Monica, You ask a great question. I'm close enough to totally blind myself meaning that I can't read the print on a computer screen if I tried. I've been validating for four years, and I can count on one hand the number of times I've needed sighted help to finish validating a book. As someone else on here said, you can do most validation through context. Meaning what word makes the most sense in a sentence. It's kind of like fixing typos. They're mistakes, but one can usually hear them when you listen to the computer read. Here's some examples. I'll use the sentence, Yesterday I went to the store. 1. Yester I wentto the store. In that case, went and to are run together and just need you to put a space in there. 2. I went to die store. Die is a common scanning error on the word the. So you would know that die doesn't make sense in there and you'd have to change die to the. 3. Yesterday / went to the store. This is another common scanning error. The I scanned as a slash. 4. Yesterday I went to the sto1e. In that case, the r scanned as the number one, but if you read the word letter by letter, you can make a good guess that the word was supposed to be store. Also store makes the most sense in the sentence. I hope this was helpful. Feel free to write the list if you have any other questions about validating. Others on the list have given you some great suggestions too. Best, Allison E-mail: allisonh@xxxxxxxxxxxxx To unsubscribe from this list send a blank Email to bksvol-discuss-request@xxxxxxxxxxxxx put the word 'unsubscribe' by itself in the subject line. To get a list of available commands, put the word 'help' by itself in the subject line.