Barrie I'm sure conventional wisdom says leave well alone. The depth is pretty minimal but the potential damage pretty catastrophic if you get it wrong. If you look in the tubes on any operational loco you will see very similar. This is certainly true at our club. Treat it like paint - it protects the surface of the flues when cleaning conventionally. Peter Cathcart ----- Original Message ----- From: "Barrie Purslow" <bpduo@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> To: "Model Engineering List" <modeleng@xxxxxxxxxxxxx> Sent: Monday, September 12, 2005 12:20 PM Subject: [modeleng] Boiler blues I am restoring a 5" Duchess the boiler of which is in generally good condition. However the flue tubes, which are about 15/16 ins. I.D., are coated internally with a layer of hard, black carbon. I have given it the usual flue brush treatment which produced clouds of black dust but a hard layer about 1/64 ins. thick remains. I have tried fitting the flue brush into an electric drill and giving the tubes a few minutes of rotary action to little effect. I am wary about trying anything more aggressive as I have heard quotes of over £2000 for a replacement boiler. Any ideas anyone? Barrie Purslow Warrington UK MODEL ENGINEERING DISCUSSION LIST. To UNSUBSCRIBE from this list, send a blank email to, modeleng-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word "unsubscribe" in the subject line. MODEL ENGINEERING DISCUSSION LIST. To UNSUBSCRIBE from this list, send a blank email to, modeleng-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx with the word "unsubscribe" in the subject line.