Am 07.09.2011 20:18, schrieb Thomas Bartosik:
Well, that's bad news. Though I cannot agree on the viewing angle sensitivity (I can barely see any color shifting, even at close to 180°...)
A good viewing angle might indicate a PVA or even IPS type panel, but those are seen rarely in mobile computers. A brief search for the T61p panel specs didn't turn up much, so I concluded (maybe wrongly) it's a TN panel.
I think you're the one to know this better...
Not necessarily, as I don't have a T61p :)
My only question is this: Is the screen only subjectively better without calibration or is the reduced gamut a problem for argyll and the result is therefore bad?
Probably the former (my attempt at explanation below).
I mean before calibrating and profiling I could at least differentiate more color nuances than afterwards. This is somewhat strange.
Not strange at all: Without the profile, the gamut of everything that is viewed on screen is squashed down to the comparably small gamut of it, leaving nuances intact, but at the expense of saturation.
What IS better after calibrating and profiling?
All colors that are in-gamut will (or should) match better after profiling.To get some numbers how the screen copes with e.g. sRGB source material, you could use dispcalGUI's profile check feature:
First, select the profile you want to test under "Settings". Then choose "Verify profile" from the "Tools" menu. In the file dialog, select "sRGB.icm" as simulation profile. In the next dialog, select one of the "verify" testcharts.Finally, you'll be asked to choose a name and location to save the report under. After the measurements, you'll get a graphical report with the color patches, expected vs. measured values, Delta E numbers and bar graphs. It'll probably be quite red (ie. bad) because of the screen's small gamut though.
Even the worst display I have ever seen (also in a notebook, viewing angle of maybe 60°, and the white level problems mentioned in my first post) got A LOT better by calibrating it. Or is seeing more brightness steps no improvement? I don't know, maybe it's too subjective. In an uncalibrated state, I get output from my printing company that's pretty close to what I design. After calibration I am sure the output will differ a lot more. I am questioning whether there are situations where not calibrating might be better. Or is this a limitation in argyll? I understand my display may not be as good as I thought it to be ;-( but shouldn't calibrating at least improve it a little and not make it worse?
Are we only talking about calibration (tone curve and white point adjustment), or also in conjunction with the profile (and software that actually uses the profile)?
I have uploaded a HQ pass done in dispcalGUI (just tried it out: The graphs are pretty neat!) to http://rockbrew.com/argyll What still makes me wonder is that no other LG panel in a thinkpad has that strange strong low end bending of the gradation curves. They are all different but more similar to one another that to mine.
Those depend on the tone curve that is chosen upon calibration. Judging from looking at the calibration curves, I'd assume the native response of the screen is maybe closer to 1.9ish than 2.2 in the lower end towards black (but it's obviously only a wild guess on my part).
I somewhere read the green gel used in the spyder2 display filter might give wrong measurements over time. Can I completely rule out errors in my colorimeter?
The filters in most colorimeters degrade over time, so it can't be completely ruled out.
Thank you for your time and explanations! Florian Höch wrote:Hi, if the profiles are any indication, then the color gamut of that screen is (a lot) smaller than sRGB (not uncommon for TN panels, especially in Laptops/Notebooks), leading to clipping. Same for black. Many Laptop/Notebook displays have a pretty poor black level (some monitor profilers cheat by scaling the black of the profile to absolute zero. Argyll does not do this). I wouldn't pay too much attention to those gamma test images, as TN panels are very viewing angle sensitive, and combined with the usually pretty 'bendy' calibration curves needed to make such a display behave, there isn't much useful information to discern from those images. In summary, I'm afraid your problems are not fixable via different calibration/profiling settings, as they seem like hardware limitations of the screen. Am 07.09.2011 13:18, schrieb Thomas Bartosik:Hi list! I am somehow at a loss as to how to solve my gamma problems.. 