[SI-LIST] Re: Designing PCB Stackups

Istvan,

I agree with your approach.  Good fabricators expect things to work this
way.

Lee


> [Original Message]
> From: Istvan Nagy <buenos@xxxxxxxxxxx>
> To: <codymiller@xxxxxxxxxx>; <si-list@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Date: 12/10/2008 10:42:49 AM
> Subject: [SI-LIST] Re: Designing PCB Stackups
>
> hi
>
> most of the people advices to not to specify exact material types, leave 
> this decision for the production people, based on everyday actual pricing 
> and stock info. this way its cheapest to manufacture, and the lead times
are 
> shortest. this is typical in the industry.
>
> i dont advice this, because: crosstalk. if a production technician
adjusts 
> layer thicknesses (chosing a different material) they can make the
original 
> impedance values on the board, requested by the designer company, but the 
> crosstalk levels will change. this is something what a PCB manufacturer
and 
> any of their employees can not understand, just a HW design engineer or a 
> signal integrity engineer.
>  we had a processorboard, where the manufacturer changed a dielectric
layer 
> from 50um to 75um, then the impedances were correct, but the crosstalk 
> levels (simulated) increased by aroud 50%.
> what i would do, is to chose a pcb manufacturer, send a rough stackup,
ask 
> if its ok for them or advice another stackup. then fix the materials, and 
> use those forever for that board, in its lifetime. managers and
purchasing 
> people wouldnt like it, but thats the only way to have not just
controleld 
> impedance, but controlled crosstalk levels as well.
> a common misunderstanding in the industry, is that a lot of people
specify 
> trace-to-trace clearances based on the trace width. (like d>2*w). it
should 
> be specified based on the dielectric thickness (like d>2*h). if you 
> understand this, then its quite obvious why is it bad if the manufacturer 
> specifies/changes the thicknesses during production.
> the best is if you calculate the impedances (you need a good field
solver, 
> like Polar-si8000 or MMTL...), and check the resulting trace widths and 
> dielectric thicknesses, to see if you can get good noise imunity and good 
> circuit density on your board.
> the first methos worked well 15 years ago when people had 2 controlled 
> impedance traces on a PCB, and it was easy to maintain proper distance to 
> other traces. if you check a DIMM memory module (you are from Micron, 
> wright?), its full of controlled impedance traces, closely spaced because
of 
> the density.
>
> regards,
> Istvan Nagy
> Concurrent Technologies Plc, UK
>
>
> ----- Original Message ----- 
> From: <codymiller@xxxxxxxxxx>
> To: <si-list@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
> Sent: Wednesday, December 10, 2008 2:08 PM
> Subject: [SI-LIST] Designing PCB Stackups
>
>
> > All,
> >
> > I have a general question regarding PCB stackup design. I am evaluating
> > how we design our pcb stackups in our group now and I would like to put
> > a procedure together or a set of rules of thumb to properly design a
> > stackup. I would like the procedure to ask all the right questions up
> > front.
> >
> > One question that came up is do PCB designers typically design with
> > vendor specific materials in mind or do they design with generic prepreg
> > and core materials. I see some pros and cons to both. What is typical in
> > the industry.
> >
> > Any advice would be appreciated as well as if you know of any
> > papers/resources on the web that could be helpful.
> >
> > Thanks,
> > Cody
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