[blind-chess] Annotated Game #071: Gyula Breyer - Siegbert Tarrasch, Gothenburg 1920

Annotated Game #071:
Gyula Breyer - Siegbert Tarrasch, Gothenburg 1920
Adapted and Condensed from
Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia


++1.    Gyula Breyer
++2.    Siegbert Tarrasch
++2.A   Chess career
++2.B   Chess teachings
++2.C   Clash with hypermodern school
++2.D   Contribution to opening theory
++2.E   Famous Tarrasch combinations
++3.    Gyula Breyer - Siegbert Tarrasch, Gothenburg 1920

++1.    Gyula Breyer

Gyula Breyer (April 30, 1893 - November 9, 1921) was a Hungarian
chess player. He was a leading member of the hypermodern school of
chess theory, which favored controlling the center with pressure
from the flanks.

Breyer was born in Budapest. In 1912 he won the Hungarian
championship in Temesvar. He had a plus record against Max Euwe
(later world champion). He beat Euwe with the black pieces in
Vienna in 1921:

1. e4 Nc6
2. Nc3 Nf6
3. d4 e5
4. dxe5 Nxe5
5. f4 Nc6
6. e5 Ng8
7. Bc4 d6
8. Nf3 Bg4
9. 0-0 Qd7
10. Qe1 0-0-0
11. Ng5 dxe5
12. Kh1 f6
13. Nf7 Na5
14. Nxd8 Nxc4
15. Qe4 Nd6
16. Qb4 Be7
17. fxe5 fxe5
18. Nxb7 Nxb7
19. Rf8+ Bxf8
20. Qxf8+ Qd8
21. Qxg7 Nf6
22. Bg5 Rg8
23. Qh6 Rg6
24. Qh4 Nd6
25. Rf1 Nf5
26. Qxg4 Nxg4
27. Bxd8 Nge3
28. Rf3 Kxd8
29. h3 Rg3
30. Rxg3 Nxg3+

Breyer is also recognized for the Breyer Gambit (1. e4 e5 2. f4
exf4 3. Qf3), a variation of the King's Gambit. The Breyer
Variation in the Ruy Lopez involves Black re-routing his queen's
knight to d7 for increased flexibility (1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Nc6 3. Bb5
a6 4. Ba4 Nf6 5. 0-0 Be7 6. Re1 b5 7. Bb3 0-0 8. c3 d6 9. h3 Nb8
10. d4 Nbd7). This line became fashionable in the 1960s, and a
favourite of ex-world champion Boris Spassky.

Breyer died in Bratislava of a heart attack. He was buried in
Bratislava and after exhumation in 1987, was reburied in the
Kerepesi Cemetery in Budapest.

++2.    Siegbert Tarrasch

Siegbert Tarrasch (March 5, 1862 - February 17, 1934) was one of
the strongest chess players and most influential chess teachers of
the late 19th century and early 20th century.

Tarrasch was born in Breslau, Prussian Silesia. Having finished
school in 1880, he left Breslau to study medicine in Halle. Later
he lived most of his life with his family in Nuremberg, Bavaria,
and later in Munich. He had five children. Tarrasch was Jewish,
converted to Christianity in 1909, and a patriotic German who lost
a son in World War I. Yet he faced antisemitism in the early stages
of Nazism.

Tarrasch was a highly esteemed chess writer. It was Tarrasch who
wrote in his Preface to The Game of Chess (1931) that oft repeated
line: " Chess, like love, like music, has the power to make men
happy. "

++2.A   Chess career

A medical doctor by profession, Tarrasch may have been the best
player in the world in the early 1890s. He scored heavily against
the aging Steinitz in tournaments, (+3-0=1), but refused an
opportunity to challenge for the world title in 1892 because of the
demands of his medical practice. Soon afterwards, Tarrasch drew a
hard-fought match against Steinitz' challenger Mikhail Chigorin
(+9-9=4). Tarrasch also won four major tournaments in succession:
Breslau 1889, Manchester 1890, Dresden 1892, and Leipzig 1894.

