An em dash is TWO regular dashes, two regular hyphens. It signifies a pause in speaking. That's why you can't just use a regular dash (a hyphen). An em dash has always been made by typing two hyphens. Modern software turns the two hyphens into an em dash which looks like one long dash. If you go into word and type -- (hyphen hyphen with no spaces), word will turn it into an em dash which is now represented by ^+ if you're searching for it with the find command. You can tell word not to automatically convert it, if you choose. Jamie in Michigan Currently Reading - Divided in Death by J. D. Robb I'm an eBay affiliate, click here before you bid! Click here for eBay!