[nasional_list] Re: [ppiindia] Re: Kenapa menolak syariat Islam?

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** Beasiswa dalam negeri dan luar negeri S1 S2 S3 dan post-doctoral 
scholarship, kunjungi 
http://informasi-beasiswa.blogspot.com **Untuk mereka yg selalu membicarakan 
persoalan segala macem syariat2 dari agama islam atau agama kristen. --- 
silahkan kalian renungkan apa yg sekarang dibicarakan oleh penduduk diluar 
pulau Jawa mengenaia NKRI 
  Negara NKRI dijajah oleh orang belanda selama 300 tahun. Setelah jatuhnya 
Sukarno negara Indonesia dijajah oleh orang Jawa sudah lebih dari 30 tahun. 
  Akibat penjajahan dari Belanda dari Jawa dapat kalian lihat dari ekonomie 
diluar pulau Jawa dan dpt di bandingkan dgn keadaan dipulau Jawa. Untuk 
mencegah revolusi, attentie rakyat diluar Jawa diarahkan kedalam bidang agama. 
Agama ini dipakai untuk menguasai daerah2 di luar Jawa. Konflikt diciptakan di 
Sulawesi, Ambon, Papua, Aceh, Timor, Bali etc. Sekarang malah dgn adanya 
pemaksaan RUU yg anti pancasila  - perhatian daerah2 diluar Jawa dicoba utk 
diarahkan kekonflikt ini dan tidak kearah pembangunan daerah atau pembagian 
daerah didalam bidang kekayaan alam. 
  Jikalau ini tidak akan berubah Indonesia pasti akan menjadi negara perpecahan 
seperti negara Yugoslavia sekarang. 
  Karena itu daripada membuang energy kosong ke bidang agama silahkan kalian 
berpikir. Ini perkataan penjajahan oleh orang Jawa adalah istilah yg dipakai 
diAceh, Padang, Medan atau diPontianak atau Sulawesi , Maluku atau Irian. 
Karena itu insyaflah kalian. Silahkan check didaerah siapakah yg mereka paling 
tidak senangi - bukan batak bukan cina bukan ambon - tetapi untuk mereka semua 
adalah Jawa.
  Andreas

Ari Condro <masarcon@xxxxxxxxx> wrote:
  karena oom danar gak segera ngirim syariat kristen, segera aku cariin di
wiki deh ...

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Codex_Iuris_Canonici

canon law is the law of the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches. The
Eastern Orthodox concept of canon law is similar to but not identical to the
more legislative and juridical model of the West. In both traditions, a
canon is a rule adopted by a council (From Greek kanon / êáíþí, for rule,
standard, or measure); these canons formed the foundation of canon law.

In the official Anglican Church of England, the ecclesiastical courts that
formerly decided many matters such as disputes relating to marriage,
divorce, wills, and defamation, still have jurisdiction of certain
church-related matters (e.g., discipline of clergy, alteration of church
property, and issues related to churchyards). Their separate status dates
back to the 12th century when the Normans split them off from the mixed
secular/religious county and local courts used by the Saxons. In contrast to
the other courts of England the law used in ecclesiastical matters is at
least partially a civil law system, not common law, although heavily
governed by parliamentary statutes. Since the Reformation, ecclesiastical
courts in England have been royal courts. The teaching of canon law at the
Universities of Oxford and Cambridge was abrogated by Henry VIII; thereafter
practitioners in the ecclesiastical courts were trained in civil law,
receiving a Doctor of Civil Law (D.C.L.) degree from Oxford, or an LL.D.
from Cambridge. Such lawyers (called "doctors" and "civilians") were
centered at "Doctors Commons," a few blocks south of St Paul's Cathedral in
London, where they monopolized probate, matrimonial, and admiralty cases
until their jurisdiction was removed to the common law courts in the
mid-19th century. (Admiralty law was also based on civil law instead of
common law, thus was handled by the civilians too.)

Other churches in the Anglican Communion around the world (e.g., the
Episcopal Church in the United States, and the Anglican Church of Canada)
still function under their own private systems of canon law.

In the Roman Catholic church, the canons of the councils were supplemented
with decretals of the Popes, which were gathered together into collections
such as the Liber Extra (1234), the Liber Sextus (1298) and the Clementines
(1317).

In the 20th century, the Roman Catholic Church began attempting to codify
canon law, which two millennia of development had become a complex and
difficult system of interpretation and cross-referencing. The first code of
canon law was promulgated in 1917 and took force in 1918. A revised code,
the Codex Iuris Canonici (Code of Canon Law, CIC) was promulgated in January
1983 and took effect in November 1983. Canon law within the Catholic Church
is a fully developed legal system, with all the familiar trappings of courts
(including lawyers); the highest degree of education in canon law is the
J.C.D. (Juris Canonici Doctor, Doctor of Canon Law).

The Eastern Catholic Churches have a separate code of canon law. The first
attempt to codify Eastern law under the name Codex Iuris Canonici Orientalis
(Code of Eastern Canon Law) was partially completed when Pope Pius XII
promulgated portions of the canons in 1948. However, when the project neared
completion in 1959, Pope John XXIII suspended work as the expected conciliar
reforms would affect the code. The Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium
(Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches, CCEO) was promulgated in November
1990. The majority of canons correspond closely to the Roman code, but
incorporates certain differences in the hierarchy, administration and other
areas.

The Orthodox Christian tradition is generally much less legalistic, and
treats many of the canons more as guidelines than as absolute laws,
adjusting them to cultural and other local circumstances. Some Orthodox
canon scholars point out that, had the Ecumenical Councils (which
deliberated in Greek) meant for the canons to be used as laws, they would
have called them nomoi/íïìïé (laws) rather than kanones/êáíïíåò (standards).

Greek-speaking Orthodox have collected canons and commentary upon them in a
work known as the Pedalion/Ðåäáëéïí (rudder--so called because it is meant
to "steer" the Church). However, this is not a codification, but simply a
compilation of one tradition of interpretation of the canons.


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***************************************************************************
Berdikusi dg Santun & Elegan, dg Semangat Persahabatan. Menuju Indonesia yg 
Lebih Baik, in Commonality & Shared Destiny. 
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/ppiindia
***************************************************************************
__________________________________________________________________________
Mohon Perhatian:

1. Harap tdk. memposting/reply yg menyinggung SARA (kecuali sbg otokritik)
2. Pesan yg akan direply harap dihapus, kecuali yg akan dikomentari.
3. Reading only, http://dear.to/ppi 
4. Satu email perhari: ppiindia-digest@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
5. No-email/web only: ppiindia-nomail@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
6. kembali menerima email: ppiindia-normal@xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx
 
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