However, after Emmanuel Lasker became world chess champion in 1894,
Tarrasch could not match him. Fred Reinfeld wrote: "Tarrasch was
destined to play second fiddle for the rest of his life." For
example, Lasker scored much better against common opponents, e.g.
vs. Chigorin, Tarrasch had +2 over 34 games while Lasker scored +7
in 21; vs. Akiba Rubinstein Tarrasch was -8 without a single win,
while Lasker scored +2-1=2; vs. David Janowski Tarrasch scored +3
compared to Lasker's huge +22; vs. Giza Marsczy, Tarrasch was +1
over 16 games while Lasker scored +4-0=1, vs. Richard Teichmann
Tarrasch scored +8-5=2, while Lasker beat him all four tournament
games. However, Tarrasch had a narrow plus score against Harry
Nelson Pillsbury of +6-5=2, while Lasker was even +5-5=4. However,
Tarrasch remained a powerful player, demolishing Frank Marshall in
a match in 1905 (+8-1=8), and winning Ostend 1907 over Schlechter,
Janowski, Marshall, Burn, and Chigorin.

There was no love lost between the two masters. The story goes that
when they were introduced at the opening of their 1908 championship
match, Tarrasch clicked his heels, bowed stiffly, and said, "To
you, Dr. Lasker, I have only three words, check and mate" -- then
left the room. When Lasker finally agreed to a title match in 1908,
he beat Tarrasch convincingly +8-3=5.

Tarrasch continued to be one of the leading players in the world
for a while. He finished fourth in the very strong Saint Petersburg
tournament of 1914, behind only World Champion Lasker and future
World Champions Jose Razl Capablanca and Alexander Alekhine, and
ahead of Marshall, Ossip Bernstein, Rubinstein,
Nimzowitsch, Blackburne, Janowski, and Gunsberg. His win against
Capablanca in the 19th round, though much less famous than Lasker's
win against Capablanca the round before, was essential to enable
Lasker to achieve his famous come-from-behind victory over
Capablanca in the tournament. This tournament was probably
Tarrasch's swan song, because his chess career was not very
successful after this, although he still played some highly
regarded games.

++2.B   Chess teachings

Tarrasch was a very influential chess writer, and was called
Praeceptor Germaniae, meaning "Teacher of Germany." He was editor
of the magazine Deutsche Schachzeitung in 1897 and wrote several
books, including Die moderne Schachpartie and Three hundred chess
games. Although his teachings became famous throughout the chess
world, until recently his books had not been translated into

He took some of Wilhelm Steinitz's ideas (e.g. control of the
center, bishop pair, space advantage) and made them more accessible
to the average chess player. In other areas he departed from
Steinitz. He emphasized piece mobility much more than Steinitz did,
and disliked cramped positions, saying that they "had the germ of

Tarrasch stated what is known as the Tarrasch rule, that rooks
should be placed behind passed pawns - either yours or your
opponent's. Andrew Soltis quotes Tarrasch as saying
" Always put the rook behind the pawn.... Except when it is
incorrect to do so."

++2.C   Clash with hypermodern school

He was a great target of the hypermodern school, led by Richard
Reti, Aron Nimzowitsch, and Savielly Tartakower, all of whom
criticized his ideas as dogmatic. However, many modern masters
regard Tarrasch's actual play as not dogmatic. For example,
Tarrasch annotated his victory on the Black side of the Advance
French against Paulsen (Nuremberg 1888):

1. e4 e6 2. d4 d5 3. e5 c5 4. c3 Nc6 5. Nf3 Qb6 6. Bd3 cxd4
(Tarrasch gives this an exclamation mark, and points out that 6 ...
Bd7 allows 7. dxc5 with a good game. However, most accounts credit
Nimzovitch with such anti-dogmatic hypermodern inventiveness when
he played 7. dxc5 against Gersz Salwe almost a quarter of a century
later (Karlsbad 1911) in this game) 7. cxd4 Bd7 8. Be2 Nge7 9. b3
Nf5 10. Bb2 Bb4+ 11. Kf1 Be7 12. g3 a5 13. a4 Rc8 14. Bb5 Nb4 15.
Bxd7+ Kxd7 16. Nc3 Nc6 17. Nb5 Na7 18. Nxa7 Qxa7 19. Qd3 Qa6 20.
Qxa6 bxa6 21. Kg2 Rc2 22. Bc1 Rb8 23. Rb1 Rc3 24. Bd2 Rcxb3 25.
Rxb3 Rxb3 26. Bxa5 Rb2 27. Bd2 Bb4 28. Bf4 h6 29. g4 Ne7 30. Ra1
Nc6 31. Bc1 Rc2 32. Ba3 Rc4 33. Bb2 Bc3 34. Bxc3 Rxc3 35. Rb1 Kc7
36. g5 Rc4 37. gxh6 gxh6 38. a5 Ra4 39. Kg3 Rxa5 40. Kg4 Ra3 41.
Rd1 Rb3 42. h4 Ne7 43. Ne1 Nf5 44. Nd3 a5 45. Nc5 Rc3 46. Rb1 Nxd4
47. Na6+ Kd8 48. Rb8+ Rc8 49. Rb7 Ke8 50. Nc7+ Kf8 51. Nb5 Nxb5 52.
Rxb5 Ra8 53. f4 a4 54. Rb1 a3 55. f5 a2 56. Ra1 Ra4+ 57. Kh5 Kg7
58. fxe6 fxe6 59. Rg1+ Kh8 60. Ra1 Kh7 61. Rg1 a1=Q 62. Rg7+ Kh8

