Jill, In the event where you find contraction errors in braille while validating a selection, you should try to ensure that you correct the error to the best of your ability. Once you've validated, the book is submitted for a final process. However the book goes through another conversion when the administrator approves for the final time. These issues may not be significant. We can certainly use some guidance from Jesse or Gustavo Pratik Patel Managing Director CUNYAssistive Technology Services The City University of New York ppatel@xxxxxx _____ From: bksvol-discuss-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx [mailto:bksvol-discuss-bounce@xxxxxxxxxxxxx] On Behalf Of Jill O'Connell Sent: Tuesday, July 06, 2004 1:39 AM To: bksvol-discuss@xxxxxxxxxxxxx Subject: [bksvol-discuss] braille contractions I am validating a book in text format on the BrailleNote but reading in grade 2. What should I do when I see such words as "by" or "to" not attached to the following word? If I can't do anything to correct that now, won't it also show up in the final version (something I have seen quite often). Suggestions anyone?