> [SI-LIST] Re: IEEE1394/Ethernet Routing Guidelines 
>>>>
>>>> Please respond to 
>>>> jeff.loyer@xxxxxxxxx 
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> THANK YOU!!!
>>>>
>>>> A response absent of sarcasm and/or scorn, and with some useful
>>>> information. A pleasant change from the recent postings on the forum.
>>>>
>>>> Thanks Steve,
>>>>
>>>> Jeff Loyer
>>>>
>>>> -----Original Message-----
>>>> From: si-list-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
>>>>         
> [mailto:si-list-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx]
>   
>>>> On Behalf Of steve weir
>>>> Sent: Wednesday, May 30, 2007 1:39 PM
>>>> To: voorhies@xxxxxxx
>>>> Cc: si-list@xxxxxxxxxxxxx
>>>> Subject: [SI-LIST] Re: IEEE1394/Ethernet Routing Guidelines
>>>>
>>>> Randolph, I suggest any of the following four books would be helpful to
>>>> y=3D
>>>> ou:
>>>>
>>>> Signal Integrity Simplified, Bogatin
>>>> High Speed Signal Propagation, Johnson and Graham
>>>> Digital Techniques for High Speed Design, Granberg
>>>> Right the First Time Vol II, Ritchey
>>>>
>>>> Lee Ritchey self publishes so if you want Right the First Time you will
>>>> =3D
>>>>
>>>> need to go to www.speedingedge.com. Your alternative is to rely on
>>>> PHY=3D20
>>>> manufacturer guidelines.
>>>>
>>>> The basic guide that I can offer you is this:
>>>>
>>>> * Loosely coupled pairs are easier to manage than tightly coupled=3D20
>>>> pairs. If you don't specifically need tight coupling for density=3D20
>>>> reasons, you will be less likely to go wrong with loosely coupled
>>>>         
> pairs.
>   
>>>> =3D
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> * The crude approximation for a loosely coupled pair is Zodd =3D3D
>>>> 2*Zeven.=3D
>>>> =3D20
>>>> Ie two loosely coupled 50 ohm traces will have about a 100ohm odd
>>>> mode=3D20
>>>> impedance.=3D20
>>>>
>>>> * Maintaining a uniform impedance and matched electrical length will
>>>> do=3D20
>>>> much to get you were you need to go. If you are a tiny bit sloppy,
>>>> it=3D20
>>>> shouldn't matter for a student project. Your project doesn't have =
>>>> to=3D20
>>>> pass FCC part B, and it is unlikely that you have to support =
>>>> maximal=3D20
>>>> length links.
>>>>
>>>> Eric Bogatin's book has some impedance nomographs. However, there are a
>>>> =3D
>>>>
>>>> number of free calculators around some better than others. Google
>>>> for=3D20
>>>> impedance calculator and take your pick.=3D20
>>>>
>>>> Good luck.
>>>>
>>>> Steve.
>>>>
>>>>
>>>>
>>>> Randolph Voorhies wrote:
>>>>     
>>>>         
>>>>> Hi Everyone,
>>>>> I'm brand new not just to this list, but to the world of PCB
>>>>>       
>>>>>           
>>>> product=3D
>>>> ion in general. I'm currently a masters student at USC in robotics and
>>>> h=3D
>>>> ave been producing some relatively simple PCBs for the past few months
>>>> us=3D
>>>> ing Eagle. I'm now working on a fairly complex project that involves
>>>> crea=3D
>>>> ting a custom baseboard for an XTX module (xtx-standard.org). My formal
>>>> =3D
>>>> training is in digital electronics, computer architecture, and computer
>>>> s=3D
>>>> cience, so when it comes to signal integrity I'm pretty much at a loss.
>>>> =3D
>>>> Does anyone know where to find specific routing guidlines for
>>>> differentia=3D
>>>> l pair lines such as firewire and ethernet? I have read all sorts of
>>>> conf=3D
>>>> licting advice (differential impedence is crucial vs. differential
>>>> impede=3D
>>>> nce couldn't matter less, etc..), and have had a very difficult time
>>>> find=3D
>>>> ing exact numbers for trace spacing/individual trace impedence and so
>>>> on.=3D
>>>> If anyone with experience has any advice that has worked for them it
>>>> wou=3D
>>>> ld be very very very much appreciated.
>>>>     
>>>>         
>>>>> Thanks so much,
>>>>> Rand Voorhies
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