++2.D   Contribution to opening theory

A number of chess openings are named after Tarrasch, with the most
notable being:
*       The Tarrasch Defense, Tarrasch's favorite line against the
        Queen's Gambit.
*       The Tarrasch Variation of the French Defence (3. Nd2),
        which Tarrasch considered refuted by 3...c5, although this
        is certainly not thought so today.
*       The Tarrasch Variation of the Ruy Lopez, also sometimes
        known as the Open Defence (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4
        Nf6 5.0-0 Nxe4).

++2.E   Famous Tarrasch combinations

White:  King at g1, Queen at f3, Rooks at c1 and c2, Bishop at e5,
        Pawns at a5, b3, d3, f4, g2, h2
Black:  King at b5, Queen at d7, Rooks at c8 and g8, Bishop at h6,
        Pawns at a6, b4, c5, d4, h7
Tarrasch versus Allies, Naples 1914

In the game Tarrasch versus Allies, Black seems to be holding here
(at least against immediate catastrophe), because the black queen
guards against Qb7+ (followed by Kxa5 Ra1#), while the black rook
on c8 defends against Rxc5#. Tarrasch played the ingenious
interference move 31. Bc7! (known as a Plachutta interference
because the pieces both move orthogonally). This blocks off both
defences, and whatever piece captures becomes overloaded. That is,
if 31. ... Rxc7, the rook is overloaded, having to look after both
the key squares, since the queen is blocked from b7. So White would
play 32. Qb7+ Rxb7, deflecting the rook from defence of c5,
allowing 33. Rxc5#. But if Black plays instead 31. ... Qxc7, the
queen blocks off the rook's defence of c5 and becomes overloaded:
32. Rxc5+ Qxc5 deflects the queen from defence of b7, allowing 33.
Qb7+ Kxa5 34. Ra1#. Black actually resigned after this move.

White:  King at g1, Queen at d3, Rooks at f2 and f4, Bishop at b2,
        Knights at d2 and f5, Pawns at a4, b3, c2, g3, h2
Black:  King at h8, Queen at e5, Rooks at g5 and g8, Bishops at d5
        and d8, Knight at h5, Pawns at a6, b4, c5, d4, h7 
Tarrasch versus Walbrodt, Hastings 1895

In the game against Walbrodt, Tarrasch played rather poorly, and
his opponent had the better of it for a long time. But the game is
redeemed by the following startling combination:

34. Rxd4 seems obvious, because 34. ... cxd4 allows 35. Bxd4
winning the queen. But Black has a seemingly strong counterattack
which had to be foreseen ... 34. ... Nxg3 35. Nxg3 Rxg3+ 36. hxg3
Rxg3+ 37. Kf1! Rxd3 and now the startling 38. Rg4!! with
devastating threats of 39. Rf8+ mating and Bxe5 not to mention cxd3
to follow. Black resigned.

++3.    Gyula Breyer - Siegbert Tarrasch, Gothenburg 1920

Gothenburg 1920, Round 1
White: Gyula Breyer
Black: Siegbert Tarrasch
Result: 0-1
ECO: D05 - Queen's Pawn Game, Closed Variation, Symmetrical
Notes by R.J. Macdonald

1. d4 d5

(The Queen's Pawn Game.)

2. e3 Nf6
3. Nf3

(The Closed Variation, where white plays d4 and Nf3 without an early c4.)

