[bct] Fw: disaster kits.

  • From: "beth" <fb-oe@xxxxxxx>
  • To: <blindcooltech@xxxxxxxxxxxxx>
  • Date: Fri, 3 Feb 2006 20:42:30 -0500

Here is something from the ACB list. Beth

Water and Food:

. One gallon of water
per person per day, for drinking and sanitation.
. Children, nursing mothers, and sick people may need more water.
. If you live in a warm weather climate more water may be necessary.
. Store water tightly in clean plastic containers such as soft drink
. Keep at least a three-day supply of water per person.
. Store at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food.
. Select foods that require no refrigeration, preparation or cooking and
little or no water.
. Pack a manual can opener and eating utensils.
. Choose foods your family will eat.
. Emergency Ration Food Bars
. Ready-to-eat canned meats, fruits and vegetables
. Protein or fruit bars
. Dry cereal or granola
. Peanut butter
. Dried fruit
. Nuts
. Crackers
. Canned juices
. Non-perishable pasteurized milk
. High energy foods
. Vitamins
. Food for infants
. Comfort/stress foods

Clean Air:

Many potential terrorist attacks could send tiny microscopic "junk" into the
air. For example, an explosion may release very fine debris that can cause
lung damage. A biological attack may release germs that can make you sick if
inhaled or absorbed through open cuts. Many of these agents can only hurt
you if they get into your body, so think about creating a barrier between
yourself and any contamination.

Nose and Mouth Protection
Face masks or dense-weave cotton material, that snugly covers your nose and
mouth and is specifically fit for each member of the family. Do whatever you
can to make the best fit possible for children. Be prepared to improvise
with what you have on hand to protect your nose, mouth, eyes and cuts in
skin. Anything that fits snugly over your nose and mouth, including any
dense-weave cotton material, can help filter contaminants in an emergency.
It is
very important that most of the air you breathe comes through the mask or
cloth, not around it. Do whatever you can to make the best fit possible for
There are also a variety of face masks readily available in hardware stores
that are rated based on how small a particle they can filter in an

Given the different types of attacks that could occur, there is not one
solution for masking. For instance, simple cloth face masks can filter some
of the
airborne "junk" or germs you might breathe into your body, but will probably
not protect you from chemical gases. Still, something over your nose and
in an emergency is better than nothing. Limiting how much "junk" gets into
your body may impact whether or not you get sick or develop disease.

Other Barriers
. Heavyweight plastic garbage bags or plastic sheeting
. Duct tape
. Scissors

There are circumstances when staying put and creating a barrier between
yourself and potentially contaminated air outside, a process known as
is a matter of survival. You can use these things to tape up windows, doors
and air vents if you need to seal off a room from outside contamination.
precutting and labeling these materials. Anything you can do in advance will
save time when it counts. Use available information to assess the situation.
If you see large amounts of debris in the air, or if local authorities say
the air is badly contaminated, you can use these things to tape up windows,
doors and air vents if you need to seal off a room. Read more: Deciding to
Stay or Go.

HEPA (High Efficiency Particulate Air Filtration) Filter Fans
Once you have sealed a room with plastic sheeting and duct tape you may have
created a better barrier between you and any contaminants that may be
However, no seal is perfect and some leakage is likely. In addition to
which, you may find yourself in a space that is already contaminated to some

Consider a portable air purifier, with a HEPA filter, to help remove
contaminants from the room where you are sheltering. These highly efficient
have small sieves that can capture very tiny particles, including some
biological agents. Once trapped within a HEPA filter contaminants cannot get
your body and make you sick. While these filters are excellent at filtering
dander, dust, molds, smoke, biological agents and other contaminants, they
will not stop chemical gases.

Some people, particularly those with severe allergies and asthma, use HEPA
filters in masks, portable air purifiers as well as in larger home or
models to continuously filter the air.

First Aid Kit:

In any emergency a family member or you yourself may be cut, burned or
suffer other injuries. If you have these basic supplies you are better
prepared to
help your loved ones when they are hurt. Remember, many injuries are not
life threatening and do not require immediate medical attention. Knowing how
treat minor injuries can make a difference in an emergency. Consider taking
a first aid class, but simply having the following things can help you stop
bleeding, prevent infection and assist in decontamination.

