The yearly motion of the earth around the sun does not affect the direction of the earth's axis. It does affect the direction of Polaris from us though (parallax), by about .01 seconds of an arc, not detectable without fine instruments. Mike Neville, may I posit a defense, according to your model. Correct me if I am wrong, but Neville does not accept the establishment figures given to the stars distance from the earth. If the stars are very close, and not the lightyears that science tells us, then of course Neville 's proof would be worthy of consideration. However, I at this point see no reason to find for Nevilles assumed distance, but rather for the established figures being closer to actuality. Thus we would need first to establish the proof of Nevilles assumed distance to be correct or otherwise, not from the Bible, which is of course the reason for the investigation, but from science. Mike you could perhaps tell us just how the astronomer can make a statement that a certain Galaxy is X thousands of lightyears away, and prove it scientifically without it being an assumption, or based on assumption. By an assumption for example, is it not just an assumption unproven, that the speed of light is the same over such distances? Or another important one, that the red shift doppler is only of value, if the composition of the stars out there are the same as our own? Spectrum analysis to me can only be of value as a correct tool to determine composition, when the object and the observer are stationary relative to each other, or at least with a known speed differential. Philip.