3. ... e6

(The Symmetrical Variation.)

4. Nbd2 Bd6

(4. ... b6 5. Be2 Bb7 6. Ne5 Nbd7 7. Nxd7 Qxd7 8. Bd3 c5 9. c3 Bd6 10. f4 0-0 
11. 0-0 a5 12. Qe2 Qc8 13. Nf3 Ba6 14. Bd2 Bxd3 15. Qxd3 c4 16. Qc2 b5 17. Be1 
b4 18. Bh4 Ne4 19. Nd2 0-1 in 51 moves, as in the game R. Gudino (2251) - V. 
Akobian (2514), Los Angeles 2002.)

5. c4

(5. g3 0-0 6. Bg2 Nbd7 7. 0-0 c5 8. c3 b6 9. b3 Ba6 10. Re1 b5 11. Bb2 c4 12. 
e4 Nb6 13. e5 Ne4 14. exd6 Nxd6 15. Ne5 Qc7 16. Ba3 f6 17. Nef3 Rfe8 18. Bxd6 
Qxd6 19. Re3 b4 1-0 in 37 moves, as in the game R. Buzak - D. Lucic, Bosnjaci 

5. ... b6
6. Qc2

(6. Be2 0-0 7. 0-0 Bb7 8. b3 c5 9. Bb2 Qc7 10. dxc5 Be7 11. cxb6 axb6 12. Be5 
Qd8 13. Qc2 Ng4 14. Bc3 Bd6 15. Bd3 g6 16. Rfd1 dxc4 17. Bxc4 Bxf3 18. Nxf3 Qe7 
19. Qe4 Nxh2 20. Qxa8 Ng4 1-0, as in the game S. Topuz - I. Uzun, Kusadasi 
2004. 6. Bd3 Bb7 offers equal chances.)

6. ... Bb7

(6. ... 0-0 7. Be2 leads to equality.)

7. c5 bxc5
8. dxc5 Be7
9. b4 0-0
10. Bb2 a5

(10. ... c6 11. Nb3 offers equal chances.)

11. b5

(White now has a slight edge.)

11. ... c6
12. a4 Nbd7

(Black threatens to win material: Nd7xc5.)

13. Bd4 Re8

(13. ... Qb8 14. Rb1 Rc8 15. bxc6 Rxc6 16. Bb5 leads to equality.)

14. Rc1 Bf8

(14. ... g6 15. Be2 gives white a strong position.)

15. Qb2

(15. Qc3 Ne4 16. Nxe4 dxe4 is strong for white.)

15. ... Ng4

(15. ... Ne4 16. Nxe4 dxe4 17. Ne5 Nxe5 18. Bxe5 gives white a slight edge.)

16. h3

(White threatens to win material: h3xg4.)

16. ... Nh6
17. Nb3

(17. Bd3 Qe7 18. Ne5 Nxe5 19. Bxe5 f6 gives white a strong position.)

17. ... f6

(This covers e5, but better is 17. ... Nf5 18. Be2 e5 19. Bxe5 Nxe5 20. Nxe5 
Qg5 with a strong position for white.)

18. Qa3

(Better is 18. Qc2!? leading to a strong position for white.)

18. ... e5

(Black threatens to win material: e5xd4. 18. ... cxb5 19. Bxb5 (weaker is 19. 
axb5 e5 20. Qa4 exd4 21. Nfxd4 Rc8 with a strong position for black) 19. ... 
Ba6 20. Qa2 Bxb5 21. axb5 with equal chances.)

19. Bc3 Qc7

(Better is 19. ... Nf5, with equal chances.)

20. Bb2

(20. Bd2 cxb5 21. Bxb5 gives white a slight advantage. 21. axb5 a4 22. Na5 Nxc5 
(22. ... Rxa5 is weaker: 23. b6 Bxc5 24. Bxa5 gives black a slight edge. 24. 
bxc7? is tempting, but 24. ... Bxa3 25. Ra1 Bb2 is very strong for black) 23. 
Nxb7 Qxb7 24. Rxc5 Bxc5 25. Qxc5 a3 is very strong for black.)

20. ... Rec8

(Better is 20. ... cxb5!? 21. Bxb5 Rec8 with a strong position for black.)

21. Qa2 Qd8

(21. ... cxb5 22. c6 bxa4 with a moderate advantage for black.)