Things you should have:
. Two pairs of Latex, or other sterile gloves (if you are allergic to
. Sterile dressings to stop bleeding.
. Cleansing agent/soap and antibiotic towelettes to disinfect.
. Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection.
. Burn ointment to prevent infection.
. Adhesive bandages in a variety of sizes.
. Eye wash solution to flush the eyes or as general decontaminant.
. Thermometer (Read more: Biological Threat)
. Prescription medications you take every day such as insulin, heart
medicine and asthma inhalers. You should periodically rotate medicines to
account for
expiration dates.
. Prescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood pressure monitoring
equipment and supplies.

Things it may be good to have:
. Cell Phone
. Scissors
. Tweezers
. Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant

Non-prescription drugs:
. Potassium Iodide (Read more:
Nuclear Blast)
. Aspirin or nonaspirin pain reliever
. Anti-diarrhea medication
. Antacid (for upset stomach)
. Syrup of Ipecac (use to induce vomiting if advised by the Poison Control
. Laxative
. Activated charcoal (use if advised by the Poison Control Center)

Special Needs Items:

Remember the special needs of your family members. Infants, the elderly and
persons with disabilities need the same planning as everyone else, and
a little more, to be prepared for a terrorist attack.

For Baby:
. Formula
. Diapers
. Bottles
. Powdered milk
. Medications
. Moist towelettes
. Diaper rash ointment

For Adults:
. Ask your doctor about storing prescription medications such as heart and
high blood pressure medication, insulin and other prescription drugs.
. Denture needs
. Contact lenses and supplies
. Extra eye glasses

For Seniors:
. Plan how you will evacuate or signal for help.
. Plan emergency procedures with home health care agencies or workers.
. Tell others where you keep your emergency supplies.
. Teach others how to operate necessary equipment.
. Label equipment like wheelchairs, canes or walkers.
. List of prescription medications including dosage in your supply kits.
Include any allergies.
. Extra eyeglasses and hearing-aid batteries.
. Extra wheelchair batteries or other special equipment in your supply kit.
. A list of the style and serial numbers of medical devices such as
pacemakers in your emergency supply kits.
. Copies of medical insurance and Medicare cards.
. List of doctors and emergency contacts.

Supply Checklists:

The basics of survival: water, food and clean air are essential, but some of
the following items may make a time of crisis more comfortable.

Basic Supplies
. Flashlight and extra batteries
. Battery powered radio and extra batteries
. Plastic garbage bags, ties and toilet paper for personal sanitation
. First aid kit
. Map of the area for evacuation or for locating shelters
. A whistle to signal for help
. Moist towelettes
list end
Clothing and Bedding
If you live in a cold weather climate, you must think about warmth. It is
possible that the power will be out and you will not have heat. Rethink your
and bedding supplies once a year to account for growing children and other
family changes.
. Have at least one complete change of warm clothing and shoes per person
. A jacket or coat
. Long pants
. A long sleeve shirt
. Sturdy shoes
. A hat and gloves
. A sleeping bag or warm blanket for each person.

. Emergency reference material such as a first aid book or a print out of
this information
. Mess kits, or paper cups, plates and plastic utensils
. Cash or traveler's checks, change
. Non-electric can opener, utility knife
. Paper towels
. Fire extinguisher: small canister, ABC type
. Tube tent
. Pliers
. Compass
. Matches in a waterproof container
. Aluminum foil
. Plastic storage containers
. Signal flare
. Paper, pencil
. Medicine dropper
. Shut-off wrench, to turn off household gas and water


. Toilet paper, towelettes
. Feminine supplies
. Personal hygiene items
. Plastic garbage bags, ties (for personal sanitation uses)
. Plastic bucket with tight lid
. Disinfectant
. Household chlorine bleach
You can use bleach as a disinfectant (diluted nine parts water to one part
bleach), or in an emergency you can also use it to purify water. Use 16
of regular household liquid bleach per gallon of water. Do not use scented,
color safe or bleaches with added cleaners.

Important Family Documents
Keep copies of important family records such as insurance policies,
identification and bank account records in a waterproof, portable container.

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