Craig; Except for a few indy stations in larger markets, in 1972, there weren't too many tv stations in the U.S. that transmitted anything but the signoff after 1:00 a.m. That did change in 1973, when CBS started airing re-runs and other things after the late news and they usually ended after 1:00 a.m. (Station uptake was a bit slow in many markets.) Then, in 1974, NBC started to air the 'Tomorrow Show' and things started to change. It wasn't uncommon even in later years, for that show to air mostly a single promo for NBC news. I can't remember the words now, but I sure do remember the tempo of the spot John Willkie, who used to watch late night tv after getting home from a afternoon to evening job. -----Mensaje original----- De: opendtv-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:opendtv-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] En nombre de Craig Birkmaier Enviado el: Thursday, November 08, 2007 6:09 AM Para: opendtv@xxxxxxxxxxxxx Asunto: [opendtv] Re: News: Nielsen Gives Fuzzy Picture of HDTV Penetration At 3:48 PM -0500 11/7/07, Manfredi, Albert E wrote: >By 1966, in the US, all broadcasting was in color, except for the >occasional old movie. Similarly, on FM radio, all broadcasting was high >fidelity maybe even longer ago than that, except for the occasional old >recordings which you can hear even today. Really? From Wikipedia: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Color_television#Color_television All three broadcast networks were airing full color prime time schedules by the 1966-67 broadcast season. But the number of color television sets sold in the U.S. did not exceed black and white sales until 1972, which was also the first year that more than fifty percent of television households in the U.S. had a color set. This was also the year that "in color" notices before color television programs ended, due to the rise in color television set sales. Sorry to have to tell you this Bert, but there is MUCH MORE to broadcasting in the U.S. than Prime Time - 21 hours a day to be precise. And local stations program more than half of these non-prime-time hours, often with syndicated programming that is off-network. I graduated from college in 1970. The first station I worked for had just upgraded to color. In 1971 I move to Tampa and worked at a station that had color cameras and film chain, but no color tape machine capability; they bought the first IVC 1" color tape machines in 1973. It was well into the '70s before all stations had color production capabilities, and many B&W syndicated programs were aired though the '80s. You can still watch many of these shows on Nick at Night - sorry, I forgot that you only get OTA stations. The BIG breakthrough for local color production was the "color under" U-matic tape machine which was standardized in 1970. But most stations stayed away from the original U-matic, at least until digital Time-base correctors became affordable. U-Matic was infamous for expanding the blanking interval because of the way that the system locked-up and synchronized, and the the FCC blanking police were citing stations for having visible blanking edges in their broadcasts. In the early '80s, Sony introduced the High-Band BVU series, which many stations adopted for ENG work - the lug-able portable recorder could be held with a shoulder strap and connected to a portable camera. Some stations waited until the mid '80s, when Betacam became popular to upgrade their local newscasts to color. >That's the trend for DTV as well. Slowly, HD takes over more and more of >the shows that were once only SD. Even our local news, from WUSA-DT, is >wide screen and HD these days. Even if you think that news isn't >"worthy" of being HD. It's not what I think. It's what the audience thinks. It's all about ratings. There was a time when competition between stations was a big deal - before cable. It was not uncommon to see one station upgrade to a new technology - like color or stereo - then the rest of the stations in the market would quickly upgrade for competitive reasons. This has not happened with the digital back-end infrastructure for stations and it is not happening with HDTV. The major reason for this - IMHO - is that local news ratings continue to decline to the point where for many stations, local news is now a cost, rather than a profit center. It is very difficult to justify the expense of upgrading to HDTV news production when you are losing money on the proposition. This is further exacerbated by the fact that MOST of the remaining local news audience is now retired, and in most cases, less likely to perceive the need to upgrade their TV to HDTV. There is a reason that we talk about "Aunt Emily," or similar names, for the elderly laggards who may be the last to switch to HD. And yes, the need for HD in news is tenuous at best. I really do not need to see the complexion problems with the news readers, and frankly, the best news footage is now coming from private citizens who are capturing events with their personal camcorders, digital cameras, and cell phones. We did not see live HD coming from the front lines in Afganistan and Iraq - we watched lower than streaming quality video being transmitted via satellite phones. >It doesn't matter whether absolutely 100 percent of all material >broadcast will be HD. What the trend will be is that virtually all >stations and all program types will migrate to HD, simply because people >will notice the fuzzy images of SDTV increasingly, as they buy new sets, >and these people will start tuning out the SD shows. And this is where we have a major disagreement. I worked late last evening - again - and came home to see the Country Music Awards on the TV in glorious 4:3 SDTV. My wife says it is too much bother to learn the 700 series channel numbers on our cable system where the HD versions of the stations can be found. You may think HD is the greatest thing since sliced bread, but many people think it is just TV... no big deal. ---------------------------------------------------------------------- You can UNSUBSCRIBE from the OpenDTV list in two ways: - Using the UNSUBSCRIBE command in your user configuration settings at FreeLists.org - By sending a message to: opendtv-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word unsubscribe in the subject line.