[lit-ideas] Faith Based Bucks

FEMA Plans to Reimburse Faith Groups for Aid
As Civil Libertarians Object, Religious Organizations Weigh Whether to Apply
Washington Post
^<http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/09/26/AR2005092601799_pf.html>|
September 27, 2005 | Alan Cooperman and Elizabeth Williamson

After weeks of prodding by Republican lawmakers and the American Red Cross,
the Federal Emergency Management Agency said yesterday that it will use
taxpayer money to reimburse churches and other religious organizations that
have opened their doors to provide shelter, food and supplies to survivors
of hurricanes Katrina and Rita.

FEMA officials said it would mark the first time that the government has
made large-scale payments to religious groups for helping to cope with a
domestic natural disaster.

"I believe it's appropriate for the federal government to assist the faith
community because of the scale and scope of the effort and how long it's
lasting," said Joe Becker, senior vice president for preparedness and
response with the Red Cross.

Civil liberties groups called the decision a violation of the traditional
boundary between church and state, accusing FEMA of trying to restore its
battered reputation by playing to religious conservatives.

"What really frosts me about all this is, here is an administration that
didn't do its job and now is trying to dig itself out by making right-wing
groups happy," said the Rev. Barry W. Lynn, executive director of Americans
United for Separation of Church and State.

FEMA officials said religious organizations would be eligible for payments
only if they operated emergency shelters, food distribution centers or
medical facilities at the request of state or local governments in the three
states that have declared emergencies -- Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama.
In those cases, "a wide range of costs would be available for reimbursement,
including labor costs incurred in excess of normal operations, rent for the
facility and delivery of essential needs like food and water," FEMA
spokesman Eugene Kinerney said in an e-mail.

For churches, synagogues and mosques that have taken in hurricane survivors,
FEMA's decision presents a quandary. Some said they were eager to get the
money and had begun tallying their costs, from electric bills to worn
carpets. Others said they probably would not apply for the funds, fearing
donations would dry up if the public came to believe they were receiving
government handouts.

"Volunteer labor is just that: volunteer," said the Rev. Robert E. Reccord,
president of the Southern Baptist Convention's North American Mission Board.
"We would never ask the government to pay for it."

When Hurricane Katrina devastated New Orleans and the Gulf Coast, religious
charities rushed in to provide emergency services, often acting more quickly
and efficiently than the government. Relief workers in the stricken states
estimate that 500,000 people have taken refuge in facilities run by
religious groups.

In the days after the disaster, House Majority Leader Tom DeLay (R-Tex.) and
other Republicans complained that FEMA seemed reluctant to pay church
groups. "There are tons of questions about what is reimbursable, what is not
reimbursable," DeLay said Sept. 13, noting that Houston alone had "500 or
600 churches that took in evacuees, and they would get no reimbursement."

Becker said he and his staff at the Red Cross also urged FEMA to allow
reimbursement of religious groups. Ordinarily, Becker said, churches provide
shelter for the first days after a disaster, then the Red Cross takes over.
But in a storm season that has stretched every Red Cross shelter to the
breaking point, church buildings must for the first time house evacuees
indefinitely.

Even so, Lynn, of Americans United for Separation of Church and State, said
that federal reimbursement is inappropriate.

"The good news is that this work is being done now, but I don't think a lot
of people realize that a lot of these organizations are actively working to
obtain federal funds. That's a strange definition of charity," he said.

Lynn added that he accepts the need for the government to coordinate with
religious groups in a major disaster, but not to "pay for their good works."

"We've never complained about using a religious organization as a
distribution point for food or clothing or anything else," Lynn said. But
"direct cash reimbursements would be unprecedented."

FEMA outlined the policy in a Sept. 9 internal memorandum on "Eligible Costs
for Emergency Sheltering Declarations." Religious groups, like secular
nonprofit groups, will have to document their costs and file for
reimbursement from state and local emergency management agencies, which in
turn will seek funds from FEMA.

David Fukitomi, infrastructure coordinator for FEMA in Louisiana, said that
the organization has begun briefings for potential applicants in the
disaster area but that it is too early to know how many will take advantage
of the program.

"The need was so overwhelming that the faith-based groups stepped up, and
we're trying to find a way to help them shoulder some of the burden for
doing the right thing," he said, adding that "the churches are interested"
but that "part of our effort is getting the local governments to be
interested in being their sponsor."

A spokeswoman for the Salvation Army said it has been in talks with state
and federal officials about reimbursement for the 76,000 nights of shelter
it has provided to Katrina survivors so far. But it is still unclear whether
the Salvation Army will qualify, she said.

The Rev. Flip Benham, director of Operation Save America, an antiabortion
group formerly known as Operation Rescue, said, "Separation of church and
state means nothing in a time of disaster; you see immediately what a farce
it is."

Benham said that his group has been dispensing food and clothing and that
"Bibles and tracts go out with everything we put out." In Mendenhall, Miss.,
he said, he preached to evacuees while the mayor directed traffic and the
sheriff put inmates from the county jail to work handing out supplies.

Yet Benham said he would never accept a dime from the federal government.
"The people have been so generous to give that for us to ask for
reimbursement would be like gouging for gas," he said. "That would be a
crime against heaven."

For some individual churches, however, reimbursement is very appealing. At
Christus Victor Lutheran Church in Ocean Springs, Miss., as many as 200
evacuees and volunteer workers have been sleeping each night in the
sanctuary and Sunday school classrooms. The church's entrance hall is a Red
Cross reception area and medical clinic. As many as 400 people a day are
eating in the fellowship hall.

Suzie Harvey, the parish administrator, said the church was asked by the Red
Cross and local officials to serve as a shelter. The church's leadership
agreed immediately, without anticipating that nearly a quarter of its 650
members would be rendered homeless and in no position to contribute funds.
"This was just something we had to do," she said. "Later we realized we have
no income coming in."

Harvey said the electric bill has skyrocketed, water is being used
round-the-clock and there has been "20 years of wear on the carpet in one
month." When FEMA makes money available, she said, the church definitely
will apply.
--
Cheers,
M.A. Camp, Esq.

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