22. b6

(White has a new protected passed pawn on b6, and stands slightly better.)

22. ... Be7
23. Qb1 Qf8

(23. ... Nf7 24. Be2 gives white a strong position.)

24. Qc2 Nf7
25. h4

(25. Be2!? Nd8 26. Nh4 gives white a slight edge.)

25. ... Nd8

(Both sides now have equal chances.)

26. g3

(26. g4 Ne6 27. g5 Nexc5 28. Nxc5 Nxc5 leads to equality.)

26. ... Ne6

(c5 draws heavy fire. Black threatens to win material: Ne6xc5. Black has a 
slight advantage.)

27. Bh3 Nexc5

(27. ... Ndxc5 28. Ba3 Nxb3 29. Bxe6+ Kh8 30. Bxc8 (30. Qxb3 is much weaker: 
30. ... Bxa3 31. Bxc8 Rxc8 with a strong position for black) 30. ... Nxc1 31. 
Bxb7 Bxa3 32. Bxa8 Qxa8 33. 0-0 gives white a very strong position.)

28. Nxc5 Nxc5

Key Move Diagram:
Position after black's 28th move.

29. Ba3?

(Better is 29. Bxc8, after which White can hope to survive: 29. ... Rxc8 30. 
0-0 with a moderate advantage for black.)

29. ... Nd3+

(Black's position is now very strong.)

30. Qxd3 Bxa3
31. Bxc8

(31. Be6+ Kh8 32. Bxc8 Rxc8 33. Ra1 Bb4+ 34. Nd2 gives black a very strong 

31. ... Rxc8
32. Ra1 Bb4+
33. Nd2 e4

(33. ... c5 might be the shorter path: 34. 0-0 leaves black with a decisive 

34. Qb3

(34. Qe2 Ra8 35. Rb1 Ba6 is very strong for black.)

34. ... c5

(Better is 34. ... Ba6, after which Black can relax: 35. h5 Rb8 gives black a 
decisive advantage.)

Key Move Diagram:
Position after black's 34th move.

35. Kd1??

(White has lost his cool ... understandable when you consider his position. 35. 
Qa2 is decisive for black.)

35. ... c4
36. Qa2 Qd6
37. Ke2

(37. Rc1 does not improve anything after 37. ... Qxb6 38. Rc2 Qe6 with a very 
strong position for black.)

37. ... Ba6
38. b7

(38. Nxe4 doesn't do any good after 38. ... dxe4 39. Kf1 Rd8 and a decisive 
advantage for black.)

38. ... Rb8

(38. ... c3+ secures the win: 39. Kd1 Bxb7 40. Nxe4 is decisive for black.)

39. Kd1

(39. Nxe4 is a fruitless try to alter the course of the game: 39. ... dxe4 40. 
Rhd1 Qe6 is decisive for black.)

39. ... Rxb7
40. f3

(40. Rc1 does not win a prize after 40. ... Qd7 41. Nb1 d4, giving black a 
decisive advantage.)

40. ... Kh8

(40. ... Qxg3 41. Rf1 Qg2 is very strong for black.)

41. fxe4

(41. Rb1 c3 42. Rc1 exf3 43. Nb3 Be2+ 44. Kc2 is decisive for black.)

41. ... dxe4
42. Kc1 Qxg3
43. Nf1

(43. Nxe4 does not solve anything after 43. ... Qxe3+ 44. Nd2 c3 45. Rh2 cxd2+ 
46. Kc2 Bd3+ 47. Kb3 Bd6+ 48. Kc3 Be5#.)

43. ... Qe1+
44. Kc2 Qc3+
45. Kd1 Qd3+
46. Kc1

(46. Qd2 is not the saving move: 46. ... Bxd2 47. Nxd2 c3 48. Rh2 Rb2 49. Ke1 
Rxd2 50. Rf2 Qxe3+ 51. Re2 Qxe2#.)

46. ... Rd7

(White resigned. If 47. Qc2 Ba3+ 48. Rxa3 Qxa3+ 49. Qb2 Rd1+ 50. Kxd1 Qxb2 51. 
Rh2 Qa1+ 52. Kc2 c3 53. Kb3 Bd3 54. Rd2 Qb1+ 55. Ka3 Qb4+ 56. Ka2 Qxa4#.)


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