1) What I want to do: Have a calibrated display for a) web work and primarily b) print worksent to a printing studio. They accept ISO coated CMYK PDFs.2) What I have done: I got a spyder2 for cheap, i know it's not the best, but I'd like you tocomment on the issue and tell me whether the colorimeter's quality might be the problem.I used the colorimeter to calibrate/profile really bad and cheapdisplays (e.g. one notebook display that did not differentiate between 235,235,253 white till 255,255,255 white, everything was white)The calibrated/profiled results of these displays are very pleasing andnow show nuances that were completely unseen before.Now my problem is my own display in a Thinkpad T61p. This is (anexpensive) LG 1920x1200 display that has really good reviews in most articles I have read so far. In an uncalibrated/unprofiled state, colors look really good but a bit bluish and the brightness distibution is also very good (subjectively, to my eyes). i.e. I can differentiate 252,252,252 white from full white and also 3,3,3 black from full black. This has not been the case with nearly all other uncalibrated/unprofiled displays I have seen so far.I did several dispcal runs, and they more or less ended up in the samecolor rendition.(I tried with -t 6504 and -gs and without both) Now the problem I face is this: All dark nuances in pictures are too dark. And I think I can really saythat in an absolute manner, it's not only a subjective thing.The same goes for bright tones. If I look at http://www.visibone.com/color/chart_847.gif in a color managed app like gqview or gimp with the .icc profile loadedand applied, I cannot differentiate between FF66FF, FF33FF and FF00FF while I can do so unmanaged or with just dispwin loading the profile and the app not loading it. As far as I have read till now this huge difference between using a color managed desktop (i.e. loading the profile with dispwin or xcalib) and then applying the same profile again with a color managed app should not be that dramatic.I suspect something's wrong with the measurements taken or the profilecreated.Can anyone give advice as to in which direction I should look to solvethis problem?As an interesting sidenote, I found a profile for a similar display ( AT61 LG panel, resolution could be different, I don't know more about this profile), and apart from its D50 whitepoint the effect of not seeing different magenta nuances is quite the same (at least FF66FF and FF33FF are indistiguishable). This profile was taken with a gretag macbeth device, I guess on windows.I found an additional profile that's also for an LG in a Thinkpad, withthe same effect on magenta.This makes me believe my profiling data and measurement values seem tobe probable at least. But why don't I see those magenta nuances?(the same is also valid for some green and blue areas...)All of the profiles and my cal and icc file are at http://rockbrew.com/argyll (The T61p-full-brightness... is mine) Do you see differences in these colors? If I do the monitor test on http://www.lagom.nl/lcd-test/ after having applied a profile, I can barely make out the lowest stripesin the contrast test. The gamma test seems more accurate than without being calibrated, but the area of blending in is a bit broader. The bars all blend it at around 2.2 which I never managed to do with just the nvidia controls, but the blue gamma is somewhere around 2.6, which puzzles me.NB: This is when I test it in opera, i.e. the .icc profile is loaded bydispwin but not the browser!If I download the contrast and gamma .png and look at them at zoom 1:1in gqview with the profile loaded, I get these gamma readings:48% | 25% | 10% R G B W | G W | G W 2.3 1.6 2.8 2.3 | 2.2 2.3 | 2.2 2.3 The 1.6 at green is pretty extreme, and the 2.8 at blue as well (tho Icannot really say it is 2.8 for sure as 2.5 till 3.0 is nearly the same level to my eye)Without any calibration, the gamma and contrast test are perfectly OK,but could be a bit better (this is what I wanted the calibration/profiling to do for me!)If I tune the values in nvidia-settings for the lagom lcd test and dumpthe values with dispwin -s I get nvidia.cal (also at the webspace above). This is the (subjectively) best setting I have till now...Maybe I have to give different -g or even -G values? I do not understand-G at all and I think -g should best be set to the display's native gamma as it will result in the least banding artifacts and does not really matter as the color managed app should compensate for it anyway...I hope there's some advice you can give as I am somewhat clueless.. Thanks in advance! th Here's a rundown of the calibration I've done. blackknight ~ # dispcal -yl -v -R XRandR 1.2 is faulty - falling back to older extensions Setting up the instrument Instrument Type: ColorVision Spyder2 Serial Number: 00633553 Hardware version: 0x0307 Place instrument on test window. Hit Esc or Q to give up, any other key to continue: patch 3 of 3 Measuring VideoLUT table entry precision. patch 6 of 6 patch 6 of 6 patch 9 of 9 patch 9 of 9 Uncalibrated response: Black level = 0.40 cd/m^2 White level = 119.19 cd/m^2 Aprox. gamma = 2.29 Contrast ratio = 300:1 White chromaticity coordinates 0.3269, 0.3578 White Correlated Color Temperature = 5726K, DE 2K to locus = 12.5 White Correlated Daylight Temperature = 5726K, DE 2K to locus = 9.6 White Visual Color Temperature = 5366K, DE 2K to locus = 12.2 White Visual Daylight Temperature = 5475K, DE 2K to locus = 9.3 Effective LUT entry depth seems to be 10 bits The instrument can be removed from the screen. blackknight ~ # dispcal -m -yl -t 6504 -gs -v -O "Thinkpad T61p1920x1200 LG full brightness Argyll-1.3.1 sRGB D65 Spyder2" -o /usr/share/color/icc/T61p-full-brightness-argyll-1.3.1-sRGB-D65XRandR 1.2 is faulty - falling back to older extensionsSetting up the instrument Instrument Type: ColorVision Spyder2 Serial Number: 00633553 Hardware version: 0x0307 Place instrument on test window. Hit Esc or Q to give up, any other key to continue: Display type is LCD Target white = 6504.000000 degrees kelvin Daylight spectrum Target white brightness = native brightness Target black brightness = native brightness Target gamma = sRGB curve Commencing device calibration patch 6 of 6 Black = XYZ 0.35 0.35 0.40 Red = XYZ 44.06 26.35 3.27 Green = XYZ 33.71 59.85 10.98 Blue = XYZ 17.84 17.99 78.99 White = XYZ 95.06 103.78 92.64 patch 128 of 128 Initial native brightness target = 103.784294 cd/m^2 Had to scale brightness from 103.784294 to 81.568913 to fit withingamut,corresponding to RGB 0.899985 0.837122 1.000000 Target white value is XYZ 77.528580 81.568913 88.828359 Adjusted target black XYZ 0.34 0.35 0.40, Lab 3.88 0.45 -0.30 Target black after min adjust: XYZ 0.342 0.351 0.399, Lab 3.883 0.447-0.304Gamma curve input offset = 0.000000, output offset = 0.004299, power =0.000000Total Iteration 3, Final Samples = 64 Final Repeat threshold = 0.600000 Creating initial calibration curves... Doing iteration 1 with 16 sample points and repeat threshold of 1.200000DEpatch 16 of 16 Brightness error = -0.462568 cd/m^2 (is 81.106344, should be 81.568913) White point error = 0.625266 deltaE Maximum neutral error (@ 0.895486) = 1.116106 deltaE Average neutral error = 0.685531 deltaE Number of measurements taken = 26 Computing update to calibration curves... Doing iteration 2 with 32 sample points and repeat threshold of 0.848528DEpatch 32 of 32 Brightness error = -0.322559 cd/m^2 (is 81.246354, should be 81.568913) White point error = 0.646947 deltaE Maximum neutral error (@ 0.248961) = 0.841565 deltaE Average neutral error = 0.534482 deltaE Number of measurements taken = 49 Computing update to calibration curves... Doing iteration 3 with 64 sample points and repeat threshold of 0.600000DEpatch 64 of 64 Brightness error = -0.351730 cd/m^2 (is 81.217183, should be 81.568913) White point error = 0.201203 deltaE Maximum neutral error (@ 0.100647) = 0.920412 deltaE Average neutral error = 0.409086 deltaE Failed to meet target 0.600000 delta E, got worst case 0.559542 Number of measurements taken = 159 The instrument can be removed from the screen. Written calibration file'/usr/share/color/icc/T61p-full-brightness-argyll-1.3.1-sRGB-D65.cal'Luminance XYZ = 0.000000 79.468347 0.000000 White point XYZ = 0.951621 1.000000 1.047750 Black point XYZ = 0.004093 0.004148 0.004938 Created fast shaper/matrix profile'/usr/share/color/icc/T61p-full-brightness-argyll-1.3.1-sRGB-D65.icc'blackknight ~ # dispcal -yl -v -r XRandR 1.2 is faulty - falling back to older extensions Setting up the instrument Instrument Type: ColorVision Spyder2 Serial Number: 00633553 Hardware version: 0x0307 Place instrument on test window. Hit Esc or Q to give up, any other key to continue: patch 3 of 3 Current calibration response: Black level = 0.41 cd/m^2 White level = 80.85 cd/m^2 Aprox. gamma = 2.20 Contrast ratio = 196:1 White chromaticity coordinates 0.3122, 0.3277 White Correlated Color Temperature = 6541K, DE 2K to locus = 4.0 White Correlated Daylight Temperature = 6542K, DE 2K to locus = 0.7 White Visual Color Temperature = 6395K, DE 2K to locus = 3.9 White Visual Daylight Temperature = 6566K, DE 2K to locus = 0.7 The instrument can be removed from the screen.-- Florian Höch
-- Florian Höch