I am finishing up adding the features to vm2 (the new virtual memory system) and I realized that there are some mmap issues. Specifically, there are two flags to mmap that we don't support as of yet. MAP_COPY and MAP_PRIVATE. Right now, if vm2 were in kernel land and bug free and fast, mmap'ing a file from two different processes would always work off of the same memory/disk, meaning that all changes are shared in real time. This is, I think, the normal usage. It also means that disk cache and mmap share the same data. So if a file is mmap'ed and another app writes to it, those changes are visible in the mmap. One can argue if this is good or bad behavior. I am not even sure what the "right" behavior is. I don't see anything in the man pages or elsewhere that says explicitly that mmap uses a snapshot of the file at the time of execution of the mmap OR that mmap is always up to date with the file system. My intuition tells me that up to date is better. Anyway. What I wanted to ask you all is this - does anyone know of MAP_COPY or MAP_PRIVATE being used in real software? I can write cases for them, but it is more work and I thought that I would ask and see if anyone knows of people actually using them. It somewhat complicates things (and they are slower than their more public compatriots). Thanks!